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All letters on business should be ad dressed to Kilkokk & Dean. Publishers and all matters connected with the Edito rial Department to Editor Florida Agri culturist, J)cliand, J-'lu. TERMS t TWO DOLLARS a Yoar, in Advance. Single copies, Fivk cents. A copy to the getter-up of a club of ten. should be sent by draft past office money order on Jacksonville, or registered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. Advertising Hates : Kates for advertisements furnished on application by letter or in person. To Correspondents. Articles relating to any topic witbin the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All common ications intended for publica tion must be accompanied with real name, cs a guarantee of good faith. Names will not be published if objection he made. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. Our Agents. The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions for us: Thayer &• Sauls. Enterprise, Florida. Mr. Stockton. Sanford, “ .1. If. Stockton, Volusia. “ Charles Smith. Orange City, “ Colcord & Felt, Bereeford, “ Ashmead Bros., Jacksonville, Dr. Z. 1L Mason, Apopka, S. P. Shepherd, Altamonte, “ t'apt. 11, S. Williams,Bock Ledge, “ M. D. Rising, Stark, # “ Loiß Lewin & Cos,. Los Angelos, Cal. Bruce Smith, Los Angelos, “ T. P. Snow, 7 Ex’ge Place, Boston, Mass. Win. Estill, Jr.. 37 8u1l St. Savannah, Ga. If this article is marked your subscrip tion has expired. Persons iu renewing will oblige the Publishers by stating that they ure old subscribers. Those who wish to keep a complete file must renew imme diately, as we can not furnish any more Lack numbers. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. KIIiKOVP & DEAN, Publishers. C . (ODKIMiTOY, Editor. DeLAND, AUGUST 21, 1878. WRONG INFORMATION. One of our exchanges, in answer to a northern correspondent, says: Oranges bear in four or five years from the seed—full crops and matured trees in about eight years. An answer like this, given by offi cial authority , tends to convey a false impression and mislead those who are seeking a home in this State. It is true that some instances havo been stated of orange trees boaring in five years from the seed, but 6uch events are very rare, and cannot be used as authority in orange culture. It is so rare for trees to come into bearing at seven years from the seed, that Buch instances are mentioned as some thing remarkable. Orange trees may be said to commence bearing at from eight to ten years of age, often er the latter than the former, and it then requires seven years more, after they commence bearing, before they become full bearers; so that an or ange grove cannot be called iu full bearing before the trees are fifteen to eighteen years old. The time can, however be shortened by planting fdm to six year old trees, which can be purchased of nurserymeu or old settlers, or budding sour trees found growing wild in different parts of the State, but they are now getting scarce and difficult to procure, having been already converted by the own ers into sweet groves, and valued at high prices—much to high for the ordinary run of settlers. The making of an orange grove is a work of time, labor, application and money, but when formed is au almost endless source of wealth to the own er, lasting bis life time, and for gen erations after him. Tho average re turn from a good grove is at tho rate of SI,OOO per acre per annum. The inducements, therefore, for this in dustry are great, and after years of expectation the laborer is rewarded in a liberal manner, and made free of worldly cares, as regards working for his livelihood. But there are few men who have the pluck or means of carrying through the work ; most* of them despond or get in debt and sell out, but they sell at such prices as enables them, with the experience they have obtained, to start afresh and make a success, for there is such a fascination about orauge growing that one who has once started in it is loth to leave off. One great fault we have found -Ruth new settlers, with limited means, is that they are too greedy and attempt to plant larger than they can manage. By careful and economical management a grove may be brought into bearing, to give some income, at the rate of SSOO per acre, that is from first to last, in cluding the price of a man’s own la bor iu this estimate; we doubt if it has ever been done for less. Let our correspondents say something on this subject. A person may establish a small grove of fifty or sixty trees around his house, l>y making it a secondary consideration, and devot ing his time to other sources for a livelihood. The slop from the house will fertilize them, and his wife, if he has one, and if he has not he should get one, can attend to this number while time is otherwise occupied, but directly a largo grove is planted out he becomes a slave to it for years, and like Jacob must look for Ins years of servitude. Once begun there is no leaving off, one season of neg lect will undo the work of years. TOO CLEVER. Editor Florida Agriculturist: One of our prominent men said, a few days ago, that the bottom was knocked out of Florida, and it was done at the Centennial Exhibition by the statement of some Northern fruit growers or dealers stating that our oranges did not come into market when they could be best sold, and that the difficulty was insurmount able—that if we could get our fruit into market from May or June to September, that Florida would soon be the most prosperous of all the Southern States, or words to this ef fect. I may not be correct in my quotations, but the drift of the re marks was that orange growing on a big scale, such as has been contem plated for five years, could not be a success, for tho reason that the Win ter was anunpropitious season to ship and sell the fruit at the North. And so Florida bottom, etc., eic. What do you think, what do you say, and what say your subscribers and cor respondents? Truly yours, 8. Orange county, August 2nd, 1878. Ans. Those Northern fruit grow ers who made the wise remarks are too clever by half, why do not they reverse tho acts of the Almighty, and make their peach crop como in at Christmas? There is a season for everything, and everything in its season—our orange crop comes in at tho best time of the year to take the place of other fruits which are then becoming scarce. With prop er care in packing, that is also the best time ol the year for shipping oranges, for heat is much more inju rious to the fruit in transit, than the cold is. There are some people so wise in their own conceit, that they would rather talk nonsense than not talk at all. The fact is, they know that I lorida is going to make a rev olution in the fruit trade of the North, and mauy of them are getting scared, in a very few years we will send in the earliest grapes, peaches, pears, strawberries, etc., etc., aud get the THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. cream of the market, leaving them the low prices. Oar advice to them is, that they take time by the fore lock, and come down here and be in the advance guard before it is too late. The fruit growers of southern Illinois know this, for they sent down prospectors last Spring to seek a location for them. Preserving Guavas. There three ways of preserving guavas used in the West Indies, viz., jelly, duke or marmalade, and stewed. In the first, the guavas are cut into pieces, placed in a close vessel, which is put into another vessel of boiling water, until the fruit is steamed quite soft. The juice is then strained out, and mixed with sugar and boiled down to jelly; white sugar"makes a clear jelly, but that made from mus cavado, or common brown sugar, is the most lucious. The quantity ot sugar must be regulated by the sweet ness or acidity of the fruit; a quart of sugar to a quart of juice is gener ally sufficient. If the jelly is too sticky in the boiling, rectify it with a little alum. Duke is made by rubbing the steamed fruit through a seive, to re move tiie seeds, adding sugar and boiling down to marmalade. Stewing guavas is the most troub lesome of all, but it makes a delicious preserve. The guavas are first peel ed with a sharp knife, as thin as pos sible ; they are then cut, longitudi nally, in four pieces and the seeds re moved with a spoou; the fleshy part of the fruit is then stewed down with sugar, until quite lender, hut not to the mashing point; a few whole all spice should be boiled with it. Serve with croam—cocoanut cream is used in the West Indies. Guava jelly can be colored with the fruit of the prickly pear. • * *}• Palms—Assai. Assai is a beverage much used at P ara and other parts of Brazil, and is prepared from a species of palm nearly allied to the cabbage palm of the West Indies, which we will describe in a future article. The assai palms are very slender trees, growing to the height of sixty or eighty feet, with a smooth stem only about four inches in diameter. The fruit is small in size, and in color re sembles aloes, but is produced in great quantities on branch spadices, like the palmetto of this State. Warm water is poured over the fruit, and by kneading and rubbing a liquid is procured, consisting simply of the pulp of the frifit and water, which is constantly vended in tho streets ol Para, and of which the inhabitants are -very fond. It is a thick creamy liquid of a purplish color, with the flavor of a fresh gathered nut; this is assai. The inhabitants depend in a great measure for their existance on tiffs liquid and cassava cakes.— Our common palmetto produces a fruit so closely resembling the assai, that there is little doubt a beverage of tho same nature might be made from it. Try it, and let us know the result. Hnmbugging Statements. We newspaper men clip from one anot her soiq,e of the greatest nonsense imaginable.’ Some statements will go the rounds of all the papers with out our having an opportunity of testing them ourselves; when, there fore, we lind out the falsehood we ahogld let it be known. We have noticed that mo3t of our exchanges have copied the statement “ that ger aniums will keep off snakes. ” Well, we have killed moccasins and rattle, snakes under our geranium, so with us this fallacy ig exploded. Ladies, who are afraid of snakes,need not go to the trouble of planting geraniums about the house, as we have seen many of them do, under the erroneous impres sion that it will keep them off. Some one who had geranium plants for sale must have started this humbug. It is also stated that boring a hole in a stump, pouring in kerosene oil and setting it on fire will burn ont the stump. All who have tried it assure us that it is false. Immigration to Kansas. We are informed by people who know' Kansas, that the suffering among those who have been induced to settle there, will be very great this winter. Many of them did not get in crops to give support, and few are prepared with sufficient shel ter from the bitter cold which they will have to endure this Winter. We might have had a great part of these people for this State had proper means been taken to furnish them with information at the time, regard ing our advantages, but, as usual, our people remain dilatory, while those of Texas, Kansas, and other States are holding out every inducement to get their Country settled up.— When will we learn that the best and cheapest way to reduce our tax ation is to get more people here to divide it with ns ? USING AND ABUSING FLO R IDA. Editor Florida Agriculturist : Sometimes I am amused and some times annoyed at the very peculiar views presented by contributors to the press as w r ell as a few of my neighbors. Every ailment, every acci dent, snd the fatal results of mis management are hurled by these croakers upon the defenseless name of our State. Poor—Z.—in the Jacksonville Evening Trawler arous ed my heart’s sympathy and had he stated the use made of the sum of money said to have been expended by each of the fated ten lie would have displayed a more commendable spirit of fairness. Ido not believe we have in all this thickly settled community so many unfortunate set tlors. Probably his No. 1 may have spent ail his £4.000 in clearing land and building a more expensive house than was necessary. No. 2 may have been of a reckless turn and invested his £3,000 in machinery or like prop erty, whieh, when expected to yield large returns, only proved an expense. No. 3 could easily have deceived himself with the idea that sheep or cattle would do well in some uncon genial spot. No. 4 or 5 may have had an extravagant family or a very large one, aud so on through his list. He has no such explanation to give for the failures he enumerates. I have for every case of the kind that lias come under my observation. A man may easily spend four or five hundred dollars clearing, fencing, building and like improvements before receiving any returns or knowing that lie ever will. I know one enthusiastic settler who rises at 8 or 9 o’clock a. m., works an hour or two and retires to the shade until toward sunset when another hour or two is put in on his orange grove. Five or six thousand dollars would scarce cover h is expenst s in the last two or three years, but, to say he has no prospect of returns would be wholly untrue, indeed there are quite a number in this vicinity who have spent from five to ten thou sand dollars in the past three years who as yet have had no returns, but, whose prospects are regarded by those who ought to know as quite flattering. Such men rarely if ever have auy thing to say against Florida, they arc using her tractable soil and genial clime for its legitimate and natural object. They are men of prudence and comprehensive views and lay out the amount of work to be preformed with a view to the amount to be invested. All inipru dent men are failures everywhere. And men controlling their thousands are not the only ones in our midst who are counted among those with cheering prospect. I could name three at least who came to this vicin ity on borrowed money or with just enough to land them here who have- - homes and sufficient improvements in the shape of orange groves, pine apple beds, guava, citron and lemon trees, to warrant great expectations in the near future. Two years more for some of us, making five in all, and, Providence favoring us, tve shall look for the downing and two years later for the gleanings and yicldings of the sunshine whose full rays once aglow will shine on through ages. But we did not start out to speculato or the orize. Florida uses are yet in embryo only a few ol which have sufficiently germinated to give promise of growth and a harvest, but, these few like a rain bow span the peninsula from shore to shore and shed over ail their mellow light of promise. Hope for the afflicted, prosperity for the indus trious and frugal poor, large and cer tain dividends for the rich. Let it. ever be borne in mind that croakers and fault finders of this as well as other States are the drones, the ineffi cient or the superficial observers who seeing from unfavorable stand points “see as through a glass darkly.” For further particulars non-resident can address V. at this office. Floridiana. Geographical Divisions of Florida. The Florida Immigrant dividestho State into four divisions, for the purpose of con venience in locating counties and describ ing different sect ion s. These di v iso us ha ve been generally adopted, aud are as follows: Fast kiln' Florida— Is composed of tb>- counties of Suwannee, Columbia. Alachua, Levy. Baker, Nassau, Duval, Bradford, Clay, St. Johns, Putnam and Marion. W kst Flokioa —ls composed of the coun ties of Escambia. Santa Kosa, Washington, Walton, Holmes, Jackson aud Calhoun. MiiiDij; Florida —ls composed of the counties of Gadsden, Lilx>rty, Franklin, Leon, Wakulla. Jefferson, Madison, Taylor, Lafayette and Hamilton. South Florida —ls composed of the counties of Hernando, Sumter, Orange' Volusia, Brevard, Polk. Hillsborough, Mau atee. Monroe and Dade. —Pensacola Las been having Re gatta races. —The Cellar Key people want or anges and palmetto planted on their streets for shade. Why don’t they plant them ? The Indian doctress and fortune teller, who resided, for some time, in Jacksonville, was accidently shot dead in Savannah last week. —A fine lot ot potatoes were nre sented to us a short time since by Isaac Winegord, Esq., five of the largest of them weighed fifteen lbs. We never saw finer potatoes. —South Florida J2ejx>rtcr. —We hear of a number ol line tracts of unimproved pine land, well timbered, in this vicinity which arc offered at sl. per acre. Really, $5. per acre wrnuld be a low price for much of it in times of ordinary pros perity.— Lake City Reporter. —The health of Jacksonville has been wonderfully good for the Swt and Press says : Up to last night (the 15th) only one death had occur red in the city during the present month. The death referred to was that of Mrs. Brooks, a colored wo man, of consumption. —The lion. Noble A. Hull and other prominent speakers will ad dress the people of Volusia counlv, on the following days, Thursday, Oc tober 17, Volusia; October 18, De- Land ; Saturday, October, 19, Enter prise. Why should not Daytona and other towns of the county be included in the visit ? —One day last week a cow belong ing to Mrs. Bridie, while standing in the water ot the St. John’s, at Pico latn, was seized by a large alligator carried into deep w r atcr and seen no more. So many wonderful alligator yarns are set afloat through! the State, that most people accept them with a grain of allowance, but this one may be depended on as being strictly true.