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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, July 10, 1878, Image 1

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The Florida Agriculturist.
A .JOURNAL DEVOTED TO STATE INTERESTS.
Yol. 1.
Contents of this Number.
Page 65—Future of Florida; Letter from
Daytona ; Remedy for Scale
Paste 60—The Ten Little Gra.shopueis;
Hunting a Tiger with Cow#: A Poor Town
for business ; John Smith : Japanese Brides:
A Vunkec Trick: Recipes.
PageJST—Source of infectious Diseases;
Advertisements.
Page 68—Orange Fertilizer Analysis :
Independence Day; Meeting of the Board
of County Commissioners: To kill Pocket
Gophers; Answer to Correspondents.
Page 11!* —Locals; Floridians ; Adv'mts.
Page7o—The Mystery of Making Loaf
Bread: Liquid Manure; liote on Incuba
tion ; Time for Budding Fruit Trees.
Page 71—Lime as a Fertilizer ; Adv'mts.
Page 7M—Telegraphic; Advertisements.
The Future of Florida,
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
I do not prefend to possess the
faculty of looking into the future aixl
predicting coming events; yet it
seems quite natural for those who
have even a partial acquaintance with
the already developed resources of
the State, to look forward to that
time when all the fruits and plants
that can be utilized and are adapted
to our peculiar climate have been
introduced and acclimated and all
portions of our country possess trans
portation facilities, to picture to
themselves the grand future of
Florida.
In perusing the past history ot the
tState we cease to wonder why a land
so greatly blessed in climate, healtli
iulness and productive soil, should
have regained for such a long period
undeveloped and sparsely populated,
the disadvantages the restrictive
Colonial policy of Spain imposed,
the retarding effect of the continued
Indian wars—that only ceased in 1856
—and lastly the great civil strife that
left her citizens almost prostrate
without means with which to recuper
ate, that Florida should now he so
prosperous. This retrospect ot the
past and a looking forward to the
future has led me to jot down my
reveries upon the subject
Taking my own county of Orange
as a basis of comparison for the rest!
of the State, docs the advancement, j
already made present a ground work j
upon which to build a glorious -
future? I think so. Let Ilorida lie ,
known as she should he, and hut ,i
few years will have passed before she j
will have become not only one of!
the most densely populated, hut j
highly prosperous of stales.
Twenty years ago and this section
was an almost unbroken wilderness.
Occasionally was seen the stock-man s
cabin with an acre or two of cleared
land around it. Churches and
schools were scarcely deemed neces
sary, and the only education required
was the woodsman's craft and the
rearing of cattle. One steamboat
weekly bom Jacksonville was suffi
cient for all transportation purposes,
not only for this section, but for all
the counties south of I’alatka that
could use the St. Johns river: now
fifteen weekly visits of the steamers
arc required. Railroads arebeingjpro
jected, and soon all portion? will
possess transportation facilities. Nine
years ago, 90 persons comprised the
list of registered voters in Orange
county, now there are over 1,200,
and some 400 more who have not
placed their names upon the list-
Then two post-offices furnished suffi
cient mail facilities: now fifteen offi
ces are required. If anew country
has, in such a short period of time, -
developed so rapidly, what must be !
the change# that have taken place in
the older portions of the State ?
They- are certainly an earnest of what
the future must be. when our re
courses are fully developed and sus
taining a population commensurate
with that development.
A comparison of the present with
the past is not sufficient to convey
an adequate idea of what the status
of the State must he alter the lapse
of a few years. For a better under
standing of this subject, it may be
well to direct attention to some of
the elements of our State’s future
greatness. Who that have carefully
read Capt. Eadd's report upon deep
ening the channel upon the bar of
the St. Johns river, and the evident
feasibility of opening and keeping
open a channel with a depth of 20 to
24 feet, but have been impi-essed
with the magnitude of the benefits
that must accrue to East and South
Florida in particular, and through
their prosperity, to the whole State?
Large steamers, plying to Northern
cities, will he able to come to Jack
sonville and make it the great com
mercial metropolis ot the State.
That this improvement will become
a necessity, will be readily seen when
we make a calculation of the amount
of transportation facilities needed to
move even one ot our products, the
orange. We require rapid and cheap
transportation for our vegetables,
t k-AOr.u, £ cA* * - ..*>> ifuluoiify is .uuiil
ing up largely as a great business of
the future, and when the enterprises
for developing our vast amount of
sugar lands, shall have been put into
successful operation, this great and
remunerative crop will add largely
to the freight list as well as monied
interest of the State. This impor
tant crop plant finds a congenial
home in a large portion of the
peninsular, and in this county often
tassels. It is not uncomon to obtain
a fair crop from the sixth year's
rattoons.
The starch producing plants, es
pecially’ the- cassava and arrow root
arc well adapted to our soils and
yield heavy crops. When starch
manufacturers introduce their im
proved modes of extracting the
tarina, these plants and others of the
same class will prove highly remu
nerative. The experiments already
made in jute culture have proved
very satisfactory, and when our citi.
zens realize how great is the demand
for the fiber they will turn their
attention to its culture. There is a
section of the State, especially in
the southern portion, that cannot be
utilized except tor the purpose of
grazing cattle. This industry will
continue to he fostered and add to
our wealth. The lumber business
already amounts to the annual sum
of 810,000,000 aud must continue to
increase for many years, as facilities
are provided to transport the timber
to water. The timber lands are ex
tensive and produce a great variety
of trees, many of them well suited to
the cabinet maker’s use. Many other
products as cotton, tobacco, etc.,
might be mentioned, but attention
has been directed to enough to show
that the future of the State is bright
with promise. Z, 11. Mason, M. D.
Apopka. Orange County, Fla.
DeLaud, Florida, Wednesday, duly 10. 1878.
Letter Front Daytona.
Editor Florida :
In the Garden of Eden were
neither thistles,* “ pusley," nor crab
grass previous to being raided by
that Father ot Lies and tramps
whose sole business is to wander
to and fro in the earth " seeking
whom he might ‘ bite somebody.”
Having no businses of his own, he i
had nothing to prevent him from i
attending to that of other people,
aud that is how he came to stray
into our venerable ancestor's clear
ing, whereby sucli a rediculous mess
generally was made of human affairs.
Our respected progenitor had a soft
thing of it in that garden, but this
he didn't understand then as well as
afterward, when sweating over his
potato patch and vainly trying to
get even with the Canada thistles
and crab grass. His- homestead
entry was cleared, fenced and
planted with all manner of fruits by
the government and a span of mules
thrown in, putting him in a top
shelf condition for enjoying life and
making his wife the envy of all the
neighbors. His hammock was rich and
bran new —no weeds, no cut worms,
no mosquitoes, red bugs and flies or
fleas, and life, even as a farmer, must
have been worth living. He found
the conditions changed when he
came to clear hammock, (the
immense advantage of “ piney
woods ” land n# having then been
discovered) conteij. with the newly
. - syfi'V
ciop of weeds, etc., at the same time
fight the battle of life surrounded by
a swarm of pestiferous insects. Of
the latter conditions I have had
sufficient experience to enable me to
speak with authority, and give me a
strong desire to escape it during the
rest of my natural life. My pity I
give to Father Adam, fpr he needed
it. He had seen better times, and
could not hut suffer from the con
trast. Resides, he couldn't get
away.
He must also have felt always that
the weeds and the insects were the
result of his own disobedience,
whereas Florida was blessed with all
these things before ever I came near
it, so that to my discomfort, bad as
it may be, are not added the pangs
of remorse. If 1 bad had a chance
to talk the matter over with him a
little. I think 1 should have set his
heart at rest as to his special respon
sibility for these nuisances—for they
unquestionably existed outside of the
garden loug before he made their
acquaintance, though if he had staid
there he would have been none the
worse for them
We are told that “whatever is, is
right,” aud there arc people who pre
tend to believe that all these discom
fortingaccompaniments of ourearthly
pilgrimage arc necessary parts of
the “ Divine Economy,” whatever
that may be supposed to be. As far
as the weeds are concerned, I think
I get occasional glimpses of the
economy, but my faith in a benefi
cent over-ruling Providence is too
strong to permit me to accept the
insects. There was once a pious,
conscientious New England woman
who in her strong desire to reconcile
the command to keep holy the Sab
bath day, with certain necessary
household duties, effected a compro-
mise by making up her bed w ithout
turning back the sheet at the head,
as she always did on week days.
She said she felt that she must draw
the line somewhere. I draw it at
pestiferous insects that devour me i
and my crops, aud no one need
attempt to convince me that they
ever had n place in the Divine or any
other economy or were ever created
(if they ever tee re. created) for any
purpose other than as an annoyance
and vexation of spirit. My private
opinion is that they w ere never dig- ,
nified by any act of creation, but
that like Topsy “ they just growed.”
For weeds, on the contrary. I have ,
come to having a great respect since j
living iu Florida. When Nature
finds a spot of bare ground, she pro
ceeds at once to cover it from the
burning rays of the tropical sun,
which otherwise would decarbonize
and destroy it for supporting vegeta
tion. The folly of man has made
many “ galled ” places upon the sur
face of this our Mother Earth, in
spite of the counteracting efforts of
nature. What, then, w-ould become
of it if he were not opposed by all
the forces that nature can bring to
defeat his devices for destruction?
The foundation principal in Florida
horticulture should be “ shade the
ground.” I announce no new doc
trine when I state that ground well
and properly mulched will grow
richer all the time, even though
bearing a crop at the same time.
- '***&£&' ■
part of our soil, which means nearly
all the an able land in the State, by
decarbonization, is incalculable.
Take notice, too, how the vegetable
matter in the soil will blow away
where it is bare and dry. The color
of the surface fades out like the
cloth on a bleaching ground. It is
unnecessary, however, to use argu
ment or illustration to prove the
advantage of this practice, for no
one doubts it. The trouble is that
people forget it. The most satisfac
tory material that I have found for
the purpose, is bullrush grass. That
least so is moss. Leaves from the
hammock come next to the grass.
Pine leaves are next to moss, lor op
i posite reasons. Moss is too com
pact; preventing the rain and air
from reaching the roots, besides, har
boring injurious insects while pine
leaves are too light and too loose.
Good mulching keeps the soil as
porous and light as a plow, and at
no cost of labor. The lighter and
poorer the soil the more necessity
for covering it. Good mulching is
equivalent to a dressing of manure.
Fires in the woods arc decarbonizing
and destroying the fertility of our
soil too fast to need any help from
injudicious farming. Between the
cattle owners and hunters aud the
carelessness and “puro cussedness”
of many others, we aro in danger’of
becoming another Arabia or Sahara,
which, there is no doubt, reached
their present condition by pursuing
precisely the same course that we
have started upon. The time may
come when something can be done
to check this wholesale destruction—
but iu the present condition of affairs
it is useless to try. The most that
can be done is for those who see the
danger, to do what they can, individ
ually, to guard against it. At least
let each man sec that in his fields,
the scorching sun and thieving wind
are not permitted to become tlio
allies of the devastating fire setters.
J. D. Mitchell.
for Scale Insect
: < M:a n(ik Cos., Fla., (
June 29th, 1878. }
Kditor Florida Apriculturixt:
Is there anything said now-a-days
about “scale insect'’ ’’ Has every
other man a theory for exterminat
ing the abomination ? What does it
now, concussion or kerosene or lin
seed oil or tar or soot or sulphur or
tobacco or pepper or whale oii or
soda or salt petre or ichal ? Weii, j
have a mite to offer. “In a multi
tude of council there is wisdom "
you know, though it seems as if in
the scale insect it is confusion. Some
months since I read in some p aper
an account ot the plan pursued by a
gentleman in Louisiana with his fruit
trees, whether orange or other kinds
Ido not remember. lie suspended
in the tops of his trees or affixed to
the branches pieces of bar soap, and
always had thrifty trees. Well, said
I to myself, that’s just as easy as the
boy knew his father—no mixing in
| grediems, getting besmeared with
f nasty smelling swashes; no getting
thejtop of full of thorn
points as you scrub away at the trunk
of the tree kneeling under the brandi
es thereof; no swelled and useless
hands for days after the job; no neigh
-1 bora standing leaning over the fence
I after the work is all done—Oh ! no—
[We have it now. A cent apiece to
! the tree, and a piece of soap and
Avast ye .Scale ! I jumped in ecat asy.
Couldn't sleep that night. Dreamed
of whole ’ armies 'of scale strikin g
camp and marching away'with all
their impediments from my possession
to fresh fields and orange trees green,
I selected, next day. a tree that was
one huge scale, the worst case of
scale in my grove, a rising and grad
uated scale from bottom to top, which
latter was about eight feet from th e
ground. I tied two small pieces of
soap in the top on limbs where the
rains would wash the suds down the
trunk. That was fourjfmonths ago.
That tree to-day is as clean and free
j from insects and ns thrifty as anyone
| could wish. A solitary instance I
admit, but entirely successful. No th
iug eUo was done or had been done
to the tree. I shall try further and
ani trying now. I hear of others
trying it also. It reliable it is’eertainly
the easiest and cheapest way of get
tincr rid of the pest yet introduced
Yours truiy, S
An old darkey who was asked if
in his experience prayer was ever
answered, replied: “Well, sab,
some pra’rs is ansud and some isn’t —
‘pends upon w’at you axes to’
Just arter the wah, w’en it was
mighty hard scratchin’ fo’ de cullud
breddren, I ‘ bsarved dat w’enebber
I pway de Lord to sen' one of Marse
Peyton’s fat turkeys fo’ ole man,
derc was no notice took of de parti
tion; but when I pway dat he would
sen’ de ole man fo’ de turkey, de mat
ter was tended to befo’ sun-up uex’
mornin’ dead sartin! ”
—A French gentleman, learning
English so some purpose, replied
to a salutation thus : “How do you do
monsieur?” “Do vat.” “How do you
find yourself?” “I never loses myself.”
“How do you feel ?” “Smooth. You
just feel me.” „
No. 9.

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