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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, October 30, 1878, Image 4

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All letters on business should be ad
dressed to Agriculturist Publishing
;0., and all BWtteps connected wjth the
AGRICULTURIST, DeLaud, Fla. v>
TICKMB :
TWO DOLLARS a Year, iu Advance.
Single copies, Fivk cents.
A copy to the getter-up of a club of ten.
5y Subscriptions should be sent by draft
postofiice money order on Jacksonville, or
registered letter, otherwise the publishers
will not be responsible in case of loss.
Advertlslnn Bates s
Rates for advertisements furnished on
application by letter or in person.
To Correspondents.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected
manuscripts.
All communications intended for publica
tion must be accompanied with real name,
as a guarantee of gooc’. aitb. Names will
>ibe published if objection be made. No
>E Vinous contributions will be regarded.
Our Agents
fbe following persons afe authorized to
receive subscriptions for us:
Thayer & Sauls, Enterprise, Florida.
Mr. 'Stockton, Sauford.
J. H. Stockjfon, Volusia,
Charles Smith. Olauge City,
Colcord & Felt, Beresford,
Aslimead Bros., Jacksonville,
Dr. Z. H. Mason, Apopka,
S. P. Shepherd, Altamonte,
Capt.H. S. Williams, Rock Ledge, “
M. D. Rising, Stark, ‘ ‘ ,
Lois Lewin &.Co„ Los Angelos, Cal.
Bruce Smith. Los Angelos, “
J. P. Suow, 7 Ex’ge Place, Boston, Mass.
Wm. Estill. Jr„ 27 Bull St. Savauuali, Ga.
If this article is marked your subscrip
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diately, as we can not furnish any more
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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
PUBLISHED BY TIIE
AGRICVLTiRISr PUBLISHING CO.
DfXAND, OCTOBER 30, 1878.
■. _ 11
Work for November.
Protect Lemon and other young
trees that are subject to frost. Pine
boughs placed upright and gathered
at the top, will do for trees of some
height. For larger trees use grass,
tied in bunches.around the trunk.
Remtmberi if you nan-keep the cold
from splitting the bark of the trunk,
your tree will be safe, iov anew head*
is easily formed, as long as you have'
a 'healthy trunk. All kinds of gar
den vegetables can be planted in No
vember ; seeds of Cabbages, Lettuce,
Beets, Carrots, Radishes, Onions, &c.
can be sown. English peas can be
planted; some people advocate the
dwarf varieties, and they may answer
if you only want a dish or two for
the table, but as a paying investment
for the market, they will be found a
failure, for they do not give sufficient
returns. The paying peas are the late
ones, our choice the Black eye and
Marrowfat; Rye, Oats, and Barley, can
be planted ; they make a green pas
ture, and can be fed down during the
winter, without injury to the future
crop. !. ;
Dig and bank Sweet Potatoes, plac
ing the small ones by themselves for
seed, pigs, and poultry. You will
find it easier to assort them as you
gather them up, than to do so from
the banks
Strawberry plants should be fre
quently worked, and watered with a
weak solution of guano; if too strong
you will have large vines and few
berries.
Irish potatoes may bo planted; run
a furrow, in which drop your seed
potatoes, and throw the fertilizer on
top of the seed, and bank up over
as you <lo with sweet potatoes;
frost may cut the top, but it will not
hurt the plants ; in fact on signs of
cold weather, we have seen the earth
drawn completely over the tops, with
out injury. It does not stand, tp rea
son in this State trhat’large flourishing
tops produce the best crop of pota
toes. Too much manure is as bad, if
not worse, than too little. Good
crops may be had by merely laying
the seed; even peelings, on the sur
face of the ground and covering them
over with pine straw; as the tops turn
■yellow, remove the straw, and fine
large potatoes will be found lying on
the surface. It may look ridiculous,
but try it. They may be manured
with ashes, compost, muck or rotted
leaves.
To Protect Orange Trees
from Frost-
If the old stumps in the groye have
not yet been ’remoyed, *they pap, be
made useful as a protection agajlnst
cold weather, in the following man
ner ; dig on one side of the largest
a large hole about three feet deep, be
low the lateral roots, to the small part
of the tap-root; ohip off some of the
outer sap of the root; dig at the
smaller stumps, and cut them out
three feet belpw the surface; then roll
the extracted logs and place them in
the hole near the large stumps; place
light wood, for kindling purposes
around them, and on the appearance
of frost put fire to it; they will burn
the whole night, creating a dense
smoke and a check to the fro6t. The
stumps will not burn out in one night,
so the process may be repeated and
used on every appearance of frost.
Two objects are gained, namely re
moving the stumps, which are an un
seemly sight in the grove, and pro
tecting the trees at one expense. If
your stumps have already been ex
tracted, make piles of wood in differ
ent parts of the grove, ready to be
I fired when required.
Some Liine.
AYe were shown yesterday morn
ing .two stalks of sugaf, cane raised
by a native named Wftieleelc, on Mr.
Cummins 1 place at Waimanalo, Oahu,
measuring about -fen IceU- ;Tf%e fare
about four acres of this cate-owned
by the‘Native,' It was planted .five
months ago. The specimens shown
us, which can be seen at Mr. Cart
wright’s office in this city, will satisfy
anyone that the growth is a wonder
ful one. Such cane will yield not
■ than from six .to seven tfcais of
sugp- ; per aero, four
acres ought to net the native du least
$1,500 after paying all expenses. If
this native can succeed so well, why
do not more ofthem apply themselves
in like manner, instead of idling away
their time to no purpose ? The en
couragement which such cases hold
out to our weenie. should spur them
to exertion, and the result would be
that in a f*w yeaw they would all be
independent.
We copy the above from the Ha
waiian Gazette , of Honolulu. Ten
feet is by no means as long as we
have seen in Florida and the only
reason that we caunot get the same
proportion of sugar is that our sea
sons are not long enough to bring
sugar cane to full maturity we have
seen thousands of acres of much
longer cane than that in the West
Indies and never heard of their giv
ing anything like the estimate of six
to seven tons to the acre. From two
to two and a half tons to the acre is
considered, in Jamaica, a heavy yield
from plant canes. This must be a
different variety of sugar cane to
-what we are accustomed, or tliev
must grow much stronger. Will our
exchange please explain.
Some Interesting Figures.
The following interesting figures
regarding this county were kindly
furnished by John Anderson, Esq.,
County Assessor.
THE FLOETI)A AUEHTETTHTTST.
Acres. Crop.
Cotton (S. I.) 207 43,500 lbs.
Corn 2,035 16,750 bn/
Oats £ 15 “
Cane, returns ' *•'
not reliable, • 55 6,000 gals.
Sugar ret’s not relia’e 200 lbs.
Sweet potatoes 250 25,318 bu.
s Hay t, / 1 . 1 1 ton
Melons for market 1,000
Snap beans, crates, 200
Orange trees 115,000
“ “ bearing 11,050
“ .crop 1,400,000
Lemon tfefes |>osO
~ - erdp ' '*l<M>oO
Banana plants 8,500
“ bunches 460
Peach trees 950
“ crop
Apple trees 3
Scuppernong vines 1,050
Other grape “ 750
Grape crop 70 bn.
Wine made 25 gal,
Bee giims 285
Population, white 2,858
“ black 394
“ total 3,252
As per tax return :
Horses and mules 413
Cattle 11,308
, Sheep i j 391
Hogs 2,186
Acres assessed 183,967
“ improved 3,917
Mr. •■SCui'davant, of Orange City,,
estimates' that there are set out in
that vicinity 50,000 pine apple plants.
I shall take statistics of same next
year, or recommend it to my succes
sor.? /j J ;V :
Since 1876 our tax book has
doubled in size and since 1875 our
tax payers or rather the names of
those who should pay taxes have
just doubled in number, being for
1878, 1,400. The apparent discrep
ancy between this figure and the
our inhabitants is caused
by the large number of non-residents
whose names appear on the books.
The figures that Mr. Anderson
copies, understate in many instances
several articles of our industry. In
sugar alone, some of the old settlers
make and put up, several barrels for
their own use. There are people who
have vineyards of greater capacity
mail Hit o*- LJm estimate, :ilj(j
one man we know has made three
times the quantity of wine,
v
ZeST The llural Yew Yorker of
Nov. ,9th. *witt illasttate (from life,)
and describe their free distribution
of seeds comprising varieties that can
not be "obtained elsewhere, many
having been orginated on their exten
sive experimental farm.
This distribution will .equal in value
the yearly price of the paper itself
This issue will be sent free to all who,
may apply. Address 78 Duane St.,
New York.
rating anew era m horticulture and
agriculture.
Ffttti William Allan.
H s ' ::
Editor Florida Agriadturist : f
The enclosed letter from Mr.
William Allan speaks for itself, and
contains matter interesting to tbe
voters of our county. Please insert
the same in your paper and oblige.
Yours respectfully.
C. B. Buckxon.
Rep. Executive Com.
Enterprise, October 123, 1878.
To
Messrs. C. Bncknor 1
Dr. 11. J. Hammond > Committee.
William James. Ji\ )
Gentlemen : Your letter under
date of Oct. 14th duly received in
forming me of a mass meeting having
been held at Enterprise on that date,
and of my nomination by the same
for member of Assembly.
I mjbßt -respectfully bfcg leave to
inform you and my Republican
friends throughout the county that I
decline to accept the nomination, as I
have all along made these my inten
tions known. I reraaiu most respect
fully, Your obediant servant,
William All ax.
AUandaie, Volusia co., Oct. 19tb, IS7S.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
A Subscriber, Lake Worth. The
article on the Poppy, appeared in the
old Agriculturist, August, lGth. 187 G.
We have sent your letter to the gen
tleman interested in the subject and
requested him to correspond with
you.
Mr. D. R., Stark, Florida. We do
not know ot any Guava that wdl
stand the winter with you, unless the
Chinese Guava will do 60. You can
get plants of them from Mr. Bidwell
of Jacksonville; he can also supply
you with Sago Palms. Consult Bid
well and A. J. Beach, <fc Son’s cata
logues, cf Palatka, for the best oran
ges. “ Hart’s Tardiff, ”is the latest
known.
E. K. L.. New Smyrna, Fla. Bees
do not thrive on high pine land as the
flowers are not honey plants. Flat
wood and Hammock affqrd good
feeding, from the Sweet Bay, Sweet
Gum, Cabbage, Palmetto, and other
honey plants and vines.
Cnpt. H. S. Williams, Rock Ledge,
Indian River, Fla. Thanks for the
Guava Jelly; it is the best we have
tasted in Florida, ic beihg well \>ofl®<i
good color, and retaining the full fla
vor of the Guava. - It should be
worth at least 30 cents per glass, and
ready sale could be found for it, in
Jacksonville, or at the Hotels in the
State.
We have received a catalogue ol
choice fruit trees, tropical and semi
tropical, for sale by A. L. fc E.“ F.
Hatch, of Rock Ledge, Indian River.
Send for a copy and see what they
offer. <
L. J., Mount Royal. Your ques
tion “It makes no difference to you
or to me ” is correct.
We return thanks to B. for his ex
cellent article, which appears on our
10*30, aiixl hope he will jbonlrib
ute more to our columns.
Floridiana.
Geographical Divisions of Florida.
Tlic Florida Ijiujiigninj: divides the State
into four divisions, for the propose of con
venience in loeathig'counties and describ
ing different sections. These divilons have
been generally adopted, and are as follows:
Easxkkx Florida—ls composed of the
eountitst)f Suwannee, Columbia. Alachua,
EeV.Vi Baker, Kaesarn, 'Duval. Bradford,
Clay,St. Johns, Putnam and Mariou.
W est Flori composed of the conn-,
ties of Escambia. Santa Rosa, Washington,
Walton, Holmes, Jackson and Calhoun.
Middle Florida —ls composed of the
coon(ics of Gadsden. JJJbcrty, Franklin,
Leon. Wakulla, .(yliefsou, Madison, Taylor.
Lafayette and Hamilton,
Sjorrii Florida— ls composed of the
counties of Hernando, Sumter, Orange
Volufiia, Brevard, Polk, Hillsborough, Man
atde.Monroe and Dade. ‘
-i- 1 1 - -
• —We challenge Eastern and
Southern Florida now. In the month
of October a magnolia grandiflora is
In bloom in Pensacola. The tn*e is on
the grounds ofi Mr. Wm. K. Hyer,
and is one of many varieties of vege
table growth that shows remarkable
thrift at his place and others on the
elevated and apparently barren lands
of the hill portion of the city. There
as life is our sand—and health where
it is.
—Chickens are scarce, and snak es
are plentyful in Columbia county.
—The Hotel at Drayton Island,
the property of Crosby, was burnt
down last week. Insured for $13,000
and will be rebuilt.
—The City of Jacksonville will
soon have water-works in operation ;
the experimental wells at Springfield
have turned out favorably. 3
—Mr. E. Dean, of San Mateo, prob
ably the largest orange dealer in the
United States, has been purchasing
crops in the interior and along the
St. John’s.
—The Editors of the Immigrant
are fitting np a reading room and
museum in Tallahassee. Contribu
tions of the products of the State are
requested, for exhibition.
—Cotton is selling at six cents a
pund in Sumter County.
V f. T
—A company has been formed in
Jacksonville with a capital of 810,000
to purchase the Fair grounds, for the
purpose of holding fairs and making
the place an ornamental Park for the
City.,
—Work is progressing on the Wal
do fc Ocala Railroad. Capt. Ken
dricks the contractor informs us that
he is laying the ties at the rate of a
mile and a half a day.
Speak Now or Forever Hold
Your Peace.
- 1 f
Subscribers to the Southern Musi
cal Journal will rejoice to learn that
the Grand Premium Drawing for the
§I.OOO Piano, will come oft' at the
Georgia State Fair, to be held at
Macou, Georgia, October 28th. to
November 2d. Each subscriber in
1878 has a chance to win this magni
ficent prize. The Journal, monthly,
one year, with the Premium Piano
Ticket, all for §1.25. Subscriptions
received at Savannah up to October
28th will be in time. Address the
publishers. LUDDEN & BATES,
Bftva*ah, Gft. 1
—The present number , of this
paper contains much interesting mat
ter. f
-of the Board of
Commissioners for Volusia
County.
On motion it is ordered that Elec
tion District No. 6 shall include sec
tions 2, 8 and 11 township 17, range
38 east in addition to its present
boundries and that the same shs>ll be
excluded from Election District No.
10 as heretofore defined.
On motion it was ordered that all
that portion of Election District No.
12 lying east of Indian river and
south of Election District No. 11 be
and is hereby set off from said Dis
trict No. 12 and added to Election
District No. 13.
Locals.
t —lf honest and square dealingean make
a merchant rich. Cap. J.B; Jordan of this
place onghtto be a milliomare.
—Board can be had in ibis place for from
four to eight dollars per week.
—DeYnrman of Orange City expects to
have his hotel tilled this winter.
—John W. Price, the republican candi
drteforthe State, from this district, will
address the people of DeLand on Friday
••evening" Nov. Ist.
. -f-Giit *dge butter at the new store at
DeLand landing, at 25 cents per. pound.
Betiixntt &• Me Conihe, Jacksonville,
have received a large stock’of s-teVes, at
their hardware store, also sashes and doors,
in anticipation of large fall and win
ter 1 trade. Xew cottiers bear this in mind.
—Call at Watkin’s new store at the land
ing if you want fresh, choice groceries
cheap. Don’t forget your interest.
. —Mr. Doyle, of Mellouville, is advertis
ing m ttur columns the Bermuda Onion
seed. He is the only importer of this seed.
Ihe onion is highly recommend. From
now to January Ist is the season for plant
ing—the sooner the better.
% —The new fences recently put up around
Messrs, ierry’s and Harsha &, Moon’s
places add much to the appearance of the
respective lots. They are made with nar
row inch boards nailed on posts and are no
harder to put up than the homely Virginia
rail fence and do not cost very much more,
besides such a fence looks neat and is sug
gestive of thrift.
—Beresford would make one of the choic
est winter resorts for visitors. Situated
9P a pretty lake, just off the St. Johns river,
the land uses to a bight of sixty feet in as
mauy yards, overlooking the whole lake,
and part of the St. Johns. It is also a line
place for orange groves. A flourishing
f’i-L * ITiSpl'i 1 Ti Sp l' i . lls “P there before long.
Cape. A. H. Alexander has a comfortable
boarding house there and can tell all about
the advantages of the place.
—Among the Palatka improvements we
note those of 1!. 11. Brown who is just
completing Ins European House The
rooms are pleasant, neat and attractive.
He will conduct, the house ou the most ap
proved .plan. The waiting room lust off
the dining hall will be nicely finished for
the accommodation of guests and isopen
and welcome to all ladies and gentlemen
who wish either refreshments or, as often
happens wuth strangers, a quiet resting
place. atm meals at all hours, Open
summer and winter. Lemou st., Palatka.
Death of Hon. G. G. Brantley.
tor of thUnnA n Brant, ey formerly Sena-
Pleasure of meeting Mr. BrantW a few
XorM? BUlc , e \ ,n Jacksonville on J |!is wav
Aorth, and lie was theu in the lest of

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