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(termination of seeds. r The following collection ol princi ples and practical facts on t he success ful germination of various seeds, is 1 taken from a paper on the subject by Prof. W. J. Beal, of Michigan Agri- j cultural College, who has furnished ns a copy: “To germinate, seeds require air or ; oxygen of the air, a certain amount of: moisture and warmth, or a certain ! temperature. U either one of these j is not within certain limits, seeds will j not grow. The presence or absence ; of light is of little importance. In germinating, a seed looses some of its materials. It absorbs moisture, but of the materials of the dry seed, one-half may he converted into water and carbon dioxide. The seed lives on its own resources until it begins to form chlorophyll. After it is once started the young plant sometimes j grows faster by day, and sometimes faster by night. It cannot grow but : a little time, however, without some daylight. Most seeds may be dried and kept without injury l'or a variable length of time. Some, however, will j not grow if once they become quite dry. Among these are seeds of the chestnut, horse chestnut, willow, and coffee. Gardners would not usually sow j seeds of onions, or parsnips if they ! knew them to be more than a year j old. Some of them might grow,—all of them might grow on certain sea sons, but probably most of them would fail, or would produce feeble ' plants. Whether seeds retain their | vitality for a longer or shorter time depends much on the manner of. cleaning and keeping them. The 1 temperature should not vary too sud denly. Seed catalogues sometimesj state the time it is safe to keep each i variety of seed and still be quite sure j it- will germinate. For two years, j they usually give pepper, carrot, egg- j plant, salsify, for three years, aspara- ! gus, lettuce, radish; for four years, f cauliflower, cabbage, celery, turnip;! for a longer length of time, beets, cu cumbers melons, squashes, tomatoes. The above are 'given as a guide in keeping dry seeds. It' buried in j moist earth, some seeds will keep for many years without losing their vitality. * Accurate experiments are waiting to settle the time of keeping seeds in this mauner. I have known seed of red clover and of certain weeds to keep for a dozen years or more when buried six inches or more below the surface of the soil. In some recorded experiments, seeds of j wheat, rye, and chess failed to grow when they had been kept dry for 185 years. When kept for GO years, seeds of the sensitive plant and some oth er leguminous plants have been known to grow. Findley says the seeds of melons have been known to grow at the age of 10 years, kidney beans at a hundred, and rye at 4t>.— J.ondet and Haberlandt, in 1801, found that seeds of wheat, rye, barley, , oats and maize would not grow if they had been kept for ten years; at least, these seeds did not germinate iri the experiments they tried. Weak seeds produce weak plants. This has been shown time and again. The seeds way he weak on account of small size, or because they were immature when gathered, or be cause their vitality had been impair ed by keeping a long time alter they were gathered, or by keeping them in an improper place as to moisture, or great extremes of heat and cold. — Most seeds will grow if they are not fully ripe, as most farmers know is ihe case with corn and wheat.— Asa rule, the feeblest specimens of a lot of seedling ornamental plants are most likely to produce the choicest dowers. This is true in case of bal sams, primroses, and many others. Light seeds sprout quicker, but produce weaker plants. Prof. Church, of the Royal Agricultural College, England, found : That seed-wheat of "he greatest density produces the densest seed and yields the greatest amount of dressed grain, The seed wheat of medium density generally gives the greatest amount of cars, but the cars arc poorer than those of the densest seed. Seeds of medium density also produce the largest num ber of fruiting plants. The densest grains are not always the largest. The proper depth for planting seeds depends on the texture ot the soil and the state ot the weather or ■". he climate in which they are grow n. .No fixed universal rule can bo given for planting in all cases. Very small seeds start best with only a very slight covering of finely pulverized material and then a slight screen to prevent destruction by excessive dry weather. In sandy soil, seeds may be planted deeper than in clay soil; in a dry climate deeper than a moist | climate. In the light soil at the col lege farm, the late peas do best if | planted five to seven inches deep, while for the early crop two inches j is the proper depth for planting. Dr. Newberry has given the ac j count of the planting of corn by the i Indians in Colorado and surrounding | country. The soil is subject to se vere drouth. To secure germination they plant twelve to fourteen inches deep and often raise good crops. At our farm, peas usually come up if planted ten inches deep, but the plants will not thrive so well as when planted at a less depth. Finely pul verized soil is quite important to se cure the best results with seeds in fields or garden." But the most interesting part of this paper of Prof. Beal—at least it will be thought so by many of our readers.—is that devoted to his ex periments in testing the vitality ol seeds sold in market, He procured supplies from shops or from the local agents of four different seed compan ies. Fifty seeds each of the sev eral kinds of vegetables were planted in fine soil, at proper depths, and slightly screened from the sun. Of some sorts, not one in ten grew ; of others, one in five; of a few more than half grew; while, with a limited ! experiment with seeds raised in the I college gardens, and known to be fresh and good, in one instance 85 per cent, grew, and in the other 97 per cent. And what is worthy of notice, and as showing the superiority of good fresh seeds, the plants thus j raised from the seeds of the college j garden, were in three weeks fully j twice as large as the plants from the purchased seeds. These seeds arc sold on commission. They are sent around the country in the Spring, gathered up late m the Summer, and, as Prof. B. thinks, are sent around again after being mixed with a fresh er portion. Now r that seed are sent with such facility by mail, we prefer to make our purchases directly from the seed store of reliable men : and there is at least one of these who advertises largely in the Country Gentleman, whose seeds have always germinated j fully and freely—far better than those j bought at corner groceries. Prof. Beal made extensive experi ments on grass seeds of various sorts, procured from seed dealers. Ol some a large percentage or nearly all grew; of many others, and including most of the foreign species, a very small portion germinated. Of grass seeds of a part of these species, raised on the college farm, nearly all grew'. — Country Gentlcman. BEES. be subscribed for your paper about a year ago; one of our reasons for taking it was because we liked it, inasmuch as it gave the women a chance to tell their grievances, as well as the men ; another reason, we thought we would improve ourselves by writing for the Woman's Depart ment; we have shamefully neglected our privilege and left our space to more competent writers, but we have now concluded to write an article. Well let us look about for a subject; I suppose we must have one; let me see: We have a husband, but if lie was bad we should not want it put in the papers; and if he was exceed ingly good the other women would eiivv us, so we will keep his qualities closely locked in the secrets of our own heart. We have children, but there is nothing peculiar about them that would interest any but ourselves. We have but one Iteii and a rooster. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. and have no imagination to draw more from. We cannot write on poultry, but we have some bees—how will that do for a subject for the TV o man’s Department? Now don't go and put us in the apiary column — that would freighten us out of out wits—but just let us have a social chat with the women about one of the most delicious nectars we have. Now, lady friends, wx would advise you all to get a swarm of bees; you can attend to them yourself just as ■well as a man, it being all light work, and by so doing you will have better health, as it necessitates outdoor ex ercise. A great many of you talk about your flowers: now if you had a swarm of bees your flowers would answer a double purpose, they would both beautify your homes and afford you all the honey you can use. We commenced three years ago with a swarm in a salt barrel sawed half in to ; we transferred them into a mov able frame hive; we use what is call ed the simplicity hive ; it consists ot a box nearly square, we don't just re member the dimensions ; but it will hold ten frames, and when filled with honey they will weigh ten pounds to the frame. Well, we were like all other novices, we had no experience to begin with and have not increased in numbers as we should, but with all our bad management we have lour strong colonies at the present writing; iiotn these we took thirty five gallons extracted honey this sea son, and we had only about three weeks of a season when the early frost cut the honey crop short. Span ish needles were our main crop—-just think, the despised Spanish needle is one of the richest honey-producing plants we have. From protracted wet seasons they have become so thickly set, we fee! sure of a full crop of honey at least,,.. We have no linn, basswood or clover here, but we calculate to get clover started and then we will have au early crop. We think extracted honey the best !or table use, as the comb is the injurious part, but the small section boxes weighing one or two pounds are the handiest to market and find the most ready sale, as people go a great deal on the looks instead oi the wholesomeness of diet. Now, as our article is growing long without saying much, we will close for this time, by urging you all to go into the Lee business.— Mrs. James Cartmix, in Journal and Farm. BANANAS AND PINE-APPLES. Bananas and pine-apples are health ful fruit, and may be eaten at any time or any season of the year, should the sytem be in order. The preju dice that exists in the minds ot some that bananas and pine apples are un healthful and that in some manner they induce fevers is unfounded. The fact is just the reverse, as can be at tested by persons who have visited or lived in the Indies, either East or West. The extremely healthy Ba hama Islands produce the great bulk of pine apples exported to the United States. In those islands it is no un common sight to see the stevedores or stowers of cargo making their en tire meal from the pine apples while laboring aboard. With a sheath knife they cut the skin off lengthwise and slice and cat it entire. It is bread, meat, and water for a meal, without limit as to quantity and gov erned by appetite only. As eaten by thc natives the fruit is not in as ripe a condition as when received in our own markets. For shipment, of necessity, the fruit is cut perfectly green, and not withstanding. it. is at once edible without injurious effects. The nn aeolnnal and stranger can cat his fill without the accustomed caution that one usually receives when thought to indulge too freely in our own domes tic fruits. The effect of actually gorging upon this delicious fruit would not be more than slightly diarrhcetic. Iu no case has there been known to result general sickness, nor has epi demical disease been engendered. Fevers in the tropics are caused, not by eating fruits, but by “miasm” or infectious exhalations, decaying vegetable matter on damp soil, or by night dews in lieu of rain on such matter. In such climates a glass oi pure water may precipitate fever, as it prevades the atmosphere. Bananas, if matured, can have no more injurious effect than well ripen ed apples, which fruit they resemble, having as many flavors and qualities, one being named “ Manzana, ” or apt pie banana; others the fig, etc., to which they assimilate in flavor. This fruit in our Indies is considered equal ly healthful with the pine-apple, and is cut from the foliaccous tree, for home use in the cities and towns of the “Islands.” This fruit matures gradually by absorption of the juices remaining in the gi'eeu, fibrous stalk, and thus fully and naturally matures and uring transportation. Should sickness in the shape of fever come among us, it will be found traceable to other causes than eating of matured fruits, whether tropical, semi-tropical or domestic. From im mature peaches, apples and pears there is more danger to be apprehend ed than from the use of the banana and pine-apples as brought to us. We have yet to learn of the first ease, either hero or elsewhere, where injury has resulted from a lavish use of ri pened fruits. It is possible that the scare about foreign fruits is mere job bery; and, as we hear of but one single cargo of bananas due to this, port during August, the domestic vendors may reasonably subdue their fears. It was stated erroneously by the Record some time since that bananas were imported in the “Autumn to be sold in the Spring,and kept in the interim in ripening rooms. This statement is incorrect. It is only during the cold weather that this pro cess is resorted to, and for a few days only artificial iieat is required, the temperature being made equal to Summer heat. Under a proper tem perature fruit will mature in a few days. However, it is the aim to bring the fruit sufficiently matured to be at once edible and salable. Cargoes are sold and consumed usually upon arrival.—M. J>. m Record. How to Choose a Melon. The following from the Journal of Agriculture , will be welcomed by many, who, in buying melons, never succeed in getting more than a sin gle good one out ot every five: When the melon begins to change color inside and its seed to turn black a small black speck, scale or blister, begins to appear on the outer cuticle or rind. These are multiplied and enlarged as the fruit matures. A ripe melon will show them thickly sown over the surface. A partial develop ment indicates only half ripened fruit. A lull crop ot blisters reveals its per fect ripeness. When hundreds of melons are strewn along the side walk you will have to look pretty sharply to find one that exhibits a satisfactory “escutcheon," to borrow" a term from M. Guenon. But is un failing when found, and by following this rule you may walk away with your melon with tho most entire con fidence. The blister is only to bo seen upon close inspection, but it is plainly visible when that is given. How to Treat tho Hair. A l,uly in the Detroit Free Press, says to all who wish for information on tho care of the hair : My mother let my hair grow until I was four or five years old, then she-’kept it cut, until I was twelve, and-when very,, very young always kept tin* head bathed in bay rum or brandy. It has been growing six year's, and it is thirty-eight inches long and very thick and fine. I always bathe it now in salt and water. If the hair is not cut often while the'' children are young it will never lie thick when they are older.” Two other recipes we give which are excellent. Take three ounces cf pulverized sage, and turn a pint of cold, soft water over it; have it in a tin dish with a cover; let it steep over the fire ten or fifteen minutes: strain it cir, add a teaspoonful of pulveriz ed borax ami the same quantity of salt. Keep iu a tight corked bottle and apply with a sponge or wet cloth by rubbing gently aU over the head, then brush lightly. Use it night and morning. For everything but hereditary baldness it works like a charm. A writer in the Country Gentle man says: ‘-Take of pulverized alum about one-fourtli of a teaspoonful, put this into half a cup of cold water, add to this a teaspooniul of the best alcohol, and with the tips of the fin gers rub this mixture .thoroughly into the roots of the hair. This will pr e vent the hair from falling out and the alchoirol’is very stimulating to the scalp.” Lesral Notices. TN THE CIRCUIT COURT—7th F Judicial Circuit VidiisL. county. William Allan vs. M. M. Hedges and .Tesv plieuc M. Hedges. Amount sworn to, *517.81 The defendants and all others are hereby notified of tho commencement of this suit, that an attachment has been issued, ami that they are required to appear, plead <r demur to the declaration filed in said cause, by the first Monday iu October next, tho same being rale day, or judgment will be taken by default. May 2ft, 1878. JOHN TANARUS). STICKNTA . C. 11. Jil CKNOR. my29w3 riff's Att.v - TN THE COUNTY COURT m l * of Probate, Volusia county. In the Administration of the Estate of Arthur ltossetter, Jr., dececased: Notice ia hereby given that I have been, by tho County Judge of Volusia county, appointed administrator of the above estate, a nd that, all persons having claims against the sumo are requested to file the same with me duly authenticated without delay, and all per sons indebted to the said estate are re quested to make settlement forthwith. Heresford P. 0., Volusia eo., Feb'.v at.! 87;'. A. T. ItOSSETTEK, febllS-tim Admimstrat i >r. On Motion, Ordered Mint election <! i-- tvictNo. 1C b*)'imposed of the following de scribed territory in Volusia county. All of township 17 south, range 2ft east, less that portion lying westet tlic St. Johns river. Also section No's six. seven, eigh teen. nineteen and thirty, in township 17 south, range ill) east, with voting place at Here ■l'oid. On Mottoy. It was ordered that, that portion of section •.‘B. township It), range 33 east, lying south of Spruce creek, and sections 33. 31, and that portion of sections 35 and 3*) lying west of Turnbull creek, in township and range aforesaid.no win eluded in district No. h>, be set oft and included in district No. P. .INO. W. DICKINS. Clerk of Hoard Cos. Commissioner TN CIRCUIT COURT of the Sev *- enth Judicial Circuit of Florida, Volusia Comity. In Chancery. Nathaniel Hasty and Elizabeth P. Hasty his wife vs. W. Howell Robinson. It appearing from affidavit made before me that the defendant above named resides beyond the limits of this Slate, to-wit. in the State of Illinois, so t hat ordinary pro cess cannot, be served upon him. Onniotior of C. B. Duck nor solicitor for complain ant: It is ordered that the defendant do appear, plead, answer, or demur 1 to t he bill of complaint filled in this cause, on or before the first Monday in December next, other wise the same will be taken pro cmifessi . Provided that a copy of this order be pub - lishod weekly for four consecutive months, in an official newspaper published in thin Circuit. Witness iny hand and seal, this 21th da - of July, A. D. 1878. JOHN W. DICK IN s.' 12 21 Clerk Volusia Circuit Court. C. H. BUCK NOR, Comp'lts Solictor., ATOTICE—In the County Court and -L' of Probate. Volusia County, Florida. Notice is hereby given that, after six months publication of this notice, l shall apply to the County Judge of Volusia Conuty, for a discharge from mv adminis tration as administrator of the estate of the late James M. El wood, deceased. Notice is also hereby given that all ac counts against said estate, not exhibited to me within two years after the date of my letters of administration of said estate, to wit., the 3rd day of July a.t>. 1877 will be forever barred. Of which all creditors and persons entitled to disiiilmtion will take notice. A. R. ELL WOOD. 70 35 administrator <V TVIOTICE is hereby given, That the 7 Board of Pnblie Instruction will meet at Enterprise, Volusia county, Florida, on the first Monday in September next to ex amine teachers and to make all necessary arrangements for the incoming scholastic year. . JAW. H.CHANDLER, 11 10 Sec y and County Sitp’t of Schools.