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A Novel Brick Kiln.
Stories are common enough of ma chines which receive a live pig at one end and deliver him in the shape of sausages and salt pork at the other in incredibly short time, but to be lieve that a car of moist bricks can be pushed into a kiln, and in four or live hours be drawn out at the other end perfectly baked and cool enough io handle, requires an effort. Yet it is said that at Normanton, England, Mr. Foster has such a kiln, and that it works perfectly. The kiln is a lit tle more than one hundred feet long find is only eight feet broad. A track is laid through this kiln, on which travel iron cars, whose iron work is protected from the fire by burned clay, by the current of fresh air which is drawn under them by the draught, and by not being fully exposed to its fury, in that the oai'3 are On a lower level than it. This fire is in the mid dle of the kiln, on either side of the track, and as the chimney flue is at the entrance end, the fire is drawn to meet the entering car, with its load of 5,000 raw bricks, and thus gives them a preliminary drying and bak ing before they are exposed to the full heat of the fire, and also allows them to begin to cool off as soon as they have passed the middle. The J kiln will contain nine cars—or, in i other words, 45,000 bricks —and as the bricks are unloaded from the cars directly into wagons, the progress of the line of Cars is slow enough to I . 3 j allow the bricks to cool thoroughly j i after passing the fire. There seemed j * to be very little heat wasted, for the j cars are just th.e width of the'open ing of the kiln, and their load of bricks reaches quite to the top of the arched passage. At any rate, as the cost of burning 1,000 brick is said to be less than six cents, the process cannot be called an expensive one. - American Architect. AN INTERESTING THEORY DE VELOPED BY WILD GEESE. The Virginia Cfoy Enterprise says: -^a^SliZS* a wild goose a small quantity of grain, the like of which he had never before seen. He planted this grain, and it grew and flourished, producing more than a hundred fold. The straw and beardless head are said to resem ble wheat, while the grain looks like rye, but is twice as large. The farm er has now' many bushels of this ce real, and has sent samples of it to be planted in many places in California, where food for cattle is not easily ob tained at some seasons, as the stalk of the new grain, when cut before it is thoroughly ripe, makes excellent hay. An old sailor, ot this city, after reading an item which lias been go ing the rounds of the papers in re gard to the new cereal, the substance of which item is given above, finds his memory refreshed. * It brings to his recollection a circumstance he had almost forgotten, lie has thought it all out, and is now firmly of the opinion thfit there is an inhabitable land at the north pole. The old man says he was one of the crew of the Investigator, Captain McClure, which sailed from England in 1850, in company with the Enter prise,Commander Collinson, in search of Sir John Franklin, and he certain ly has in his possession one of the Arctic medals given by the English Admivality to all persons engaged in these Polar expeditions from 181S to 1855- In September of that year the Investigator reached a land which Captain McClure named Baring's Land, and three days after other land, which he named after Prince Albert, where about the last of the month they were frozen in. While in the last named land, the explorers observed many wild geese and other water-fowl flying south ward. Some of the geese stopped at the place where the ship lay and sev eral were killed by members of the crew. In the crops of some of these geese he remembers to have seen, and marveled at seeing, a considerable quantity of grain such as the new ce real of Surprise Valley is said to be. As no such grain is known in the temperate zone, and as we have no account of a grain of the kind being found in any known region of the world, he is of the opinion that the geese obtained it in a region lying about the open polar sea. lie says no man has yet gone so far north but lie has found wild geese and other water fowl flying still fur ther to the northward. As these geese are undoubtedlv wending their way to a well known stopping place far to the north, there must be some tiling for them to feed upon at the point where they stop. As wild geese no more live on fish than do tame ones, there must be, in the coun try to which they go, grass and oth er vegetation similar to that found in temperate zones. The wild geese that halt on the Pacific coast make the grain field their feeding place, and it is not likely that in the land about the Pole their nature is so changed that they feed on mosses or fish.. ‘ Vinegar Bees. An experiment doubly worth mak ing, because of the continuing amuse ment which it affords, and because of its practical value, in that of making vinegar in a glass jar set in a warm window. About two large table spoonfuls of molasses or brown sugar is put into the jar, with a little" yeast, and is then filled up with warm water, and by the next day an active evolu tion of gas will set in ; and in warm summer weather the fermentation will close, and thoroughly good vine gar bq tqade in less than a week. In the winter even in a warm room, cool or four weeks. Tbe %o or the operation arise from the move ments of the feculous matter or sedi ment. Bubbles of the gas adhere to crumbs of it, and carry them up to the surface, where the gas escapes leaving the crumbs to decend, and the liquid is continually full of these ascending and descending bees,'’ which seem as active as if endowed with life. They have so nearly the same specific gravity as the sweetened water that a very small adherent bubble of gas sufticies to raise them, and their speed is often accelerated by an increase of the volume of the bubble during their ascent; Indeed, so rapidly is the gas given oft' under warm sunshine, that volleys of bright bubbles shoot up, often throwing the feculce upward like stones from a volcano. These crumbs of feculous matter are rounded and washed by their passage through the liquid, as pebbles are in a stream, and thus they get the figure of an insect, which, com bined with the alert motion, imposes upon some good housewives so far as to make them insist that they are living creatures. They form the best yeast for propagating the ferment, as some other yeast will not assume the crumby condition necessary to the full success of the experiment. When used for a fresh jar, the “bees” are rinsed in tepid or cold water, to remove any slime; hot water would of course destroy the fermenting principle, and render them inert. The vinegar made in this way is pre ferred by those who have it long to any other. It is good from the first, and for every use, and remains srood. — Covntn/ Gentleman. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. AT E. WOOD, Hum Bulletins, No. 2 Baj over Harkins Bro.’s., Hoorn, JACKSONVILLE I’IjAIN <fc OItXAVI I;is'TAl, PLASTERER. Country Orders attended to. defi-tf REPAIRING! OP ALL KIXDS, T)OX! BY E. M. Penfield, ap2s NEW BRlthlN. Fla. Alvord & Keftbg’g*. Wholesale ami Reta: STATIONERS and ; PRINTERS! The largest and Lest selected stock ot' Blank Book*. Jhilccl , Plain and EaqtJ Paper*. Envelopes and Eancy Hood-. In the Stale.' Orange Wraps a Specialty. 1 lxl.S, 10x12, 12x12, A JAVA Y S I.V iSToeiK. We invite dealers to send to for terms Jacksonville! Fla. Jaii, |fop>Ts. jaulirm gEE HERE. Have your Orange Trees Budded uud get fruit from three to live years sooner. IVmCETII.NTS. Extensive experience, eijayp rates : work warranted for a .suigil borj-jp Address. AY. VfflbOOK, ani) Feres ford. Y.ilnaia eo., l’la. -° rida ‘ _. . naYAEMAN. Proprietor. I J .P>. -J OIM }A N, General Dealer i:i Drv Goods, Groceries, PROVISIONS, Boots. Shoes, Heady Made Clothing , dcdc. Dealing exclusively for cash I am ena bled to sell at mites unusually low. and by keeping constantly on liaud a choice selection of goods, liope to merit the good will and patronage of the whole community. Del,anil. May 1">. IST*. niylst.f j j. s. munos. oeo. .v. peck. J. S. DRIfiGS & GO., Denier* In Mil, MHIV, Glass and Plated Ware, H3U3.2 Ftr3NI3HING G 0023, Kerosene Itaaps, H rackets, Lanterns, Chandeliers, etc., etc. Wood and Willow Ware TIN-WARE Fruit Jars. .Telly Tumblers. Water Filters Water Coolers, *Skc. I 3 West Bay St., JACKSONVILLE, Fla. declTyl .Scale Insect Exterminator! Simple in its application, efficacious iu its results. Composed of harmless vegetableingredients. Does no hurt to the tree.’ One trial will convince the most skeptical. A pint bottle will suffice for from one to three hun dred trees. Full directions given for use. l’rice per bottle 50 cents. Manufactured and sold by L. JACOBS. 4-8 Mount Royal Postoffice. Fla. EOW. W. STETSON, Successor to D. IV. Davis. Wholesale and Retail Dealer in FURNITURE, MATTINGS, MATTRESSES. FEATHERS. COMFORTABLES, DOOR MATS, MOULDINGS, * PICTURE FRAMES, CHILDREN'S CARRIAGES, MOSQUITO NETS AND FIXTURES i Window Shades And SHADE FIXTURES. MOPS! JACKSONVILLE, Fla. 8-59 McUouihe’s Block. Benedict & McOonihe, mm mm 1 1 lik " % t : : ‘1 Jj ' i'l • Dealer! in Hirdware ID bmiY, Sash, Doors and Blinds, Stoves and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Blacksmith's and Carpenters Tools, Wagon Material and Agricultural Implements, Iron , Steel, Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles, etc ISAY STREET, Jacksonville, Fla. Agents for the celebrated Own iff T.iplil uiug Powder. Send for Prcic-Lists. my.,l-l> FOR RENT OR SALE, At T’icolata, St. Johns Kiver. A *;■'> containing yoacres, good House, I>:irn. Cw pffi d Saf PIW,S. ’ For t 0 Picolata, Fla. 100.000 ' ORANGE TREES, ."Prices I ledncod to ; of former prices, and given in exchange for personal property of any kind, at its tuli value, or ten per cent, oft* for cash, or labor. FU I?NIT UR E, W AGONS, BOOKS, HORSES, SILVER, JEWELRY, ROOTS and SHOKS, DRY GOODS, anything “ portable, ” Now is your time to swap off what you don’t need, for trees that will be growing into a for tune. 1 have more trees than I want and must thin out 50,000 of them. JOHN A. MACDONALD, 9-20 ‘ ' Sanford, Fla. PATENTS obtained for inventors, in the l mi ted States, Canada, and Europe, at reduced rates. With our principal office located at Wash ington, directly opposite the Patent Office, we are enabled to attend to all Patent business with greater promptness and de spatcli anil less cost, than other patent' attorneys, who are at a distance from Washington, and who have, therefore, to employ "associate attorneys.” We ma ke preliminary examinations and turn ish opinions as to patentability, free of elm rge and all who are interested in newiuven tions and Patents are invited to send for copy of our “Guide for obtaining Patents, which is sent free to any address, and c on tains complete instructions how to obtain Patents, and other valuable matter. Wo refer to the American-Germau National Bank, the Koyal Sweedish. Norwegian and Danish Legations, at Washington: lion. .1 oseph Casey, late Chief .1 ustice I .S. Court of Claims; to the Officials of the Patent. Office, and to .Senators and Members of Congress from every State. Address: LOUIS BAGGKII VCo., Solicit ors of Patents and Attorneys at Law, to Droit Buildiug, Washington, D. C. 8-59. FOE SALE. A large amount of excellent PIN E LAND unrivalled in value for USANCE AND lemon <;i;ovi:s. „ ofDeLaqd, and wil be sold at price* rang ing from $5.00 up. Come and see before you purchase. W A. Del. A NHL DeLand, May 10th, 187.. i ' DeLAND & FARCE, DeLAND, Volusia Cos., Fla. Offer for sale in alternate lots of 5 to Iff acres, to parties who wish to improve the same, portions of the lIKI acres known as the Canfield place, a quarter section well adapted to Orange culture, Grapes and other fruits or vegetables. Lying mid way between DeLand and the St. Johns river, the highest of the lirst quality rolling pine lands, it is rarely equalled in quality or location by any lands in Florida. Also, portions ‘oi a similar tract of 40 acres, known as the Adams’ place, at De- Land, at very reasonable rates. Also, contractors for the planting, ea tv and culture of orange groves anil vine yards on lands purchased of us. Also, a line stock of choice nortneru Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom - ising, including Agawam, Concord, Hart ford, Ives, lona, Llndley, Massasoit, fsaleni, & is., all varieties which ripen early and sell well in the northern markets. Prices, 12 cents each, for any number. rr Add less. DLANI> A pARf K, 14W DeLand, Volusia co., Fla. Orders left at this ofliee will receive careful attention. CAPE FEAR MILITARY ACADEMY, WILMINGTON, N. C. Next session begins 23d of September. A full corps of competent instructors. Loc :< - t ion unsurpassed. School thoroughly equi p eil, and expenees moderate. As only a tew vacancies exist, those who desire to entei arc requested to apply at once, r or juata lognes, addess Maj. B. .1.8 l KGr.p. r l'lnciyji 99