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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, July 03, 1878, Image 1

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The Florida Agriculturist.
Yol. 1.
Contents of this Number.
Pace 57—Letter from Paris; Crystal
River —Hernando County; Northern
Fanners in Florida.
Page 58—Croquet. poetry; Half an Hour
of Agouy; Bride and Bridegroom : A Sign
of Love; Nicknames of States: Recipes,
Page 59—Corns and Warts; Adv'mts.
Page 60—The Letter from Z; Notes from
Alachua; Things in General.
Page 61 —Floridiana; Adv’mts.
Page 62—The Scupernong Grape; Peaches,
How to Make them Profitable; Feeding
Horses; Canning Grapes; Legal Adv’mts.
Page Gg—Tea Drinking in Moscow; Adv
Page 64—Telegraphic News ; The Great
Eastern; A New Submarine Torpedo Boat
Correspondence of Florida Agriculturist.
Hotel De L’Athenee. >
Paris, June 2, 1878. j
“ We are not pressed, let us eat at
leisure, for we always have time to
die ” and “ tell me what you eat and
I will tell you what you are.” No
nation on earth, except, perhaps, the
upper ten among the Swedes, spend
so much time in the taking care of
their inner man as do the French.
After a tedious tramp through the
* Trocadero, with my pockets filled
with notes, but with au empty stom
ach, I am seated in an easy chair in
Cafe Anglais for the purpose of
satisfying a cfaving appetite. Tim 1
garcon haß taken my order, it is
brought in and I am happy. I will
not describe my own dinner it being
entirely ala Washington, but the en
joyment of those around me. Two
elderly diners have leisurely taken
their seats —my mind is full of medi
tation —Their looks indicate that
they have been preparing themselves
since breakfast tor the repast of
the day in gentle out of door
exercise. They selected a table
near the window in order that the
sight may he pleased with the pass
ing promenaders at the same time
that their taste is gratified with nour
ishment —the soft voiced waiter after
having placed the hills of fare before
them quietly retires, knowing that
they need time for reflection. Their
sight is not so good as their palates,
and they have resource to the mona
cle, or eye glasses, to scan, as Mahom
idan does the Koran, the choice bit
of literature which the waiter left
with them, and thus taste the happi
ness of anticipation. To the gour
mets this is the preliminary pleasure
of dinner, and is counted on as one
of its features. Having carefully
read through the bill of fare, from
pottage to dessert, I noticed quite a
serious discussion as to the selection,
a discussion that rather sharpens than
dulls the fine edge of their appetite,
—were they seated in the Foreign
Affairs Department on the opposite
side of the Seine, they might be
taken for diplomats discussing the
Eastern question or the shooting of
Emperor William. The programme
has at last been agreed upon which
the smoothly gliding waiter takes to
the room of plenty in the rear, which
pours out its treasures year in and
year out before the most critical
clients of the old and new worlds.
The wine is more quickly chosen,
for these sybarites know the cellar
by heart. One course after another
is taken leisurly, and the pleasure of
the occupation long drawn out. In
eating the Frenchman experiences
three sensations, —the direct, the
complete and the sensation of judg
ment ; in drinking, in addition to
these sensations, those of gutteration
and the last, the after, taste of per
fume or fragrance which for a time
remains. A couple of hours are de
voted to the repast and when the
end is reached three bottles of their
dear friends of the cellar are pleas
antly at work under the waist-coats.
They begin to feel the need of loco
motion and, lighting their cigarettes,
lounge at an easy pace to Cafe Nea
politan,renowned for its coffee, which,
according to their doctrine, pushes
the dinner followed by a tiny glass
of cognac in its turn to push the
coffee. Thus the dinner marches in
single file discipline from soup to
cognac,like the gumie entering a popu
lar theatre. In Cafe Anglais, I learn,
are to be found the reefs on which
many a young man has been wrecked.
With us Americans men often ruin
themselves through alcohol, profli
gacy and gambling, but rarely from
eating. I can understand the passion
for drinking and gambling, but not
that for food whose indulgence turns
rich men to beggars.—The dinner is
The Trocadero is finished, and its
art treasures on exhibition. The in
terest of an exhibition of tbis ngt.m;e
not in the novelty of the works
placed before the visitor, but in the
opportunity which they afford for
comparison on a vast scale of what
can be called only by courtesy, the
schools of the different nations—of
schools indeed there are but two —
the Freneh and English. The United
States is not only deeply imbued
with traditions of old derived from
France, but linked to her at present
by closely approximating tendencies
and aims. But what does the
American Government for the fine
arts ? Go to Washington and Mr.
Corcoran will answer. What does
the administration in France ? In
the first place it supports great
schools, the schools of Paris and of
Home; and, in the second, by the
commissions which it bestowes it
directs the training given in those
schools, it fosters the production ol
works w’hicli could only find a place
in edifices of vast size, such as
palaces and public buildings. The
action of the government schools
must, in one respect, be allowed to
be in tlie highest degree beneficial.
The pensionnaircs de Home have a
sense of the dignity of their pro
fession -which is scarcely to be
found, even among the most distin
guished men, outside their ranks.
If they do not come back from Italy
with the fire of genius, they come
back having received a training
which directs their aims towards a
high ideal and are ready to suffer for
the honor of their art. You do not
find the canvases of Cabanel the
comou property of knots of picture
dealers, and Pelauncy will prefer
never to have sold a painting to seek
ing fortune by taking his cue from
the tastes and fashions of the mo
ment. It) is, however, urged that
the set routine of the schools stifles
originality; but the mere existence
DeLand, Florida, Wednesday, July 3,1878.
of a talent such as that of Delauncv
or of a man like Gustave Moreau is a
proof to tbei&>ntrary. The mere
fact of in a certain
set of formulas will not take away
or give powers ot conception and
invention, hut itl will and does give,
according to #c capacity of those
trained powers of execution and
command of the tools with which to
work; and the certain prospect
which is ever before the student of
being able sooner or later to put him
self to the proof on -work of a mon
umental character sustains him
through the long years of necessary
preliminary labqjir and study.
j Among ;£the { m any distinguished
American visitors here I have been
accustomed to Bee the pleasant and
genial face of General Beale of Cal
ifornia whose family reside in Wash
ington —General Beale and General
Grant were inseairable companions
during his visitr and I am sure
that General tyrant took much
arm with his jftny friend along
the gay boulev jbs than among the
Parisian bon-toifj® their splendid
salons. Generanßeale has returned
to America whether satisfied or dis
gusted with the I cannot
say-, but Grant l<m restless and un
easy—his countfitomce seems to say
“ I want to go
The exhibits Jl&'om the United
States and Canacfci are very much
admired. The majority of the ex
hibitors were represented at our own
Centennial and give a detailed
description of what most of your
readers have already seen would be a
waste of in your
will, however, get their share in my
future letters. In Agricultural Im
pliments, in Organs and Piano-mak
ing, in Photography and in Dentistry
America challenges the world.
Crystal River Hernando
Asa unit in interest with the
growing prosperity of our State, and
more especially of that portion known
as South Florida, which, forsooth, has
fallen far short of its just proportion
of public allowances, being less esti
mated according to its high scale of
merit than its northern boundary, al
low me, through your paper, to pre
sent to the public (by vav of intro
duction to the foreshadowing of im
portant future events) a few dots re
lative to that portiou of the above
named county called Crystal River.
In the last ears the mercantile
business of this place has increased
three-fold, being an emporium from
the necessities of the adjacent country
in the totai absence of railroad facili
ties. The building up of the town
has been retarded because of unset
tled rights to the land. The old citi
zens who composed the population of
the town and its vicinity up to the
present time are not in arrears, in a
moral point of view, to those of older
settled places. They are a church
going people and pay the preachers.
The education ol' their children is
prosecuted with a zeal that might
adorn the highest ranks of civilization.
It is true they have no base ball club
nor debating society, but they have a
Sunday School.
Having given you a fair specimen
ol the old settlers, allow me space in
which to note a few facts relative to
our new settlers. We are having
weekly accessions to our county gulf
coast from the state of Pennsylvania,
and, to say the least, Hernando may
feel proud of the acquisition. All of
her old citizens should extend the
welcome hand and tender such infor
mation as may be neecessary to secure
them desirable homesteads.
The members of this colony appear
to have plenty of money, and the
good feature about it is (with the ex
ception of one preacher, one doctor,
one merchant, one cigar manufacturer)
all farmers, each of whom possessing
a goodly share of intelligence, indus
try, and perseverance.
The new immigration seems to com
prehend the great truth, that the
State of Florida needs a railroad, to
run through the southern portion of
the State from Live Oak, along the
gulf coast, to unite at Tampa and St.
Johns road, in order to bring her
fine lands into notice, thereby increas
ing her farming, vegetable, and fruit
growing population, open to the
Northern Western and Middle States
the great fish interest of her south
western border, which extends from
the east bank of the Waccassa river
as far down the coast as Cape Sable
in one vast and unbroken chain of
mallet, added to which is the famous
green turtle and A No. 1 oysters that
interline her coast, thus affording an
inexhaustable source of food that
could be made available to the United
States. Superadded to this bountiful
provision of nature in the oil, the
guano, and sponge, which, when prop
erly utilized, will figure no small item
of revenue to the Government. Such
a route would not only present these
valuable natural considerations, but
would turn the tide of immigration
from the West and secure to the
farmer rapid and reliable transporta
tion for his fruit and vegetables and
staple products, all branches of enter
price M ould be open to Northern cap
ital, saw mills and lumber yards rear
ed at every station, tOM-ns would
spring up on every hill, gigantic man.
ufactures M ould loom up on every
stream, and the unwritten volume
would be open to the eyes ot the
world. —T. S. WiNN in Ilorida Dis
The exceedingly embarrassed con
dition of business enterprises at the
North has throu-n out of employment
a large number of men and women,
and the old question, “ Can we bet
ter our condition by emigration ? ”
has come up for serious consideration
in many families. Another question
arises simultaneously: “If we emi
grate, where shall we go?” The
West, Southwest (Texas), and Flori
da are open fields for emigrants from
the North, and Me design to say a
fen - Mords regarding Florida as a
neM' home for those who M'ish to bet
ter their condition by removal.
The only occupation in M'hieli any
one from the North can engage in
Florida, with the least prospect of
success, is soil cultivation; and the
only crops M'hich offer a fair show
for remuneration is the orange and
lemon, and early vegetables and fruits.
As regards the orange crop, it un
doubtedly is a highly profitable one,
and it wiil he many years before the
markets in the North will be so far
affected by over-supply as to lead to
much reduction in price. Indeed, we
do not believe the time will ever
come m hen good oranges will fail to
find a ready sale at good prices at
the North.
Early vegetables—peas, beets, tur
nips, potatoes, etc.—can be raised in
Florida in any quantity and facilities
are now afforded for securing mar
kets in NeM' York, Boston, and oth
er Northern cities. Steam connection
betM'ecn Jacksonville and the above
ports is now rapid and certain, and
doubtless will continue so. Straw
berries are a fruit well adapted to
thrive in the soil of Florida, and all
that can he raised can be promptly
sold if ripened eaflv,—say in Febru
ary and March. We visited one
grower of straM'berries, near Jackson
ville, on the 12th of February, and
he told us that he had sent fifty box
es to New York the day before, for
M’hich he received eighty cents a box.
He picked a couple of boxes, upon
our order, for M'hich he charged a
dollar each, and M-e were foolish
enough to pay it. From careful ob
servation we judge the straM’berrie
crop to be a safe and remunerative
one in Florida; and it is a crop, for
some reason, sadly neglected by gar
deners and land owners. Not half
enough early fruit is raised to supply
the hotels at present, and we can see
ho good reason why tens of thou
sands of quarts may not he sent to
market in February and March as
well as later in the season, when the
price is lower. Early potatoes al
ways sell well, and they are not per
ishable and can be handled with fa
cility. The early Rose and early
Ohio will ripen "on the St. Johns
river so as to be ready in February
and March, and thousands of bushels
could be sold if they were in the
market. To obtain them earlier, it
will be necessary to go high up on
the river, or to Central Florida.
Now what is the encouragement
for northern farmers to go to Flori
da, and what are the drawbacks ?
Florida is an amphibious countiy;
a large portion is barely out of wa
ter, and swamps abound in every
direction. Still it is not in any severe
sense unhealthy in summer, and we
incline to believe the representations
of the people, that the summers are
not as hot and unbearable as the
northern summers. The y are long er
and the hot weather is more persist
ent, but the nights are cooler. The
climate in winter is delightful; and
summer or winter, we do not think
very grave objections exist against
the climate on the grounds of excess
ive temperature or unhealthfulness.
The soil is composed largely of sand;
pure silica, with a small admixture
of humus. We were disappointed
in the appearance of the surface soil
in Florida. We supposed it was
bare sand, blinding to the eyes, and
terrible for locomotion by pedestrians;
but such is not the case. There is a
green covering to the sand in most
tent resembles our greenswaM.-
None of our northern grasses will
grow in Florida. There is, howe ve r
the Bermuda grass, which gives a
nice lawn in winter, and will, it is
stated, bear up under the heats of
summer. Florida, however, sadly
needs a good forage grass, and it may
be that some time one will be sup
The soil of this State is wonder
fully sustaining to vegetation, not
withstanding it is siliceous. Peas,
beans, and potatoes spring up out of
nearly pure sand, and thrive wonder
fully. A farmer will rarely find in
all Florida a stone as large as a hick -
ory nut, and if he wishes something
to strike his hoe against, to clean it,
he must hit a stump or the heel of
his boot.
A Northern man going to Florida
will escape cold and ice and long
winters, but he will not emerge into a
paradise, Indeed we are certain
there is no such delectable climate
and perfect surroundings on earth as
many travelers dream of and wan
der far to find. There are many pri
vations to be endured, and much
hard work to be done; there are but
few schools, poor roads, many in
sects, and a sparse population outside
of the cities. An enterprising, in
dustrious man can sustain himself and
family anywhere, and therefore he
certainly can in Florida. It is a capj
ital field for enterprise in fruit glow
ing and truck gardening, and practi
cal experience and knowledge will
not fail of a reward. It takes a
dozen years, at least, to grow' an
orange orchard so as to reach full
and profitable hearing; when in
bearing, a large orchard is, no doubt,
a mine of wealth to its owner. Land
is cheap; that is, rough land. Away
from the river, there are millions of
acres owned by government, which
would not bring ten cents an acre,
and are not worth one cent. If a
farmer decides to go to Florida, let
him take with him knowledge and
resolution, and also some ready cash.
Cash is now a scarce commodity there,
as well as here, and it will greatly
help in conquering success. —Journal
of Chemistry, *
No. 8.

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