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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, July 17, 1878, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96027724/1878-07-17/ed-1/seq-7/

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Gen. LeDuc, Commissioner of Ag
riculture, believes that tea can be
flu ccessfully raised and prepared for
us ein this country. Some time ago
he procured seed from plants that
had been raised in this country from
seed brought from China some twelve
years ago, by his department, and
w ent into tea planting on a large
scale. He has now several thousand
flourishing young plants in the gar
dens of his department grown from
seed put into the ground in Februa
ry last, and is shipping numbers ol
them to different points in the South
ern and Middle States and to the
Pacific slope every day.
Although the plant might be
grown, it does not follow that a good
article of merchantable tea could be
made from it. The commissioner
had also taken this into consideration,
and was confident that he could cure
his tea as easily as he could raise it.
An experimental trial was made the
other day by experts in the tea trade
who had spent years in China and
Japan. The leaves were gatherd by
a number of the lady clerks, from the
young plants in the hothouse, —mere
seedlings planted in February last
and not more than five or six inches
high. This was a disadvantage to
begin with, as the Chinese never
take tea from plants under three
years old. The leaves gathered were
the young tips, two or three only be
ing taken from the top of each plant.
They were then carried to the labo
ratory to be ciu-ed. They then be
gan operations by placing a portion
of them in aseive and holding it over
a pan of boiling water until the leaves
were thoroughly wilted. They were
then put into a thick cloth and sub
jected to a heavy pressure to express
the juice or sap, which contains a
large portion of tannic acid. When
taken from the cloth they formed a
solid mass, very glutinous, and some
what difficult to separate. In this
stage ths .leaves can be made to as
sume any shape desired, and it is
while they are in this condition that
the Chinese make them up into the
-different brands, like gunpowder,
imperials, Ac. After having been
thoroughly separated the leaves were
next “ fired. ” This was done by
placing them in a tin pan over a gas
fire, taking care not to permit the
bottom to get hot enough to burn,
and gently stirring them with the
hand until perfectly cured. When
the process was complete, the tea
was of a deep green color, and re.
sembled very much a Chinese Oo
long, or a Japan tea, such as is used
by the natives of those countries. In
appearance, it compared very favor
ably with a sample which cost $3 per
pound in Japan. The whole process
did not take an hour from the time
the leaves were first plucked, and so
soon aB boiling water could be pro
cured tea was made and presented
to.the ladies and gentlemen who had
witnessed the experiment. It was
pronounced excellent, the experts
present saying that the flavor was
between that of a high grade of Jap
an and the finest of Moyune China
green teas.
The loss of weight during the pro
cess was as follows: Steaming, 1 1.33;
matter expressed, 6.88; firing, 01.37;
total amount, 79.58 ; amount left,
The latitudes in which tea is suc
cessfully cultivated in China, Assam
and Japan corresponds geographi
cally with the latitudes embraced in
the states of Deleware, Maryland,
Virginia, West Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ar
kansas, Missouri, and a portion of
the Pacific coast, and the conditions
ol temperature, soil, etc., are about
the same. Wilmington, in Delaware,
is parallel with Pekin, one of the
finest tea growing districts in China.
And the upper portions of South
Carolina are parallel with three of
the most abundant of its tea growing
provinces. So with other states
mentioned. In the gardens of the
department its culture had been
attended with complete success.
There are now thousands of flourish
ing young plants ready for distribu
tion throughout the country, and
there are several growing in the
grounds that have been exposed to
the weather for two years.
Colonel “Bob” Ingersoll himself in
this weather admits that he sees noth
ing'improbable in the story of Shad
rach, Meshach and Abednego.
—ln searching for the biggest liar
the Elmira Gazette reminds us of the
old lady who looked two hours for
the pair of spectacles perched on her
blessed old head. —Buffalo Express.
The Medicine of sunshine.—
The world wants more sunshine in
its disposition, in its business, m its
charities in its theology. For ten
thousand of the aches and pains and
irritations of men and women we rec
omend sunshine. It stimulates bet
ter than champagne. It is the be6t
plaster for a wound. The Good Sa
maritan poured out into the fallen
traveler’s gash more of this than of
oil. Florence Nightingale used it on
the Crimean battle fields. Take it
into all the alleys, on board all the
ships, by all the sick-beds. Not a
phial full, not a decanter full, but a
soul full. It is good for spleen, for
liver complaint, for neuralgia, for
rheumatism, for filling fortunes, for
melancholy. We] suspect
ven itself is only more sunshine.
—To ventilate a room without
draft, make a hole through the wall
to the outer air in a corner of the
room just above the skirting. Through
the hole put one arm of a tube three
inches in diameter, and bent at right
angles. The arm of the tube reaching
to the outer air should be in length
equal to the thickness of the wall,
and the other arm should bo two
feet long, standing vertically in the
corner of the room; if desired, it can
be covered with paper of the same
pattern as that on the wall. A tube
of the diameter given above is suffi
cient to ventilate a room of moderate
United States Commissioner ,
Post-office, Enterprise, Fla.
Special attention giveu to the examina
tion of Titles and conveyancing,
3000 Engraving*; 1840 Page*
10,000 Words and meanings not in other
More than 30,000 copies have heen
placed in the public schools of the United
Recommended by State Superintendents
of Schools in 34 different States.
Contains 3,000 Illustrations, nearly
three times as many as any other Diction
The sale of Webster’s Dictionary is 20
times as great as the sale of any other
series of Dictionaries.
" Indispensable to every stndent of the
English language. M. R. Waite, Chief
Justice United States.
“August 4, 1877. The Dictionary used
in the Government Printing-Office is Web
ster’s unabridged.”
Published by G. & C. MERRIAM,
9-16 Springfield, Mass.
People’s Grocery!
No. IO Bay St.,

We are selling C Sugar at Oc per lb.
A Sugar at 10c “
Grauuiated Sugar, lie.
Choice Rio Cortee. parched every day at
our store by our Improved Roaster at
35c per ib.
TEAS—Any kind you want from 50c to the
very choicest at One Dollar per Jb.
V $1,65 per barrell of 200 pounds, or 25c
per pound at retail.
We Make a Specialty of Flour.
Harkisheimer’s, No. 1,6 c per lb., 10,00 bbl‘
“ No. 2,5 c “ 9,00 “
“ No. 3,4 c “ 7,75 “
3-lb. can Tomatoes, (standard) 15c pr cn.
Sugar Corn, 20c per can.
Green Apples, 3-lb cans, 20c per can.
And all other canned goods equally cheap.
Send to ua for our weekly price current
It will paywou to buy direct from us. We
have made arrangements with the differ
ent boats to carry freights at reduced rates.
jan 10 Box 667, Jacksonville, Fla.
Notice to Shippers!
During the withdrawal of Steamer Geo
M. Bird for repairs, her place will be sup
plied bv the
Steamer Carrie,
Captain JOE @MITII.
Making two tripsa week between Jackson
ville and Enterprise, leaving Jacksonville
Mondays and Thursdays
At 12 O’clock J*.
Returning, leave Sanford, Mellonville and
Wednesdays & Saturdays S
At 4 o’clock A. N.
On the Wednesday morning trip from
Lake Monroe, the Carrie will arrive at
Jacksonville Thursday morning in time
to transfer freight and passengers to (rain
leaving at 8 o’clock for Fernandina. which
will make close connection with the
Steamships from
Fernandina To New York.
Through Bills Lading and through tick
ets issued at the usual rates. Freight from
New York delivered as early as formerly.
By this arrangement, passengers will
make one day quicker time to New fork
than heretofore.
P. McQUAID, Agent, Jacksonville.
John A. Mcßae. Gen'l Tra’lg Agt. 0-52-5
Change of Schedule!
Jacksonville, Palatka,
And Intermediate Landk-
The New and Elegant Steamer
W. A. SHAW, Master.
Will leave Enterprise, Mellonville and San
ford every Wednesday and Saturday at
6 a. m.. and Lake Beresford at 8 a. m.
Making close connection with Cbarlestou
and Savannah Steamship Line and with
Waireu Ray’s line of schooners from New
York. Also connecting with all railroad
trains for the North and West.
Returning will leave Jacksonville every
Mouday aud Thursday, after the arrival
of trains.
Freightfor way landingsmust be prepaid
Tickets can lie had of Colcord & Felt,
Lake Beresford. ie'2B-lv
T AND Adjoining Bluftton (late
AJOrange Bluff), Volusia county, Florida.
I have for sale a large quantity of very
desirable agricultural lands, which will be
sold, to actual settlers, on very reasonable
terms, and in lots of 10 acres and upwards.
Also, a tract of 190 acres, three miles from
Enterprise, on lake Bethel. This tract has
upon it 800 budded, aud 29 orange trees,
now bearing, and 5 bearing lemon trees,
about 70 acres of fine hammock land, with
a large spring of excellent water upon it.
At Bluffton. I have for sale 5.000 sour or
ange stocks, 20,000 sour seedlings, and 2,-
000 budded stocks one and two years old ;
of choicest fruit.
For particulars in full, apply to me in
person, or by letter, at Bluffton, Volusia
county, Florida. C. F. LANSING.
July Ist, 1878. 10-52-9 Agent.
f urnisiilm; Mill
Manufacturers and Dealers iu
Mouldings, Brackets,
Scrool and Turned Work,
Rough and Dressed Dumber
Sawed and Rived Cypress Shingles,
Bath, Fencing, Fruit and
Vegetable Crates , eftc.
Constantly on hand.
I3PAII orders promptly Idled.
Wholesale and Retail
Commission Merchants
No. 10 Bay Street,
ChasNLElhs \ Jacksonville, Fla.
N. B.—special attention to consignments
of country produce and prompt remittance
made. dec2B-6m
Volusia County, Florida.
for ]ow. S <OW PEA& > embracing all the varieties, in store and
the midfUe" of °June uTtIT/nii Tul ? ip seeJ will he received from
August " ’ Wlth recluced I)r,oeß ’ will he out by the first ol
K'K of Md
- **
3 W/ OT catalogue. HART, BENHAM & CO,
Seedsmen, Jack son vii.e, Fla.
AN l>
General Commission Merchants,
74 West Bay Street, - - Jacksonville, Fla.
qu^tation Bn°f?eiKht 8 n °f?eiKht P added ONLY, at New York
other House in the State. Country .IVV- , f \ OD ? V to 2 ° per . cent - lower than
commission ami immfdiaif r rum-- n,.>A l,lce C l a 11JCls taHCn lu exchange, or Hold on
iF.uiArfcr.tiun-> mad-. Money must aeeonioauy orders. mh2l-Sm
Importers and holesale and Retail Dealers in
Hardware, Stoves, Crockery
Doors, Sash, Blinds, Nails, Iron and Steel,
Table and Pocket Cutlery , Edged Tools, etc.
SllV wml t ? o^i ar ß of f ll ki ? d9 \ Kerosene Lamps, Chandeliers, and Oils of all kinds.
White Lead, Paints and colors. Putty and Glass, wagon and cart materials,
Harness, Saddles, and all kinds of
Agricultural Implements , Mill and Steamboat Supplies.
u^n^pplicatfon the Hazzard Powder company. Cuts and prices of Stoves furnished
Orange Trees and Crops.
$8 PER TON, at Islands.
On receipt of $lO, for each ton wanted, we will deliver same, freight prepaid, toauv
point on the St. Johns river, as far as Sanfor<l. Kilns at Sisters Shell Islands, near
Mayport. *
9-88-8 P. O. Hox Viß, Jacksonville, Fl*
Lemons, Limes, Citron, Figs, Bananas, Guava, Fine Apple, Sappodilla,
Mango, Paw Paw, Japan Plum, Ac., Ac.
Grape Vines, Quinces, Blackberries, and small fruits in variety.
Almond, Pecan, Spanish and American Chestnuts, Ac.
Roses, Evergreens, and Deciduous Shrubs, and Flowering Plants, &c.
Send for Descriptive Catalogue,
1-52 Jacksonvima:, Florida.

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