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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, June 19, 1878, Image 6

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Honey Plants.
>oa>i Cameron, in Journal *t Agriculture.
Many plants that produce honey in
one locality may be comparative.)
worthless in another, and even in the
same locality a plant that will one sea
son produce an abundance ol honey
mav produce nothin'' the next year.
The cause of this is supposed to be
atmospheric influence.
Kxtreme aridity seems to be fatal to
the production of honey. Kxtreme
humidity, with cold, seems to be
nearly as fatal, but in a certain degree
of humidity, in connection with a
high temperature, gives the best re
sults. Some plants are less a fleeted
in this way than others, frees ol all
hinds that produce honey are of this
class, and it is accounted for from the
following facts: Their roots are deep
in the soil; a sudden drouth does not
in the least retard their growth or
vitality: their foliage in a great meas
ure protects their flowers from the
ravs of the sun, and where in forests
of anv si/.e are also protected from
the drying winds.
Among the best honey p!ants.are
those with pendant flowers. They
are thus protected from the loss of
honey by rain or dew. The most
prominent of this class is the* bass
wood or linden, and where there are
large forests of it, it seldom fails of
yielding abundance of honey. Some
times it will fail, however, by the fruit
buds being winter killed.
Buckwheat, as au annual plant, in
some localities, is among the very
best to yield honey, but here, in Kan
sas, it is not very certain to produce
either honey or seed. Notwithstand
ing this uncertainty, however, it is
probably one of the most profitable
honey plants to grow in this State.
It should be sown so as to come in
bloom as late in the season as possi
ble, and ripen its seed before frost.
We had a field one season that was
sown very late. Frost came remark
ably late that I’alll and the first week
in October the bees stored more honey
from tlie buckwheat than they had
done the balance of the season.
It is not usual that the frost holds
off so late, and the best time to sow
is from the middle of July to the first
of August. You will then stand a
chance to get a fair crop, both of
honey qnd seed, but if sown early .in
the season there is a very slim chancel
for either.
It is considered a settled fact that
it will not pay to grow anything
alone for honey, especially if it has
tobecultivated or needs to be planted
every year.
Alsike clover is claimed to be one
of the best of honey plants, and at
the same time it is just as good for
hay or pasture as the red clover, in
some respects even better, as it is
perennial. As to the honey produc
ing qualities of the Alsike, it has
proved with us uncertain and unsat
isfactory, owing to the aridity of the
climate, locusts, &c. \Ye think, how
ever, on the first blossoming ol' this
clover in June, it will give but a mod
erate yield of honey, especially in an
arid climate like this, but when we
have late summer rains, so as t<> pro
duce a good second crop, that will
blossom late in the fall, we may in
such cases generally expect a large
yield of honey.
Sumac is one of our best honey
plants. The growth of this plant
might be encouraged in most places,
and we do not know why it would
not pay to cultivate this plant for the
leaves for tannin'; purpose'.
We made an attempt last year to
ascertain the relative value ol sumac
leaves, and the bark of the hemlock,
in regard to their tanning qualities,
huit we failed to get too information.
If the same price could be obtained
here for the leaves as i' paid at the
Fast for the imported leaves, we
think it would be a profitable crop,
for some time, at least, to engage in,
and the honey would be clear gain.
Many superficial beekeepers > ap
pose that whenever they see ;< bee at.
work there must behonev : therefore
many plant- are supposed to be honey
plants that in reality produce nothing
lint pollen, or bee-bread.
Many of our forest trees produce
nothing but pollen, such as the oak,
elm, cotton-wood, willow, and tuanv
others; while we have field plants
the same, prominent among which is
the corn, yielding pollen in great
Sometimes bees may be seen gath
ering the louse secretions (as Prof.
<'ook calls it), when, as is sometimes
tie case, there are large numbers of
plant lice on the com
Timothy is another pollen plant;
but all honey plants, as far as we
know, product* more or less pollen.
Breaking Corn Boots.
It i> a common belief among farm
ers that young growing corn-plants
are greatly injured in disturbing or
breaking the roots by too deep culti
vation between the rows, and that
surface harrowing is therefore the
only admissable kind of culture that
should be given to the crop. A dif
ferent view (under proper restric
tions) is taken by l)r. K. L. Sturte
vant in his lecture on -i Intercultural
Tillage.” He tested, in the first
place, the theory of root-pruning on
young plants, by growing them in
water, and in soil in pots. When
the new roots were thrown out, such
as grew in the water were- shortened
with a pair of scissors, and those in
the soil with a sharp knife. The re
sult in nearly every instance was the
emission of new and more numerous
fibres, giving a much larger root sur
face than unpruned plants. The
treatment was then tried on young
plants of corn. In one case,” says
1 )r. .’Sturtevant," to show the success
we met, we obtained twenty three
ears of corn from one kernel plant
ed." In another trial, "two plants,
grown from one kernel ol corn in
either ease, and root-pruned, bore
each fourteen cars, which contained
and ■_’.'s x T kernels respectively, i
Another plant, treated likewise, fur
nished twenty ears, containing .‘l,‘iGS
kernels. The grain was large and
plump, more so than in other hills
not root-pruned." These results arc 1
so extraordinary, that farmers will
prefer to try tor theinselve an ex
periment easily performed. The the
ory is worthy of thorough toting, as
the young corn plants may be easily
root-pruned by means of subsoil cul
tivators, and more efficiently if the
corn is planted in Dills.%o as to be
worked both wavs, instead of in !
Dr. Sturtevant - theory is that j
breaking or (rutting the roots gives a j
check t< the growth of the plant,
and thus tends to the production of
seed instead of stem and leaf. Al
though he does not say so. we sup-
I pose l,e.further holds that the imme
diate or subsequent increase of the
root surface, giv es an increased .de
velopment to the seed thus formed,
by a fresh start in the growth of the
plant, for a sterile soil merely will
not do it. This work must be ju-,
dieionsly performed, so as to produce
benefit instead of injury. It too
heav ilv or too frequently pruned, the
plant* might be too much cheeked.
Dr. S says it should not be per
formed later than the bloom of the
plant. High manuring tends to a
rank growth of stem and leaves at
the expense of the production of
seed. A cheek, whether by root
prunin'; or drought, diverts the
growth toward seed. Dr. S. culti
vates his com,in the field so as to cut
the roots, but be does not inform us
of the measured increase per acre
effected in this way. llis corn is in
drills, and is cultivated only one way.
He continues the operation fre
quently, until the tassels appear,
when the work eea.se>.
In applying thi> treatment to
plants in general, it may be well to
remind our readers that different
species possess very unlike powers
for the production, of new shoots
after pruning, and thi> ditfiorence
should greatly modify the treatment.
That which would succeed well with
one plant might destroy another.
W'e see thi> difference in the growth
of the limbs of fruit trees, The
peach, lor example, when heavily
pruned freely throws out new shoots,
even after the leave* have expanded.
A like mutilation of the cherry
would kill the tree. Cutting the
roots of corn should necessarily be
modified r r adapted to varieties in
the richness of the soil, the variety
of tin corn, whether large or small,
and to the moisture or drought arid
tie temperature of the season. It
might obviously be more freely per
formed in the warm and fertile
regions oi the S>uth and Southwest,
than with the small corn and in the
colder region* of Now Kugland. It
will be observed that this priming is
analogous to the root-pruning ol
some fruit trees to increase their
fruitfulness, the same result being
produced by transplanting certain
garden vegetables. __
We offer these various suggestions
with the hope that some ot our read
ers may give this theory and its cor
responding practice a thorough trial
with variations, during the "coming
season.— Country Gentleman.
A Cheap Disinfectant.
The cheapest and most effective
disinfectant and deodorizer for puri
fying and destroying sewer gas, foul
air. and the sulphide of hydrogen and
ammonium, generated in sewers and
sinks, cesspools, and on board pas
senger ships—the main cause of so
many fatal fevers and epidemics —is
a solution of chloride of lead.
To prepare this solution on a small
scale for use, take one-eighth <>f an
ounce of nitrate of lead and dissolve
it in one quart of boiling water, and
dissolve* one ounce of pure common
salt in about live gallons of water; mix
tbe two solutions, and when the sedi
ment subsides pour off'the clear solu
tion and keep in a demijohn for use.
A cloth dipped iu this solution and
hung up in a sick room, hr a little of
it dashed into a loul sink will instant
ly destroy ail offensive odc>rs, by unit
ing with and neutralizing them.
The exact equivalent proportion is
1 1 >0 grains nitrate of lead to al7 grains
common salt. But it is well to have
a small excess of salt.— X. San.
Gi:owv\<; Sjiii.ax in the Hot sk.
—This beautiful winter climber—the
graceful queen of decorative vines—
is adapted alike to the greenhouse
and conservatory. This plant is a
specialty with Boston florists, by all
of whom it i> extensively grown as a
decorative vine. With fittle
eare it can lie grown sueces-fully as
a house plant. The seed should be
sown in a box, or in pots, in the house;
should lie kept moist till the young
plant appears. The seed filing rather
slow to germinate,you most n< *t think
it bad it it does not appear
ance in two week-. The yftuug plants
should be potted off' into threo-inch
puts as soon as they are three or four
inches high. < hiee a year the bulbs
should be allowed to dry off and rest:
they will start into growth again in
about six weeks. The vine does not
require the’full sun, but it will grow
in a partially shaded situation. It
can be trained ca _:vthread
across the window or around pictures.
It i> a climbing vine, and will attach
itself to a string in about the right
condition to u*e for wreaths, etc., or
when required for lighter work, the
branches which became entangled
can be separated.
Ki i.Ks tot: tii i: C \t:i:m-*Shf.kp.—
Keep tbe sheep dry under foot with
clean litter. This i> more necessary
than roofing them. Never let them
stand or lie iu mud or snow.
If a ewe loses her lamb, milk her
daily tor a few days, and mix a little
alum with her salt.
Never freighten sheep, if possible
to avoid it. •
Separate all weak, thin or sick
sheep'in the fall from those that are
strong, and give them special care.
If any sheep is hurt, catch it at
once :md wash the wuund with a
healing lotion. If a limb is broken,
bind it with splinters, tightly, loosen
ing as the limb swells.
If a sheep is lame, examine his
foot, clean out between the hoofs if
unsound, and apply tobacco with blue
vitriol boiled in a little water.
Shear at once any sheep commenc
ing to shed its wool, unless the
weather is too severe.
Keep none but the Lest, and sec
that they are properly attended to.
Wash ton Frut Turks. —The
wash used for fruit trees at the Gov
ernment gardens at Washington is
prepared as follows: But half a bushel
of lime and four pounds of powdered
sulphur ia a tight barrel, slacking tbe
lime with hot water, the mouth of the
barrel being covered with a cloth:
this is reduced to the consistency of
ordinary whitewash : add at tl>e time
of application half an ounce of car
bolic acid to each gallon of liquid.
Mr. Saunders says: 41 1 generally ap
plied it in the spring before the leaves
made their appearance, but I am con
vinced that it would be more effective
if applied later, but then it is difficult
to do so when the tree is in folinge.”
Mr. Saunders applies the wash‘not
only to the stem of the tree, but to
some extent to the main branches.
To Destroy Caterpillars. —The
Kalamazoo Telegraph f-tates that a
mode of destroying caterpillars was
discovered there accidentally, which
certainly is well worth trying. A
piece of woolen rag had been blown
by the wind into a currant bush, and
when taken out was found to be cov
ered with these leaf-devouring in
sects. Pieces of woolen cloth were
immediately placed ou every bush
in the garden, and the next day the
caterpillars had universally taken to
them for shelter. In this way thous
ands were easily discovered every
From Kingsley, Florida,
From the Sa vaunah Now-*.
We have a postofliee, at last, at this
place, and if the mail route agents,
postmasters and others connected
with forwarding mail matter will
bear in mind that the Kingsley mail
is forwarded by way of Starke, Fla.,
we will get our mail in good time.
'flic event of the week at Kingsley
is the opening of its first store, with
Messrs. Ladd & Hunts proprietors.
Kingsley now boasts of a post-otfieo,
store, two boarding houses, a good
Sunday school, regular preaching, a
fine lake, an excellent class of citizens,
a Notary Public, a Commissioner ot
Deeds for Illinois, a member of the
county Hoard of Education, a sur
veyor, a Justice of the Peace, and the
best looking young ladies and gen
tlemen in the State.
Considerable cxcitcmemt prevails
at this time in Starke over the titles
to some of the land there, but no
doubt it will be settled shortly, and
no one seriously injured thereby,
Of the merchants of Starke there
are quite a number. Among them
are Capt. J. C. Richard, having prob
ably the largest and most varied stock
of goods outside of Jacksonville in the
State. The Captain is an old citizen
and is doing a good business. Johns
tfc McKinney are men of vigor and
are doing a good trade, their reputa
tion as honorable men being undoubt
ed. Bliteli it Smith (the latter named
gentleman being a native of the foggy
shores of England) have their full
share of business. Their stock is large
and varied, and they by fair dealing
are determined to win success. A1 verz
& Gaskins are crowding things right
along and deserve well of the poople.
Gaskins is the present member of the
legislature of that county.
Thomas Knight has purchased the
stock of goods lately owned by Capt.
Jones, and keeps a good stock of gro
ceries. “Tom" is a thoroughly good
fellow and deserves well, and will no
doubt push things, lie lias been a
pupil for some years of that veteran
merchant Hon. J. C. Richard.
L Witkooski, formerly of your
State, is here, as also is a Mr. Rivers,
both doing well. There are three or
four other places for doing business
in addition to these. There are cot
ton gins, grist mills and various other
industries being carried on. Taken
as a whole, Starke is one of the most
lively places in the State, and from
tlie number of copies of the jVeies
taken at that office the intellect is
above the average. The school kept
by Prof. Pock needs especial praise,
lie is a hard worker, and enters into
bis duties with an enthusiasm that car
ries everything before it. Starke may
well be proud of having secured the
services of such an instructor.
The excellent post mistress, Mrs.
Moreau, must not be forgotten. A
perfect lailv and as thorough and en
ergetic in business 3s any man could
be. There is no looseness, nothing
wrong, and no reason of complaint
about how the mat t ers of the post -office
are conducted. W. Lakh.
“Well, I swan," said an old fanner,
to an undersized nephew who was vis
iting him, “when you take oft* that "ere
plug hat and spit two or three times
there ain't much left of you, is tTf ?"
-I- .1 udicial Circuit, Volusia county.
William Allan vs. M. M. Hedges unit .lose-,
phene M. Hedges. Amount sworn to,
The defendants and all others are hereby
notified of the commencement of this suit,
that an attachment has been issued, and
that they are required to appear, plead or
demur to" the declaration filed in said cause,
by the first Monday in October next, the
same being rule day. or judgment will lie
taken by default.
Slav f.*o. 1878. JOHN 11. STICKNKV,
mv‘tomU flft’s Attys.
SHERIFF’S SALE.—Under and by
virtue of an execution issued out of and
under the seal of the circuit court, wherein
William Allan is plaintiff - ml Jacob K. K
Oakley is defendant, I will sell at public
outcry in front of the Court House door at
Enterprise. Volusia county. Florida, on
Monday, tbo Ist day of July, A. D. 1878, the
following described real estate, to-wit t:
The south half of the west half of lot 5. in
section ten, township sixteen, s. ranst*
thirty-three east.inVolußiftcounty, Florida.
Purchaser paving for titles.
Mav 29.1878. W. A. CONK,
iriy29ws Sheriff of Volosia co.
SHERIFF’S SALE.—Under and by
£5 virtue of an execution issued out of and
under the seal of the cireuitcourt, wherein
William Allan is plaintiff and William W.
Trask is defendant, T will sell at public
outcry in front of the Court House door at
Enterprise. Volusia county. Florida, on
Monday, the Ist day of July. A. D. 1878,
the following described real estate, to-wit r
The north half of the west hall' of lot r>. oF
section ten, iu township sixteen, south of
range thirty-three east, containing twenty
acres, more or less, in Volusia comity,,
.State of Florida.
Purchaser to pay for titles.
May 29.1878. W. A. CONE.
mySSwS Sheriff of V olnsia co,
T of Probate, Volusia county.
In the Administration of the Estate of
Arthur Posset ter, Jr., deeecased: Notice i a
hereby given that l have been, by the
County Judge of Volusia county, appointed
administrator of the above estate, auil that
all persons having claims against the same
are requested to file the same with me duly
authenticate*! without delay, and all per
sous indebted to the said estate arc re
quested to make settlement forthwith.
Beresford P. 0.. Volnsiaco., i eb y 20, IH7B.
feb2B-6m Administrator.
rx EQUITY—In the Circuit Court,
I Seventh Judicial Circuit. Florida. Vo
lusia county. . „ ~ ,
Nathaniel llastv vs. AN . Howell Uolmison ;
Bill for foreclosure of mortgage.
It appearing from the affidavit ot the
solicitor for the complainant in this action
that the defendant, \V. Howell liobmson,
resides out of the state of Florida. t-w :t,
in the state of Illinois: It is ordered that
the said defendant do appear and answer
the bill filed herein on or before tne firs-.
Monday of July. A. 1). 1878, otherwise said
hill will be taken procoiifesso against luiu.
It is further ordered that notice ot tins
order be given to defendant by publishing
tlie same in the "Volusia County Herald,
. newspaper published in N olnsia county,
tier four months previous to the fir.>t Mon
day of July, A. D. 1878. .....
Witness. John NY. Hick ins, clerk ot said
court and the seal of said court. t!;:s
( 1..5.1 I4tli day of February. A. 1 '• 1878.
JOHN W. Dll KENS, clerk.
State of Florida. Volusia County, ss.— t,
John AY. I fit-kins, clerk of the yiiciiir com ?.
within and for the county and state afore
said, do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true copy of an order of publication iu
♦lie above entitled action and ou file in tr,y
office. Witness my. band and official scat
tliis 14th day of February. A. 1). 1878.
FebN U. 1878. .ItMIN NY. DICKINS.
feb2l-4m Clerk.
(ML Bccknoi:, ('oinp’lts Solicitor.
l Judicial Circuit of Florida. Volusia.
County. In Chancery.
William W. Sharpe, and Mai.v A. Arm
strong vs. Michael iSliarpe, John O. Sharpe
ami Floyd Sharpe; Petition tor Partitio: .
It appearing from the Petition for Paiti
tion of lot four, section three, township ’(>,
range ,>J, S. A K.. tiled in this ease, that the
defendants reside out of the State of Flori
da, to wit. Miehael SharpeanAJohnSharpo
in the State of South Carolina.and Flovd
Sharpe in the State of I.ottisana. witere the
ordinary course of law cannot be served
upon them.
Therefore; It is ordered thal a hearing
be had on the farts charged in said Peti
tion on the first Monday of July. A. D. 1878.
at the Court House at Knterprise. Volusia
County, Florida, and that the said del end
ants, do appear, plead, answer or demur to
said Petition on file, in default of which a
partition of said land will be made as
prayed for in said Petition.
It is further ordered that this order be
published in the “Volusia County Herald”
once a week for 8 weeks before that tim *
1 >one and Ordered at <-hatnbes.
Wni. Archer Cocke, Judge Seventh Judi
cial Circuit. April tilth 1878.
State of Florida, County of Volusia, as—
I. John W. Dickens, clerk of the Circuit
Court, do hereby certify that the foregoing
is a true and correct copy of anjorder on fii<*
in my otfice.
Witness, John W. Dickens clerk of tlio-
Circuit Court and the seal of said Court at
the Court House at enterprise. Volusia
Countv. Florida, April 23m1. 1878.
Jxo. W. I’nirK. Attorney for Petitioners.
An2s. 8w
[ X THE CIRCUIT (OURT tor tlie
*- Seventh Judical Circuit of Florida
Volusiv county.
In tin' matter of the petition of William A,
Cone, sheriff of the county of Volusia
and ex-officio administrator of the estate
of Philemon Wilhite, deceased.
Fuller and pursuant to an order made iu
the above cause by the Hon. William A.
Cocke, Circuit Judge, dated May 18!h, (878,
I will sell on Monday, July Ist. 1878. at tho
Court House at Fnteipeise. in said county,
between the usual hours of sale on that
day. the following described premises:
A tract or parcel of land lying and situate
in the town of Volusia, county of Volusia
and State of Florida, and kuovvu and des
cribed as “ liegiuuing at the southwest
comer of a lot known as the Doyle lot. on
the bank of the St. .Johns river; thence in •
an easterly direction oue hundred and five
teet with the line of the said Doyle lot;
thence in a southerly direction one hun
dred and live feet to a stake; thence in a
westerly direction one hundred and five
leet to a stake on the bank of the bt. Johns
river; thence along the bank of said river
to the place of beginning, being one-fourth
of an acre, more or less.
Terms cash, the purchaser paying for
titles. Dated May 20th. 1878.
lnySfiw.i Commissioner-

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