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The Mystery of Making Loaf Bread. 1 TKI’ST'WOETUY RECIFE. “ Loaf bread. " ouce said an expe rienced housekeeper to us, “ interferes ■with the salvation of more house keepers than any other one tliiug in the world. " This was probably an extravagant statement, yet to the country house wife who cannot turn to a convenient bakery, the duty of breadmaking is too often a heavy cross—a sort of hit or miss experiment. Heavy, sour bread is far more general thau the opposite, and this is trying to both the digestions and the tempers of the family who eat it. Vet there is no reason for this : there is a philosophy of bread making as of everything else, and certain causes accomplish certain results. Therefore we are glad to be able to give a recipe from a practical housekeeper, whose bread never fails : To iuukc two quarts ot bread or rolls take four or five nice, large Irish potatoes, peel and cut them up, and put them to boil in just enough water to cover them. When ,:lonc mash smooth in the same water, and when cool, not cold, add a tea cupful l of yeast, or if you use com pressed yeast the sixth part of a cake dissolved iu tepid water, a dessert - spoonful of sugar, a little salt, a table -poonfull of lard, and a pint of Hour. Mix together lightly. This should be very sott and quite sticky. Set by in a covered vessel in a warm place to rise. In two or three hours it will be risen, and should look al most like veast, full ofbubbles. Xo\v work in the rest of your two quarts of flour, and, if necessary, add a little cold water. The dough should be rather soft and need not be kneaded more than half an hour, bet to rise jri a moderately warm place for four hours or thereabouts. It can be baked now if wanted at once, but if not, take a spoon and push the dough down at the top and sides ot the vessel containing it and let it rise again. The ofteuer the bread rises the lighter it will be—three times is, however, sufficient. After it rises the last time take it out of the vessel and knead it with your hands until it is smooth. If too soft add a little more flour. For rolls, roll out and cut ‘as if for biscuit. If you pre fer doubled rolls give each a touch with the rolling-pin to make it oblong and then double it over. The bak ing pan must be greased and the rolls must not touch each other. Set down to rise—this will take half or three quarters of an hour. Then put in the oven and bake as you would biscuit. Unless the oven is hot the rolls will spread and the crust be hard. Phil. Weekly Time*. Liquid Manure, Jt is generally believed that no -ystem of enriching land for small gardens, with a view to perfection of crops, is so truly economical and so available as liquid manure. We occasionally hear of a gardener, or an amateur fruit grower who has practiced enriching the crop by use of liquid manure, but it is not n com mon practice so toeurich our gardens and lawns, however often the advo cacy of the practice has been writ ten. The writer practiced the sprink ling of a lawn, in a dry season, with weak liquid manure water, and in the greatest heat and drought has kept it fresh and green. Iu the man agement of pot plants no course of supplying food equals that of a .judi cious use of liquid manure. There are in almost every family waste liq uids which usually go into a sewer or drain, or possibly upon the road where they are of no avail; but il saved by being conducted to a tank along with the wash waters of the house, would enrich an entire garden for vegetables and fruits, flower bor ders, etc., and the whole, if the wash he applied regular, and at night, after sunset, in moderate quantities, would prevent the dryest weather of mid summer from checking vegetation. If an unpleasant odor comes from the tank, a little plaster (gypsum) sprink led in and around the tank would keep it sweet and clean. Again, the use of liquid manure need never 3clay planting because of manure not being on hand, but planting could proceed and the application of manure bo made at leisure.—Ameri can Rural Home. Notes on Incubation. We find in the London Tanner, some entertaining notes on incuba tion, drawn from a recent French book on the subject. The method described might be practicable iu a time when other work was scarce, for if a man can bring out 1,000 chickens by three week’s idleness it is certainly an advance on modern methods. We quote as follows: Mr. Eugene Gayot points out that however great may be the improve ments that have been made of late years in the process of artificial incu bation. the idea itself is very far from being anew one. Centuries ago that which is a comparative nov elty to us was well known and w idely practiced in other countries. Since time immemorial there have been public hatchiug stations in Egypt, on the borders of the Nile, Avhere private individuals bring their eggs to be incubated under the care of attendants especially trained for the duty. In the Philippine Islands, the Tagal Indians have a custom somewhat clumsily described as “ human ” incubation. Men are reg ularly trained as ‘* sitters ” or incu bators, and learn their trade as sys tematically as carpenters or wheel wrights or turners may learn theirs. This curious way of getting a living, dates back from very ancient times, and is said to have been called into existence by the extreme fecundity of native ducks, which will go on laying daily for three years in succes sion, and thus have no time for the duties of incubation, which, in their default, are relegated to man. One of these Indians will “ sit ” on about a thousand eggs at a time. In order to attend properly to this numerous expected family, he shuts himself up for the whole duration of the process in a small behive-shaped hut, built of straw, on a site carefully sheltered from the wind, and exposed to the full heat of the sun. Into this select place of retirement he takes his stock of eggs, and the nec essary appliances of his trade, a wooden box, some old rags, a quan tity of kiln-dried rice busks, and a linen or cotton coverlet. The eggs are made up in packets of ten each, wrapped in a rag with a certain quan tity of husks, and placed in the box, the bottom of w r hich is covered with a layer of the same material. Alternate layers of eggs and husks are thus arranged until the whole thousand are disposed of. An extra thick layer of husks is then put in, and the coverlet spread over all. The “ sitter then stretches himself out at full length on the coverlet, and thus makes the box and its contents bis bed, or rather his nest. Every third or fourth day he unpacks aud repacks the w r hole arrangement, so as to give each packet of eggs an equal chance of success, aud to permit the access of fresh air. Ilis food is brought to him daily and passed through a small window, constructed lor the purpose, into the hut, which he never quits for a moment till the hatching is complete.— Ex. TIME FOR BUDDING FRUIT TREES. .1. Fritz, of Keswick Depot, Alber marle Cos., Va., writing to a Aew York paper, gives some valuable hints as to the time and conditions under wrhich the operation of budding should be performed in the latitude under which he w rites, which may be interesting and instructive to our readers. He says: “ If we begin to early, the sap will flow find coagulate about the inserted bud aud drown or smother it. ” This is not unfrequently the case with the cherry and the peach, aud especially with the former; and if done to early, the after grow th will often push out and destroy the bud. If too late, the bark cannot be raised by the knife without to great'distur bance of the cambium or mucilage secreted between the inner bark and the wood; and the inner bark is also iujured so that the union of the bud with the stock does not occur. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. Although the best point of time may pass unobserved, or may be neglected, yet a few days before or after will not materially affect success. Sometimes, indeed, if the conditions seemed favorable, and one attempt at budding fades, there is still time enough to repeat the operation. If grow th continues from ten to fifteen days after budding,’ the buds will generally be well established and success secured. The bandages should be loosened in ten or fifteen days af ter the buds are set, and at the ap proach of winter they should he en tirely removed, because ice is apt to form arround the incision and in jure the bud. In some experiments iast year we inserted a lot of buds in September; the buds not being suffi ciently matured, the abundance and activity of the sap pushed them out. It is always best, if possible, to insert the bud on the north or cast side— any side except the south —for the reason that it is more likely to catch and grow out of the direct rays of the sun than in them; and besides the bud is liable to be injured in warm days in winter. As to the time of budding, much, continues Mr. Fritz, depends on the age, condiiion, and location of the trees, or stocks to be budded; the maturity of the buds; the season, weather, etc. Moist or cloudy weath er is te be preferred. In Central Virginia, for the cherry, from the middle to the last of August: for the peach, from the fifth to the twenty fifth of September; though June bud ded peaches do well, and these are very convenient for transmission by mail, since they can be forwarded when only eight or ten inches high. Plums are best in season for budding from the tenth to the twentieth of August. No author, concludes Mr. Fritz, nor any body else, can foretell the proper and exact time for budding, any more than he can say in advance at what time the farmer’s wheat crop will be just ready for the reaper; but if the careful observer take care to ex amin the condition of the stocks to be budded, and the buds to be set, a few days before the time named for each, he will rarely fail to hit upon the best time for the performance of the oper ation.—Ex. Effect op Hard Water ox Animals.— Horses have an instinct ive love flor ysoft water, and refuse hard water if they can possibly get the former. Hard water produces a rough and staring coat on horses and renders them liable to gripes. Pig eons also refuse hard water if they can obtain access to soft. Claghorn states that hard water in Minorca causes diseases of the systems of certain animals, especially of sheep. So much are the race horses influ enced by the quality of water, that it is not unlrequent to carry a supply of soft water to the locality in which the race is to take place, lest, there being only hard water, the horses should lose condition. Mr. Youatt, in his book called The Horse ” re marking upon the desirableness of soft water for the horse, says: “ In stinct of experience has made the horse himself conscious of this, for he will never drink hard water if lie has access to soft; he w ill leave the most transparent water of the well for a river, although the water may be turbid, and even for the muddiest pool.” And again in another place lie says: “ Hard w r ater drawn fresh from the well will assuredly make the coat of a horse unaccustomed to it stare, and will not unfrequently gripe or further injure him.” Keeping Hoses in' Bloom.—As soon as they have formed their first flowers in the open ground pinch off the end of the first shoot, and as soon as the rose is fully opened pick it off. No rose should be left to lade on the bush, as when so left it exhausts the plant in the formation of seed. As the plants grow, pinch back the ends of the shoots when they have grown six inches, and rub out all puny shoots; thus keeping the plants in a rounded, open bush form. If strong shoots alone are left to grow, they will soon control the strength of the plant and the flowers will be few and often of im perfect form. Should the season be hot and dry, a mulch of fine, fresh grass or sawdust or moss from the woods, should be placed all over the soil, three inches deep, and at night watered thoroughly, not sprinkled) but wet like a day’s rain.— Cultivator• Some Qurious Squirrels. —The St. Louis Republican says: “An odd squirrel was exposed for sale, with others sent to the St. Louis market, the oddity consisted in the fact that the animal was jet black below, while of the color of the ordinary fox squirrel upon the back and the upper half of the sides and tail. Mr. Bates, the taxidermist, an experienced naturalist, recognized the squirrel, not as a cross between the black and fox squirrel as was sup posed, hut as a distinct variety, found occasionally in Illinois, though, so far as known, a rarity in any locality. He has one single specimen in his collection. It was first classified as a distinct variety by the naturalist Prince Paul, of Wurtemberg, who visited this country some years ago, and whose reputation as a scientist is deservedly high. The animal is named the ‘ black-bellied squirrel ’ sciurus met Unagasper. If the black bellied squirrel was not so excep tional as was at first supposed, though, a squirrel shown by Mr. Bates certainly was. A lew days ago an item appeared in the Alton newspapers to the effect that some sportsmen in the vicinity had shot a white squirrel, and this exquisite animal Mr. Bates has just stuffed and mounted. It is a large fox squirrel in everything except its color, which is as w hite as snow, flowing tail and all. The specimen is that of a per fect albino, and is something beauti ful. A somewhat similar squirrel, and even more of an oddity in the collection, is a large fox squirrel, killed some time ago. the under part of which is cd the ordinary color, while the back is of a pure white. This specimen, though not so beauti ful, is quite as much of an oddity as the one lately killed near Alton. Cleaning and Cooking Dried Fruit. —All dried fruit should be carefully picked over and thoroughly washed before it is put to soak. But it is a great mistake to put fruit into water and leave it, under the impres sion that it must soak a while before dirt can be washed ofl'. Put the dried fruit into a pan of tepid water and wash thoroughly but rapidly. Rub it w ith the hands briskly aud take it from the water as soon as possible, leaving it to drain a short time be fore putting it to soak for the night. If dried lruit is thus speedily w ashed it looses very little, if any, of its flavor All dried fruit requires to be soaked an hour or two, and usually all night, before ready to be cooked. If it is put on to cook without soaking, it will be hard and tough; but use only water enough to cover it, or no more than will bo needed to cook it in. If too much water is used it will make the fruit when cooked insipcd and tasteless. Not a drop of the water in which it is soaked can he spared. Half of the best juices of the fruit will be found in this water, but if cooked in it and properly looked af ter they will be so united as to be both alike good. No sweetning should be added to the fruit until it is perfectly soft, else the sugar will make the sauce quite hard and un palatable. _ But when the fruit lias swelled to its natural proportions and is as tender as if just gathered, then put in whatever sweetning is needed and leave it to simmer till the juice is like a rich syrup and the fruit is thoroughly seasoned bv it.—il/rs. 11. IF. Beecher. Anecdote op Lord Palmerston. Gordon, the Scottish painter, used to tell this story : “ I had exhibited for several years, hut without success. One year, however—the year before I painted ‘the Corsicans’—Lord Pal meiston took a sudden fancy to my picture, called ‘Summer in the Low lands,’ and bought it. His lordship made inquiries after the artist, and in\ ited me to call upon him. I waited upon his lordship accordingly. He complimented me upon the picture, but there was one thing about it he could not understand. ‘What is that, V h°i d ' ? ’ 1 askca - <That there should bo such long grass in a field where there are so many sheep,’ 6aid his lordship promptly, and with a merry twinkle in his eye. It was a decided hit, this; and having bought the picture and paid for it he was en titled to Ins joke. ‘How do you ac count for it ?’ he w'ent on. ‘Those sheep, my lord,’ I replied, ‘was only turned into that field the night before I finished the picture.’ His lordship laughed heartily, and 6aid ‘Bravo’ at my reply, aud gave me a commission for two more pictures; I have cashed since then some very notable checks of his—dear old boy! ” —Forest and Stream. MASTER’S SALE of Real Estate. AL liy virtueof a Decreed, made, and en tered in the Circuit Court. I will sell at. public outcry in front of the Court House door at Enterprise, Volusia Countv, State, of Florida, on the first Monday, tho fifth day of August, A. J>. 1878, within the usual hours of sale, the following Real Estate, lying in Volusia Couuty, Florida, and known and described as follows: Known as the Dunlawton place, being a grant by the Spanish Government to J’atrick Deaii, on the 13th day of August, 1804, by Patrick Dean to Bunch, by Bunch to Lawton, by Lawton to Anderson, by Anderson to John J. Marshall, including Sectional Grants forty-three, Township fifteen, south of range thirty-three, east, containing two hundred aud ninety and nineteen one-hun dredths acres, more or less, and section thirty-seven, Township sixteen, south, of range thirty-three east, containing seven hundred and sixty aud sixty-two one hundredths acres, moreor less, bounded on the north by lands of R. N. Swift, on the east by lots four and five of section thirty three, Township fifteen south, range thirty three east, and lots two, three and four of section four, of Twonship sixteen, of range thirty-three east, and on the west by lot number one. section eight. Township six teen south, of thirty-three east, lots one, two, four and five, of section five. Town ship sixteen south, of range thirty-three east, and the fractional southwest quarter of section thirty-two, Township fifteen, south, of range thirty-three cast, contain ing in the aggregate one thousand and seventy-seven acres, more or less, also the land oh which the dwelling of said J J, Marshall is situated, immediately oil the llalitax river, known and distinguished aslot one of fractional section three, Town ship sixteen south, of range thirty-three cast, containing fifty acres, more of less. Sold under and by virtueof a Decree made by the Judge of the Circuit Court on. a bill tiled to ioreclose and inforce the lien of said John J. Marshall on said land for the purchase money thereof and sold to satisfy said lien and said purchase money. Sold at the risk and for the benefit of Pomeroy, a purchaser at a sale of said land and premises heretofore had, who having failed to comply with the require ments of said sale and pay the pnschaso money. Hold under and by virtue of a subsequent decree made by the Judge of the Circuit Court, at his risk and for his benefit. Terms cash, purchasers paying for titles. .July. JB7B. HEZEKIAH E. OSTEEN, 8-11 Special Master in Chancery. TN THE COUNTY .COURT Vo lusia County. In the matter of the petition of H. H DoYarman. administrator of the estate ot the late Abner Shearer, dec eased, for the sale of Real Estate. Under and persuaut to au order made in the above matter by Fredrick J. LaPeno t.iore, County Judge of Volusia County and dated 15th June A. and. 1878. I will sell at public auction on Monday the sth day ol August 1878, at the Court House at Enter prise, between the usual hours of sale ou that day, the following described premises to wit: The oast half of flic southwest quarter of the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 15, Township, range 30 east, Florida, contains five acres wiih the improvetnets consisting of an or ange grove situated thereon. Terms cash, purchaser paying for titles. Dated June 28th, 1878. CEO. 11. PARKER, 8-11 Commissioner. ATOTICE—On Monday, August sth 1878 I will apply by petition to Hon. W. A. Cache, Circuit Judge of the Seventh Judicial Circuit of Florida, at his residence near Fort Reid, orange County, Florida, fo rauthority to sell for the benefit of Mar garet Watson, Elizabeth Watson and Flor ence Watson, minors, all their right, title, and interest of, in and to certain Real Estate situated in Volusia County,Florida, and known as parts of n. w. i of s. 6, 119. s. r. 31 e.; and parts of s. 1, t. 19 s, r. 30 e. June 20 1878. Mai.kssa Watson, 7-10 Guardian of .Minors above named. TN THE CIRCUIT COURT— 7th J- Judicial Circuit, Volusia county. William Allan vs. M. M. Hedges and Josc phene M. Hedges. Amount sworn to. $517.81 The defendants and all others are. hereby notified of the commencement of this suit, that an attachment has been issued, and that they are required to appear, plead or demur to the declaration filed in said cause, by the first Monday in October next, the same being rule day. or judgment will be taken by default. May 29,1878. JOHN 15. STICKNEY, C. B. BCCKNOR, my29m3 Plft ’s Attys. Ff THE COUNTY COURT and of Probate, Volusia County. Iu the Administration of the Estate of Arthur Rossetter, Jr., dececased: Notice is hereby given that I have been, by the County Judge of Volusia county, appointed administrator of the above estate, and that all persons having claims against the same are requested to file the same with me duly authenticated without delay, and all per sons indebted to the said estate are re quested to make settlement forthwith. Bercsford P. 0., Volusia co., FebV 26,1878, A. T. ROSSETTER, fob3B-6m Administrator.