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The Florida Agriculturist.
Vol. [ Contents of this Number. Pae 301—Tropical Nurseries; Fungoid’ Diseases: Another Shot from Dr. Brac*\y. Page 202—My Castle, poetry; Winning a Lord; Lmerald Wit; A Good Story : Soap auci 1 rouble iii Equal Parts; Recipes. Page 303 —Philadelphia's Fruit Consump tion ; Advertisements. Page 204—South Florida Fair; A Chance for lig Growors; Guava Jellie; Cooking Guinea or Dhourra; A Florida Caravan ; Getter from Jacksonville; The State fair; iloridian; Locals. Page 303 Advertisements. Page 306—Rise and Progress of Bee Culture; Figs; Too Close by Half; A New Plan for a Smoke House; Legal Notices. Page 307—My Neighbor’s Lace Lambre quins ; Advertisements. Page 308—Telegrapbio; Advertisements. TROPICAL NURSERIES. British India. Editor Florida Agriculturist: Continued. The most prominent of all the fruits in the East is the Mangoe, and in India you have it in perfection all sizes, shapes, textures and colors, the size varying from that of a mabler to that of a grape fruit, the flavour from that of an incongruous mixture of tow and turpentine in the seedling and inferior varieties (these only used as shade trees) to that combination of all the most flavored fruits of the world blended and apart. The Man go is to the resident oflndia, what the orange and lemon is to a Floridian and the apple, pear and peach, to the northern men. -Their season is the ysnkOLi ot me year and. lasts fully three months. The favorate beauties are named Maldab, Bombay and Soondcrshaw with a host of others all leaving their admirers. The next fruit in order is the Mangosteen, coming into season dur ing the rains in July. In appearance is very similar to the Persimmon of Japan now engaging the attention of fruit growers in Florida, and so closely does it resemble it that the unwary are often victimized by itin* erant venders in the streets of the large cities by having the fruit of the Persimmon thrust upon them instead of the Mangosteen and only to find his mistake by the first bite his mon* ey gone and veuder non est. The flavor of the Mangosteen is unap proachable and unapproached by any fruit I know of, its affinity being with the Cherimoyer .to wich if anything it contests the dalm. The Litchee is another favorite fruit, and a more attractive one never graced a dessert, nor oneto whom the most fasiduous epicure would not do homage ant gorge himself with less attendeut cir stances and still wish for more. The fruit is about the size of a pigeons egg and hangs from every branch of the tree in clusters of 30 or more. When ripe it is of vermillion color, a thin skin easily separated, discloses a white custard pulp enclosing a brown seed of the size of a bean. The fla vor may be said to resemble the sweet water grape, blended with that of the strawberry aud vanilla; in deed new arrivals take to it as natur ally as a duck to the water. It would be a grand accession to Flor ida, judging from the distribution of its range the north of China to the Equator, and I have seen it growing freely at an elevation of 6,000 feet, amongst tea, the cape Jasmine anc crape myrtle. One thing to be known is that seeds would not carry, as they are on the point of germina A JOURNAL DEVOTE© TO STATE INTERESTS. tion as the fruit ripens, and they are utterly useless if kept from the soil over two days. Still seeds could be gathered and sown at once in a War dian case, which would protect them alive during transit hence—a two months journey—and in that way it could be done. Most tropical auc semi-tropical seeds require sowing at once and those who have friends in foreign parts are not aware of this circumstance so that consignment after consignment goes into the ground in Florida, which had better be thrown away—the life germ had long departed and so someone had blundered. The Durian is a thoroughly tropi cal fruit, but one has to have a stron" o resolution to overcome the powerful feted odor of its outer rind, and par take of the delicacy within. It is much esteemed by residents after probation; the Jack fruit likewise has this peculiarity and is relished by some. The Jack is further distin guished, by the best fruits growing on the roots of the tree, under ground and are often as large as a water melon. Ordinarily, the fruit grows on the main trunk and large brandi es, and in no other way could its great] weight be sustained. The Bread-fruit tree is closely allied to the last in .ising which it under goes cooking. The Bananas com prise a large number of sorts, and j * . ’ - w <ry cinds. Such kinds as are in Florida would be considered very inferior and be given to their stock. The best of all Bananas is the one uamed Champa, and this is met wherever you go. No pear can surpass this in mellowness and delicacy of flavor. A plantation ot one dozen plants will supply a Hindoo family with all the Bananas they can use all the year round. The Custard or Sugar Apple is always plentiful and is tantalizing to eat from the number of seeds, en closed in the flesh, but’it is delicious if one has patience enough and good teeth. Its allies, Sour-Sop, Bullock’s Heart, and Sweet-Sop, are scarcely desirable in presence of the Sugar- Apple. Guavas are universal. Some of the select kinds are enjoya ble, but as a rule unless to make jelly they are looked upon with indiffer ence. African Mangosteen. Alligator Pear, llose Apple, Brazilian Cherry, Carambole Dates, Locquot, Persim mons, Pomegranates, Oranges, Lem ons, Limes, Pommelows, as they come and go, keep up a constant succession of fruit in all the cities. (To be continued.) FUNGOID DISEASES. Editor Florida, Agriculturist : “ Fungoid Diseases,” by “A1 Fres co,” in the Agiuctltuuist of the 16th, inst., is in my opinion, calcula ted to create too much alarm and, in some cases, do Berious damage; as for instance, where he advised and caused a friend to destroy an orange tree imported from Japan, and the young trees of a nursery affected by the same disease, “ Mycetoma,” and especially when he advises “ every one owning a grove and detecting the die-back to immediately destroy the affected trees : ” and in an especial case advised, that a grove of a thou sand trees be destroyed, because af fected by the die-hack. Now_tf this DeLand, Florida, Wednesday, November 6,1878. advice were carried out, in jny"'opin ion half the trees in the State would, be destroyed. Certainly more than half of the finest trbes in the afate are affected by this disease. fßut this is no cause of. alarm, though many trees suffer severely by it, and among those orange growers in the State who have lost severely by this disease, I count myJblf one. But I have studied it pretty thoroughly and think I understand of its courses and remedies as also the conditions of nrevention. I think with A1 F % is Fungoid, bat when we corner that there is probably not*a an® mal in this State free ad that every inch oft sjKsfe Ikil* as well as outside of these, yhn 'JEm the spores of various apecie^n<Mp , | many instances the growing nmima. Why should we be alarmed thtmppe or several species flourish orange trees; not only upon our taes'' but upon ourselves. They rot Mid rust everything, and cause fever plin and death in ourselves. I surfc, that I can produce die-byjk in any'* tree in the State where 1 * it grow?, in less than one year, I am also sure that I can cure die-back* in any tree, in most cases where it stands, though , not in all without removal to a more congenial soil. But it®s sufficient at this time to call attention to the LUfcio ..ieiUug ui -Mv Fruitgrowers Association in 1874, and more fully at the Jacksonville meeting in 1875, Reports which I herewith enclose, that you may if you deem it of sufficient importance, re* print some portions of. A word more as to the destruction of the Japan orange tree to get rid of the fungi. It is evident that if these fungi attained such a stage of growth as to produce the symptoms named, they mnst have scattered their spores far and wide; consequent ly, to destroy the tree on which they at first appeared and the nursery tree in immediate vicinity affected by them, was not to “ clean them out. ” They are with us still and will remain with us. The only remedy is to know the conditions which invite their growth and occasion their de structive effects. As to die-back not being found in lemon trees. I have seen it in them, can produce it in them and wild orange trees, though it probably more rarely appears in the lemon and in the wild orange groves before the trees are budded. I must doubt A1 Fresco’s judgement as to die-back first appearing in the grove at Pino island, we have a simi lar soil I think fl ora what A1 Fresco has told me of that Pine island grove this one exhibits similar symptoms but the disease though sometimes mistaken for die-back is not die back, it is die-out certainly. I do, however, agree with A1 Fresco in the main and especially that we should be watchful and vigilant. I will here say, that some of my fiuest bearing trees at the present time are those once affectivedmost seriously with dieback I have tested and proved my theory of the inducing causes and of the rem edies. These prove effectual in every instance and I am happy to see that they—some of them —have been dis covered and confirmed by orange growers in otjher parts of this State ancl in Louisiana and California. I , am also happy to see that the princi ples of orange cnlture stated in my treaties on that subject have been conformed in this and the other states named. I was also flattered, on read ing Mr. Moore’s book, which is a re production in the main of my ideasj to sA that he had not mentioned ray name or treaties, though published in several forms and widely circulated. At some future day not far distant I hope to rewrite correct and enlarge and much improve “ Orange Culture in Florida.” J. H. F. Rosebury, Fla., Oct*, 35th, 1878. The report of the Fruit Growers’ Association, refered to by Professor Fowler, is for sale at this offioe. Ed. Shot from Dr. Bracey. “ Tempora mutanter at cion illis mutamer Editor Florida Agriculturist: . Ten years ago, the old settlers in their simplicity, thought the “ High Rolling Pine Lands,” which in deris taey called “ Sand Hills,” were put there by a kind Providence, 'ld the country together, and af ford them a land transit from the St- Jobn# to the Coast. Then all were eager to obtain a little patch of Ham mock, and did not dream that they would never get back the interest on the moupy the clearing would cost. “ 'Yellow Fine,” is not' superior to Hammock for any purpose, would be called an old fogy. A few are still unconvinced, but then you know, “ A man convinced against his will, is of the same opinion still." I was one of the silly ones that be lieved iu Hammock. One of my neighbors became convinced of the superiority of Yellow Pine, aud tried to show it to me, but I could not then see it. He even through pure disin terestedness, offered to buy me out, or rather swap me out; but when he told me he only wanted the place for a hog pasture, I could not find it in my heart to impose upon him. I knew it was a very poor hog pasture yet I believe if a man can make up his mind to fight mosquitoes all his life, and take one meal a day of qui uiue, and one of “ Simmon’s Liver Regulator,” and will persevere, he may raise an orange grove on Ham mock, in ten or twelve years. True, the insect may be worse and the fruit of poorer quality; the floods may drown him out and the drought parch him up, yet the fact is indisputable that orange trees will grow on Ham mock.. In those early days of prim itive simplicity, it was thought that if a man could t! Cow Pen ” every other year, he might make a meagre support on these high rolling yel low pine lands. Some even disputed whether the natural land would sprout peas. Now we hear of sweet potatoes raised on the natural land, without manure, weighing “ up in the teens,” Mirabile dictu! is “ truth stranger than fiction.” Again we hear of three large orange groves being raised almost to the point of bearing with an outlay of less than SSO for manure. Think of it, you men,of the North and West, who have been using tons of manure to enrich your poor soils. By the bye would it not be well for some man who has “ Yellow Pine” to sell to manure a small plot just to see what wonderful results would follow. I don't remember that I ever saw any land that was for sale that had been fertilized at all. For my part I can not understand why everybody don’t come to Florida and plant five acres in orange grove, on these High Rol ling Pine lands : where there" is no sickness, aud the voice of the mos quito is not heard : where the winters are perpetual spring, and no sum mer’s heat is felt, —The sanitarium, yea the “ Health Resort ” of the con tinent-just think of it. Here are the figures, a preacher’s figures a that. And it “ figures can’t lie ” much less a preacher’s figures. Whole cost of five acres for five years, 61745,68. First crop at a small estimate, 83250,00. Net bal ance, $1504,32. Now this should be so encourag ing that people should flock to Flo ri da till every available acre of “ Hi gh Rolling Yellow Pine,” should be planted in orange groves. The Ham mocks, will not do so well; and toler able only tolerable, ; 11. D. Bracey DeLand Laudiup, October, 26th, tB7B. As a rule, silence, except when duty demands the expression of an opinion, or politeness demauds that we should be agreeable, is commendable. This ju dicious silence, however, is an art that XHATixt avw. ■' ty-£■'** f ' ,* '; T “ ber never attain at all. To say the right thing in the right placeis generally easy; to leave unsaid the wrong thing at the tempting moment is the difficulty. Si lence is the element in which great things fashion themselves, and the strongest feelings are generally those that remain unspoken. People who know much generally speak little, and men who most stir the lives of others lead the most silent and tranquil lives. They feel society to be oppressive be cause it is a hinderance to the exercise of reflection.— Tinsley's Magazine. Then there is the Sunday morning fly. It is not shown why he should be so much worse than any other fly—in fact, it is not shown why he should be in ex istence at all. Still, there is no fact so apparent in the dog-day sultriness aud stickiness as that of his existence. A man never puts forth so extraordinary an effort to make both ends meet as when the Sunday morning fly is present. It is this fly that has the shrillest voice, the quickest step, the hottest foot and the longest teeth. He is cayenne pep per on legs. He is a typhoon Avith spurs. He is -he is—well he is the Sunday morning fly, a beast that gains your ear to abuse your confidence, and employs your’toe forlartesian practices. —Danbury Nexus. It is better that men should make up their minds to be forgotten, and look about them, or within them, for some higher motive in what they do than the approbation of men, which is fame; namely, their duty; that they should be constantly and quietly at work, each in his sphere, regardless of effects, and leaving their fame to take care of itself. Fame comes only when deserved, and then it is as inevitable as destiny, for it is destiny.— Longfellow. A well known divine, in his wise old age, once said to a newly-married pair: “I want to give yon this advice, my chil dren—don’t try to be happy. Happi ness is a shy nymph, and if yon chase her you will never catch her; but just go quietly on, and do your doty, ™d she will come to yon.” , No. 26.