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Ail letters on Imunees should be ad dressed to Kilkoff & Dean, publishers, all matters connected with the Edito rial Department to Editor Florida Agri culturist, DcLand, Fla. TERMS t TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance. Single copies. Five cents. A copy to the getter-up of a club of ten. |jp\Snbßeriptiouß should be sent by draft postoffice money order on Jacksonville, or registered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. Advertising Bates t Kates for advertisements furnished on ■ ppHcation by letter or in person. To Corrcspomlents. Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All communications intended for publica tion must Iks accompanied with real name, as a guarantee of good faith. Names will not be published if objection bo made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. Out* Agents. The following persons are authorised to i-eceive subscriptions for us: Thayer & .Sauls, Enterprise, Florida. Mr. Stockton, Sanford. J. H. Stockton, Volusia. “ Charles Smitti. Orange City, “ Colcord & Felt. Beresford, Ashmoad Bros.. Jacksonville, “ Dr. Z. H. Mason, Apopka, S. P. Shepherd, Altamonte, Capt. H, S. Williams, Kock Ledge, ** M. D. Rising, Stark, “ Lois Lewin & Cos,. Los Angelos, Cal. Bruce Smith, Los Angelos, “ I. P. Snow, 7 Ex’ge Place, Boston, Mass. Win. Estill, Jr.. 27 Bull St. Savannah. Ga. If this article is marked your subscrip tion has expired. Persons in renewing will oblige the Publishers by stating that they are old subscribers. Those wlio wish to keep a complete file must renew imme diately, as we can not furnish any more back numbers. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. KILKOFF A DEAN, Publisher.*. C. COSRINGTOn, Editor. DeLAND, JULY 31, 1878. WHERE 1)0 YOU LITE AND HOW DO YOU LIVE! This seems rather an irnpertirumt .jrtesefun to ask anyone, bat it is the question that northern people, who intend settling here are interested in—onr State has been seriously in jured by exaggerated stbries, told to palm off some worthless tracts of :and that are lakes in the rainy sea son, and hot beds oi malaria in the dry. Some poor fellows have been victimized into spending their all on land that even a gopher would starve on. “Buy our land” says the agent, “You can live in Florida on the fish and game that abound everywhere, you would not know what to do with money if you had it. You can get 200 to 400 bushels of sweet potatoes to the acre; S4OO per acre for sugar ane; three months after settling you can begin to sell your garden stuff; peas give S2OO per acre, cucumbers SSOO, &c., &e.; and as to oranges, you have only to stick the seed into the ground, and in five years time yon have a grove giving you SIOO per tree.” Many and many a poor fellow has been induced to come here by these flowery statements, expect ing to live without money, or having to work, and after experiencing the contrary has left in disgust, cursing the State and the sharpers who brought him here. Such dissatisfied persons leave us under bitter dis appointment and tell the worst of everything, deterring others from coining here who might have been good and successful citizens. These reports have had influence in prevent ing immigration to the State, and we notice there is nothing near the in terest taken in Florida that there was two years ago. Northern people are now cautious and want to know, “Where do you live, how do you live, and what can you grow to make a living by ? We request that those who have settled down here should give instructions that may help the newer people and assist them. No better way can be devised also for inducing people to settle around them and take up their surplus lands. It has never been charged yet that this paper has deceived anyone. We allow great latitude to our corres pondents in their descriptions,"and we firmly believe that what they write they also believe. They are often carried away by the novelty of the situation in which they are newly placed, the change from the extreme cold, from which they have just come to the balmy air of this climate in the Winter; hut no one can read our paper without seeing the status of the peojilc who dictate them, gentlemen and ladies in every sense of the word, who would scorn to deceive the pub lic. Let those now come forward and show that people can live in Florida by their own labor, and the prospect for industrious people to prosper. DOES THE OLEANDER PROPA GATE THE SCALE INSECT? The following remark in the South ern Cal. Horticulturist has set us thinking: “Col. Chalmers Scott, in a postal from his farm on Rancho Buena Vis ta, near San Lonis Rey, in San Diego county says: "By personal experi ence and close observation of the course pursued by others, I find that the total destruction of the oleander is the only specific and radical cure for scale and fungus on orange trees.” Are we sure that the scale insect was introduced here on newly im ported orange trees ? Why has it not proved equally destructive to the or ange groves iu other places ? Is there any record of its having done so ? We know that the mealy bugs have destoyed entirely the orange and lemon trees, in some cojjntries, and we have seen oleander treeg and or ange, lemon and lime trees, ourselves, in t)ifl tTMUM-hllad Wit-- Tho ander trees especially, are very sub ject to the attacks of the insect, but we never met a case of this insect out of Florida. It is frequently men tioned by writers on the citrus but not as a wholesale destroyer. We have seen the oleander bushes in the city of Jacksonville, and other parts of the State, killed by the scale, and they are likewise common on the cape jessamine and does it not seem that we have been entirely mistaken about the introduction of this pest. May it not have been brought here on other plants that were imported at the 6ame time, and meeting the young orange trees that were just growing up, after the freeze, spread to them ? The scale insect has evidently been introduced into California on the or ange trees sent from here. In a late number of our paper in an article headed “Spotted Fruit,” Mr. Pril lieux says that, diseases of fruit and plants are often propagated by grafts. We are getting these every day into this State and it shows how necessa ry it is that we should be cautious, examining what we get and killing out the first appearance of any new enemy. If the oleander and cape jessamine are subject more than any others, to the scale insect, are we wise in growing them near onr groves ? Will 6ome of our reflective correspondents give some attention to this subject and let us have the bene fit of their observations ? . Budding Orange Trees. A correspondent from Manatee writes to know the best method of budding sour groves into sweet ones. The best plan we have seen is that pursued in Marion and Sumpter counties. Mr. A; G. Harris, of Or- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ange Lake, who has 100 acres bud ded, and many bearing on sour stumps, always buds in this way, which he calls side grafting or sprig budding: Commence budding about the Ist of June, and continue until about the Ist of November, the reason he post pones budding until after the Ist of June is that the new wood made that Spring* is the best budding wood, and is more likely to live than the wood made in the year before. Take nice thrifty twigs that have grown Biuco Spring, and have hardened up aud are not at all pithy. At the lower end of the twigs, with a sharp, thin bladed knife, make a smooth slope from one and a half to two inches long; make a cut or opening in the hark of the 6tump or tree you wish to bud, and insert your bud, a little slanting, about half an inch deeper than the slope of the bud. In bud ding small trees select very small twigs, so they are hardened up. It does not require auy tying, waxing, etc., in a tree over two years old. Iu very young trees that have very thin bark, you may have to tie something around the bud to protect it from the heat, until it takes. Cotton yarn is the best thing to wrap with. Work for August. • Citrus trees can still be budded. They make anew growth at the end of the month; when you do bud do so with the approved varieties. This is the best month for girdling trees, to kill them. The advantage of dead ening, as it is called, is that the land is much cheaper cleaned up. Plant out sweet potatoes, and weed out and draw up those that are more ad vanced. Plant cow peas iu the early part of the month, and Irish potatoes from native seed. Sow turnips, ruta baga, cabbage, cauliflower and • cel ery, but the young plants must be protected from the heat of the snn. Prune Scuppernong grapes in the early part the month and lay those that you intend for new plants. We may expert some stormy weath er this month Aid anything that may he injured by winds should be month that \v%. tend to give the or ange trees a late new growth, as the tender limbs are liable to be killed by early frost. Alligators as Fertilizers. Our neighbor, Mr. C. Delano, of Spring Garden, alive to the necessity of converting everything available as manure for the orange tree writes to the Agricultural editor of the N. Y. Sun, for advice, as the following cor respondence will show: 1. Please inform me how I should proceed in making a compost of muck, shells, alligators and fish ? The shells are of the snail species, found in great abundance in what are called shell mounds, in this State? 2. Would boiling the fish and alliga tors make the meat decompose quick er, and lessen the offensiveness of the compost? 3. Would salt, potash and bone-dust, or any other commercial fertilizer, add to the value of the com post ? I wish to make this compost especially for my orange trees, some of which are budded seedlings, and from three to five years old. It is said by persons who are well inform ed on the subject, that our pine lands are deficient in potash, and need this more than anything else. To which the editor replies: 1- In making a compost heap of the materials named, yon should com mence with a layer of alligators and fish, and over this put tho shells to the depth of four to six inches, then cover with one foot of muck. Then commence another layer and build up four or five feet high. If the shells are burned into lime they will be much more valuable, and the caustic properties will then be available, and take hold of the flesh of the fish and dissolve it quite rapidly. Bat if burn ed or caustic lime is used, one-fourth the quantity will be sufficient. The muck layers will absorb and retain the gas given off from the decaying flesh and prevent waste. As soon as the compost has become sufficiently mellow to break up readily, it should be turned over and the parts thor oughly mixed together; and if the fumes given off are too offensive, add more muck or apply a small quantity of gypsum to the surface of the heap. 2. Yes, but not enough to pay the cost. 3. Salt, potash, or gypsum might be added with benefit; but you will get phosphates enough out of the bones of the fish and alli gators. A compost made out of the materials named will not be fit to use in less time than six months, and it would be better to leave until one year old, and during the timo it should be turned over at least four times, and all parts broken up and well pulverized. THE NEXT STATE FAIR. To the Public : Whereas, the Agricultural Conven tion at Gainsville, co-operating with the State Fruit Growers Association, at their semi-annual meeting, appoint ed a Committee to manage the next State Fair, and also to determine where it shall be held; and, whereas, that decision is made dependent largely on the liberality of the citi zens of the competing counties, I therefore hereby give notice, that said State Fair Committee of the State Fruit Growers Association is called to meet at Jacksonville, on the second Wednesday in August next, to decide where the said State Fair shall be held and to transact such other business as may properly come before it. C. Codrlsgton, Chairman State Fair Cora, and President State Fruit Growers Association. D. S. Place, Sec’y State Fruit Growers Com. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 11. R., A Key West subscriber, asks, “How can I best preserve pine trees from rotting, after their tops have been sawed off.” To this we answer that the objection to keeping pine stumps has been that the roots are infested with white lice which breed in the bark when it begins to rot. The lice do not confine their attacks to the pine, but spread to the neighboring trees and vines, which they destroy. Many a fine grove has been injured by them. If H. R. however, would dig around the stumps, removing the earth to some depth, and then burning off the bark, until the wood is charred, they would last a long time, but he must also protect the stump above ground, for that is the part that decays first, un less it is lightwood. W. C. F., of Keysville, near Tam pa, asks: “Please tell me through the Agriculturist which would be the best way to have orange trees sent here, whether by way of Jackson ville and Cedar Keys and Tampa or across the country. lam on the Washington line about 25 miles from Tampa. Akts. It depends upon what your facilities are for hauling and where yon are getting your trees from. If from the St. Johns river, they can be shipped up the Ocklawah3 river to some available place in Sumpter county, and not be very much farther from you than Tampa. If, however, it is more convenient to haul from Tampa, the trees can be sent by wav of Cedar Keys, taking care to ship from Jacksonville so as to make con nection. Daytona m a Watering Place. Editor Florida Agriculturist: Among the many plaoes of resort for our gentle picnicers and jovial parties commend us to Daytona and its enticing seashore. A small party of our citizens—Mr. J. M. Watkins, Mr. O. T. Terry and son—have re cently visited that place and speak of its manifold delights in the highest terms. Stopping at the Palmetto House they were bountifully enter tained by the genial host, Col. Hus ton and mother and sister, in the ab sence at the north of its kindly pro prietor, Mrs. Hoag, and were armed and equipped with all needed fishing tackle and a safe and speedy sail boat, to try their luck among the abund ance of the finny tribe. The sailing would gladden the heart of the most enthusiastic aquatic sportsman; the bathing in the magnificent smf was superb; the lucious bivalves se verely tickeled the palates of the epi curian DeLandites and the contem plative clam added its danties to the appetizing rations. What with de lightful weather, no insects, “nary 7 ’ snake and a rejoicing inner man, the party returned so elated over their trip, that had we not known the pro fundity of their centre of gravity, we might have imagined that the festive “hard shells” of the coast possessed marvelously exhilarating properties. On their way home they diued with Mr. Smith, to whom, as well as to Col. Houston, they are indebted for many kindly attentions and neighborly courtesies. One of the Visitors. Floridiana. Geographical Divisions of Florida. The Florida Immigrant, divides the State into four divisions, for the purpose of con venience in locating counties and describ ing different sections. These divisons have, been generally adopted, and are as follows: Eastern Florida —Ts composed of the counties of Suwannee, Columbia. AlachuaA Unlay, Branford; %'layrSt. Johns, Putnain and •Marion. West Floiu da—ls composed of the coun ties of Escambia. Santa Rosa, Washington. Walton, Holmes, Jackson and Calhoun. Middle Florida —ls composed of the counties of Gadsden, Liberty, Franklin, Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison, Taylor. Lafayette and Hamilton. South Florida —ls composed of the counties of Hernando. Sumter, Orange l Volusia, Brevard, Polk, Hillsborough, Man atee. Monroe and Dade. • —But little sickness is reported in the surrounding country. — Floridian. Frank Eichelberger, aged about 12 years, and nephew to Mr. A. L. Eich elberger, died last Thursday morning olkermaturia.—Ocala Banner. —The prospects are fair for a large orange crop this season. The trees were never in a more healthy and thrifty condition.— Tampa. Guardian. —The Hon. Noble A. Hull, Lieu tenant Governor of the State,received the nomination for Congress for the 2d district, at the Democratic Con vention held at Palatka on the 25th inst. —Don’t let peaches with worms lie and rot under your trees. If you do, the crop of wormy peaches will be increased ten fold another year. Destroy the worm before it has time to burrow itself in the ground and you will have less faulty peaches, follow this plan up from year to year and you will soon have none but sound fruit.— Bake City Reporter. —W. J. Benedict, of Orange Park, is still carrying on his extensive sys tem of advertising his property. It has well repaid him; for the past year he has sold nearly one hundred lots ranging from one to twenty acres, built a fine hotel on the place, and there are twenty new houses ia which reside 100 white settlers. Mr. Benedict knows the value of printers ink, and uses it to advantage.