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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, August 21, 1878, Image 4

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All letters on business should be ad
dressed to Kilkokk & Dean. Publishers
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rial Department to Editor Florida Agri
culturist, J)cliand, J-'lu.
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KIIiKOVP & DEAN, Publishers.
C . (ODKIMiTOY, Editor.
DeLAND, AUGUST 21, 1878.
One of our exchanges, in answer
to a northern correspondent, says:
Oranges bear in four or five years from
the seed—full crops and matured trees in
about eight years.
An answer like this, given by offi
cial authority , tends to convey a false
impression and mislead those who
are seeking a home in this State. It
is true that some instances havo been
stated of orange trees boaring in five
years from the seed, but 6uch events
are very rare, and cannot be used as
authority in orange culture. It is so
rare for trees to come into bearing
at seven years from the seed, that
Buch instances are mentioned as some
thing remarkable. Orange trees
may be said to commence bearing at
from eight to ten years of age, often
er the latter than the former, and it
then requires seven years more, after
they commence bearing, before they
become full bearers; so that an or
ange grove cannot be called iu full
bearing before the trees are fifteen to
eighteen years old. The time can,
however be shortened by planting
fdm to six year old trees, which can
be purchased of nurserymeu or old
settlers, or budding sour trees found
growing wild in different parts of the
State, but they are now getting
scarce and difficult to procure, having
been already converted by the own
ers into sweet groves, and valued at
high prices—much to high for the
ordinary run of settlers.
The making of an orange grove is
a work of time, labor, application and
money, but when formed is au almost
endless source of wealth to the own
er, lasting bis life time, and for gen
erations after him. Tho average re
turn from a good grove is at tho rate
of SI,OOO per acre per annum. The
inducements, therefore, for this in
dustry are great, and after years of
expectation the laborer is rewarded
in a liberal manner, and made free
of worldly cares, as regards working
for his livelihood. But there are
few men who have the pluck or means
of carrying through the work ; most*
of them despond or get in debt and
sell out, but they sell at such prices
as enables them, with the experience
they have obtained, to start afresh
and make a success, for there is such
a fascination about orauge growing
that one who has once started in it is
loth to leave off. One great fault
we have found -Ruth new settlers, with
limited means, is that they are too
greedy and attempt to plant larger
than they can manage. By careful
and economical management a grove
may be brought into bearing, to give
some income, at the rate of SSOO
per acre, that is from first to last, in
cluding the price of a man’s own la
bor iu this estimate; we doubt if it
has ever been done for less. Let
our correspondents say something on
this subject. A person may establish
a small grove of fifty or sixty trees
around his house, l>y making it a
secondary consideration, and devot
ing his time to other sources for a
livelihood. The slop from the house
will fertilize them, and his wife, if he
has one, and if he has not he should
get one, can attend to this number
while time is otherwise occupied, but
directly a largo grove is planted out
he becomes a slave to it for years,
and like Jacob must look for Ins
years of servitude. Once begun there
is no leaving off, one season of neg
lect will undo the work of years.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
One of our prominent men said, a
few days ago, that the bottom was
knocked out of Florida, and it was
done at the Centennial Exhibition by
the statement of some Northern fruit
growers or dealers stating that our
oranges did not come into market
when they could be best sold, and
that the difficulty was insurmount
able—that if we could get our fruit
into market from May or June to
September, that Florida would soon
be the most prosperous of all the
Southern States, or words to this ef
fect. I may not be correct in my
quotations, but the drift of the re
marks was that orange growing on a
big scale, such as has been contem
plated for five years, could not be a
success, for tho reason that the Win
ter was anunpropitious season to ship
and sell the fruit at the North. And
so Florida bottom, etc., eic. What
do you think, what do you say, and
what say your subscribers and cor
respondents? Truly yours, 8.
Orange county, August 2nd, 1878.
Ans. Those Northern fruit grow
ers who made the wise remarks are
too clever by half, why do not they
reverse tho acts of the Almighty, and
make their peach crop como in at
Christmas? There is a season for
everything, and everything in its
season—our orange crop comes in
at tho best time of the year to take
the place of other fruits which are
then becoming scarce. With prop
er care in packing, that is also the
best time ol the year for shipping
oranges, for heat is much more inju
rious to the fruit in transit, than the
cold is. There are some people so
wise in their own conceit, that they
would rather talk nonsense than not
talk at all. The fact is, they know
that I lorida is going to make a rev
olution in the fruit trade of the North,
and mauy of them are getting scared,
in a very few years we will send in
the earliest grapes, peaches, pears,
strawberries, etc., etc., aud get the
cream of the market, leaving them
the low prices. Oar advice to them
is, that they take time by the fore
lock, and come down here and be in
the advance guard before it is too
late. The fruit growers of southern
Illinois know this, for they sent down
prospectors last Spring to seek a
location for them.
Preserving Guavas.
There three ways of preserving
guavas used in the West Indies, viz.,
jelly, duke or marmalade, and stewed.
In the first, the guavas are cut into
pieces, placed in a close vessel, which
is put into another vessel of boiling
water, until the fruit is steamed quite
soft. The juice is then strained out,
and mixed with sugar and boiled
down to jelly; white sugar"makes a
clear jelly, but that made from mus
cavado, or common brown sugar, is
the most lucious. The quantity ot
sugar must be regulated by the sweet
ness or acidity of the fruit; a quart
of sugar to a quart of juice is gener
ally sufficient. If the jelly is too
sticky in the boiling, rectify it with
a little alum.
Duke is made by rubbing the
steamed fruit through a seive, to re
move tiie seeds, adding sugar and
boiling down to marmalade.
Stewing guavas is the most troub
lesome of all, but it makes a delicious
preserve. The guavas are first peel
ed with a sharp knife, as thin as pos
sible ; they are then cut, longitudi
nally, in four pieces and the seeds re
moved with a spoou; the fleshy part
of the fruit is then stewed down with
sugar, until quite lender, hut not to
the mashing point; a few whole all
spice should be boiled with it. Serve
with croam—cocoanut cream is used in
the West Indies. Guava jelly can be
colored with the fruit of the prickly
pear. • * *}•
Assai is a beverage much used at
P ara and other parts of Brazil, and
is prepared from a species of palm
nearly allied to the cabbage palm
of the West Indies, which we will
describe in a future article. The
assai palms are very slender trees,
growing to the height of sixty or
eighty feet, with a smooth stem only
about four inches in diameter. The
fruit is small in size, and in color re
sembles aloes, but is produced in
great quantities on branch spadices,
like the palmetto of this State. Warm
water is poured over the fruit, and
by kneading and rubbing a liquid is
procured, consisting simply of the
pulp of the frifit and water, which is
constantly vended in tho streets ol
Para, and of which the inhabitants
are -very fond. It is a thick creamy
liquid of a purplish color, with the
flavor of a fresh gathered nut; this
is assai. The inhabitants depend in
a great measure for their existance
on tiffs liquid and cassava cakes.—
Our common palmetto produces a
fruit so closely resembling the assai,
that there is little doubt a beverage
of tho same nature might be made
from it. Try it, and let us know the
Hnmbugging Statements.
We newspaper men clip from one
anot her soiq,e of the greatest nonsense
imaginable.’ Some statements will
go the rounds of all the papers with
out our having an opportunity of
testing them ourselves; when, there
fore, we lind out the falsehood we
ahogld let it be known. We have
noticed that mo3t of our exchanges
have copied the statement “ that ger
aniums will keep off snakes. ” Well,
we have killed moccasins and rattle,
snakes under our geranium, so with us
this fallacy ig exploded. Ladies, who
are afraid of snakes,need not go to the
trouble of planting geraniums about
the house, as we have seen many of
them do, under the erroneous impres
sion that it will keep them off. Some
one who had geranium plants for sale
must have started this humbug. It
is also stated that boring a hole in a
stump, pouring in kerosene oil and
setting it on fire will burn ont the
stump. All who have tried it assure
us that it is false.
Immigration to Kansas.
We are informed by people who
know' Kansas, that the suffering
among those who have been induced
to settle there, will be very great
this winter. Many of them did
not get in crops to give support, and
few are prepared with sufficient shel
ter from the bitter cold which they
will have to endure this Winter.
We might have had a great part of
these people for this State had proper
means been taken to furnish them
with information at the time, regard
ing our advantages, but, as usual, our
people remain dilatory, while those
of Texas, Kansas, and other States
are holding out every inducement
to get their Country settled up.—
When will we learn that the best
and cheapest way to reduce our tax
ation is to get more people here to
divide it with ns ?
Editor Florida Agriculturist :
Sometimes I am amused and some
times annoyed at the very peculiar
views presented by contributors to
the press as w r ell as a few of my
neighbors. Every ailment, every acci
dent, snd the fatal results of mis
management are hurled by these
croakers upon the defenseless name
of our State. Poor—Z.—in the
Jacksonville Evening Trawler arous
ed my heart’s sympathy and had he
stated the use made of the sum of
money said to have been expended
by each of the fated ten lie would
have displayed a more commendable
spirit of fairness. Ido not believe
we have in all this thickly settled
community so many unfortunate set
tlors. Probably his No. 1 may have
spent ail his £4.000 in clearing land
and building a more expensive house
than was necessary. No. 2 may have
been of a reckless turn and invested
his £3,000 in machinery or like prop
erty, whieh, when expected to yield
large returns, only proved an expense.
No. 3 could easily have deceived
himself with the idea that sheep or
cattle would do well in some uncon
genial spot. No. 4 or 5 may have
had an extravagant family or a very
large one, aud so on through his list.
He has no such explanation to give for
the failures he enumerates. I have
for every case of the kind that lias
come under my observation. A man
may easily spend four or five hundred
dollars clearing, fencing, building and
like improvements before receiving
any returns or knowing that lie ever
will. I know one enthusiastic settler
who rises at 8 or 9 o’clock a. m.,
works an hour or two and retires to
the shade until toward sunset when
another hour or two is put in on his
orange grove. Five or six thousand
dollars would scarce cover h is expenst s
in the last two or three years, but,
to say he has no prospect of returns
would be wholly untrue, indeed there
are quite a number in this vicinity
who have spent from five to ten thou
sand dollars in the past three years
who as yet have had no returns, but,
whose prospects are regarded by
those who ought to know as quite
flattering. Such men rarely if ever
have auy thing to say against Florida,
they arc using her tractable soil and
genial clime for its legitimate and
natural object. They are men of
prudence and comprehensive views
and lay out the amount of work to
be preformed with a view to the
amount to be invested. All inipru
dent men are failures everywhere.
And men controlling their thousands
are not the only ones in our midst
who are counted among those with
cheering prospect. I could name
three at least who came to this vicin
ity on borrowed money or with just
enough to land them here who have- -
homes and sufficient improvements
in the shape of orange groves, pine
apple beds, guava, citron and lemon
trees, to warrant great expectations
in the near future. Two years more
for some of us, making five in all, and,
Providence favoring us, tve shall look
for the downing and two years later
for the gleanings and yicldings of the
sunshine whose full rays once aglow
will shine on through ages. But we
did not start out to speculato or the
orize. Florida uses are yet in embryo
only a few ol which have sufficiently
germinated to give promise of growth
and a harvest, but, these few like a
rain bow span the peninsula from
shore to shore and shed over ail their
mellow light of promise. Hope for
the afflicted, prosperity for the indus
trious and frugal poor, large and cer
tain dividends for the rich. Let it.
ever be borne in mind that croakers
and fault finders of this as well as
other States are the drones, the ineffi
cient or the superficial observers who
seeing from unfavorable stand points
“see as through a glass darkly.”
For further particulars non-resident
can address V. at this office.
Geographical Divisions of Florida.
The Florida Immigrant dividestho State
into four divisions, for the purpose of con
venience in locating counties and describ
ing different sect ion s. These di v iso us ha ve
been generally adopted, aud are as follows:
Fast kiln' Florida— Is composed of tb>-
counties of Suwannee, Columbia. Alachua,
Levy. Baker, Nassau, Duval, Bradford,
Clay, St. Johns, Putnam and Marion.
W kst Flokioa —ls composed of the coun
ties of Escambia. Santa Kosa, Washington,
Walton, Holmes, Jackson aud Calhoun.
MiiiDij; Florida —ls composed of the
counties of Gadsden, Lilx>rty, Franklin,
Leon, Wakulla. Jefferson, Madison, Taylor,
Lafayette and Hamilton.
South Florida —ls composed of the
counties of Hernando, Sumter, Orange'
Volusia, Brevard, Polk. Hillsborough, Mau
atee. Monroe and Dade.
—Pensacola Las been having Re
gatta races.
—The Cellar Key people want or
anges and palmetto planted on their
streets for shade. Why don’t they
plant them ?
The Indian doctress and fortune
teller, who resided, for some time, in
Jacksonville, was accidently shot
dead in Savannah last week.
—A fine lot ot potatoes were nre
sented to us a short time since by
Isaac Winegord, Esq., five of the
largest of them weighed fifteen lbs.
We never saw finer potatoes. —South
Florida J2ejx>rtcr.
—We hear of a number ol line
tracts of unimproved pine land, well
timbered, in this vicinity which arc
offered at sl. per acre. Really, $5.
per acre wrnuld be a low price for
much of it in times of ordinary pros
perity.— Lake City Reporter.
—The health of Jacksonville has
been wonderfully good for the Swt
and Press says : Up to last night
(the 15th) only one death had occur
red in the city during the present
month. The death referred to was
that of Mrs. Brooks, a colored wo
man, of consumption.
—The lion. Noble A. Hull and
other prominent speakers will ad
dress the people of Volusia counlv,
on the following days, Thursday, Oc
tober 17, Volusia; October 18, De-
Land ; Saturday, October, 19, Enter
prise. Why should not Daytona
and other towns of the county be
included in the visit ?
—One day last week a cow belong
ing to Mrs. Bridie, while standing in
the water ot the St. John’s, at Pico
latn, was seized by a large alligator
carried into deep w r atcr and seen no
more. So many wonderful alligator
yarns are set afloat through! the
State, that most people accept them
with a grain of allowance, but this
one may be depended on as being
strictly true.

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