Oooil Culture Requisite.
Soils vaiy in different localities
ironi a light sand to a compact clay,
and require peculiar treatment in or
der to develop fully their capacity of
production. No soil will support
vegetation unless it contains the nec
essary elements which form the plants
to be grown, and even then it will
not support such vegetation unless
the soil is in condition to impart free
ly those elements of nutrition; there
fore we cultivate our soils. A soil
be fi Ued with plant food and
still be unproductive, owing to its me
chanical condition being such that it
cannot impart, or the plauts cannot
appropriate the plant food. Any
sou, to demonstrate its full capacity
for production, needs to be finely nul
verized to a good depth, and well
mixed. No soil will show its full
capacity by merely scratching its sur
The laws which govern vegetation
and growth are the same iu everv va
riety of soil, whatever the practices
of farming and culture. The first
requisite is always perfect seed, and
as no plant can perfect itself without
suitable soil, this would appear as the
second essential. Any one of these
essentials being deficient, vegetation
and growth will be a partial or total
failure. Such being the universal
laws of plant growth, it will be read
ily seen what an important part in
telligent, thorough culture bears in
the production of good crops.—TK
B. White in Country Gentleman, i
A Mystery of Perfume.
No one has yet been able to anal
yze or demonstrate the essential ac
tion of perfume. Gas can be weighed
but uot scent. The smallest known
creatures—the very momads of life
can be caught by a microscope lens
and made to deliver up the secrets of
their organization, but what it is that
emanates from the paunch of the
musk deer that fills a whole space for
years with its penetrating odor—an
odor that an illimitable number of
extraneous substances can carry off
without diminishing its size and
weight—and what it is that the warm
summer.brings t<> us from the flowers,
mine. So fine, So subtle, so impond
erable, it has eluded both our delicate
weights and measures, and our strong
est senses. If we come to the es
sence of each odor we should have
made an enormous stride forward,
both in hygiene and chemistry, and
none would profit more than the med
ical profession if it could be as con
clusively demonstrated that such an
odor proceeded from such and such
a cause, as we already know of sul
phur, sulphureted hydrogen, ammo
nia and the like.
The thrifty farmer knows full well
the advantages resulting from driving
his work, and his plow shares are
kept bright during the late autumn
and early winter by constant use.
There is some spare time upon the
most busy farm when one, two or
more teams can be detailed to plow
stubble, level the ridges and turn
over the sward. Time is golden in
the Spring and every hour now saved
counts a day when the future crops
are to be committed to the friendly
care of our mother earth.
The saving of time, however, is the
least valuable result of fall plowing.
The sun, the rain, the wind and the
frosts are most valuable assistants to
the farmer, and he is wise who avails
himself of their labors. Especially
should grass lands aud cold and clay
ey soils be plowed as earley in the
autumn as possible to enable them to
receive the fullest action of the ele
ments. In the spring a sreond plow
ing and thorough harrowing will
render them mellow and friable,
when, if not plowed until Spring,
they will be tough, lumpy and unman
ageable. , ~
In plowing hilly lauds, care should
be taken to so run the furrows as to
prevent washing by heavy rains.
Magnificent fields are sometimes in
jured by carelessness in this particu
lar, which long years of subsequent
care can hardly repair. The eye of
an experienced farmer will decide
the proper levels with sufficient ex
actness, ora cheap, but reliable instru
ment can be quickly made for the
** Another point which we wish to
make is that the plowed surface
should be left as broken as possible.
The fancy work of some plowmen is
all out ol place, at this time. The
best worker, at this season is he who
exposes the most surface to the com
bined action of frost and air. The fur
rows should not be turned fiat, but
should lap, and if they are broken at
frequent intervals, so much the better.
The entire ground should be turned,
however, not covered.— Our Home
A bachejor paragrapher asks: “What
Bholl we do with our girls?” Marry one,
and shake the rest of them, young man;
you’ll find it cheaper in the long run.
obtained for in ven tors, in the United States
aud Europe, at reduced rates.
With our principal office located at Wash
ington, directly opposite the Patent Office,
we are enabled to atteud to all Patent
business with greater promptness and de
spatch and less cost, than other patent
attorneys, who are at a distance from
V\ asbmgton, and who have, therefore, to
employ “ associate attorneys. ” We make
preliminary examinations and furnish
opinions as to patentability, free of charges
and all who are interested iu new inven
tions and Patents are invited to send for a
copy of oar “ Guide for obtaining Patents,
which is sent free to any address, and con
tains complete instructions how to obtain
Patents, and other valuable matter. We
refer to th'e American-German Nati onai
Bank, the Royal Swedish, Norwegian and
Danish Legations, at Washington: Hon.
Joseph Casey, late Chief Justice U. S. Court
of Claims; to the Officials of the Patent
Office, and to Senators and Members of
Congress from every State.
Address: LOUIS BAGGER&Co., Solicit
ors of Patents and Attorneys at Law, Le
Droit Building, Washington, D. C. 8-59.
lliilders' f iiraiMj Hill
PENNIMAN & CO..
Manufacturers and Dealers in
SCROLL and TURNED
ROUGH and DRESSED
Sawed and Hived Cypress Shingles,
ORANGE BOXES, and ~
VEGETABLE CRATES, &c.
Constantly on hand.
CF"AII orders promptly filled.
■O*THE NEW IMPORTED REVOLVER, tgSV With 200 CARTRIDGES, 01) FA
,1 WAT Tatar T4ITT T nofl n lmk. -J hese Re * olvers * re SILVER Mounted, A/.JIJ
11 ENGLISH D U I Its DUtr, 1 Shot. BEST English Steel; Superb Vfclv”
Loads more easily and- Workmanship. English Walnut and Rosewood
rapidly than ‘ ■Stocks. The superiority of English Firearms
other. if well ’ £noWl >. This Revolver is war
ranted the STRONGEST Shooter In
the market. Every one tested st
factory, and stJirLK
'mUfr. - 'Tk. T tlil.KT aeut wllh
■ BUY rns BEST.
Sent to Kk/y /
any address with
V. W Cartridges and Full . ‘
receipt packod jjmju
SOLE FIRE ARMS CO.. Chicago,
41 UIIU ftmi Bml Gw—m
Hjgop || r UItMPIM
THE FLOE DA AGEICULTUEIST.
Rom Building, No. 3 Bay Street, over
Harkins Bro.’s, Boon* & 6.
PLAIN & OftNAMENTAL
Country Orders attended to. de6-tf
OF ALL KINDS, DONE BY
E. M. Penfield.
ap2s NEW BRITAIN, Fla.
ORANCE CITY, - - Florida.
OPEN THE YEAR BOUND.
3-56 H. H. DeYARMAN, Proprietor.
Alvord & Kellogg,
Wholesale and Retail
The largest and best selected stock of
Ruled, Plain and Fancy Papers,
Envelopes and Fancy Goods,
Xn the State.
Orange Wraps a Specialty.
11x15, 10x13, 13x13,
ALWAYS INC STOCK.
We invite dealers to send to us for terms
Jacksonville Fla. Jan. 1, 1878. janlO m
J- B. JORDAN,
Boots. Shoes, Beady Made
Clothing, do., dc.
Dealing exclusively for cash I am ena
bled to sell at prices unusually low, and
by keeping constantly ou hand a choice
selectiou of goods, hope to merit the good
will and patronage of the whole community.
DeLand, May 15.1878. mvlStf
J. 8. DRIGGS. GEO. A. PECK.
J. S. DRIGGS ft CO.,
Glass and Plated Ware,
HOUSE FURNISH ING GOODS,
Brackets, Lu terns,
Glut deliers, etc., etc.
Wood and W How Ware
Fruit Jars, Jelly Tuuli ers, Water Filters
Water Cod is, Ac.
13 West Bay St.,
JACKBOFVI ILK, Fla.
J D. ROSS,
' BLACK! SMITH
ORANGE (fY, FLA.
All kinds of wagon; fuck boards, carts,
plows, cultivators, &&made to order ou
tyHaving locatei ftnnanently at Or
ange City and compi a large and con
venient shop, l am pigged to do all kind
of workjm the beet Mier and at reMon
Mtr'aTim I gs-s-5
Scale Insect Exterminator!
iinple in its application, efficacious
m its results. Composed of harmless
vegetable ingredients. Does no hurt
to the tree. One trial will convince
the most skeptical. A pint bottle
will suffice for from one to three hun
dred trees. Full directions given for
use. Price per bottle 50 cents.
Manufactured and sold by
4-S Mount Royal Postoffice. Fla.
EDW. W. STETSON,
Successor to D. W. Davis,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
And SHADE FIXTURES.
J A OKs < >XV 11. L E, Fla.
8-BB McConihe’s Block.
Benedict & McConihe,
Hardwire and Cutlery,
Sash, Doors and Blinds,
Stoves and Tinteare, Paints and Oils,
Blue snaths and Carpenter's
Tools, Way on Material and
Agricultural Implements ,
Belting, Harness, Saddles, Bridles , cfcc
Agents for the celebrated Orange Ligli
Send for Prcie-Lists. my3t-ly
Have your Orange Trees Budded and ge
Unit from three to five years sooner.
Extensive experience, cheaprates; work
warranted for a small bonus.
Addreee. W. A. COOK.
aao Beratford. Talneiaco.. Fla
Mrs- C F. OCHIJS, Proprietress,
COU. OCEAN AND ADAMS STS.,
JACKSONVILLE, - . Fla.
Just opened with 25 new rooms aud new
Terms 12.00 per day. Special rates by the
week or month.
Guests will find everything for their com
fort and convenience.
A. SHELLEY, - - Peopbietob
OLD RELIABLE PIONEER LINE.
FOB SALT LAKE.
. Only through steamer from Jacksonville
to Salt Lake. Connects witli t John and
Indian river B. R. at Titusville.
Capt. Thos. Lund,
WTLL LEAVE CLARK'S WHABF
every Saturday at 19 m., for the above
noints, touching at Palatka. Welaka, Lake
George, Volusia, Lake Beresford. Sanford,
Mellonville, Enterprise, and Lake Jeasup.
*2 y JOHN CLARK, Agent.
TOCOI, PALATKA, SAN JIVTKO,
And all intermediate landings, the
J. F. Rhodes, Blaster,
Leaves Jacksonville, foot of Pine street.
-Holiday*. Wednesday* and Fridays
at $ o’clock a. >r.
Returning, ‘leaves Crescent City at 5
A. m. and Palatka at 9 a. m., Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
S. G. SEARING & CO., Ag’ts,
ULIENTHAL, BROS,, A CO.,
A large amount of excellent PINE LAND
unrivalled in value for ORANGE AND
Said lands lie in the immediate viciuity
of DaLand, and wil be sold at prices rang
ing from $5.00 up- Come and see before
H. A. DeLAND.
DeLand, May 10th. 1877.
DeLAND & PARCE,
Offer for sale in alternate lots of 5 to 10
acres, to parties who wish to improve the
same, portions of the 160 acres known as
the Caufield place, a quarter suction
well adapted to Orange culture, Grapes
and otherfruits or vegetables. Lying mid
way between DeLand and the St. Join s
river, the highest of the first q uality rolling
pine lands, it is rarely equalled in quality
or location by any lands in Florida.
Also portions of a similar tract of 40
acres, known as the Adams’ place, at De
and , at very reasonable rates.
Also, contractors for the planting, care
and culture of orange groves and vine
yards on lands purchased of us.
Also, a fine stock of choice nortueru
Grape vines, remarkably healthy and prom
ising, including Agawam, Concord, Hart
ford, Ives, lona, Llndley, Massasoit, aletu,
&c., all varieties which ripen early and
sell well in the northern markets. Prices,
12 cents each, for any number.
DeLAND A PARC K
1-52 DeLand, Volusia co ~ Fla
I iy Orders left at this office will rwaiva
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