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The Florida Agriculturist.
A JOURNAL DEVOTED TO STATE INTERESTS. Vol. 1. Contents of this Number, Page 128—Mr. ManviUe Explains; From Otir Indian River Correspondent; Some Pine Lemons; Orange City Items; Amer ican Institute Farmers’ Club. i’ago ISO-Trapped in a Car; Nuffin but Groans; Recipes. Page 131—To mate Hens Lay; The King Orange; Silk Industry; Adv'mto. Page IS2—Ths I'aim Tribe; How to Live in Florida; Seme Tropical Fruits; Astro nomical Notes. Page 138—Floridiana: In Biemoriam; Lo cals; Advents. Page 131—Tho Date Palm; Legal Notices. Page 135—Wonders of the Atmosphere; Family Newspapers: Adv’mta. Pago IS£—Telegraphic K< w f ; I ov n 11-. MB. MANYLLLE EXPLAINS. Editor Florida Agriculturist : In your issue of August 21st, a correspondent D>kes exception to cer tain stater- in an article of mine entitled “Hints to New Comers,” which appeared in the Agrioultub iax tor August 7th. I think if J. A. U. 11. will read the mooted sentences carefully, and with regard to the gen eral import of the article, ho will find them perfcctiy clear and uncontradic tory. Considered apart from the context, however, any language may seem somewhat obscure. I will en deavor to explain its meaning so clearly as to remove all doubts from the mind of your correspondent. The 1 •settler in anew country is oconpied 1 in clearing the land, erecting build- 1 ings, fencing and other labors neoea- 1 iary io oetiLliitL him in his ne w um. This often leads to an entire neglect i Of such small (?) mattere as fruit and < vegetable growing for the table, even ( after the greater part of the rough work has been accomplished. The settlers of some of the finest fruit growing sections in the country lived for years upon salt pork, hominy, beans, etc., simply beoause they did not take the trouble to set out fruit trees, the latter now forming their chief source of revenue. Fresh fruit and vegetables are not to bo had in uncultivated portions of the State, away from towns and old settle ments, until some of the preliminary work of clearing has been done and soil subdued. Referring to this fact I made use of the following language: “It is often difficult to obtain fresh fruit and vegetables for the table.” I prooeed to urge 1 hat measures be ta ken to seoure these as soon as possi ble by planting a fruit and vegetable garden, and as an inducement to do this state plentiful supply of fresh vegetables, can be had the whole year round.” It will bo seen that in this sense the two statements are perfectly consistent. I have neither the time nor suffi cient practical knowledge of the sub ject to enter into a general disquisi tion upon vegetable growing in Flor ida, which an adequate answer to the questions of your correspondent would imply. I have no experience what ever in raising vegetables for profit. I will, however, give a list of such as I know from experience or observa tion can be easily grown for home use. Snap beans, tomatoes and “greens,” (collards, mustard and horse-radish,) can be had tho whole year round ex cept when wo have an unusually cold Winter, and then the succession is in terrupted only for a short time in mid-winter. Beets, cabbages, oeiery, lettuce, Irish potatoes, onions, peas, radishes and turnips can be had during the entire Winter and Spring. Planting should be commenced as early as August and September and be contin ued at suitable intervals. Daring the Spring Summer the garden yields green corn, cucum bers, egg-plants, pepper and squash. Sweet corn is generally destroyed by worms in Florida, but Adam's early affords a good substitute and succeeds well. The above should be planted as soon as frost is over in the Spring. An earlier yield will be secured if they are planted during the latter part of the Winter and protected from frost by glass. In the Summer we have in addition to the above, wa termelons, muskmelons, Sieva beans and okra. The later will continue to yield until frost. The time for plant ing is the same as for the above, ex cepting the Sieva beans, which should not be planted until warm, eettled weather. Strawberries are not included in the list of vegetables, yet they can be raised so easily and quickly that they form a valuable ad dition to the garden. By setting out the plants in September, October, or November, a continual succession of this delicious fruit can be had from January until Junc. In common with all garden vegetables they require a rich soil thoroughly drained and con stant aud careful attention. lipen tli * ihe and will keep until the next year’s orop is ready for use. They are very easily grown and to one who has a Yankee taste for pumpkin pies, afford a valuable addition to the cuisine. The Florida pumpkin when young and tender makeß a good substitute for Summer squash, to which they are superior; they are to be had tor a much longer period and are never in jured by worms, as tho latter some times are. Cow, or Florida peas and sweet potatoes arc by no means to be slight ed. The former can be had upon al most any soil daring the entire Sum mer and Fall. When young and ten der they answer admirably for snap beaus, and when old enough to be eholled they form a good substitute for garden beaus. Although the main crop of sweet potatoes is har vested in the Fall, they can be plant ed and dug almost every month in the year. When properly banked in the Fall they will beep over until the following Summer. In the Winter and Spring after being banked for several months they are very sweet and delicious. The time of planting and mode of culture will vary somewhat accord ing to the soil and location. My ex perience in gardening has been con fined entirely to rich hammock lands, and I have never failed to obtain satisfactory results. 1 have seen equally good results obtained from high pino lands, when proper atten tion was given to fertilization and cultivation. The native residents on the high pine lands fertilize their gar den spots by cow penning them. This accomplishes the object very ef fectually and when the stock are to be had is one of the most efficient methods. Where the stock are want ing a home made compost of cured muck, animal mauure and vegetable growth out green is equally good DeLand, Florida, Wednesday, September 4, 1878. i and much more economical. There t is a constant succession of fresh veg ; etables in the Jacksonville market i raised in the vicinity of the city. That this kind of produce is not more plentiful throughout the State is not the fault of the country, but the people. They neglect to take the necessary steps to secure it. A large portion of those who come here from other parts of the country to engage in agricultural pursuits are from stores, factories, and workshops, they possess neither the strength nor tho experience requsite to success. Fail ing to succeed they hecomo discour aged and return to their former homes and circulate unfavorable and damaging reports concerning the State. Whatever disadvantages Flor ida may present to the settlor, the in ability of the country to produce an abundant supply of garden vegeta bles is not one of them. Patient and judicious industry expended upon the soil yield an ample return. Akthue 11. Manville. Lake George, Florida, Sept. 2d., 1878. From Our Indian River Corres pondent. Editor Florida Agriculturist: One of onrgreatest disappointments here, is the fact that we have as yet been unable to grow figs. Now we not only consider.-figs one of the healthiest, bnt one bi the very best fruits that grow. Aflish of fine ones, with rich milk aud oraam, for break fast, —it makes ones mouth water even now., after the lapse of so many years, for rcaly it is “a dish fit for the Gods.” During the fig season in Alabama, we nover consider our breakfast complete unless we have our figs, and when we look up and have them, the idea never enters our head but what they would grow on Indian river. Yet we have tried half a dozen different varieties on all kinds of soil, and all with the most unsatisfactory results. Sometimes they will not grow, then again they make plenty of wood, but no fruit. At New Smyrna on the Halifax, they do well, as we have heard, and why this is not the home of the choicest and best varieties we cannot tell.— Our “oldest citizen” told us some time since, that twenty years ago or thereabout, there was an abundant of figs on the river from Dummit’s down to Jupiter, and they outbore anything he ever saw, but suddenly they ceased bearing, the trees all died, and that was the end of them. Whoever will remedy this defeat in our list of fruits, will indeed prove himself a public benefactor, aud we will agree to boost him up a couple of rounds at least, on the ladder of fame. Our experiments with grape cul ture prove very satisfactory especi ally the scuppemong, and its family. We have a few vines of senpperoongs just coming .into bearing, and they undoubtedly are sweeter than any we ever ate “up the country.” We propose to plant largely of them another season, and expect in the manufacture of wine, to add another to our different sources of revenue. Of ail the different treatises for the manufacture of wine, we think Van Bnrnis will prove most satisfactory. While our neighbors within half a mile of ns havo had plenty of rain, we complain of drouth. Trees generally look well and are growing finely, yet a good rain is needed for potatoes, peas and fieid and garden crops gener ally. The crop of Indian River or anges,promises to be not only large but extra choice the present year, there fore our Jacksonville friends can be gin to make and label their crates. We have never seen a better prospect for fine fruit than in Capt. C. C Will iams grove. It is a sad thought, that he will not be with us to help gather them, for they are on trees of his own planting. A north wind has been prevailing for two days past, aud consequently our weather is most delightful. Add to this the fact that we have no mos quitoes, and could anything be more pleasant ? The hot wave that swept acoss tho North did not reach us, so that take it all in all, it is the most pleasant summer we have ever exper ienced in the State. Ex Alabamia.n Some Fine Lemons. Editor Florida Agriculturist: In accordance with a promise pre viously made, I send you specimens of the lemon which some persons have named the “Bracey Lemon.” Against which nomenclature I enter my solemn protest. This is the lemon, I think, that is to be met with throughout the State and known as the “French,” to distinguish it from of distinctions without a difference, and whatever its merits may be, I claim no credit for it. The bud from which the tree was propagated* was given to me by “ Rose ” the former Stewardess of the “Old Dar lingtoD,” and if it is essentially differ ent from other lemons, and roust have a name by which to dis tinguish it, I suggest that in honor of and in justice to the donor, it be called the “Rose Lemon,” meanwhile I shallcall it by Us old familiar name, the “French Lemon.” “’Tis sweet to be remembered,” etc., but il I can not 'hand down my name to poster ity by any nobler achievement than raising a Lemon tree that someone else gave me, I prefer it should sink into obscurity and oblivion, Reques cat in pace. Tho tree has proved quite hardy— even more so than the orange. The fruit is smooth and well flavored; and commands a high price in the market. Persons wishing budß can have them by the dozen—gratis. Provided they come after them. Smaller amounts in the same proportion. Yours truly, H. D. Bracy. DeLand Landing, August 38tb, 1878. [The lemons are very fine and will command good prices at [the Nojth now. They are good size, juicy, thin skinned and excellent flavor.—Ru.] Orange City Items. Editor Florida Agriculturist : We liavo raised the monotony of the quiet times of this mid-summer heat,- by organizing a temperanco society, under what is known as the Murphey pledge; not to be a secret society. The officers elected were, for President, Mr. H. P. Burrill. Vice President, Mr, George Scamiell. Secretary, W. F. Leavitt. Treasurer, Mrs. Lefflor. The meetings are to bo held on the first Tueaday, after the second Monday of each month, it is intended to make the meetings as pleasant as possible, with music, lectures, readings, etc. Should be* pleased to meet friends from neigh boring towns, at the next meeting, which will be hold September 10th,, at the School House. There was also a meeting on Saturday, at the Hotel in the interest of immigration, which ought to be encouraged by every one. There is quite a bundlo of the Flor ida Agriculturists, received hero every week, and always welcome.— We are proud to have such a valua ble paper printed in Volusia county. We arc anticipating many improve ments here the coming Winter. L. American Institute Farmers^Club. The Pres., Dr. A. S. Heath, in the chair. Mr. John W. Chambers, Secre tary. A Long Island Farming dale, L. 1., writes as follows : I wish to inquire of your Club the best time to break up a eod of ground for potatoes, whether in the Spring or Fall, and, if in the Fall, how soon it must be done. I want to see what kind of a crop can be raised here on Long Island. Mr. Conrad Wilson’s paper on po tatoes was good, but did not give this information. I often see the re ports of your Club in the papers, and am glad to see the attention given lately to Long Island. I am also io■UrSh'kabim men to write their views and experi ence. We want more such writers as Conrad Wilson, who always gives us plenty of facts and figures, tor that is what working farmers like to see. Col. Battersby.—l| would advise him to plow up the sod in the Spring. Mr. Henry Stewart.—To plant,on sod ground it is always best to plow in the Spring for potatoes or corn; if the sod is turned over in the Fall*it will have all disappeared by the Spring and the ammonia generated by its decay will have passed away. Mr. L. H. S., Blossburg, Pa.—l am a novice in farming, and desire infor mation how to utilize a bed of muck on a recently purchased farm. I have in contemplation the making of one or two hundred loads of compost by mixing straw, muck and lime, some time this month to be used next Spring. Questions :—Can muck be made valuable by such a mixture; if so, what quantity of unsiaoktd lime should bo added to overy load of, say thirty bushels of muck ? The Secretary.—ln reply to the questions of Mr. S., I would say that the muck should be taken oat, laid in heaps until dry, it is better to let it lay exposed to a winter’s frost j in the spring this may then be compoßt ed with lime; use about one-sixth of lime, or it may be mixed with the barnyard manure. Dried muck is a great absorbent, taking up all the soluble salt and volatile gases. Great advantage is gained by using dried mack around stables and enclosures where cattle, sheep or hogs are kepi, thus absorbing and deodorizing the liquid excrements, bometimes the application of muck in its natural stato is not followed oy any beneficial effects, and in some cases has been partially injurious. This may be explained as follows: All vegetable substances undergoing oxidation or decomposition, attain a seeming inert or fixed state, and without the application or action of some powerful agent, such as lime, will remain in that condition for a long time. The chairman read the following “Items of interest,to West ern Stock Raisers Kill the orange dogs. " . - No. 17.