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iLL letters on business should be ad iißsed to Agriculturist Publishing yO., and all matters connected frith the £ tutorial Department to Editor Florida agriculturist, DeLand, Fla. TEItMS: TWO DOLLARS a Year, in Advance. Single copies. Five cents. A copy to the cetter-up of a club of ten. should be sent by draft postoffice money order on Jacksonville, or registered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. Advertising Bates! Rates for advertisements furnished on application by letter or in person. To Correspondents. Articles relating to auy topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All communications intended for publica tion must be accompanied with real name, as a jt-.- rantee of goc ’ aith. Names will the published if c‘:j lion be made. Xo •.ymouscontribu! oi.s will be regarded. Our Agents. ike following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions for us: Thayer fc Sauls. Enterprise, Florida. Mr. 'Stockton. Sanford, .1. H. Stockton, Volusia. Charles Smith. Grange City, Colcord & Felt. Beresford, Ashmead Bros.. Jacksonville, Ur. Z. H. Mason, Apopka, S. P. Shepherd, Altamonte, Capt. H. S. Williams, Rock Ledge, " M. D. Rising, Stark, . ~ , Lois Lewin & Cos,. Los Angelos, Cal. Brace Smith, Los Angelos, " .1 P. Snow, 7 Ex'ue Place, Boston, Mass. Wm. Estill, Jr.. 27 Bull St. Savauuab, Ga. If this article is marked vour subscrip tion has expired. Persons in renewing will oblige the Publishers by stating that they are old subscribers. Those who wish to keep a complete file must renew imme diately, as we can not furnish any more back numbers. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHED EVERY WEDXESDY. PUBLISHED P.Y THE AfiKH l I.TI lUST PUBLISHING CO. DeLAND, NOVEMBER G, 1878. Agricultural Societies- Florida Fruit Grower’s Association.—C. Codrington, pres., DeLand; D. H. Elliot, sec.. Live Oak; D. S. Place, cor. sec.. Wal do. Orange Ridge Agricultural and Immi gration Society.—Dr. It. B. Bennett, pres.; .John Canon, sec.; X. R. Scovel, cor. sec. DeLand, Volusia Cos. Weekly meetings. The South Florida Fair. This fair will bo held at Fort Reid in Orange county in February next, and Volusia county has been in vited to contribute to make it a sac cess, let ns cordially join our sister county and make a great show, for this purpose meetings should be ap pointed in every district and commit tees appointed to collect such articles such articles as may be worthy of ex hibition. The Agricultural Society of this place has already appointed a committee for that purpose and they will be pleased to act in union with others and shew what old Volusia can do. From the Indian river we cau get cocoa nut, pine-apples , banauas, sugar apple, sugar cane and other tropical fruits. We want also samples of sisal hemp, and fibres, rocks, or namental woods, ladies handiwork, samples of cassava bulb,and st arch, ar rowroot bulb, and starch, millets, corn, rice, cotton, sugar, syrup, wines, figs, hay, cured meats.sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, garden vegetables etc., etc., and above all a grand display of shaddocks, lemons, oranges, limes and citron. If the committee will let' us know what they can collect we will then be able to form an opinion as to how much space to apply for. One person from each district should he appointed to take charge of the and join the others at Fort Reid, the day before the fair opens, so as to have them arranged proparly, *** ' t ■’** t-i fit.;.}. I -io<M * m. We will give further particulars. From this exhibit we can choose such things as will be creditable to take to the State fair. We want to see Volusia county bring home that .S2OO premium and SSO flag. How proud our people will be to see that flag flying on the Geo. M. Bird, as she steams up the river. \ou can get it if you only join together, act with spirit and show that you are live men. No use staying at home and groaning against hard times, show people what, 'you can produce and they will bring their money and spend it here. A Chance for Fig Growers. In all parts of the Stale, the Fig flourishes to perfection and the only reason that its cultivation has not been more extended, is, that people were not inclined to cultivate more than they could consume or sell. Drying machines are now so plen tilul and cheap, that there is no ob stacle in the way ol preparing them for market, hut our fruit growers must he sure to grow those kinds that are best adapted for the purpose. What those kinds are, can be known by referring to the catalogue of the nurserymen who keep them for sale. The best time of the year lor setting out figs is now at hand, and the fol lowing letter that we have lately re ceived, may serve as a stimulant to this industry. Editor Florida Agriculturist : We use in our factory large quanti ties of figs, and as Florida figs are ol a very superior quality, we take the liberty to enquire, it there is not a commission house in Jacksonville, which handles figs and from whom we could buy directly. We con sume yearly 80,000 to 100,000 pounds and buy in lots of 5,000 to 10,000 pounds. We use now mostly Smyr na figs, hut would prefer to keep the money in our own country, and to ceive an early auswer we remain very respectfully, Karl Kron Cos. Guava Jellie —Mrs. Lanier’s Recipe. The following recipe for guava jelly has been kiudly furnished us : “ Cut the Guava in five or six slices, do not peal them, put in the preserve kettle, cover well with water, and boil until quite soft, then strain off, and to each measure of juice, put one of sugar, (good dry sugar the best) return the whole to the kettle and boil until it jellies, and if you add the juice of three or four limes or lemons it will jelly more readily, juice to be added at the second boiling. T. C. L. Editor Florida Agriculturist: The above is the recipe my wife uses for making jelly, and usually succeeds finely. One important item is the sugar, the finer and dryer the 6ugar the better. Until we get bet ter transportation in South Florida, we can never do much with the guava only by utilizing them at home. Yours truly, Thos. C. L.vxier Cooking Guinea or Dhonrra Corn. Mr. W. A. Saunders in the Pacific literal Press, gives the following Way of using Guinea, or Dhourra Corn, which grows here ih'perfection and is a common article of food in some parts of the tropics : “ Gather the heads as soon as the kernels are in the milk; rub or thresh out,the grain, and’clean it from what little cliff there is, either by blowing the chaff out or washing it out; then season to taste with salt, pepper, but ter, etc. If thq com is too hard, iie., too much ripened to cook perfectly tender by a few minutes boiling ,ia THE FLORIDA AORICULTURIST. the milk, it should be first boiled in a small quantity of water: as soon as the water is boiled away, add the milk and proceed as before. We eat it as a dish by itself when cooked and seasoned as above. But some times we cook it without seasoning and then eat it with sorghum molas ses, milk, sweetened cream, meat, gravy, etc. In either case what is left over is of the consistency of mush; we cut this into slices and fry it after bacon, or if I am batching it, I run it through a sausage grinder with cold meat, and make an ingre dient of hash, which is my favorite way of disposing of all cold victuals. The pure, white Egyptian corn, grown under favorable conditions, is too palatable when brought to the ta ble in any form to require recipes fol ks use. When ground, I pro! 01 to have it ground like flour, and used for pancakes, fritters, muffins, etc; many persons who use it extensively, have it ground coarse and use the same as other corn meal is used. ’ A Florida Caravan. . After the South Florida Fair at Fort Ried, %here the best exhibits will he chosen for the State fair, can not the people join in making up a big caravan to start from Manatee county and traverse the State, getting accession at every mile or two on their way and picking up the product of the country as they proceed for exhibition at the fair. Say that a certain day was appointed, to meet at Leesburgli with the teams from tha South Florida counties, making ad ditions at Ocala and other places. The large cotton wagons could carry a number of people, have ox teams also, of all sorts and fashions, carts and buggies. .Let those who are mu sicians carry their instruments and Aiiu .-w.av, When you cles in streets and form a town of your own. Carry provisions to last you on the way, and if you meet a neighbor without a team, who is anx ious to go, make room for him. Such a novel sight will attract hundreds of visitors to see a part of the State that they never otherwise would have vis ited, and join in the procession. Let each county appoint officers to com mand the oriler of march and have a commander-in-chief over all. There will be plenty of fun and profit in it, if properly carried out. Letter from Jacksonville. Editor Florida Agriculturist ; Just at this time the question of rapid and careful transportation for the fruit and vegetable growers of Florida is one of paramount interest and in some of its important points is apparently about to be, at least, partially solved by Mallory’s pro posed line of steamships running direct from N. Y. to this city. An other desideratum of this important subject, and the one about which I now intend to write, has been a cheap and convenient box or crate in which to pack. As most of your readers are probably aware this lias been accomplished by a Jacksonville firm, Penniman & Cos., who arc retail ing a good crate at ten cents, but perhaps some of them are not aware of the expense for to. which this firm has been or of tbs rapidity [and cajse witty Jayhich the crate is turned,, The machjne was brought froip Cincinnati, Ohio, and is properly known as the rotary cutter but there kvas fehiiliarly called “ the dragon and on its arrival h*re was nicknamed the “ baby elephant v by the Sun and Press. But cutter,' dragon, or elephant, let your readers imagine a high cumbersome mass of •4* >rti iron, threatening with a myriad of cog wheels from the outside and sup plied, on the inside, with sharp steel and they have a reasonably good idea of the first impression this stranger in the South (indeed there are none like it in the North and but few that can do its work) gives a visitor. To be more exact, it weighs fourteen and one half tons, requiring a six horse power to drive the en gine, a power which is multiplied by the system of cog wheels to 1,500 horse power where it is actually ap plied and it can turn out the side .pieces for 1,000 crates per day. One of the firm was kind enough to show me the way this monster treats a log that is once consigned to its jaws. The log, four feet long, just the length of two crates, having first been subjected to a hot steam bath in a tank of boiling water, to make it cut easily, is run under a huge knife, some four feet and two or three inches long, and is firmly fastened in a horizontal position par allel with the blade. The machine began to move its ugly joints and the log slowly revolved. I watched the operation curiously and saw the blade slowly settling toward the turning log. The log is not to be cut or sawed in the usual way but is to be pealed down to the core, something as if it were a cylindrical apple. The log moves uniformly ! throughout but the blade, which is | lowered by a couple of long screws worked by the machinery, is ar ! ranged to settle faster as it nears the core of the log so that the long ■ sheet of pealing is kept ot a per fectly uniform thickness. The sheet of thin board wjiich is thus pared from the surface of the log is cut to exactly two feet in length, just as it comes to the blade so that it is taken from the machine by the tenders in long sheets varying from four to ■ n 1 r l'h aheptfl or parings are then cut into proper widths for the crates and laid away to dry. This is the principal and only interesting part of the work. Two sizes are made. The board can be pared from the log in thirty different thicknesses, from one twentieth to one half of an inch, so that Messrs. Penniman & Cos. ought to be able to give the public just the grade of crate it wants. Now it my long de scription has not tired yonr readers I hope I have partially satisfied their curiosity, if any, about how crates are made. S. W. H. The State Fair. The State fair will be held at Gainesville on the 20th of February next and continue for five days. The premium list which will shortly be published in our paper, is a most lib eral one and offers prizes calculated to draw out the best of our products. As we desire a comparison between the oranges of California and Louis iana with ours, distinct prizes of §3O each has been offered for the best exhibit from those states, besides being open to compete for other pre miums, we hope they will take ad vantage of this and show us some of their best fruit. The county making the best exhibit will get S2OO and a handsome flag of the value of SSO. Evsay on “Science” in Agriculture. In our next number we will com mence a series of articles on " Science in Agriculture ” ty Professor J; 11. Fowler, of Pout Orange. ' ' *** ** -- ■ - ***. W. W. Douglas of Jacksonville) has bought the Union and Mucuing Traveler newspapers of that city. They will in future be edited 1 by the Wv-H. If- McCallfim on 'Democrat- Floridiana. —The South Florida Journal pub lishes the Premium list of the Orange county fair. —Mr. E. Bean of San Mateo has purchased 1,000,000 oranges in Sum ter county at $12.50 per thousand. —The orange crop of Sumter county is estimated at 4,000,000. —There were nine deaths in Jack sonville in the month of October. —Fair Bn ldihg. The State Fair Building Committee have adopt ed the plan devised by Mr. J. O. Goodale, and awarded him the con tract of erection. The plan of Mr. Goodale is very beautiful and con venient. When the building is erected it will be a credit and an or nament to the town, and will afford ample accommodations for the pur poses of exhibition. The main or centre building is a hexagon of thirty five feet in diameter, or about twenty feet on each side. It is two stories high, the first story sixteen feet and the second eleven feet. There are four wings and front and back porches, which occupy the six sides. The first wings on each side are 30 by 48 feet and run toward the front, right and left. The other two wings are each 30 by 90, and run to the back, right and left. The four wings all run diagonally from the main building and are one story high and well lighted through the root and gable ends. The second story of the main building has a well hole in the lioor 18 feet in diameter, making a gallery around the second story of 8 feet wide, for a picture or art gal lery, well lighted. There are two flights of stairs on the front and two on the back, leading to the porches which open to the gallery. On the top of the main building there will be an observatory 10 feet wide, which overlooks tne city. The judge's stand and seats for spectators of the races are disconnected from the build ing. The entire building is a model of convenience, and affords a variety of space, it will probably cost about $4,000 —Gainesville JYejcs. Locals. n "“Y* e to lose so good citizens iu Captain Rich and his esteemabie lady who leave us next Monday. The Captain hav ing obiamed a position on a railroad in feouth Carolina. May happiness attend them wherever they go. —To the people of DeLand, Volusia Cos. and mankind in general. Greeting: When you yis't Jacksonville don’t fail to callat the Boss Shoe Store ” of Deniary <fc Cos. 85 west Bay street, ff —Mr. Tiderman, of Jacksonville, who advertises in this paper, says: Those who honor me with their orders can depend upon being treated with perfect fairness as my principles are strict honesty. T 'Demary ,V Cos., at 85 west Bay street Jacksonville, take the lead of ill shoe dealers in Florida and sell the best goods for the least money.-Com. tf l.Jmw?’ °i? an 4 wife, accompanied by Mr. G. A. Dreka, arrived last Saturday. no j convenient for you to visit the .your orders for hoots and shoes to us and if goods are not perfectly satis factory they may be returned at our ei pense. Be particular to state size and style of shoes required and we will make the prices to suit. Demary & Cos. tf iu DeLand 131 * Sociely ,ias l,eeu organized —T. B. 8. S., 85 85 85 \Vest bay street. West Bay street. Jacksonville, Fla. tf —C. Delano Esq., and wife of Spring Garden have returned home. —Boots and shoes sent by mail or river boats to any address returnable if not suitable. Give us one trial and he con vinced. Demary & Cos. 85 W. Bay st. tf MARRIAGES. DEWHURST—BRIGHAM. October 24, at Black Point Plantation, by Rev. R. T. Roche, W. W. Dewliuret, and Fanny, daughter of C. D. Brigham. Esq. BIRTHS. On Wednesday the otli inst., Mrs. Anna, wife of B. Frank Colean}, of a Ih>v. DEATHS. On Sunday the third inst,, the infant son of Frank CT. and Eliza E. Thomas, aired six weeks. * <’l!iv county. Al '”' rt ot H^land,-.