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Strawberries. JAKGK CROPS. The season just past has been a beautiful one, and thousands ot bush els of strawberries have been daily carried from the country to the laigc cities, sold at fair pnees and the pro ceeds sent back to gladden the hearts of the growers and help to budge over the dull times. The Delaware Railroad alone, carried from May 6 to June 13, last, 037 car loads, aver aging 207 crates, or 8,000 quarts of berries to each car, making a total of 5,006,000 quarts, equal to 159,200 bushels of strawberries. 801110 idea of the extent ot the \ inelavd, N. J., berry crop may be gathered from the fact that al oue cent per quart, the pickers, this season, have been paid more than 87,000. The straw berry aud blackberry crop, up to July 20, had netted 850,000, and 1)5,000 a week was stiii being received at that date from the last named berry. The Monarch of the West yielded here at Pomona Nursery, on June 15 and 18, two pickings, 2,992 quarts per acre. One woman picked sixty quarts in two hours, or at the rate of a quart every two minutes, being nearly a bushel per hour. One of my neighbors had ton acres in straw berries this year, from which lie gath ered, sonic days in June last, four shelving loads of berries per day, and in all, 39,800 quarts or 1,244 bushels, which sold at eight cents per quart 'brought 83,184. They consisted imainly of Albany, •) ucunda, and 'Cumberland Triumph. Some of them yielded at the rate ol 81.000 per acre- Another neighbor near by bad seven acres of strawberries, con ♦listing of Monarch of the tV est, Turner's Cumberland Triumph and Charles Downing, which yielded 35- 000 quarts. Being all large varieties they may be safely put at ten cents per quart, which would give SSOO per acre, or 88.500 for the lot. IMPROVEMENTS. Perhaps there is uo branch ol fruit culture in which there has been great- j er advance made in size aud qualify of fruit, than in the strawberry. If wo were to compare the little berries grown a few years since with the Monarchs and Triumphs of the pres ent day, wc could hardly recognize them as belonging to the same spe cies. Scientific hybridization, com bining large size, best quality, firm ness of flesh and great productive ness, has produced the most favor able results, and if some law could be passed to protect those who have giv en to the world new and valuable fruits, and place them on equal foot ing with the authors ol good books, jt would be an act of justice. NEOBSSITV FOR l.ot AI, sl.l.l'.'TlON. Strawberries are local in their hab its, and those best adapted to one section may not do so well in another. Persons about to commence growing strawberries should try at least a dozen of the best varieties, so as to be sun and get those most suitable for their soils and locations, and any that, do not succeed with them may be dropped from the list. Jy now procuring plants already established jn pots, which can be transplanted with safety, they can see the fruit next June aud form a better judg ment wliat kind to plant more largely than without that knowledge. V A l!l ITLK>. [ will name a few that have done *dl here, from which a selection can be made for trial: /Had: Defiance, —Early, large and luscious. Duchesse— -Very early ami largo. Beauty —Large and handsome. Centennial —Very fine flavor. Crescent Seedling W onderlully productive, more easily grown with less care than any other strawberry that I Imre scon. Fruit medium size, ■'bright scarlet color, red all or or; as soon as ripe. Charles Jimsning —Good standard variety. Cumberland Triumph —Very large and productive. Good for near market. Monarch of the I Vest —Very large and showy. Miners Greet Prolific —• Large, productive and vigorous. The origi nator being recently deceased, has ]elt a valuable berry to perpetuate his name; let every fruit grower try to do as well. Captain Jade —ls giving the old Wilson a close contest, being as pro ductive uud of better quality. j Great American —Very large and productive, where soil and climate are suitable. Golden Defiance —Large, late and productive. Kentucky —One of the very best late berries. Pioneer —Very large, firm and beautitul. Sharpless' /Seedling —Last but not least, and so far as tried in Pennsyl vania, New York and New Jersey, it bids fair to surpass all others in size, quality fand firmness, of flesh. Being productive and hardy, it suc ceeds well on both light and heavy soils. It is reported that one speci men measuring twelve inches or more, has been sent to Paris lor exhi bition there. Having fruited it two seasons, wc esteem it worthy of the highest praise here, and think it will give general satisfaction elsewhere. — William Parry in Rural N. Yorker. To Blast. Stomps with Dynamite. Continual inquiries from corres pondents all over the country in re lation to the employment of dynam ite for clearing laud give evidence that farmers are willing to avail themselves of any safe and efficient assistant offered in the arduous Li bor of converting stump-burdened acres into profitable farm land. The unanimous testimony of all who have experimented with the preparation of nitro glycerine in blast ing has sot at rest all doubts as to its efficiency, and while as yet the cost of clearing with dynamite in dollars and cents appears to be nearly equal to clearing with ordinary stump-ma chines, the gain iu time and labor is so great as to leave no choice be tween the old and the new method. Therefore the chief obstacles yet in the way of its general use are the tear of the farmer in handling dynam ite aud the inability of manufac turers to send direct small quantities ordered, by the ordinary means of transportation, under the rigorous law s now in force in connection with all explosive materials. The last difficulty is being gradu ally overcome, however, by the estab lishment of agencies throughout the States whose business it is to supply individual wants, furnishing instruc tions in regard to it application, or if desired, accomplish the work of clear ing, these agencies receiving their supply from the head source by car c? boat load on freight train or tug. It would also appear from the tes timony generally given, and from the manufaetu.ers. assurance based on the experiences of their operatives, that when handled carefully and used according to direction no harm need be apprehended. The modus operand> as given in detail by one of the New York man ufacturers for blasting out slumps with rendrock, or dynamite, is as fol lows : First insert ne end of the fuse into the cap which is furnished for the purpose, taking care not to touch the fulminate in the bottom of it. Next squeeze with a pair of nippers, the upper portion ot the cap close around the fuse so as to hold it in position. Then take the cartridge of rendrock, open one end. and with a sharp stick about the size of a lead pencil make a hole in it for the tuse, put the fuse end that has the cap on in, press the powder around it, draw up the paper end of the cartridge around the fuse and tie with a string. If the ground is wet soap well to keep the water from getting to the cap. Next with a crowbar make a hole under the stump as near the cen- ter as possible and close to it, so that the charge will touch the bottom of the stump. I’ut in the charge, leav ing about twenty inches of the fuse sticking out of the hole; tamp the hole well with clav ; pour water on to fill all the places that have not been closed with clay, taking care not to wet the fuse ; light the fuse and get out of the way. If the ap plication has been made with the above directions the rendrock will do its work, and the stump will not only jump out of the ground, into the air, but will be ready to cart into the wood-house when it comes down again. Stutnps having tap-roots may be bored with an augur from the top down into the tap, loading and firing in the usual wav. Single-tape fuse is considered the safest and best according to this manufacturer, who adds to his di rections the following imperative caution: Do not keep caps with powder. Never let them come near THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. •ach other except when used. Do not allow smoking C r fire of any kind near the powder, as it burns with great rapidity, especially when loose, and may fire caps incautiously left near by, and thusjeause an explosion. Handle the caps carefully, aud always use a wooden ramjner. What is Meant by Swamp Muck. By swamp mukk we mean the dark brown or blaokish matter found in our lowlands or swamps. It is a fine fertilize r, from the fact that it contains all the elements of plant food. Decayed vegetable matter makes up the bulk oi' its composi tion ; but with this may be reckoned a goodly proportion of animal mat ter resulting from the dissolution, through generations untold, of in sects, fishes, reptiles, and other crea tures peculiar to the swamps. 80, you see, there could be nothing en tirely wanting. The ash of a good article of swamp muck has been made to foot up in me hundred parts as follows: Lime 17.015 Oxide of iron 34.00 Carbonic acid i SOjJ Potash 1.48 Magnesia 0.30 Silicio acid 0.90 Phosphoric acid 3.55 Insoluble matter 43.39 —Mobile Register. i Sweet Beggar-lice or Indian Clover. The sweet beggar-lice or Indian clover which has recently been called to the attention of agriculturists by some of the Southern, exchanges on account of its value as a fertilizer of the. soil, as pasturage and as forage, is by no means a growth of recent introduction, it having Abeen known in some of the States for at least half a century. Neither is to be con founded with an obnoxious weed having a bur-like fruit or nut with hooked prickles, commonly referred to a6 beggar-lice. Botanically the plant under consideration is classed Deem odium eanescens. It is legum inous, and yields a large amount of seed. Its leaves resemble those ol the pea, the seeds are of an oval-tri angnlar shape, very oily, and their taste is almost identical with that of the pea. Its stalks or stems are soft and fibroug, and are readily mas ticated and digested bvDurees and cattle. An annual, it V?<?vefLhe!ess often springs up from the roots of the previous year’s planting,find the crop of the second season is at vigorous as that of the first. Tn good soil it grows to the height of eight or ten feet, and sends out long lateral branches in every direction. It feeds largely upon the air, amis- it draws sustenance from both eaitii and air. grows with surprising rapidity. Con ditions being favorable,' ;his crop may be cut as man;, as li.ree times in one season. The hay, when prop erly cured, is bright, aroi itic, very sweet and juicy and very nutritious. The proper time for curing it is just i as it is budding and bit. miner to seed. For many years this growth has been utilized in those sect: ns in the South where it. was grown stall, only by pasturing the fields. This was doubtless due to the fact that the process of curing the bay was not well understood, for it is new accept ed by many fanners in Southern Georgia and Florida as a provender for all kinds of stock. Captain E. T. Davis, of Tiiomasville Ga., -,vho has had some ten y ears’ experience with the plant and to w hose reports of the same the public arc largely indebted for information regarding it, says that all kinds of stock prefer sweet sweet beggar-lice to com, eats, fod der. pea-vines or grass hay. its ana lysis shows 16.1 per tent, of albumin oids, and it is specially rich in sac charine matter. In a paper read be fore the Georgia State Agricultural Society Captain Davis said experience has demonstrated that beggar-lice is more easily handled and cured than pea-vino hay and many of the grasses. It should be cut in the morning, and is ready for the barn or hay loft after eight or ten hours in the sun When very heavy and rank it sometimes needs to be turned. If allowed to remain long in the auu it shatters and drops its leaves when handled. It should noi he stored in verv largo bulk. For grazing and soiling pur poses and as a renovator of wom-out and wasted land many < O . espou dents add their testimony to that of Captain Davis in favor of Indian clo ver. A planter in Madison county Florida, who has never cured his clo ver but made use of it in a green state, writes of it as the best of green food, and especially valuable to milch cows, both for abundant flow of milk and richness and flavor of cream and butter. This gentleman also expresses himself with the confidence engend ered by thirty years’ experience j in regard' to its wonderful fertilizing qualities. Among cotton planters the objec tion has been raised in sections where beggar-lice is indigenous to the soil, that it is liable to spring up in cotton fields and hinder the picking and waste the cotton by tangling the lint in the sticky furze on the seed ; oth ers contend that it requires more care to cure aud put up in large quantities than hay or fodder and that the har vesting interferes with the cotton picking. On the other hand its im mense yield per acre, its nutritive qualities, its undoubted value as a renovator of exhausted soils, and the fact that it prevents wasting in a large measure and is a powerful extermin ator ot noxious weeds recommend the beggar lice especially to sections where clover and grasses tail to thrive, or where farmers possess worn out lands or numerous herds of stock. 7V\ V. Work!. I The Strawberry's Chief Need. The impression is still prevalent that the strawberry prefers to all others, a light, sandy soil. Asa rule, such soils are very dry, and plants growing thereon are quickly injured by drought. This erroneous impres sion, which has been brought to my attention several times of late, re minds me of a very enjoyable conver sation that I had with the Hon. Mar shall P. Wilder, of Boston, not very long since. As I remember it, he said that someone bad written to him asking what was the chief .re quirement for successful strawberry culture. He replied in substance: t! ln the first place the strawberry’s chief need is a great deal of water. In the second place, it needs more water. In the third place, I think, I would give it a grert deal more water.” According to my experience this piquant way of putting the truth is scarcely an exaggeration. Bear in mind, thoNuiunsfe be thorough hinder drainage. ft* o water must stand and stagnate on the surface or just under it. This is always iiiiuous. But hav ing secured proper drainage, then the moistcr the land the better. — K P. Poe. in Ilural New Yorker. A Georgia Fmil Farm. The farm of Dr. Hape is eight miles from Atlanta, on the Macon and Western . ailroad, and has been made a station on that road, called llapevillc, which is a thriving little town. The farm consists of 275 acres, of which fully one half is cleared, and 100 acres are in fruit of every de scription, lie has between 4,000 and 5,000 peach trees aud 1,000 pear trees, as many apple trees, and 1,600 grapevines. The larger part of bis peach orchards arc of the early sorts, as these arc the most profitable. Dr. Hape has whole orchards of a single kind of peach. For instance, he has 500 trees in a body of the Early Til lotson, now in bearing. His trees are loaded with fruit, and are a marvel of prolific beauty. He had the Ams den and Alexander peaches first, then the Beatrice, then the .Louise, then the Hale’s early. This latter variety has rotted badly this year. He has a young orchard of 600 Crawford’s Early trees about ready to bear, and also an orchard of the Amelia. The Chinese Clings, the earliest and finest of our clingstone peaches, are about ready to come into bearing. Dr. Hape is the originator of a seedling peach called Hapc’s Early, fiy tho pomological society, that bids fair to equal, if not surpass, any early peach now known, in size, hardiness, capac ity for shipping and beauty. He has thoroughly tested it. It has also been critically examined by the pom ological society, and after severe in spection. unhesitatingly cudorscd as anew and valuable seedling, that gives promise ot being a magnificent addition to the really worthy early varieties. It is a distinct peach of' marked features. T)r. Hape lias been shipping his fruit to New York aud Baltimore, averaging $2.50 Jper bushel, which leaves him a fair profit. He has, however, found Baltimore the best market, as the expenses to New York arc so much greater. He ships in a quarter of a bushel and sixth of a bushel crates, which he makes upon his place, at his own saw mill, costing him about eight cents a crate. He has the fruit gath ered by hand by negro women, aud laid carefully in the crates. The crates are then culled by a careful hand, aud over ripe and* imperfect peaches arc removed. None k but solid, perfect fruit is allowed to be shipped. Fruit just ripe aud mel low is sold in the home market here. The imperfect fruit is given to the hogs. The ripe fruit, too soft for shipment or home sale, is made into peach leather. The peacli is pressed through a sieve, getting rid of the skin and stones. The moisture is then dried out of the peach, and the pulp is made into shoots of pure, sweet peach leather,” as it is called, infinitely better than dried peaches, with all the flavor of the fruit thor oughly preserved. Adding water and boiling gives you peach for pre serves, pastry, sauce or rolls. In the management of his hands Dr. Hape is very successful. He car ries on all his enterprises on shares, giving his laborers an interest in the crop. In this way he makes every thing pay. He gets the most work by this method out of his hands. His grapevines are very thrifty, and well cared for. They are staked and tied up strongly, and pruned judiciously. He has 150 Scuppcrnong vines, but does not speak favorably of his ex perience with them. His vineyards show care and skillful attention. He has all the common varieties, but. I believe prefers the Concord and Del aware. His pear and apple orchards show the same care. The blight has been making havoc in the pear trees in this section. For some reason other Dr. llape’s trees show an almost entire exemption from it. In his large orchard I noticed only two cases of blight. His trees are very vigorous and thrifty. The most at tractive sight on hia favm is the nur sery of young fruit trees. He has fully 60,000 young trees in this nur sery, which covers an extent of over twenty acres and finer, more vigorous, healthy young trees I have never seen. In addition ho has fully 70,- stocks ready for grafting next season. He pays especial atten tion to his stocks, and the result is that he has always very' superior trees. He raises all the finest kind of straw berries—the Monarch of the West, Eclipse, Parmlee’s Orescent Seedling, etc. He made S3OO this Spring sel ling the berries from a small bed, and said that he could as easily have sold a SI,OOO worth, lie says that any man who will raise early and fine fruit can find sale for it. The most signal achievement that I)r. Hape has performed, however, and of which he is evidently the most proud, is the reclaiming of about twenty-live acres of useless marsh land by under-ground draining, mak ing it the most valuable bottom land, of . a productive capacity that can hardly be estimated. lie has done this at a cost of not much more than $250. It lias been a marvelous piece of work, liis drains are all covered. He has tried several styles of drains,. —the log drain, the rock drain and the plank drain, the latter a tri angular drain. As he has his own mill he fiuds the latter the cheapest drain. The worthless bog has been brought into the highest state of fer tility, and I saw crops of cabbages and tomatoes that can not be beaten. l)r. Hape breeds the Essex swine, saying that while not so prolific, they are more quiet and more easily kept than any other breed. He has a fine place, and has done wonders with it. Among his improvements is a fish pond full of fish. He keeps up with all the new varieties of fruit of every kind, giving thorough and scientific tests. He takes gennine interest in ’ the cause of agricultural progress, and will grow in fame and populari ty as a fruit fanner.— Country Gen tleman. The College paper of one of our Western towns speaks of “comic lec tures,’’in place of “conic sections.” —Bead and send away, that is the way to induce immigration. —lnduce your friends to subscribe for this paper.