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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, August 07, 1878, Image 4

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s4* Ifteiik
KILKOFF& B'EAN, Fiifoli*fcers.
< DRIW,TOV. l!<|:itr,
PsLAND, AUGUST 1, 1878.
r>,< ill4wLl:Ai (NtILTiIRB
The pine-apple is more extensively !
cultivated in the Bahamas than any
part of the world. In the Islands of
Eleuthera, Abases, anil San Salvador
there are plantations containing from
50 to 60 acres solely devoted to this
culture. Many pines are also grown
in New Providence. "The Sugar!
luoaf and the Spanish or red pines are !
propagated from the root suckers,
■which bear in twelve to eighteen
months alter planting. Eight hundred
•loaen is the usual yield per acre.
They are cut in the green state, if in
tended for shipment; the sice being
thirteen inches :n circumference, ibr
Red and twelve inches for the Sugar
'.Lost. For .canning they must he
perfectly ripe and an inch larger than
those intended lor shipment. The
Sugar Loaf pines are mostly shipped
to England and the Red pines to the
United States. There are several
fast sailing schooners employed in
the trade, carying from 40,000 to hi),
000 each. The passage to England
takes irom thirty to thirty-five days.
ho that the fruit has to he shipped
green to ripen on the voyage. The
vessels are well ventilated and the fruit
carefully packed. Rainy and damp
weather affects the pines more than
the heat, and the shippers often sub
for severe lose, as can be seen by the
article we publish from the Phila
delphia Record. The voyage to the
United States being shorter the fruit
is more closly packed, the vessels
oiten carrying 300,000. The value
of the pine apple exported from the
Bahamas is about $‘250,600 per an
num. About $300,000 worth of the
canned fruit is also shipped. The
canning establishments use up about
-2£,C00 pine apples a day, filling oyer
13.000 cans, one firm sending off
3,000,000 cans in year. In . put-
ting them up, the fruit is first Reeled
and sliced and then placed in the
cans, and syrup poured over them.
The ton of the cans are soldered on,
and they are lowered into the steam
boiler, after which the tops are per
forated to allow the steam to escape
and they are then hermetically sealed,
each can containing two pounds of
fruit. The Tied pines do not bring
as'much as the Sugar Loaf and are
considered inferior fruit, hut they are
hardier and better hearers. There is
no saying, however, how much the
fruit may he improved hereby super
ior culture, for they grow luxurantly
in this country. We have the advan
tage over foreign countries of direct
steam navigation getting our fruit
quicker into the market, cheap lum
ber, and a protective duty of 25 per
cent., our growers can therefore afford
to protect their plants in the winter
where needed. Our best policy, how
ever will be to grow the finest sorts,
and send them into market, before or
after the foreign supply lias arrived,
which lasts from the first of June
to the 15th of July. English
gardeners can regulate tne growth s> 1
as to have them at any time o: the
year. When more fruit ripens at once
than is sufficient tor the demand,
they remove the plants to a cool room.
If they want them to grow quick,
they give liquid manure and keep the
aw mo.st. Our climate in summer is
too hot, and the plants should be
shaded with frames made of pickets,
which can be split from the pine
trees or cypress. The soil should
not be allowed to get too dry at any
time. In the tropics, a red clayey
soil is considered the best, the test of
a suitable sod in the Bahamas, is by
running down a knife in dry weather
and if any of the soil adheres, it is
considered the right soil. There is a
considerable quantity of this kind of
cialiy in the western part of
Here is an
requires little capital, large returns,
only requiring attention and- judge
ment to develope it into a grand fu
ture for the State. We would advise
those entering into it, not to be too
greedy, but to begin with a small
number of plants, that they can con
veniently manure, protect and attend
I to and increase their cultivation front
the plants they grow. Send the very
first class fruit, carefully packed, into
the market, and get the highest prices.
It will not take many pine apples at
$5 to sls each, to fill a man’s pockets
with those bright new dollars now
waiting in Washington lor our people
to draw down here. The climate
and soil 61 this State are so different
to that of the West Indies, that it
would be unwise to follow their sys
tem ol cultivating the pine apple,
we must experiment and find out
what will be the best method here
and this can best.be accomplished by
growers exchanging notes in our
paper. A Louhiunua Sugar planter
going to the West Indies would have
to learn his business over again lor
the methods of cultivation are perfect
ly different, and so it is with other
articles. We must iesun by our
The liJhittese Saudi Fear.
Seeing so much notice taken of
these pears, wrj wrote to Mr. Book
man of Augusta, an authority on
these matters, to know more about
it, and the following is the answer vc
received :
“In regard to the LeConte p*a r I
would say this: The old China Sand
which I have cultivated since, 1852,
produces a very large globular fruit
with a rough skin and a hard texture
of flesh. It is of no value as a dessert
hut by some persons it is considered
a good cooking plant. The Chinese
P ea '^ which is now cultivated ex
teusi! !]y in south western Georgia
and 1 fere called sand pear, is entire
ly dii ibet from the true China Sand.
Mr. Si Jthlena hybred between the
latter md one of our cultivated sorts.
The f uit is pear form and of good
eatina quality. The mistake of nam
ing th s pear China Sand, was made
by tIA Thonaasville people before
they blew that it was really distinct,
and wMn this became known the
pear named Le Conte, from Prof.
LeCoJLel who introduced it here, and
now I is known by that name.
Yours Truly,
. I. J. Blkokman.
Mr. Charles Watson of 120 Broad
way, New Yorji, has sent us samples
of th ; bear grass fiber, with the ac
compan.ng letter. As this grass
grows extensively in many parts of
the State, it may lead to a business
that will help to enrich someone.—
Those interested in it bad better cor
-1 respond with Mr. Watson.
JUiliior Florida Agriculturist:
I have been recoraended to you by
Mr. J. HJe Oliver, of the Florida Im
povemegtA'ompany, for the purpose
of*obtaining some information in re
gard to .tia/tie or China grass, which
bethink® grows in your county, and
:;ommowjt called “ bear grass there.
1 enclose a sample of the Ramie or
China grass, herewith. Should you
have any such article in your section
of Florida, or should it grow any
where throughout your State, I could
use it in large quantities, provided
the pricers not too high. Any infor
mation you can give me on the sub
ject, together with the cost of ship
ping anißfending here, might enure
to benefit. Should you
, have the sample 1 now en*
oblige by s-.-nding
Diw ~, -t wt*' the c-taa
at the'diflferentTfniin> TT..
J Yours very truly,
Charles Watson.
at. Key Largo.
Hearing so many contradictory
reports regarding Mr. Baker’s oper
ations at Key Largo, and the success
of that gentleman's pineapple ven
ture, we wrote to him ourselves and
received the following reply:
Sir: Your letter of
36th lust, was duly received and con
tents noted. I have now planted at
I a calculation about sixty thousand
decen pineapples; about thirty
orange trees, and about three thou
sand banana roots, three hundred al
ligator pear trees and a lot of lime
and lemon trees; also a quantity of
mango, guava and sapodilla trees,
and about one hundred and twenty
cocoanut trees some of them bear
ing fruit. 1 have also a lot of peach
trees planted, but they are young
y't. lan sorry to y ! that this last
year’s crop of pines turned out very
bally on account of a heavy hurri
cane we Lad here, and after that 'we
had it very cold so that the plants
were many of them destroyed. But
the neat season, should the weather
prove good, I hope to do better. The
specie of pines grown here are called
, the red pirdseye, some call them the
scarlet pine, and in good seasons they
are large pines and bring a good fair
price in the New York market. I
have taken some there myself, in my
own schooner, the Whisper, of 78
tons; the last two seasons I did not
go but shipped them on.
—The sword may be less mighty
than the pen; but how about the
scissors ?
Send in your hags and Insects.
We have made arrangements with
a good entomologist to examine and
report on all insects that may be sent
to us. Those who find anything of
that kind with which they are un
acquainted, will in future be able to
get the information required.
Sale of Valuable Property.
We call the attention of those who
are looking out for investments to
the adveitisment of Mr. A. L. Eichel
berger. It is not often that .such val
uable property can be had at the
priees named, larger sums have been
refused for less valuable places. The
properties offered are near Bishop
Young’s, and other groves, said to be
among the best in the State.
To the Public:
Whereas, the Agricultural Conven
tion at Gainsville, co-operating with
the State Fruit Growers Association,
at their semi-annual meeting, appoint
ed a Committee to manage the next
State Fair, and also to determine
where it shall be held; and, wliereas,
that decision is made dependent
largely on the liberality of the citi
zens of the competing counties, I
therefore hereby give notice, that
said State Fair Committee of the
State Fruit Growers Association is
called to meet at Jacksonville, on the
second Wednesday in August next,
to decide where the said State Fair
shall be held and to transact such
other business as may properly corne
before it.
o.’ Codkinotok, Chairman State
Fair Com. and President State Fruit
Growers Association.
D. S. Place, Sec’y State Fruit
Growers Com.
jjjH f — •*. ..
Geographical Divisions of Florida.
The Florida Immigrant dividesthe State
into four divisions, ior the purpose of con
venience in locating counties and describ
ing different sections. These divisons have
been generally adopted, and.are ns follows:
Eastern Florida—ls composed of the
comities of Suwannee. Colombia. Alachua,
Levy. Baker, Nassau, Duval, Bradford.
Clay, St. Johns, Putnam and Marion.
West Florida—ls composed of the coun
ties of Escambia. Santa Rosa. Washington,
Walton, Holmes, Jackson and Calhoun.
Middle Florida—ls composed of the
counties of Gadsden, Liberty, Franklin,
Leon. Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison, Tavlor.
Lafayette and Hamilton.
South Florida—ls composed of the
counties of Hernando. Sumter. Orange'
Volusia, Brevard. Polk, Hillsborough. Man
atee. Monroe and Dade.
—The Editor of the Jacksonville
Union, is going to assist in paying the
National Debt.
—lt is a good thing for the country
that that celebrated Encyclopedist,
Zell, moved into it, he is about the
only man we know ol who stands the
shadow of a chance of keeping up
with the new “cities” and their local
ities. If this “city” business don’t
stop soon there will be more bald
headed editors in Orange county than
in all the rest of the State put to
—Mr. Henry Overstreet, irom
Shingle Creek, informs us that his oat
crop this year was very good, aver
aging form twenty to twenty-five
bushels to the acre, he only planted
fifteen acres. His corn crop, owing
to bad seasons, was cut short bnt the
potato and sugar crop promises a
heavy yield. The section in which
he lives is one of the finest farming
sections in the State, its only draw
back is the want of transportation, if
the railroad was in operation the un
occupied lands around him would
soon be occupied by thrifty farmers
who would add much to the material
wealth of our country. -Mr. Over
street tells ns that the cotton crop in
l his neighborhood is promising and
that many of the farmers are making
, preparation to plant quite a large
[ crop of large and small grain the
. coming season.— Orescent.
i —One of our printersput the bucket
out to catch some water during the
heavy rain on Wednesday and after
taking it in found four minnows in
the water. They had, doubtless, fal
len from high regions during the
heavy rain, and they seemed uninjur
ed by' their rnrial navigation.—Flor
•lda News.
—We have been recently informed
of the contemplated completion of
the main track of the Florida Rail
road as far as Ocala and that the rail
road to Ocala from Silver Spring was
rapidly 7 advancing. Other roads in
South Florida, connecting the lands
around its fertile lakes with the St.
Johns, are projected, and some of
them are really being built. With
the recognized ability of the lion. D.
L. Yulee and energy off riend Max
well we expect to visit Ocala soon by
steam. Suppose our own people
would display a little more energy
and get a road from Lake City to
Waldo, connecting with the South
Florida road. The distance is only
about forty miles. Who is there
amongst us that can, and will put
their sbou der to the wheel)? Energy
and fmoney can builu it, and we are
sure wo have many wealthy men that
could club together and make the
enterprise a success. AVe shall see.
—Ocala Banner.
—An item is going the rounds of
the press to the-effect that the veget
able business this season has been a
disastrous failure. It has been a dis
astrous failure for several years to
this extent: Three hundred per cent,
more were shipped via Fernandina
than any previous season. Via Live
Oak, season of 70,12,000 orates; sea
son of ’77*25.000 crates; season of
tinue and very naturally increase.
We calculate on moving 100,000
crates via Live Oak for the season of
1879. — Dispatch.
—Hon. Horatio Bisbee has been
nominated as Republican candidate
for Congress.
—The health of Jacksonville is re
ported as unusually good, only ten
deaths for July.
—Quarantine is strictly enforced
at Jacksonville no vessels from for
eign ports are allowed to pass May
port without being {■laced in quaran
tine. No foreign fruit is allowed to
be sold in the city.
—Bug a-boos are Scaring t> e peo
ple of St. Augustine.
—The fact is that the thriving little
village ot Apopka has a good pros
pect of becoming quite a town, and
all who come to Florida to spend the
winter, or to locate permanent homes,
should not fail to call. Four years
ago there were only about four houses
in the place; now there are forty-two,
and a population of over two hun
dred.— South Florida Journal.
—The steamer George >l. Bird is
expected to be finished and again at
work by the 25th ir.st.
—The Sweeds of New Upsala,
near Belair. have nearly completed
handsome church for their own use.
It is situated on the lot adjoining the
hall of the Scandinavian society, and
adds greatly to the appearance of
that portion of their thriving settle
ment. — Crescent.
—W e saw some beautiful honey at
Nichols A Holland’s the other day
and on inquiring learned that it was
from the apiary of Mr. T. I. Boyde •
this business is rapidly growing in im
portance.— Crescent

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