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The Florida Agriculturist.
A .JOURNAL DEVOTED TO STATE INTERESTS. Yol. 1. Contents of this Number. Page 65—Future of Florida; Letter from Daytona ; Remedy for Scale Paste 60—The Ten Little Gra.shopueis; Hunting a Tiger with Cow#: A Poor Town for business ; John Smith : Japanese Brides: A Vunkec Trick: Recipes. PageJST—Source of infectious Diseases; Advertisements. Page 68—Orange Fertilizer Analysis : Independence Day; Meeting of the Board of County Commissioners: To kill Pocket Gophers; Answer to Correspondents. Page 11!* —Locals; Floridians ; Adv'mts. Page7o—The Mystery of Making Loaf Bread: Liquid Manure; liote on Incuba tion ; Time for Budding Fruit Trees. Page 71—Lime as a Fertilizer ; Adv'mts. Page 7M—Telegraphic; Advertisements. The Future of Florida, Editor Florida Agriculturist. I do not prefend to possess the faculty of looking into the future aixl predicting coming events; yet it seems quite natural for those who have even a partial acquaintance with the already developed resources of the State, to look forward to that time when all the fruits and plants that can be utilized and are adapted to our peculiar climate have been introduced and acclimated and all portions of our country possess trans portation facilities, to picture to themselves the grand future of Florida. In perusing the past history ot the tState we cease to wonder why a land so greatly blessed in climate, healtli iulness and productive soil, should have regained for such a long period undeveloped and sparsely populated, the disadvantages the restrictive Colonial policy of Spain imposed, the retarding effect of the continued Indian wars—that only ceased in 1856 —and lastly the great civil strife that left her citizens almost prostrate without means with which to recuper ate, that Florida should now he so prosperous. This retrospect ot the past and a looking forward to the future has led me to jot down my reveries upon the subject Taking my own county of Orange as a basis of comparison for the rest! of the State, docs the advancement, j already made present a ground work j upon which to build a glorious - future? I think so. Let Ilorida lie , known as she should he, and hut ,i few years will have passed before she j will have become not only one of! the most densely populated, hut j highly prosperous of stales. Twenty years ago and this section was an almost unbroken wilderness. Occasionally was seen the stock-man s cabin with an acre or two of cleared land around it. Churches and schools were scarcely deemed neces sary, and the only education required was the woodsman's craft and the rearing of cattle. One steamboat weekly bom Jacksonville was suffi cient for all transportation purposes, not only for this section, but for all the counties south of I’alatka that could use the St. Johns river: now fifteen weekly visits of the steamers arc required. Railroads arebeingjpro jected, and soon all portion? will possess transportation facilities. Nine years ago, 90 persons comprised the list of registered voters in Orange county, now there are over 1,200, and some 400 more who have not placed their names upon the list- Then two post-offices furnished suffi cient mail facilities: now fifteen offi ces are required. If anew country has, in such a short period of time, - developed so rapidly, what must be ! the change# that have taken place in the older portions of the State ? They- are certainly an earnest of what the future must be. when our re courses are fully developed and sus taining a population commensurate with that development. A comparison of the present with the past is not sufficient to convey an adequate idea of what the status of the State must he alter the lapse of a few years. For a better under standing of this subject, it may be well to direct attention to some of the elements of our State’s future greatness. Who that have carefully read Capt. Eadd's report upon deep ening the channel upon the bar of the St. Johns river, and the evident feasibility of opening and keeping open a channel with a depth of 20 to 24 feet, but have been impi-essed with the magnitude of the benefits that must accrue to East and South Florida in particular, and through their prosperity, to the whole State? Large steamers, plying to Northern cities, will he able to come to Jack sonville and make it the great com mercial metropolis ot the State. That this improvement will become a necessity, will be readily seen when we make a calculation of the amount of transportation facilities needed to move even one ot our products, the orange. We require rapid and cheap transportation for our vegetables, t k-AOr.u, £ cA* * - ..*>> ifuluoiify is .uuiil ing up largely as a great business of the future, and when the enterprises for developing our vast amount of sugar lands, shall have been put into successful operation, this great and remunerative crop will add largely to the freight list as well as monied interest of the State. This impor tant crop plant finds a congenial home in a large portion of the peninsular, and in this county often tassels. It is not uncomon to obtain a fair crop from the sixth year's rattoons. The starch producing plants, es pecially’ the- cassava and arrow root arc well adapted to our soils and yield heavy crops. When starch manufacturers introduce their im proved modes of extracting the tarina, these plants and others of the same class will prove highly remu nerative. The experiments already made in jute culture have proved very satisfactory, and when our citi. zens realize how great is the demand for the fiber they will turn their attention to its culture. There is a section of the State, especially in the southern portion, that cannot be utilized except tor the purpose of grazing cattle. This industry will continue to he fostered and add to our wealth. The lumber business already amounts to the annual sum of 810,000,000 aud must continue to increase for many years, as facilities are provided to transport the timber to water. The timber lands are ex tensive and produce a great variety of trees, many of them well suited to the cabinet maker’s use. Many other products as cotton, tobacco, etc., might be mentioned, but attention has been directed to enough to show that the future of the State is bright with promise. Z, 11. Mason, M. D. Apopka. Orange County, Fla. DeLaud, Florida, Wednesday, duly 10. 1878. Letter Front Daytona. Editor Florida : In the Garden of Eden were neither thistles,* “ pusley," nor crab grass previous to being raided by that Father ot Lies and tramps whose sole business is to wander to and fro in the earth " seeking whom he might ‘ bite somebody.” Having no businses of his own, he i had nothing to prevent him from i attending to that of other people, aud that is how he came to stray into our venerable ancestor's clear ing, whereby sucli a rediculous mess generally was made of human affairs. Our respected progenitor had a soft thing of it in that garden, but this he didn't understand then as well as afterward, when sweating over his potato patch and vainly trying to get even with the Canada thistles and crab grass. His- homestead entry was cleared, fenced and planted with all manner of fruits by the government and a span of mules thrown in, putting him in a top shelf condition for enjoying life and making his wife the envy of all the neighbors. His hammock was rich and bran new —no weeds, no cut worms, no mosquitoes, red bugs and flies or fleas, and life, even as a farmer, must have been worth living. He found the conditions changed when he came to clear hammock, (the immense advantage of “ piney woods ” land n# having then been discovered) conteij. with the newly . - syfi'V ciop of weeds, etc., at the same time fight the battle of life surrounded by a swarm of pestiferous insects. Of the latter conditions I have had sufficient experience to enable me to speak with authority, and give me a strong desire to escape it during the rest of my natural life. My pity I give to Father Adam, fpr he needed it. He had seen better times, and could not hut suffer from the con trast. Resides, he couldn't get away. He must also have felt always that the weeds and the insects were the result of his own disobedience, whereas Florida was blessed with all these things before ever I came near it, so that to my discomfort, bad as it may be, are not added the pangs of remorse. If 1 bad had a chance to talk the matter over with him a little. I think 1 should have set his heart at rest as to his special respon sibility for these nuisances—for they unquestionably existed outside of the garden loug before he made their acquaintance, though if he had staid there he would have been none the worse for them We are told that “whatever is, is right,” aud there arc people who pre tend to believe that all these discom fortingaccompaniments of ourearthly pilgrimage arc necessary parts of the “ Divine Economy,” whatever that may be supposed to be. As far as the weeds are concerned, I think I get occasional glimpses of the economy, but my faith in a benefi cent over-ruling Providence is too strong to permit me to accept the insects. There was once a pious, conscientious New England woman who in her strong desire to reconcile the command to keep holy the Sab bath day, with certain necessary household duties, effected a compro- mise by making up her bed w ithout turning back the sheet at the head, as she always did on week days. She said she felt that she must draw the line somewhere. I draw it at pestiferous insects that devour me i and my crops, aud no one need attempt to convince me that they ever had n place in the Divine or any other economy or were ever created (if they ever tee re. created) for any purpose other than as an annoyance and vexation of spirit. My private opinion is that they w ere never dig- , nified by any act of creation, but that like Topsy “ they just growed.” For weeds, on the contrary. I have , come to having a great respect since j living iu Florida. When Nature finds a spot of bare ground, she pro ceeds at once to cover it from the burning rays of the tropical sun, which otherwise would decarbonize and destroy it for supporting vegeta tion. The folly of man has made many “ galled ” places upon the sur face of this our Mother Earth, in spite of the counteracting efforts of nature. What, then, w-ould become of it if he were not opposed by all the forces that nature can bring to defeat his devices for destruction? The foundation principal in Florida horticulture should be “ shade the ground.” I announce no new doc trine when I state that ground well and properly mulched will grow richer all the time, even though bearing a crop at the same time. - '***&£&' ■ part of our soil, which means nearly all the an able land in the State, by decarbonization, is incalculable. Take notice, too, how the vegetable matter in the soil will blow away where it is bare and dry. The color of the surface fades out like the cloth on a bleaching ground. It is unnecessary, however, to use argu ment or illustration to prove the advantage of this practice, for no one doubts it. The trouble is that people forget it. The most satisfac tory material that I have found for the purpose, is bullrush grass. That least so is moss. Leaves from the hammock come next to the grass. Pine leaves are next to moss, lor op i posite reasons. Moss is too com pact; preventing the rain and air from reaching the roots, besides, har boring injurious insects while pine leaves are too light and too loose. Good mulching keeps the soil as porous and light as a plow, and at no cost of labor. The lighter and poorer the soil the more necessity for covering it. Good mulching is equivalent to a dressing of manure. Fires in the woods arc decarbonizing and destroying the fertility of our soil too fast to need any help from injudicious farming. Between the cattle owners and hunters aud the carelessness and “puro cussedness” of many others, we aro in danger’of becoming another Arabia or Sahara, which, there is no doubt, reached their present condition by pursuing precisely the same course that we have started upon. The time may come when something can be done to check this wholesale destruction— but iu the present condition of affairs it is useless to try. The most that can be done is for those who see the danger, to do what they can, individ ually, to guard against it. At least let each man sec that in his fields, the scorching sun and thieving wind are not permitted to become tlio allies of the devastating fire setters. J. D. Mitchell. for Scale Insect : < M:a n(ik Cos., Fla., ( June 29th, 1878. } Kditor Florida Apriculturixt: Is there anything said now-a-days about “scale insect'’ ’’ Has every other man a theory for exterminat ing the abomination ? What does it now, concussion or kerosene or lin seed oil or tar or soot or sulphur or tobacco or pepper or whale oii or soda or salt petre or ichal ? Weii, j have a mite to offer. “In a multi tude of council there is wisdom " you know, though it seems as if in the scale insect it is confusion. Some months since I read in some p aper an account ot the plan pursued by a gentleman in Louisiana with his fruit trees, whether orange or other kinds Ido not remember. lie suspended in the tops of his trees or affixed to the branches pieces of bar soap, and always had thrifty trees. Well, said I to myself, that’s just as easy as the boy knew his father—no mixing in | grediems, getting besmeared with f nasty smelling swashes; no getting thejtop of full of thorn points as you scrub away at the trunk of the tree kneeling under the brandi es thereof; no swelled and useless hands for days after the job; no neigh -1 bora standing leaning over the fence I after the work is all done—Oh ! no— [We have it now. A cent apiece to ! the tree, and a piece of soap and Avast ye .Scale ! I jumped in ecat asy. Couldn't sleep that night. Dreamed of whole ’ armies 'of scale strikin g camp and marching away'with all their impediments from my possession to fresh fields and orange trees green, I selected, next day. a tree that was one huge scale, the worst case of scale in my grove, a rising and grad uated scale from bottom to top, which latter was about eight feet from th e ground. I tied two small pieces of soap in the top on limbs where the rains would wash the suds down the trunk. That was fourjfmonths ago. That tree to-day is as clean and free j from insects and ns thrifty as anyone | could wish. A solitary instance I admit, but entirely successful. No th iug eUo was done or had been done to the tree. I shall try further and ani trying now. I hear of others trying it also. It reliable it is’eertainly the easiest and cheapest way of get tincr rid of the pest yet introduced Yours truiy, S An old darkey who was asked if in his experience prayer was ever answered, replied: “Well, sab, some pra’rs is ansud and some isn’t — ‘pends upon w’at you axes to’ Just arter the wah, w’en it was mighty hard scratchin’ fo’ de cullud breddren, I ‘ bsarved dat w’enebber I pway de Lord to sen' one of Marse Peyton’s fat turkeys fo’ ole man, derc was no notice took of de parti tion; but when I pway dat he would sen’ de ole man fo’ de turkey, de mat ter was tended to befo’ sun-up uex’ mornin’ dead sartin! ” —A French gentleman, learning English so some purpose, replied to a salutation thus : “How do you do monsieur?” “Do vat.” “How do you find yourself?” “I never loses myself.” “How do you feel ?” “Smooth. You just feel me.” „ No. 9.