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StrawleiT.v Unit-tire. ixfivexce op nocAi.rn ov CHARACTER. AVe are frequently asked what va riety of strawberry wc would plant for our own use, and we reply, “ A\ o don't know. 3lanv sorts possess individual mer its and have become like so many friends, each having some good qual ities, and to retain but one to the ex clusion of all others, would be truly an unpleasant separation. Ao one variety will succeed equally well in all sections, and therefore we cannot commend any one as possessing all the requisites of a perfect berry. Some will prove valuable over a greater extent of country than others, fike "Wilson's Albany, and Charles Downing, both of which have in real ity, become public favorites, while even these are in some sections nearly worthless. Some that on our greunds are very desirable, are not worth growing on places within a mile of 11s, and vice verso. Some do well if allowed to run free ly, forming a matted row or bed, while others need keeping in hills or single rows, bv clipping off all run ners. With us, Wilson, Downer’s Prolific, Champion, Crescent, etc., give good results on the former sys tem, while Seth Hoyden, Great Amer ican and Beauty, are notable failures except on the latter. j VAiJLETIES. The Duncan, for earUncss, lino flavor and productiveness, we regard as eminently desirable, it is prob ably too soft for a distant market, but for home use no collection should be without it. Charles Downing, for home use or near market has few superiors. Its large size and beautiful, bright color, make it specially attractive, while in quality and productiveness it is hard to beat. Seth Boy den retains its popularity as a market sort, more for its large size, productiveness and solidity,than for beauty or quality. Being rather l dry-fleshed, it will bear without inju ry more careless handling in trans portation than most others. j. w-~ x carriage well, and but for the green, seedy end of nearly every berry, which gives them the appearance of being unripe, this variety would prove a rapid selling sort, being of very large size and of a bright glossy color. For vigor of growth and quality of fruit this may be commend ed, but on our grounds it is too shy a bearer to grow with any satisfac tion. Its popularity as a marketing berry, in southern Now Jersey, would seem to indicate its being bet ter adapted to a sandy soil, curs be ing a moderately stiff loam and quite stony. Cumberland Triumph and i'Spring dale, both yield a liberal quantity of large, handsome and fine flavored fruit, but arc too soft for any but a near home market. Great American a.i ' Beauty have doubtless disappointed many. That they will do very well grown in matted rows and with but ordi nary cultivation, I do not believe. Jlaving been brought up by the most thorough culture, together with the use of an abundant supply of manurial elements for their perfect development, anything short of these conditions will lead to either partial er entire failure. With a like amount of care and attention to what they receive under Mr. Durand’s manage ment, we know of no reason why, with favorable conditions, they >hould fail to give satisfaction. Crescent Seedling, proves to be a slender grower, but a free runner, and is well adapted for growing thickly, or on the matted row system. Its claims for productiveness seem well founded, and, as quantity is more essential than quality in a market strawberry, the Crescent will doubt less become popular. In size and fla vor however, 1 am obliged to say that I see but little to commend it. Per haps with another, and more favora ble season 1 may have reason to change my opinion. Sharpless atnl Barest'Bose, are ber ries of which 1 expect to report most favorably another year. Offered with the endorsement and commend ations of noted and trustworthy po mologists, I indulge strong hopes that these varieties will prove really valuable acquisitions. In the enthusiastic attention given £0 new varieties, some of the older sorts which have positive merits, arc overlooked and forgotten. The Champion, we believe to be one of this number, ripening an abun dant yield of fruit late in the season, when most others are almost done. Berries are of medium to large size, somewhat acid, but of a sprightly, pleasant flavor. We shall plant it more largely, believing it will prove remunerative. AUVK F, TO PROSPECTIVE STJt.VW- TiEUUT GROWERS. We would advise those who con template growing berries for market, to purchase a few plants of several of the most promising kinds, and fruit them on their own soil for one year at least, carefully noting the character and habits of each. The practical knowledge thus obtained will prove of much value, and save many dollars as well as disappointments. Of late years it has been only the large and choice fruits, that have yielded the grower much if any profit, and this can be had only by thorough culture and liberal fertilizing. Probably well rotted barn-yard ma nure. well worked through the soil before planting, followed by a Winter top-dressing of the same, will give as good results as anything. Not haw ing tested any of the chemical manures prepared specially for fruits, we are unable to speak of their value. —-/. C. 717 If irons in J lured JS r cw Yemlccr. Stain Fair Committee. " We are not as yet in receipt ol an official report from the State fair Committee of the Florida Fruit Growers’ Association, but learn from the Sun and .Press, of Jacksonville, of the Gth iust., that a meeting lias been held and action taken that has been criticised by some other news paper reflecting upon some of the members of the committee. In order, that the public may clearly under stand the authority of this State fail committee, wc reproduce the resolu tions creating it by the Florida Fruit Growers' Association at their annual meeting in Jacksonville, January last: ‘'■Resolved: That this Association, through its corresponding secretary, of the different counties of this State to co-operate with this association in organizing and holding a State fair at such time and place as may he fixed by the majority of such associa tions, and. that action be taken on this Subject as soon as practicable."’ Pursuant to above, the correspond ing secretary called a convention of the agricultural societies, which convened at Gainesville, Florida, i May Ist, 1878. at which was passed the lollowing resolutions: ‘'■Resolved. That the time of hold ing the next State fair bo the third Tuesday in February, 3 879, continu ing four days. v lit sole oh That the place for hold ing the next State fair shall be in the county offering the greatest pecuni ary inducements, such amount not to*be less than two thousand dollars j ($2,000). “ Resolved, That the chairman of this convention and the president of the Florida Fruit Growers’ Associa tion, and a committee of seven, to bo elected by this convention, confer with the different counties as to the inducements to be offered, and deter mine for this convention the place for holding a fair in February, 1879, and to make all such arrangements as are necessary to hold a fair at the time named under the foregoing res olutions. “ Committee—C.Codrington, Pres ident of the Florida Fruit Growers' Association; Dr. C. J. Kenworthy, President of Agricultural Conven tion ; W. D. Uloxham of Leon county; John 1. Inglis of Madison countv; P. is. Place of Alachua county: A. I.Bidwell of Duval coun ty : C. A. Finley of Columbia conn tv ; 13. Iv. Coachman of Levy coun ty; C. E. Parcel!, of Hillsborough county. “ Resolved , That the committee appointed by this convention shall bo known as the State Fair Com mittee of the Florida Fruit Grow ers’ Association.” — I'la. Dispatch. The Utilization of Week*. ltalphWaldoEmerson has described weeds as plants whose use has not been discovered. Too often men are content to call a plant a weed and then proceed to exterminate it with out makiug any attempt to find out THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. its possible uses. An Indian writer, Mr. George W. Strettell, considers from his experience gained in ihe Indian Forest Department that a large revenue might be derived from such plants, especially those yielding fibre—plants which require no care in cultivation, whicli will grow in land utterly unsuited to any other crops, and which yield fibre practically proved to be well adapted to the manufacture of paper and textile fab rics. He advocates the cultivation, at first if need be experimentally, and on a small scale, of several different plants, and especially of one, the Oalo tropis gigantea. The fibre of this plant has-been pronounced by paper makers and manufacturers of textile fabrics as excellent; and he shows convincingly that after allowing for the cost of cultivation and of extract ing the fibre, the raw material might be sold at such a price as to add con siderably to the Imperial revenue. Next to the discovery of plants yielding products now in demand for industrial or medical purposes, we may rank the invention of new uses for the product? of plants now con sidered useless. But a small portion of the vegetable world lias yet, been made tributary tp man; and from past experience if is safe to predict that even the most noxious of weeds may yet prove to be of the highest utility. —Scientific American. How to Prune. “ What do yon think-of my young peach trees?” said a neighbor a while ago, as I was looking at his young trees set last Winter. I said they looked well, only the pruning was a bad job. “Majr be it is,” he said ; “ but a man who ought to know, told me that all the young shoots coming out on the body of the tree for two or three feet up, ought to be cut off, as they were taking' the nourishment from the tree and were of no use, as he should let the trees branch out high er up to fprm the top. I, not being experienced in the matter, took his advice. Now, what is wrong about it?” I tltltV Klaav wrrnnrytj about it: First, the limbs he cut off should have been left to form the top, as it is better for several reasons to. have the top formed low down, and for this reason it was wrong; and if he preferred the top to be higher up, it was a heavy backset to the tree to strip all the young limbs from it now and expose the naked body to the hot sun all Summer. Now I will tell you how I do with my young trees, and why Ido it I. am careful not to disturb the buds on the body of the young trees when I am setting them, so as to encourage the growth of as many shoots as I can on the body of the trees from the ground up. Ido this because it gives protection to the tree from the hot sun and other things, and gives the tree vitality and a stout, stocky growth. It also affords an opportu nity to form the top as I want it. After the young shoots arc well under way, I cut out such as I do not want, leaving some all along from the ground up to form the top*. In this way I can have the top well bal anced, and the limbs at proper dis tances apart, and not too high up. I suffer no forks to form, to finally split down and spoil the tree. The body of a young tree will make nearly twice the growth each season, for several years, if the limbs are left on the body of the tree, than it will if they are taken off. You will find by trying it that a young tree will grow much faster and more stocky by let ting most of the young shoots remain on the body of the tree. I passed through a neighbor’s i young orchard once in company with the owner just as the young shoots were starting all along the body of j the young trees; and as he would | come to a tree lie would strip off all | the leaves and young shoots from the i body of the tree for three or four feet I up, and I observed that his trees made I a very poor growth that season, and i they had to be tied to stakes for sev i oral years to keep them from being 1 blown over by the wind, they grew iso tall and slender. When they came to bearing fruit, he would frequently have as many as half a dozen props about a tree to keep the long, switchcy limbs Worn breaking down. Now I thought this to bo all wrong, and when I commenced growing trees, I pruned close when setting, and J thenjjlet the limbs grow low down on tbe body of the tree, thin ning out as they became too thick, and shortening in when they get too long. I never stake my trees, nor use props for the limbs, but prune so that tire tree will bear its own burden. —JL P. Oxcens in Pacific Rural Press. The Beggar Weed. It comes up about tne first of May or earlier, and grows on anything like good land, to an almost incredible height. It grows so rank, that, in hauling the corn from the field in the winter or following year, shields have to be made of leather to protect the shoulders of the mules. It grows ten or twelve feet high, sometimes higher, and will hide a wagon and team fifty yards distant, and gentle men who raise cattle on it tell me, they are frequently very much troub led to find a large herd at a distance of one hundred yards. It excels any thing I have ever seen. Its advantages are numerous. I have tried iny horse upon it as a forage. I got down off of him once to test it and turned him into a piece of new ground planted in corn, and pea vines. Several stalks of this beggar lice had come up at intervals of fifty yards. The horse was surrounded by green corn, pea vines and grass, yet, with as much sense as a man could exhibit, he went from stalk to stalk, as far as he could see the beggar weed, and ate that without touching anything else; and no wonder, for it is so sweet that you would almost eat it yourself. For butter and milk, it far excels the pea vines. Col. Howarj}—ls it the same beg gar lice that grows on Lookout mountain ? Catt. Davis —l do not know, but think not. It has a hollow stalk; but the oue on the mountain has a woody stalk. Ido not know wheth er that is the effect of the climate or not. It is easily propagated. You sow the seed. They arc not the same as the common beggar lice seed in the hedges. You sow the seed and it grows absolutely as thick as the hair on a dog’s back. I *3 a not I>, 'lit* v o I cxagei'ate. It grows as thick as anything you ever saw in tbe world. It furnishes a perfect shield from the heating rains and heat of Summer, You can cut it and it will come up again. The sample that Mr. Brooks has here is the second cutting of this year. The time to cut it is just when it is ready to seed. Cut it in the morning and take it up in the evening. Last Winter I gave my horses scarcely anything from the middle of Sep tember 1.0 the first of February, but this beggar lice Hogs, sheep and cows will fatten upon it. Its value to southern Georgia, cannot be esti mated. I believe it is worth move than clover to southern Georgia and probably will be of value to upper Georgia, also. I mention this to show the vast resources of this State. Some six or seven years ago I was traveling in Columbia county, Flori da, and stopped with an old gentle man, rather an intelligent man too ; I feigned entire iguorance of this beggar weed. I said to him : “You have got the weeds growing in your field.” Said he: “We call that beggar lice hay. ” “ Is it any account ? ” I asked. “I should say it is,” he replied: “I feed my hogs, horses and cows on it, and it is better for them than com and peas. It is better than cotton seed to manure the land. I can show you now, old fields in Florida, worn out in the Seminole war, and washed away, that have been reclaimed and this beggar lice sown on them, and they arc now the most productive fields in the State of Florida. I know that to be true. An old gentleman, one of the most successful planters in Thomas county, tells me, you may take a piece of land and sow it in beggar lice, and it will produce ten bushels of corn more next year than it would before it was put in beggar lice, and you may cultivate it for ten subsequent years in corn without ap plying any more manure. It depos its a large amount of vegetable mat ter upon the soil. It has a long tap root and goes down deep into the ground. Question. —llow much forage does it make to the acre ? Answer. — I have never known itjto be cultivated by the acre. (Question.— Wow long can you pas ture on it. Ansxcer. —As soon as the corn is off we pasture it, and thence on till Jan uary. Severe cold kills it. When von desire to seed a field with it, you sow the seed at the last plowing of the corn, just ahead of the plow- It comes up and seeds itself ever afterward. You can seed it on very few seed, Question. —What is it that makes so much fertilizing material, when the stock runs upon it ? Answer. —I think sir, it wasts a good deal, hut the tap root especially makes the fertilizer. I knew a gen tleman in Florida who had had a good deal of experience with it, and asked him bis estimate of it as a fer tilizer. He replied, that he reckoned it worth ten bushels ot cotton seed to the acre for corn, applied in the best manner ho could put it in. After the horses and cattle have eaten it down, we put in the hogs to eat it up clean. The hogs will eat the leaves and, fatten on . them. When I first mentioned it, I did so with some delicacy, for the people in up per Georgia now know nothing about it. It is becoming a matter of com mercial importance to us. The plant ers buy and sell the seed. Some of the farmers are turning it under with, great success. If it will grow in up per Georgia our salvation is secured, without rust proof oats and Bermuda grass. The seed will mature about the middle of September. It will make two crops.— lleftyrt Georgia State Agricultural Society. .Jute Culture. The following article on this sub ject is from the pen of 11. 11. Stevens in the Parmers' Vindicator. It may prove of interest to some of our .South ern readers :—“ The months for sow ing arc March, April or May, gov erned by soil and situation. The space in the drills between the plants should be six inches, and the drills should be three and one-half feet apart. The strong and vigorous growing plants should be allowed to seed, and none but seed from them should be used, Sometimes broadcast sowing is adopt ed, but the drill system is preferable. The plant should be cut when in flower and just before the appearance of the pOds, at such times the quality of the fibre is superior. It is gener ally cut near the root, unless the lower end is overrun with suckers. Asa preparation for steeping, the plants after cutting are generally stacked for exposure to the .action of the weather until the leaves drop off, as it is believed that the leaves iif steep ing discolor the fibre. Shal!ow£water, on the border of a lake or the bank of a river, is the best for steeping and cleaning the fibre, and the stalks when placed in the water should be cover ed with brush or timber, or any other material, for the purpose of keeping them under the .'water and also to ward off the sun. The rotting pro cess requires from two or three days to a month, being regulated by the temperature of the water and by the condition of the plant. Examination of it should be made from day to day, after the first two or three* days to determine if the proper degree of rot ting has been attained, which point having been reached, the operator, standing up to his middle in the wa ter, brings the stalks bundle by bun dle to the surface, and seizing the bundle at the smaller or seed end of plant bends double a portion of it about a foot in length. By doing this the inner or woody portion of the stalk breaks, while the outside or fibrous portion, which, by the action of the water has got detached from the stalk inside, remains firm. lie then takes the broken portion firmly in both hands, holding thereby the fibre and the broken portion of the the stalk, and then allows the bundle to float straight before him in the water, and by a series of steady jerk ing pulls at the portion ho holds, he gradually separates the whole length of the fibre from the stalks, the fibre coining off from the woody portion in the way a stocking does from the foot, if pulled from the toe. Another method is to begin at the lower or root end, and proceed as before de scribed Alter stripping enough fibre from the woody portion to form a handful, then take it by the middle and dash it against the snrfacc repeat edly so as to wash oft' the glutinous matter and other impurities, changing the hand so that all parts of it may he Concluded on page 155.