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All letters on business should be d -dressed to Kilkofk & Dkan. Publishers, and all matters connected with the Edito rial Department to Editor Florida Agri culturist, Deliund, Fin. TEKMSs TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance. Single copies. Five cents. A copy to the fetter-up ol a club of ton. should be sent by draft, pontoffice money order on Jacksonville, or registered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. Advertising Bates s Rates for advertisements furnished on application by letter or in person. To Cos rresponden ts. Articles relating to any topic within tbe scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All communications intended for publica tion must be accompanied with real name, as a guarantee uf good faith. -Names will not be published if objection be made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. ' OUR AGENTS. The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions for us: Thayer & Sauls, Enterprise, Ha.: Mr. Stockton. Sanford, Florida.; J. If. Stock ton, Volusia, Fla.; Chas. Smith, Orange City, Fla.; Colcord A Felt, Beresford, Fla.; Ash mead Kros.. Jacksonville, Fla.: J. i’. Snow. 7 Exchange place, Boston, Mass.: 11. A. Jarvis, Cortland, New York; Lois Lewin A Cos„ Los Aneelos, < al.. Bruce Smith. Los Angelos, Cal.; l>r. Z. H Mason, Apopka, Fla.; S. P. Shepherd. Alta-' mont. Fla.: Cant. H, S. Williams, Rock Ledge. h|a. Iflfie Jptatik PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. KILKOFPL DItJVN, I'ublUbrr*. P. ( ODKIIVUTOn, Kdilor. DeLAND, JUNE la, 1878. Tfcolti Florida /gricultunst and our Paper, W e have received a number of let ters from people who assert that they Rvorida Agriculturist since it ceased to be issued, and requesting us to furnish our new paper for it. This is ‘rather too unreasonable, for the State press gave full notice that the Agri culturist had suspended, at the time, and our connection with it having ceased since the 13th of Oct. last, we are quite ignorant of any subsequent transactions. If people have paid their money and received no value for it, they can demand it from the person to whom it was paid. We happen to know those who subscribed between the Ist of May and the 13th of Oct. 1877, from having been lef t iu charge of the office at Jacksonville, when the late Mr. Walton moved to Tallahassee and consequently kept a record of their names, and these are the subscribers to whom we are send ing the paper for the unexpired term. Other transactions we know nothing about. Some may think it hard to loose their money, but wc are under no obligation to furnish a single copy to any but those who have lately sub scribed to the new paper, as the only connection we have with the old is in taking the name, which no one else appeared likely to adopt. Information Wanted. Mr. Editor'. —You give those who have recently settled here, the privil ege of asking for information through your paper. Will someone who has been successful, tell me how to raise Irish potatoes on high pine land ? When to plant, how to plant, and what variety yield the most. What is the be6t lime to plant par snips and Ilnbbard squash? What ails my tomatoes ? When they are three feet high with fruit the size of a walnut, the leaves wilt and the whole plant dies. They have been shaded from the sun, have good soil and water. I find no insect on stalk or roots. They are the Trophy to matoes, seed raised at the North. Spring Garden, Juno 7,1878. J. J. S. How.'to Live in Florida. We intended to have entered on the subject of “ How to clothe your self, ” but have not exhausted the food question, and so will continue with it. Every small lake or river abounds iu fish, and enough can be caught to supply the table, and cure the balance for future supply; a part of a day in each week could he allotted for fish ing. Hunting takes up too much time and is a precarious occupation; still game will now and then come iu your way, and makes a nice change in the diet. Half an acre in upland rice, if you have high land, will give sulli cient for family use. If your lands are marshy plant golden rice, and il low pine land white lice. Cow peas, of all jkinds. can be- grown on the poorest land, and if properly prepared are very nourishing made into soup, or stewed w ith meat. The vines can l>e plowed in for fertilizer. During the civil war these peas were much used as a substitute for coffee, and a northern farmer has recently informed us that he has been trying it, and can not distinguish the difference. His plan of preparing it. is to grind the peas in the corn mill and sift the meal, using the fine pariiclesjfor soup, and parching the coarse parts like coffee, using it in the same way. For tea, the lemon grass and orange leaves are an agreeable substitute, both be ing wholesome and palatable; lemon grass is much used in the West In dies and is there called “ fever grass,” being an excellent corrective of ma laria. After using them for a short time you will not care about Chinese tea. For sugar, you may plant sorghum or sugar cane, if a manufactory is near, or if you can afford to purchase machinery. At all events your bees will give you plenty of sweetening, without labor on your part. Excel honey, and the wax is always salea ble at 25c to liOc per lb. If you pre fer the sugar, however, sell the honey and buy it. For vinegar, you can make excellent vinegar from ripe plums and peaches, cane juice and bananas —the last fruit makes the best. You can grow enough of these for family use, but wc do not recom mend them as a profitable crop except in the more southern part of the State or in some favored localities. Season ing stuff of all kinds, peppers, parsley, thyme, etc., you can grow. Your gar den will produce everything that you have North, and many things that will not grow there, besides. Plant pigeon peas around your fences; they are perennial, ornameutal, excellent food for man or beast, and chickens are remarkably fond of them. Salt you will have to buy, but that is an item that does not make a large hole in the pocket. You can grow chufas, peanuts and goubers to feed your pig and keep your childrens’ teeth at work ; a small patch of each will be sufficient. How to fertilize your land to grow all this is the serious question. If you are near a muck bed there will be no difficulty : put it in your pig pen and under your chicken roost — with this you can raise almost every thing. Save all the slops about the house, and soap water; turn in your cow pea vines; throw all the'grass you weed out in the pig pen ; pick up decayed leaves and do the same with them. Suppose you arc too poor to keep a horse and wagon to draw the muck, you can give your labor to some neighbor, who keeps them, for the use when he is not work ing them. There is no fear ol au industrious mau supporting his family well on five acres of land in Florida; the curse is, that poor people have too much land, they stand still and are waiting for some Northern person THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. with money, to come and buy some, and then they are going to do won ders. Forget that you have the land, show what you can do on the five acres, and that example will give a reputation to the land, —you will be able to get a greater price for what you do not want. Tliis article is too long already to allow us space to touch on the cloth ing question—that more nearly con cerns the better halves, and we have to touch on delicate ground, ami a dangerous one. To solve the problem of how to live, first learn to live within your self : throw nothing away, only buy what you absolutely need, try to do without many things that you have been accustomed to consider neces saries, but which von will find you can manage without; grow every thing that is needed for your table, and you will find that little by little there will be an overplus, in some thiugs, that you cm convert into money. That small overplus may lead in a direction that you are not at present aware of. but which may turn out a fortune. Many wealthy people with large manufactories had no conception that the trifling wares they used to peddle would make them millionaires. A Compliment from a Distin guished Writer. Daytona, May 27, 1878. Pear Sir :—The Agricultuliisi comes to us like an old friend whom we had given up for lost. We wel come you to Volusia county with a cordiality that words will not ex press, and hope you may secure the success that the excellence of your paper deserves. All Floridians are, or should be, fruit growers, and 1 cannot conceive how auy one of them can lfford t o do without the the valuable experience of so many and such intelligent horticulturists, under the editorial supervision and direction of one whom we have cause to regard as authority on all questions pertaining to this subject of universal interest to every part of the State The value of a publica tion of the character which the Agri culturist has always sustained can not. he measured by dollars and cents, and we tee! that we owe you a last ing debt of gratitude for your untir ing enthusiasm in the horticultural cause aud your devotion to its inter ests, which are emphatically our inter ests. I am comparatively an old settler here, having moved here in 1866. Spent five years exclusively in get ting an orange grove started—but of late years have given some attention to small traits—while my “next friend ” has given hers to flowering shrubs, of which she has quite a collection. Yon can therefore under stand that your paper is our vadc mecum, and that we find in every issue valuable information and .sug gestions in which we are directly in terested. If there is anything J can do for you in this vicinity please com mand my services without hesitation. Yours. J. D. MITCHELL. Electric Clock. ?dr. L. J. Stephens, of Jacksonville, successor to Mr. 1 James, in the firm of Hurt & Iv ones, has just placed in front of their jewelry store on Bay street, a fine specimen of the Electric clock. Time received from the Washington Observatory by electricity daily.— We congratulate Jacksonville on hav ing in its midst men of such enter prise, and hope the city will hereafter “come to time’ 1 — Aldermen and all. C. U. Odmkeu. —J. O. Whitney, editor of the St. Augustine JWtts, died in New York on the 31st ult. To Our Subscribers. W e most certainly appreciate the labors of those of our friends who have aided us in extending the circu lation of the Agriculturist among their neighbors, and acquaintances abroad, and hope they will continue to lend their assistance in perma nently establishing a representative organ which, to them, is of greater importance than to others not directly engaged iu agricultural pursuits.— Now is the time to talk up the subject and let your friends know the advan tages that may be derived from a libera! support of the paper. We aim to make the Agriculturist an absolute necessity to every one who has an interest in, or who has a desire to learn of, the unlimited resources of Florida; but to do tl is our readers will have to lend us a helping hand iu increasing our subscription list. An active energetic effort on the part of each reader to secure another sub scriber, and send along his own and the new subscriber’s subscription price, will be evidence to us that our desire to give them a good, instructive paner—one which guards their inter ests and works for their benefit—is appreciated. Wc are making every effort to im prove in mechanical appearance and till our columns with valuable read ing ; and have already made arrange ments with practical men an i good writers for articles which are of vital importance to the farmer, gardener and fruit-grower of Florida. The price, §2 per year (postage free), is within the reach of every man. Not quite four cents a week ' Now is the time to subscribe. Send in your names, and your money, for th- year. The Fourth—Public Meeting of Citi zens—Arrangements to Celebrate. .--t-fnp -M-TV TTiytT TX -p-RqR-pT.r.T At a public meeting of this place and the surrounding cities, held on the Bth inet., 11. B. Austin in the chair, and K. 8. Deau secretary, the following committees were appointed: Mrs. Austin, Mrs. Lancaster, Mrs. Terry. Mrs. Leer. Mrs. CoArington. Ur. Lancaster, Capt. Rich, Dr. Voorhis, J. Y. Farce and O. P. Terry were appointed a committee of arrangements for the celebration on.the Fourth of July. Capt. Wood, Judge I.owrie. Dr. Ham mond. 11. F. Haines and Judge Prevatt. to draw up a programme for the entertain ment of our guests. A resolution was patted, inviting Judge Wm. Archer Cocke to deliver the oration o.i the occasiou. The secretary was authorized to invite our congressmen to favor us with their company on that day The Committee on Arrangements keid a meeting on the 10th and appointed the following sub-committee: Messrs. Terry. Bantu. Huifman and Finnieal on table ar rangements, stands, seats, A c. Mr. and Mrs. 1 ‘arc-- Capt. and Mrs. Jor dan. Capt. and Mrs. Alexander, Major and Mrs. Owen, Mr. and Mrs. Cannon, Mr. and Mrs. K. Marsh, committee oil refreshments. Capt. Rich, Capt. Jordan and Dr. Marsha, committee on finances. Rev. Mr. feet and Rev. Mr. Chandler were invited lo open the exercises of the day with appropriate religious exercises. The secretary was instructed to invite the County Judge and other County Officers to the celebration. Messrs. Dean, Huffman, Moon, Cannon and Will l’arce were appointed a commit tee on amusements. Mr. Codrington was invited to deliver an address of welcome to the members of the Floss, anil Mr. Dean was invited to read the Declaration of Independence. —William Allen, Esq., of Port Orange, writes us: “1 have just received a letter from our member of congress, Hon. Horatio Bisbee, Jr., iu which he Niys he has intro duced a bill for the erection of a Light house at Mosquito Inlet. Fla., and that the Secretary of tne Treasury has rocommen ilcd it, and that it will be only a question of time as to when it wili be buiit. He says he will keep pushing it along. It is badly needed, and hud it been built long ago. as it should have, been, many vessels might have been saved, whose old wrecks now strew the coast.” —A heavy rain, accompanied with bail, fell at Orange City on the 6th. They had hail at Beresford on tho 7th. We have been getting line showers. We acknowledge tho receipt of several congressional documents from lion. IT. Bisbee, Jr., among them debates on impor tant questions now before: the House of Representatives. We are under obliga tions to Mr. Ilisbee for repeated favors ot like character. —Miss SalliePav no left us on l uesday moruingfor her home iu New Albany, Ind. Miss Payne during several months’ sojourn here has made very many warm friends* who regret to part with her. We hope sin will return at uo very distant day. 1 — - —Dr. Hammond, of ()r*nge City, reeei veil some pop corn seed from Wisconsin last February, which he planted on the sth of March; he gathered in tho crop and re turned seed to Wisconsin by the Ist of June, to be replauted there. —Mr. Keulieu Marsh, an old resident of the county, has kindly oll'eml to present the committee Of arrangements with a fat ox for the barbacue on i he 4tli. —We regret, to announce the death of Mrs. Prevail, tho wife of Judge .1. H. Fiv vatf, of this county. The. funeral took place on the. loth iust. —The young grov es of Messrs. Adams and DeLund, at this place, are in excellent order aud growing finely. COMPLIMENTARY NOTICES. Poughkkkpsik.N. V.. June .'5,1878. V our paper is ably edited and well gotten up. Accept my best wishes for its success. H. (!. EASTMAN. President Eastman N. B. The first number of THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, published at DeLund. has made its appearance. Mr. Codrington, its editor, wili no doubt make an interest ing paper.—lmmigrant. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST has been revived, and is now pnbli'shed at De- Land, Volusia county. Mr. Codrington still occupies the editorial chair, and under his management the paper will he an al most indispensable adjunct to the reading room of every fruit grower and farmer in Florida. Col. C. is the best posted man in the State ou tropical products, and hi* lnind is stored with a fund of other valua ble and useful knowledge; besides, he i* an entertaining and agreeable writer.— East, Florida llannei. The Florida Agriculturist.— We bav •rctrelvwl two iiumWrt of 001. Codrington s new journal, and we take special pleasure in coramendiug it to support, ltisan eight page paper of handsome appearance, well Ailed with a variety of suggestive, and in teresting matter tor all classes of rural res idents-miscellaneous selections for the home circle, telegraphic news, recipes, etc. The “Agriculturist” is published weekly, at DeLand. Fla., at twodollars per annum, in advance: Kilkoff & Dean, publishers ; C. Codrington. editor. —Sun and Pros*. PET TENGILL'S NEWSPAPER Di rectory for 1878. Pettongill’s Newspaper Directory for 187* is not a mere agglomerativelist of newspa pers thrown into shape according t the ordinary alphabetical process; it is wha tit sets out to he—a Directory—au Advertis er’s Hand-Book. It is the most complete book of the kind ever published. It is full of arrangement looking to the accommo dation of ail kinds of business men who desire to reach the public through news papers. Even the most general list forms a careful selection o'f papers, according to natural geographical division. The adver tiser is enabled to make his own selections from the New England Section, tho Middle Section, the Western Section, the Pacific Section, the Southern Section, or from British America. The same list is also fur nished by counties. Beyond this, if le wisites to select classes of papers, here i presented for liis use a list of all thir daily papers; another of all the weekly and monthly papers with circulations over s,oooeach; another of Religious weeklies: and still another of Agricultural and Hor ticultural papers. If assistance is needed to better this, the Agency is, of coarse, ready to supply the want by personal coun sel and constant attention, Tho good advice to advertisers, which covers many pages of the book, is worth more than ten times the price of the work. In short, 1 hi* Newspaper directory is the spokesman tor uo less than 8,615 papers, in all parts of the country. The workmanship expressed by its paper, press-work, illustrations and binding is of a tone worthy of a book com piled upon such thoroughly scientific and practical principles. Quit Advertising Rates. As we" commence onr publication with large circulation, reaching all parts ot! tin- State and every State of tho Union, w<* otter unusual advantages to advertisers. We have reduced the rates to tho lowest remunerative price, to suit the times. W<- keep up a cheap column for the convenience of those who have small articles for sale or require inform at ion, for which they would not like to go to the expense of a large advertisement. For a small sum every one can, therefore, advertise their wants.