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The Florida Agriculturist.
Yol. 1. Contents of this Humber. Fa go 131—From onr Indian R i ver Corres pondent ; Two Crackers Abroad ; From our Daytona Correspondent; Sait N< pes sary to Animals. Page J 2 the .Stile, poetry; Wild Strawberries; Recipes. l*ag 133 —Wliat I know about Honey Dew; Adv'ntts. l'ago 124—Work for >Bcnteiuber; Through Volusia County to Crescent City: An swer to Correspondence; Floridiaua. Page 135—Locals; llananas; A New Source of Wealth; How Grapes Ripen; Potato Crowing; Adv'mts. Page 126—Sugar; i.ime and Pea Vines; l.egal Notices. Pago 127 —A ltcautil'ul and Hare Flower: Tobacco Poisiouiug; Adv'mts. Page 128—Telegraphic News: Atlv'ruts. FROM OCR INDIAN KITER FOR RESI’ONDKNT. Editor Florida Agriculturist : It is very interesting to compare tlifc temperature of the States to the north of us, with ours, especially \ during a heated term, such as has j lately been experienced by onr fel low - citizens north of Mason and Dix on's line. The day that it was dan gerous to step out of doors in Louis and other cities in the north west, when the thermometer marked 105°, ours was only 02* from 11 a. m. to 2 p. m. It has averaged 88° as its highest average for several i weeks past, while our nights have been deliciously cool and pleasant for “ Nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleep. ' Vet we have bad a hot .Sum mer, rather above the average we ttifltk, as the heat would last longer each day than any Summer heretofore since we have lived on Indian river. What makes onr Summers so very pleasant here is the prevalence of our south east or ocean winds. These winds generally rise from 8 to 10 o’clock a. m., aud blow steadily un-| til about the same tune in the even-j ing. The effect is seen in lowering the thermometer from six to eight degrees in less than an hour. This Summer, however, wo have had more westerly winds than .1 have ever seen here, and consequently more rain-fall. Hot and sultry as it has been, how ever, we have done our allotcd task daily, hoeing, grubbing, cutting, etc., etc., and have felt uo inconvenience— not even a day's sickness. In this respect, wc arc more fortunate than the majority of our neighbors, for in truth there is a good deal of sickness on the river, of a mild type of billious fever, hut nothing dangerous, as far as we know, yet more sickness than we have over known during onr four years here, to put it all together. The prcvalanco of westerly winds sweep ing accross the St. Johns prairies, now covered with stagnant water, is n® doubt the cause. This day i a fair typo of oar usual Summer weather. It is now near ten o’clock, and the thermometer marks 88“. Our soath east wind haa sprung up and is blowing a stiff breeze. Should we go down on the river bank, in ten minutes we would be uncomfortably cool. We arc thus particular about the weather, because all our uorthcru correspondents, anu their name is legion, invariably ask, Can we stand your long hot Sum mers ?’’ I,et them compare our Sg ures under this date with theirs, and they will be answered ; at daylight the thermometer marked 7G®, at noon 88° and.at sunset 82®. Give us your recipe for guava jolly, marmalade, etc., as soon as possible), •• • • A JOURNAL DEVOTED TO STATE INTERESTS. or you will be too late. The “ gude j house-wives" in Hock Ledge ham-! mock are now busy with their pots I and pans, their kettles and jars, their I scales and measure*, while the way j our sugar buckets are sent to the j i store is fearful to behold. j A correspondent of the old Agri culturist, who sought to enlighten us I j on the guava question, said the great ! | trouble with the Florida guavas was,. “ they would not make a jelly that ! | would stand. " Now we doubt i( | j said correspondent ever saw an ounce j jof jelly made from Florida guavas,! in fact we doubt if he ever raised j enough guavas to make a glass of j jelly. Now “ our folks " made some ! yesterday, that not only M ould stand, J but you could Lave rolled it up in a j j paper and carried it in your pocket j • for any distance, without its loosing ! j its “fair proportions " unless indeed, j j you served it as the boy did the stolen ! egg, sit down on it. We have eaten j some guava jelly in our time—the ! imported article —but this is our first I taste of the Florida jelly, and it was i at least equal to the best. The only : difference was in favor of the home- J made article, and that is in the fact; < that it is several shades lighter than ! any of the imported we ever saw. It | is well known that the seed of the | guava will sprout, and as near as we | can learn, all the seed of the genuine guava jelly of the Indies, produce the large Florida guavo when plant 'ed in onr soft. Hut we propose to' speak of this subject again, as we wish to present a few facts in con nection therewith, the exact figures of w hich we do not now have. More anor. Ex Alabamiax. Rock Ledge, Fla., August, 82,1878.' ! TWO CRACKERS ABROAD. I What They saw about Knoxville. I East Tennessee. Editor Florida Agriculturist : “ The Great Kennesaw Iloutc” so licited our patronage. We gave it, and arc satisfied. From Jackson ville to i’ernandina we think it ad visable to pn!l down the blind ami occupy the forenoon with thoughts of home, but in the afternoon there is a pleasant sail up the inside pas sage, and then an hour in the cool of the afternooa for a walk about the green, broad streets of quiet, shady 1 old 1 Irons wick. The next morning j you are iu Macon, aud have time for j an early morning walk among its. mansions on the hills. Dinner at j Atlanta, where the two crackers! stopped off, and while enjoying the kind hospitality of friends, viewed with interest the great city that has grown up from the ruins of the war. By the afternoon train Knoxville is reached at 10.45, and at that hour the two crackers took the “bus” (no charges!) to the Central Hotel, where they found their friend Dow, the “Mighty Hunter of the Halifax," passing the Summer. .lust after breakfast the next morning Mr ; Dickinson’s double seated buggy and i noble span of horses would be ready ! to take him and any of his friends > out to his farm three miles from town, j and 1 low’s newly arrived friends ! were invited to go. The two crack ers went to see a model Tennessee farm, five hundred acres of woodland, field and garden; fifty acres in clover. Seme twelve head of short horn cat- DeLawi, Florida, Wednesday, August- 28, 1878. j tie were turned upon the second crop. | : Wheat produced thirty-two bushels ito the acre, corn one hundred. Veg j etables of all kinds grew in the great- j j est abundance and rankness. Thirty 1 | hives of Italian bees were shown as I the increase of four in two years. About the barns was shown the ! wealth of the place. Dins full of j wheat from floor to ceiling: and on . the outside hundreds of tons in ricks i ! all beautifully thatched in the old \ i English style. One won id expect to ! j see fine stock, and-it was there. A 1 I full blooded short horn hull, aged! two years and three month*, stood j 11.1 hands high, and weighed 1.7001 pounds. He was of bourse a herd book animal, and a near relation of | bis, a cow, sold once for £42,011. : j The previous season Mr. J). had sold } ! three steers weighing in the aggro- : ; gate 5,800 pounds. | lie Uis one ! young cow that gives: sovtfl gallons j jof milk a day. 1 five porker was no- \ j tieed—a Berkshire ‘ time feet high! I and six feet long—will lie killed in | i the fall, and is expected- to weigh ! i 1.000 pounds !,ji Two hundred pounds ; I more than ray horse 1 Think of it, a low minded, rooting pig to weigh 200 pounds more than my Arabian cours er (Florida variety.) The two Crackers rode thought fully to town. There i- a mair in Knoxville who has a ne.v variety of strawberry. It onlj'jgrows to be \ nx iw swrenco. The rnarlref tMW r> MvoYrcr -*■<•.- in from all parte, stalls full and everybody marketing. Eggs at re tail five cents per dozen, wholesale three cents. Chickens ten cents each. The old earthworks of Fort San ders on a hill by the edge of the town make a point of interest. Twelve I thousand men stormed the fort just |as the gray dawn was breaking. The ! ditches were deep and the ramparts steep; unseen wires stretched along the edge of the ditches ; hundreds of men fell over the wires into the ditches, others leaped to mount the fort, but heavy guns swept every and itch and bombs cut to a second fuse were rolled over the banks, the old commander himself standing by the bank lighting them with his cigar and tossing them over; musketry swept the top —seventeen hundred 1 men fell in fifty-three minutes and ! only one got inside the fort, j Arriving in the northern cities dur ! ing the recent red-hot spell the two i Crackers evinced such a decided , partiality for the cooling beverage ' called “soda” that I have thought it appropriate to sigu myself Oxj: Soda Cracker. Forlland, Maine, Au*. 12,1878. —How to cure Goat-hi-the-Yard.— Of the terrible nuisance called goat-in the yard the New York Times hum orist says : “There ie indeed one rem edy which has been extensively ad vertised, and which is honestly be lieved in by many persons who have | never tried it. It is known as a dried | apple cure. The victim of goat-in-the trout-yard leaves a bushel of dried ! apples aud a bucket full of water , where they will attract the attention jof the animal. The goat cats the dried apples,drinks the water, ami im mediately begins to swell, lie swells to enormous dimensions, and finally —so it is said—explodes with a tre mendous report, and is scattered all over the country in pieces too small to admit of identification.” FROM OUR DAYTONA COR RESPONDENT. Editor Florida Agriculturist: With a hearty endorsement of Mr. Manvillc’s excellent article in the ' Agriculturist of August 7, “Hints j to New Comers,” allow me to sag-1 gest an amendment, to-wit: That the : very first thing to be done is to sub- j scribe for the Agriculturist and. buy all the back numbers that can he found. They will prove amine of! untold wealth to the possessor, and inexhaustablo. The placers can be worked and re-worked, month after month and year after year. A preacher once, in Tilicntt, Conn.,! attempted an illustration of the dur- j alien of eternity thusly: “you may multiply the grains of sand upon the | seashore by the drops of water in the ocean, and that by ten thousand times ten thousand—and still the bells will toll in the dark caverns of hell— I‘eternity, eternity, eternity.”'; by | this time the preacher was out of ■ wind. The digestion and practicing of the valuable knowledge, sound ad vice and practical suggestions of the Agriculturist of the past is a job second only to the arithmetical prob lem above quoted, and I warn all men against attempting it without the aid of a large-headed wife or daughter with more leisure than wo men usually got in Florida, to vccon rltirrrttj- -y-wm i furnishes every week, labor enough by its suggestions, to keep busy any ordinary sized family, and I would lot bygones be bygones, were it not that those papers contain matter that is invaluable and that cannot be found so readily elsewhere. They embody the practical experience, the scienti iit theories and the educated thought of nearly everyone of the best horti culturists not only of the State hut. of the whole country, and of the world, and a familiar acquaintance with the contents by the “new comer” will ren der his yoke easy and his burden light—comparatively. A good Deacon in New England j whose “particular vanity” was clams, j and yet whose stomach always re belled most vigorously against the; infliction, prayed once during a sc- j vere cramp colic brought on by un due indulgence—“ Lord spare mo this once, and I promise never to cat an other clam as long as 1 live—very few if auy.” Nothing will lift the burden of life from our shoulders en tirely—therefore I say “comparative ly but the straps that bind it to our back can be padded so as not to gall our shoulders, and the inner man can be fortified and strengthened by the story of those who have traveled the same weary road in advance of ns, and by the guide boards set up all along the route by Redmond, Mason, Manvillc, Codrington aud a score of other equally valuable contributors to the Agriculturist. Of all the struggles in darkness and doubt, the discouragement of many a failure, the annihilation of many a well founded hope and the destruction of many a j seemingly rock anchored castle, that j clouded the years of my first efforts j in Florida, —of all these, Mr. New comer will encounter but “very few, if any." A man cannot expect successful Iv to accomplish a pioneer work, here or elsewhere, without supplying him self with the necessary tools, and in my experience, based upon years of deprivation, there is no tool so essen tial and none that will turn put such j dividends as an investment in a per j manent subscription to the Florida I Agriculturist will secure. J. L>. Mitchell. I SA LT NECESSARY TO AN IMALS. The true value of salt for feeding to animals is neither as well under stood nor appreciated as it should bo by a large class of farmers, and tho best mode of feeding is too frequent ly ignored, even when its,importance is fully admitted. That it is actual ly required by animals is shown by the amount of salt contained in the blood of the human species, it being fully one half of one per cent., and 57.] per cent, of the ashes of human blood. Investigation has proved that where salt is supplied with the food, this proportion is invariable, and where not supplied other parts of tho system supply the deficiency, to theiar injury. What is true of the human species is equally true of our farm stock and animals, which suffer the same troubles when deprived of salt. When the equilibrium ei' any part is S disturbed, the whole system is weak ed, and the animal becomes liable to disease, and the system succumbs when attacked. Salt is a great aid to digestion, and by their resorting to salt licks and other natural sources, previous to and during the early settlement of our country, and by w hat may be still witnessed on the pampas of South America and other w ilds, w hero herds of horses and other cattle travel miles to obtain the much needed supply. It is an undoubted fact that where animals have unrestrained access at all times, to salt, many of the diseases to which they aro liable are warded off and prevented by keeping the system regular. We find that when salt is regularly given them only good results follow, as is evident iu their exemption from disease. Where free access is had to salt, stock will j take only what is needed, but where the supply is iuconstant, a surfeit is i often taken which frequently oper ' ates injuriously. The invariable presence of salt in ! tissues of the body shows conclusive ily the important influence it exerts in the production of flesh and fat in animals. Salt assists digestion by in - creasing the flow of saliva, aiding al so by the promotion of thirst, and • constant flow of fluids, to assist iu dissolving much of the food that oth erwise might bo imperfectly digest ed. Actual experiments carefully • conducted, have demonstrated that where two hogs were fattened, one fed salt in its food, and the other w r ith salt excluded, the one fed salt food fatted very much faster, and in sever al weeks less time. It exceeds ia weight by a considerable proportion tho one led without salt in its food. It is an unquestioned fact that all our food products contain a greater or less proportion of salt in their struct ure, but that tho animal economy re quires an additional quantity, is equal ly true. Farm auimals, when kept at grass, or on green succulent feed, naturally take more salt than when I kept on dry fodder; at least such has ' been my observation.—W. M. W. in ! Country ticntlcnian . • London lu/.u : Young precious : “I shall never inarrv,raa, dear.” Mamma: “Marrv, dear! 'what do you mean ?’ ’ Young precious: “You know, I could not stand your boiag a mothor-in-. law.” • No. 16.