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Oooil Culture Requisite.
Soils vaiy in different localities ironi a light sand to a compact clay, and require peculiar treatment in or der to develop fully their capacity of production. No soil will support vegetation unless it contains the nec essary elements which form the plants to be grown, and even then it will not support such vegetation unless the soil is in condition to impart free ly those elements of nutrition; there fore we cultivate our soils. A soil be fi Ued with plant food and still be unproductive, owing to its me chanical condition being such that it cannot impart, or the plauts cannot appropriate the plant food. Any sou, to demonstrate its full capacity for production, needs to be finely nul verized to a good depth, and well mixed. No soil will show its full capacity by merely scratching its sur face. The laws which govern vegetation and growth are the same iu everv va riety of soil, whatever the practices of farming and culture. The first requisite is always perfect seed, and as no plant can perfect itself without suitable soil, this would appear as the second essential. Any one of these essentials being deficient, vegetation and growth will be a partial or total failure. Such being the universal laws of plant growth, it will be read ily seen what an important part in telligent, thorough culture bears in the production of good crops.—TK B. White in Country Gentleman, i A Mystery of Perfume. No one has yet been able to anal yze or demonstrate the essential ac tion of perfume. Gas can be weighed but uot scent. The smallest known creatures—the very momads of life can be caught by a microscope lens and made to deliver up the secrets of their organization, but what it is that emanates from the paunch of the musk deer that fills a whole space for years with its penetrating odor—an odor that an illimitable number of extraneous substances can carry off without diminishing its size and weight—and what it is that the warm summer.brings t<> us from the flowers, mine. So fine, So subtle, so impond erable, it has eluded both our delicate weights and measures, and our strong est senses. If we come to the es sence of each odor we should have made an enormous stride forward, both in hygiene and chemistry, and none would profit more than the med ical profession if it could be as con clusively demonstrated that such an odor proceeded from such and such a cause, as we already know of sul phur, sulphureted hydrogen, ammo nia and the like. Fall Plowing. The thrifty farmer knows full well the advantages resulting from driving his work, and his plow shares are kept bright during the late autumn and early winter by constant use. There is some spare time upon the most busy farm when one, two or more teams can be detailed to plow stubble, level the ridges and turn over the sward. Time is golden in the Spring and every hour now saved counts a day when the future crops are to be committed to the friendly care of our mother earth. The saving of time, however, is the least valuable result of fall plowing. The sun, the rain, the wind and the frosts are most valuable assistants to the farmer, and he is wise who avails himself of their labors. Especially should grass lands aud cold and clay ey soils be plowed as earley in the autumn as possible to enable them to receive the fullest action of the ele ments. In the spring a sreond plow ing and thorough harrowing will render them mellow and friable, when, if not plowed until Spring, they will be tough, lumpy and unman ageable. , ~ In plowing hilly lauds, care should be taken to so run the furrows as to prevent washing by heavy rains. Magnificent fields are sometimes in jured by carelessness in this particu lar, which long years of subsequent care can hardly repair. The eye of an experienced farmer will decide the proper levels with sufficient ex actness, ora cheap, but reliable instru ment can be quickly made for the ** Another point which we wish to make is that the plowed surface should be left as broken as possible. The fancy work of some plowmen is all out ol place, at this time. The best worker, at this season is he who exposes the most surface to the com bined action of frost and air. The fur rows should not be turned fiat, but should lap, and if they are broken at frequent intervals, so much the better. The entire ground should be turned, however, not covered.— Our Home Journal. f A bachejor paragrapher asks: “What Bholl we do with our girls?” Marry one, and shake the rest of them, young man; you’ll find it cheaper in the long run. PATENTS obtained for in ven tors, in the United States aud Europe, at reduced rates. With our principal office located at Wash ington, directly opposite the Patent Office, we are enabled to atteud to all Patent business with greater promptness and de spatch and less cost, than other patent attorneys, who are at a distance from V\ asbmgton, and who have, therefore, to employ “ associate attorneys. ” We make preliminary examinations and furnish opinions as to patentability, free of charges and all who are interested iu new inven tions and Patents are invited to send for a copy of oar “ Guide for obtaining Patents, which is sent free to any address, and con tains complete instructions how to obtain Patents, and other valuable matter. We refer to th'e American-German Nati onai Bank, the Royal Swedish, Norwegian and Danish Legations, at Washington: Hon. Joseph Casey, late Chief Justice U. S. Court of Claims; to the Officials of the Patent Office, and to Senators and Members of Congress from every State. Address: LOUIS BAGGER&Co., Solicit ors of Patents and Attorneys at Law, Le Droit Building, Washington, D. C. 8-59. lliilders' f iiraiMj Hill JACKSONVILLE. FLA.* PENNIMAN & CO.. Manufacturers and Dealers in MOULDINGS, BRACKETS, SCROLL and TURNED ROUGH and DRESSED LUMBER, Sawed and Hived Cypress Shingles, Lath, Fencing, ORANGE BOXES, and ~ VEGETABLE CRATES, &c. SEASONED LUMBER Constantly on hand. CF"AII orders promptly filled. ■O*THE NEW IMPORTED REVOLVER, tgSV With 200 CARTRIDGES, 01) FA ,1 WAT Tatar T4ITT T nofl n lmk. -J hese Re * olvers * re SILVER Mounted, A/.JIJ 11 ENGLISH D U I Its DUtr, 1 Shot. BEST English Steel; Superb Vfclv” Loads more easily and- Workmanship. English Walnut and Rosewood rapidly than ‘ ■Stocks. The superiority of English Firearms other. if well ’ £noWl >. This Revolver is war ranted the STRONGEST Shooter In the market. Every one tested st factory, and stJirLK 'mUfr. - 'Tk. T tlil.KT aeut wllh ■ BUY rns BEST. SAT!sAcno Sent to Kk/y / any address with V. W Cartridges and Full . ‘ receipt packod jjmju SOLE FIRE ARMS CO.. Chicago, 41 UIIU ftmi Bml Gw—m Hjgop || r UItMPIM THE FLOE DA AGEICULTUEIST. E. WOOD, Rom Building, No. 3 Bay Street, over Harkins Bro.’s, Boon* & 6. JACKSONVILLE, PLAIN & OftNAMENTAL PLASTERE . Country Orders attended to. de6-tf REPAIRING! OF ALL KINDS, DONE BY E. M. Penfield. ap2s NEW BRITAIN, Fla. DeYarman’s Hotel, ORANCE CITY, - - Florida. OPEN THE YEAR BOUND. 3-56 H. H. DeYARMAN, Proprietor. Alvord & Kellogg, Wholesale and Retail STATIONERS —and PRINTERS! The largest and best selected stock of Blank Books, Ruled, Plain and Fancy Papers, Envelopes and Fancy Goods, Xn the State. Orange Wraps a Specialty. 11x15, 10x13, 13x13, ALWAYS INC STOCK. We invite dealers to send to us for terms Jacksonville Fla. Jan. 1, 1878. janlO m J- B. JORDAN, Dry Goods,'’Groceries, PROVISIONS, Boots. Shoes, Beady Made Clothing, do., dc. Dealing exclusively for cash I am ena bled to sell at prices unusually low, and by keeping constantly ou hand a choice selectiou of goods, hope to merit the good will and patronage of the whole community. DeLand, May 15.1878. mvlStf J. 8. DRIGGS. GEO. A. PECK. J. S. DRIGGS ft CO., Dealers In cm, ciußi' Glass and Plated Ware, HOUSE FURNISH ING GOODS, Kerosene Lamps, Brackets, Lu terns, Glut deliers, etc., etc. Wood and W How Ware TIN-WARE Fruit Jars, Jelly Tuuli ers, Water Filters Water Cod is, Ac. 13 West Bay St., JACKBOFVI ILK, Fla. deA'l J D. ROSS, ' BLACK! SMITH A I WAGONB AKER, ORANGE (fY, FLA. All kinds of wagon; fuck boards, carts, plows, cultivators, &&made to order ou short notice. tyHaving locatei ftnnanently at Or ange City and compi a large and con venient shop, l am pigged to do all kind of workjm the beet Mier and at reMon Mtr'aTim I gs-s-5 eureka Scale Insect Exterminator! iinple in its application, efficacious m its results. Composed of harmless vegetable ingredients. Does no hurt to the tree. One trial will convince the most skeptical. A pint bottle will suffice for from one to three hun dred trees. Full directions given for use. Price per bottle 50 cents. Manufactured and sold by L. JACOBS, 4-S Mount Royal Postoffice. Fla. EDW. W. STETSON, Successor to D. W. Davis, Wholesale and Retail Dealer In FURNITURE, MATTINGS, ’ MATTRESSES, FEATHERS, COMFORTABLES, DOOR MATS, MOULDINGS, BRACKETS, PICTURE FRAMES, CHILDREN’S CARRIAGES, MOSQUITO NETS AND FIXTURES Window Shades And SHADE FIXTURES. MOSS! J A OKs < >XV 11. L E, Fla. 8-BB McConihe’s Block. Benedict & McConihe, Dealers ia Hardwire and Cutlery, Sash, Doors and Blinds, Stoves and Tinteare, Paints and Oils, Blue snaths and Carpenter's Tools, Way on Material and Agricultural Implements , Iron, Steel, Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles , cfcc HAY STREET. Jacksonville, Fla. Agents for the celebrated Orange Ligli niug Powder. Send for Prcie-Lists. my3t-ly gEE HERE. Have your Orange Trees Budded and ge Unit from three to five years sooner. INDIXEVIKNTS. Extensive experience, cheaprates; work warranted for a small bonus. Addreee. W. A. COOK. aao Beratford. Talneiaco.. Fla OCEAF HOUSE, Mrs- C F. OCHIJS, Proprietress, COU. OCEAN AND ADAMS STS., JACKSONVILLE, - . Fla. QARLETON JJOUSE, Just opened with 25 new rooms aud new furniture. Terms 12.00 per day. Special rates by the week or month. PALATKA, Fla. Guests will find everything for their com fort and convenience. A. SHELLEY, - - Peopbietob OLD RELIABLE PIONEER LINE. Steamer Yolusia, FOB SALT LAKE. . Only through steamer from Jacksonville to Salt Lake. Connects witli t John and Indian river B. R. at Titusville. —THK— STEAMER VOLUSIA Capt. Thos. Lund, WTLL LEAVE CLARK'S WHABF every Saturday at 19 m., for the above noints, touching at Palatka. Welaka, Lake George, Volusia, Lake Beresford. Sanford, Mellonville, Enterprise, and Lake Jeasup. *2 y JOHN CLARK, Agent. FOR Crescent City, TOCOI, PALATKA, SAN JIVTKO, And all intermediate landings, the Steamer Flora, J. F. Rhodes, Blaster, Leaves Jacksonville, foot of Pine street. -Holiday*. Wednesday* and Fridays at $ o’clock a. >r. Returning, ‘leaves Crescent City at 5 A. m. and Palatka at 9 a. m., Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. S. G. SEARING & CO., Ag’ts, Jacksonville. ULIENTHAL, BROS,, A CO., Palatka. FOE SALE A large amount of excellent PINE LAND unrivalled in value for ORANGE AND LEMON GROVES Said lands lie in the immediate viciuity of DaLand, and wil be sold at prices rang ing from $5.00 up- Come and see before yon purchase. H. A. DeLAND. DeLand, May 10th. 1877. Choice Land AND Grape Stock FOE SALE! DeLAND & PARCE, Offer for sale in alternate lots of 5 to 10 acres, to parties who wish to improve the same, portions of the 160 acres known as the Caufield place, a quarter suction well adapted to Orange culture, Grapes and otherfruits or vegetables. Lying mid way between DeLand and the St. Join s river, the highest of the first q uality rolling pine lands, it is rarely equalled in quality or location by any lands in Florida. Also portions of a similar tract of 40 acres, known as the Adams’ place, at De and , at very reasonable rates. Also, contractors for the planting, care and culture of orange groves and vine yards on lands purchased of us. Also, a fine stock of choice nortueru Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom ising, including Agawam, Concord, Hart ford, Ives, lona, Llndley, Massasoit, aletu, &c., all varieties which ripen early and sell well in the northern markets. Prices, 12 cents each, for any number. Ey Address. DeLAND A PARC K 1-52 DeLand, Volusia co ~ Fla I iy Orders left at this office will rwaiva careful attaUon, 211