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Wh| We Sbrnld Prune.
In my former article on the subject of pruning, I spoke of some of the advantages of pruning young trees when first set; now I wish to speak of the advantage of following it up. The first advantage is that you cau form just such a top to your tree 39 you wish, by catting away such limbs ns you don’t want 3nd shortening hose that arc getting too long, mak ing them spread out more and thin ing - out where they grow too thick and training up those that are inclined to droop and hang too low. But in order to do this successfully, you want to study the nature of the tree. To illustrate, I will give some exam ples of familiar trees. Take the yellow Newton Pippin apple tree. When it is young and thrifty, it is inclined to shoot up very tall, with the branches very close together, and when the tree gets in full bearing, the top will be bent and twisted all oat of shape by the weight of the fruit and fre quently the tree will be all broken down and spoiled. Or if it be not broken the long limbs will remain bent over and throw out a great many shoots from the upper sides of the limbs, and thus make a thick and ugly top. Now, by proper pruning at the right time, we may avoid this, and this is the way to do it: Cut off all of your limbs aud the top of your tree when setting out and then prune every year, so as to keep the top in good shape, by cutting back those shootß that are growing too tall and thus make them spread out more, and thin out where they get too thick and never suffer the tree to fork. When you see two or more branohes of equal sine growing oat from the main stem, cut off all but one and let that form the main tree. Let the branches grovy out from the sides, at proper distances from each other, so they will have plenty of room to bear and ma ture the fruit, and, if properly short ened in, they will bear their well <jrown crops of fruit without break ing or bonding out of shape. The yellow Bellfleur is of the op posit class of trees, and needs dif ferent treatment in some respects. — Such trees are iuciined to form a very thick top,which grows low and spread ing, and hangs too low if not trained upward. Such trees need a good deal of thinning out among the small branches, and in such a way as to en courage the branches to grow upward. Now, tf you commence pruning jour trees while young and follow it up every year (as you should,) in a proper way, you can form just such a top as you want. If yonr tree needs spreading out, oat the young shoots off just above a bud on the outside of the shoot, and if you want to train the tree upward, leave a bud on the upper side of the limb where you cut it off., These rules will apply to all kinds of fruit and ornamental trees and shrubbery. Well,” says oue of my neighbors, " I don't go a cent on your pruning fruit trees. I know several persons about here that had the tops* of their trees all cut off two or three years ago, and now they are thicker than ever—halt a dozen limbs now to where there was one before.” That is not the kind of pruning I 4m talking about. I begin with my young trees and prune every year, using nothing but a strong pair of hand shears; they avoiding the ne cessity of cutting large limbs. But old trees may lie greatly improved in the same way. New, let us look about our neigh bors’ orchards a little and Bee how they took. A. has different kinds of fruit trees in bearing that have never been pruned, and sonic of them have run up so tall that it takes a very long ladder to get to the fruit, that is swinging out on long scattering limbs, while others are low and bushy, with the limbs so numerous and close together that a bird can hardly fly through them, and they are full of little, stunted, worthless fruit. But A. says they are as nature formed them and he thinks he cant’ improve on nature, and ho lets them go. B. let nature attend to hia trees until Hhe got so many of the limbs down in his way that he would not stand it any longer, and “ went for them" with ax and saw and cleared out limbs enough to make another snch orchard at one clearing; and now behold what an unsightly job he baa made of it- C. thought he would prune a little, and when bis trees were young he cut off all the side branches up as h;gh as his head, so that he could drive his plow team close up to them; and the consequence is that the main body of the tree is exposed to the heat of the sun, while the top is so high up as To be violently swung about by the autumn winds and the fruit thrown to the ground and wasted. ( But D. commenced with bis trees at setting and has carefully pruned every year siuce, and his trees are shapely, with well-balanced tops that are thinned out so that the sunlight can get in to mature the fruit. Soqoel, Cal. M. P Owgjf in Pacific Rural Prtts Maims far Sweet Potatoes. We hive suggested muck and ashes as manure for the sweet potato, and we find the following from Prof. Caldwell, in the New York Tribune: A correspondent asks for analyses of sweet and Irish potatoes, and what commercial fertilizer would be best for the former. Payen gives the fol lowing analyses; _ Irish Sweet. Water. 74 57.50 S taro a 30 16.05 Cellulose i.(H 0.45 Albuminoids 3.5 1.5 Pat o.XI 0.3 Sugar and Gum 1.09 10.30 Other organic matters S 1.10 Mineral matters f 1.20 3.60 Of the ash the following is the com position : In the case of the sweet potato we find but one analysis on record, while the figures given for the Irish potato represent the average of a large number of analyses : Irish. Sweet. Potash 60.13 48.73 Boda.. 3.18 7.01 Lime 8.30 14.04 Magnesia 5.40 1.68 Fenic oxide 0.96 1.58 Phosphoric acid 17.87 9.40 Sulphuric acid 5.41 8.34 Silicic acid 3.93 2.49 Chlorine 3.90 15.06 No experiments have been tried with commercial fertilizers on sweet potatoes. Therefore I can only sug gest the trial of bone meal and ashes with stab!e manure. If th e large pro portion of chlorine in the ash of the sweet potato is not exceptional, the moderate use of the German potash salts, rich in chlorides, might produce a good effect; but I think that such a large quantity of chlorine will be abnormal and unusual when new analyses of the ash of this vegetable shall have been made. —Sun d> JPrsss. DeYarman’s Hotel, ORANGE CITY, - - Florida. OPBVTBB TBAR HOUUU. MS SL H. DaTABXAS, Proprietor. J .23. JORDAN, General Dealer irn Dry Goods, Groceries, PROVISIONS, Boots, Shoes, Beady Made. Clothing , de., die. Dealing exclusively for casli I am ena bled to sell at prices unusually low, and by keeping constantly on hand a choice selection of (roods, bone to merit the good will and patronage of the whole com muni tv. DeLsnd, May TS, 1878. raylsfcf JT. 8. Dittoes. GKO, A. PKCX. J. S. DRJ&GS ft GO., nesJar* Sra CM, CROCKERY, Glass and Plated Ware, HCU32 yTaSISHXNG GOODS, Kerosene ILtinjw, Brackets*, 'i.iDuteiUM, Chandeliers, etc., etc. Wood and Willow Ware . TIN-WARE, Frutt Jars, Jelly Tntnblern, Water Filters, Water Coolers, Ac. 13 West Bay St., JACKSONVILLE, Fipk. decSTyl THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. LEX. StCLAIR ABRAMS. Attorney & Counsellor at Law. Poatoflice address, Pori Masou, Orange county, Florida. Office at. Orlando, with hi.,.. Su \ ameri n. Esq., Attorney at Law. pRIZE POULTRY I offer Fresh * Ejrgs for sotting from ray choice 3tock of premium poultry,copsi.-itin*. of Hnudaus. Light and Dark JBiabmas, and While and Grown i,eyh >r ifl, at *1.50 per do*. M.v Dark Drain, took the hist, premium and diploma at too State Fair, Feb., IS7*. i'y Call and seo thorn Dr. h. J. Hammond, 5-e Orange City. Volusia Cos., Fla. REPAIRING! OF ALL KlNiDsi, OOVii B* E. M. Penfield. ap2ft NSW BRITAIN. Fla. EOW. W. STETSON, Successor to D, W. Davis, KholMl tud Retail IValrr la FURNITURE, MATTINGS, MATTRESSES, FEATHERS, ' COMFORTABLES, DOOR MATS, MOULDINGS, BRACKETS, PICTURE FRAMES, CHILDREN’S CARRIAGES. MOSQUITO NETS AND FIXTURES Window Shades And SHADE FIXTURES. MO1S8! Fla. 8-59 • MpGoibe’ Block. Benedict & McConihe, - J "', : ill; MnuHSMC "1 Hardware m (km, Sash, Doors and Bl inds, Stove* and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Blacksmith's and Carpenter's Tools, Wagon Material and Agricultural Implemtn is. Bon, Steel, Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles. Ac AV HTIIKET. Jacksonville, Fla. Agents for the celebrated Orange Light ning Powder. Send for Price-Lists my3l-ly ASHMEAD BROS., 33 VVusT Hay ISthkbt, - - - - Jackson villm, Fla, WHOr.KHALK A.Nl> RXIAII. A rid*QDeaJers in Articles. All the Latest Daily and Weekly Papers, Monthly Magazines, Periodicals. Magic. Ac, Florida Guide Books, Maps and Views, SCHOOL BOOKS. All Goods at NorthiMm Prices. Orders by Mail Promptly Attended to. Terms—Strictly Cash. Jacksonville, Fla., June 4,1878. 758 jfek For NINETY DAYS FROM DATE J Ml ffmi Elegant Table Silverware Sof AWBI h* aaoured by all .> .vKaplianae with the folloMog csndllicna: The Reclame! Silver E9l ntnl Pllktir e eomv*B/. 7 (A Cheetaot P.lrtvt, Philadelphia. r>:enufaoinrra ot Pare Colt MtBUBHIH Owfailuflul Standard Sriver-PlataO Ware. will wed ta any oca wo© receives tbit nation, % 3et af ■SMBMIn lailtlmfll Orribla Kitra-riata; /.In or .’ljicooe. and oofrave oa r.*uob llkk.u Any d>tP®d i' initial. Tau ire roqu.n* t.o ciitoi t tha fr-llowiug 3lirsr*ara Coupon ho<! aeud it m Mfllillß fSOTJ®f lt * • lor * Ccptr, with jiir um- ai4 adrtnue, aud ala© Men clogs o.vV >k 76 WU MV BE* IKS!/ 'PT " oliergea. iaeladlng scat af engraving (aitiala, peckiag, baaing, aad atprssa I7H J|W Tha Spoooa will ba seat by express (or mail. if joe have no express afioe), VHIIbIIk IWSnfFul au,i cfotltorad tn your bands without further caat. These Spoons art guaranteed ta be 'VQMiMBiWWI VTWfin/ " f the brut malarial, and oqaal to tha beat Silver Plewd Wars mads, an tbs Celtwwitt \MWfff B I Iwfffßl frUdf from the Company mil testify : yßgJ&if ff I AHM/ Onerra on Nsviomal fln.vsn Ptavisn Cos., 7ft4 Ohaatnnt Rc.. Philadelphia. Fa. AaKEI/ Tt> *loa * nitty CODOwrn.-Tbe hpoons sent out no ler ibis arriafMfltt WwSff If MKEB/ wegLaraotee areef beat quality, first heavily plated with pars oiakel (tbe hardest WSfmlM M m WTBI white metal koewa). and a double egtra plate ut pare Cain-Standard Silver added eei WfVMHv HMNn *kPf tbe onkfil. thus rendering tbea. the very boat Silver-Plated Ware ua(W tarad. W © will boner aa order which dace uat aontatu the Silverware Can pan. and wa AllUf Jf WC\~ i will tttft benar tha Caapoo af Hr ninety davs from the date of this paper. \\l NATION ff On raeetpte* this Cos open. ta gat her with 76 as ote ta eaver all chargee, (noted ail toff express or mailing, engraving and baxing, wa hereby agree to aaad ta way ad- TCI drew a aetaf ear para Cole-Standard double-extra plated iW riff Bbd *0 each Spec a eagre re any desired initial. All chargee are te he prepaid by |L H (to 75 oeota aect ue, aod the Spauna will be delivered at deatioatloai Area af any HM Bib ethei charge. M,¥ Good for ninety dare flrsra date or this paper, after which ctlaCoenee UttttH aod void. ISiguad) NATIONALBILVBB PLA^iyQjgQ.^^ Sfcevild it be (laaired. any eon af the following articles will be aent In thr Spcon a an paymmi tbe following ebargea ; Sir solid aO-el - kuirea. bUdnand baodlr oor solid piecr. beat ut-el double nickel and ailrea iCWmIiInTOH r'etvd. t : forks double uu-kel and silver plated. >i eta. If all Ibeas IwMinl tood> are desired, endow the total charge*, which will be 7i cU. for apoooc, H I rm tt- Tor keieea. aad Vj e*. for forks—total, 63.70 - thus aecuriag far *3 70 wSSk 111 IIV '•hm aanld you nui-h more in any other war. RHncmber that Bw ir 111 lfh e*oPt *me. will Be agrfc,ad wiU) w, loiUJ mm IMPORTANT NOTICE. I||||l f I all I Iff fi,M Tki * l |h9r%> sffpr h9,<a f M * r <>r onlv ninety days rrem date, kberafhrw V f/ f/ f /|| it la ta tbe iaterest or all who ean secure its benedta ta aee la It that they I? Jra Af Ml /f / V are net debarred by reason #r tbe eapiratien or tbe time apeeitad. dll let- tk fmm iiLH LI IF V,rß •rd. Kn. Silverware should he addressed direst to tha ' WjfJJf 1/ NATION AX 811, VHIt PI.ATING CO., JK FOB SALE. A large amount of excellent If IMS LAND, unrivalled in value for ORAMIE AMD LEMON GROVES. , * • Said lands lie in the immediate vicinity of DeLand. and mil be noil at )nm ran* ing from $5.00 up- Come and see before yon purchase. H. A. Be LAND. DeLand, May lOtb. 1877. DeLAND & FARCE, DeLAND, Volusia Cos., Fla. Offor for sale in alternate lots of 5 to 10 acres, to parties who wish to improve the same, portions of the. 160 acres known as the Canfield place, a quarter section well adapted to Orange culture, Grapes and other fruits or vegetables. Lying mid way between DeLand and the tit. Johns river, the highest of the first quality rolling pine lands, it is rarely equalled in qna'itv or location hy any lands in Florida. Also, portions of. a similar tract of 40 acres, known as the Adams’ place, at De- Land, at very reasonable rates. Also, contractors for the plantiug, care and culture of orange groves and vine yards on lands purchased of us. Also, a fine stock of choice nortnera Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom ising, including Agawam, Concord, Hart ford, Ives, lona, Llndle.v, Massasoit, Salem, Arc., all varieties which ripen early and sell well in the northern markets. Prices, 12 cents each, for auy number. I'Tr’Address, DeI.ANM dc PARCK, 1-53 DeLand, Volusia co n Fla. riTOrdera left at this office will receive careful attention Orange Cos. Nurseries. 1 00 000 SWEET SEEDLING Al/UjUin/ ORANGE TREKS from selected fruit. _ . .. . , PorlOO. r>er 10 Trees from 1 to 1 inch la diameter, S3O 00 $260 00 Trees from 1 to II inches _ in diameter 40 00 35000 Trees from 11 to If inches „ in diameter 5000 450 OO * Delivered on any of the steamers witbia two hours from the time they are taken up, and packed in good order. All trees warranted to have oxtra fine roots and vig orous, but not forced by manure. Good high pine land, free from palmetto, any where south of Lake George, will be take* in part payment. JOHN A. MACDONALD, jyß-t .Sanford, Florida THE People’s Grocery! No. 10 Say St., JACKSONVILLE, Kla. We are selling C Sugar at 9c. per lb. A Sugar at 100 ** Grant; iated Sugar, 11c. Choice Rio Codes. parched every day at our storo by oar Improved Roaster, at 250 per lb. TEAS—Any kind yoa want. from 50c to the very choicest at One Dollar per ib. 3ALTIMO32 PBAItI HOMIHY. At $1,65 per barrel) of 300 pounds, or 3Jc per pound at retail. We Make a Specialty of Flour. Harkisbeimer’a, Mo. 1,6 o per Ib., 10.00 bbl* “ No. 2,5 o “ 9,00 “ “ No.S. 4c “ 7,75 “ 3-lb. can Tomatoes, (standard) JGc pr cn Sugar Corn, 20c per can. Green Apples, 3-lb cans, 20c per can. And all other canned goods equally cheap. Send to us for our weekly price current It will pay you to buy direct from ns. We have made arrangements with the differ ent boats to carry freights at reduced rates. Address, DARKISH RIMER A CO. ian 10 Box 607, Jacksonville,Fl*. 5)