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MALACCA ISi>'S. Planting and Pnmii.g Ilie Vine— Varieties of Crapes— Ouheriiig Porting, Prying and Preserv ing—Prict* ef Labor, etc. Malaga, September 12, 1878. I have now spent some weeks among the growers and shippers of raisins, and will give you the result of my investigations. It is not usu ally an easy task to gain information in a foreign country, but I have been fortunate enough to make the ac quaintance of one of the most prom inent American merchants, W. C. Biven, who has done everything in his power to facilitate my investiga tions, giving me much valuable infor mation in his line, also introducing to me planters and practical men, among them J. A. Marks, proprietor of the famous property La Perla—a thoroughly practical gentleman, who conducts his own place and is con versant with all the details and prac tical points in raisin culture, and to whom I am much indebted for what I have learned. I must confess that my impression of the raisin district was not correct. I had always pictured to myself the Yeja of Malaga, with its fertile land, the home of the rai sin vineyards. This is not the case. A large portion of the moist, rich level land is in sugar cane and other crops, with only a few vineyards; on the higher and dryer portions, as well as the hill sides, are the inajorj ity of the raisins produced. CALIFOBNI-VS RESEMBLANCE TO SPAIN. Any one familiar with California cannot hut be struck with its resem blance to Spain—the same hot, sun burned country, the same red clay and slate and shale. This part is especially like the foot-hills of the fcnerva. Nevada. There are abrupt mountains wholly barren, then there are many little hills which slope off to the sea. These have soil enough in most cases to produce something. Where they are not too rocky they are planted in olives and grapes. Many vineyards are on compara tively level ground on the higher portions of the veja. In the ravines and low flats between the hills where the land can be irrigated, lemons are grown, ’and make quite a profitable crop as they are early in market. A DRY SEASON. This season has been one of unus ual drouth, no rain since April, and everything suffers. The vines havej most ol them, lost their leaves; the lemons that have had but little irri gation arc wilted, and will, if no rain falls, soon lose their crop. Every thing looks dry and parched. They have had but slight rains for the four years past, which makes the springs low. TIIE VINEYARDS. On the rich bottom lauds there are a few vineyards. They are quite thrifty and produce” good crops. They are irrigated in the month of May. Of the character of the rai sins produced I am not able to say with certainty. Some say they are good, and others that they shrivel after being packed, although at first they appear good. By far the great est portion of the raisins are pro duced upon high, dry flats and steep hillsides, some of the vineyards ex tending down to the Mediterranean Sea. The soil, wherever I have been, is a strong, rocky loam, sometimes rod, sometimes more of a yellow cast, very full of stones, in some cases the whole surface was coveied so that no soil could be seen. I have seen vines producing good crops on hillsides so steep that it is with difficulty a person can pick the grapes. In the most thrifty vine yards—those in Yeja—the vines will equal many in California, but those ; tin tint dry land are very small. I These vine-yards are not planted in such regular rows as we find in Cal ifornia, but are often very much out of line. When a vine dies out it is the custom to layer in its place, and if it is a foot or so out of the row it is not noticed; it is not of so much importance as they work the ground wholly by hand, giving it two work ings in the year. THE HARVEST —PRUNING. The harvest commences in dry seasons like this about the fifth of August, and continues about a month’ Upon the richer lands they are later. The reason of their being a month earlier than California I attribute to the climate being milder in April and May, and the nights be ing warmer throughout the year. It may be that their maturity is hast ened by the manner of planting. The crowns of the vines only are level with the surface, the dirt being drawn away from them and hilled up between the rows, leaving the vines in little hollows. The manner of pruning is like ours, by the short spur system, leaving from three to five spill’s, which are cut back to one eye. Sometimes, when the vine is quite thrifty,- a shoot is left some three feet long, but this is not con sidered good culture, and when vine yards are let out they have it under stood that not more than one eye shall be left. AVERAGE YIELD. The average yield is from one to three 4 pounds ot grapes per vine up on the hill and dry plain vineyards. The irrigated vineyards upon the Ve ia produce more, but as they are lim ited, their product would not change the result materially. This low aver age will probably astonish some cul tivators, but it is fully as great .as any I have yet seen, either in France or Spain. KIND OF GRAPES. The only grape they plant here is the Muscatella. No one would think of using any other for raisins. A few other varieties are still among the vineyards for eating, but no other raisin grape is countenanced. The Uva Larga I have seen and taken pains to enquire about, and find that, although cultivated in some places, it is not a favorite here, where the Mus catel can be produced. The price of raisins is unusually low, and the pro duction of Muscatellas in excess of the demand, so that nothing but first class raisins are wanted. The Uva Larga is smaller than the Muscatella, tender and transparent. The raisins look well, but shrivel more than the Muscatella. It has three good sized seeds, and is a very abundant bearer. I will now speak of the character of the grape known here as the Musca tella. I find no one who grows the Muscat of Alexandria, so that they cannot be compared upon the spot. It is above the average size of the Muscat of Alexandria as it is pro duced in California ; although this is a year of unusual drought, it is of a much more delicate character. The skin is thinner, and the seeds much smaller and more tender. It does not have so strong a musk flavor. That it is not the Muscat of Alexan dria, I think any one of experience will see directly. The climate seems perfectly adapt ed to this grape. Their mode of cul ture, working all by hand, and the exceedingly small amount produced per vine, tends to the production of large fruit. I have bearing vines on my ranch at Stockton from a vine yard near Malaga. The grapes are not so delicate as those produceed here, the skin is tougher and the seeds larger. Still they are superior to the Muscat of Alexandria, My vineyard is not favorable to the Mus- THE FIiHBIDA, AfrEieULTBEIjST., cat family .apd J believe there arte many places in California better adapted to their culture than, the heavy soils of San Joaquin, comity. PRYING the GRAPES. Their mode of drying is in the sun upon platforms. Drying by artificial heat is not looked upon as a success. One or two parties who have late grapes finish up their crops in drying rooms. The platforms are built up on the sides of the hills, with an as pect to receive the full benefit of the sun. If the ground is level, which is not often the case, they build a hack side wall of masonry and fill in with dirt. They dry wholly upon the ground using no cement or anything but the earth. The platforms are di vided into beds of about fifteen feet wdie; between each two beds is a path, and on the outside of them is a low wall of stone or brick about ten inches high ; through the center also is a row of bricks; they are to support the cover of boards. The beds are made so, that no rain can get into them from the path. The pitch or angle is from thirty to forty-five degrees, according to the hill; they must be steep enough to carry off the water. Sometimes they are built upon level ground; they then use canvass covers, stretched over the ridge pole. Sometimes cor. rugated iron is used, by having one side of a bed, say eight feet wide, made one foot higher than the other. Boards are mostly used upon the platforms, where there is slope enough to carry oflj water. They are a little longer than the width of the beds, say 16 feet, by 1 foot wide. They are flapped over each other from bottom to top. The iron cov ers are the best, and in the end, per haps, the cheapest. Some people will he surprised, as I was, vo learn that they take no pre caution to keep* the dust from the grapes. They grow by the side of roads quite as dusty as any we have. The platforms are not free from dust. Still, it does not seem to adhere to the raisin. but they say it preserves the bloom. In building platforms, I should .be governed by the locality. If upon rolling land, where the inclination necessary can be had without mnch expense, I should build inclined plat forms ; but upon level land, where stones for back and side walls are ex pensive, I would build a level floor and cover with canvass or corrugated iron. Il necessary to hurry’ up the drying of the grapes, they are covered after three days; but if there is no hurry, the covers are not put on. By fol lowing their method I believe we can dry our grapes in the same time that they do here—that is,fifteen days- I have found grapes under the hoards to be quite warm in the morning, but we must always remember that the nights are always warmer than in California. Canvass covers do not bold the heat as well as hoards, and upon lev el platforms the grapes are from two to three days longer in drying, but are found to be quite convenient in case of rain; the men can work un. der them. Corrugated iron covers are much the best, and keep the heat in. the climate. The climate during the month of August is not so dry as ours—l speak of the country east of the range. Although it seldom rains and the dew is not heavy, the prevailing wind is not so dry. The wind from the north is soft and balmy, contain ing a little moisture, but the eart and south is very dry, shrivelling up the grapes. The south is especially a burning, desiccating wind. Most of the raisins made in California are too,'dry. They should even he covered at midday. We are having quite a heavy rain, and many q.l the platforms have the' remains of 'their' crop lon yet, but they are in no dan ger ot injury. Concluded uext week. i * Mandarin or Tansieriue l In answer to a recent correspond ence relating to the Mandarin or Tan gierine orange, its origin, etc., it ap pears, from a work published under the support and patronage of the French government, on the “Histo ry and Culture of the Orange,” that this variety originated in Mandarin— an island off the north coast of Java —finding its way into China at an early day. It was introduced into Europe in 1828, and is now a gener al favorite in all the orange growing districts in the world. There is nothing to mark the dis tinction of the so-called Tangierine from the Mandarin, audit is undoubt edly the same variety, to which this name Tangierine has attached itself in connection with its introduction and cultivation at Taugiers, in Mo rocco. The description given in the work mentioned above—tree dwarfish, 12 feet being about the largest size. Leaves small and acuminated; fruit flattened on poles; thin skinned, with very little adhesion to the pulp, which is of a beautiful yellow and divided into ten or eleven sections ( easily separated, answers perfectly to that known to us as the willow-leaved Mandarin or Tangierine, as also to the two varieties Tangierine and St. Michael’s Tangierine, sent out by Mr. ! Thomas Rivers, of England, who has cultivated the orange for thirty years and enjoys an enviable reputation as a nurseryman and pomologist, con firms the supposition that Mandarin or Tangierine is one and the same.— A. 1. IHdwell in Sun and JPress. White Tobacco. In Kentucky, it appears, anew va riety ot the staple of that state, has made its appearance in a crop of “ white tobacco.” In a letter to the Mayville Bulletin , Geo. W. Barkley, a tobacco planter, says, that this white tobacco originated on his tam on the Ohio river, three miles above Augusta, Ky., several years ago. His account is, that it grew among his tobacco, which was known as the “ Little Burleigh,” and sometimes called “ Butcher Burleigh.” While growing, it was about three-fourths white, with a small portion of it, of the usual color of tobacco. Some of the leaves were entirely white, and others were partially so. The slocks and stems were all white. Mr. Barkley says, that he does not know from what cause the plants first became white; but he saved seed of the plants and planted the same. They produced a few plants that were perfectly white in color, hut he did not save any of the seed of them. A few of the old seed were sown the following year, and some white plants came to maturity among the tobacco raised. The seed was then saved and sown, and from that time it has spread, until nopj there is very little of other tobacco grown in that dis trict. This is the story as told by Mr. Barkley in the Bulletin. “ Ink can be preserved from mold by putting a clove in the bottle.’’ When Mrs. Spriggins, wife of Mr. Spriggins, of the Homing Awaken er, read the above, she cried excited ly ; “ There! now I know what Mr. S. always carries cloves iu his vest # pocket for!” And the good old unsuspecting soul looked as pleased as if she had just heard of a new way of putting up blackberries. Legal Notices. . 4 , HIVORCE.v' - IN CHANCERY. Henderson \Y. Lour, > In the.Cireuit Court vs. > for the Seventh Fauuie A. Long. ) Judicial Circuit ot # Fla., V olusia Cos. TT APPEARING TO THE SAT -1 isfaetiou of the court that the defend ant in the above entitled case resides out of the State, to wit, in the State of Massa chusetts, so that the ordinary process of law canuot be served upon her. On motion of St. Clair, Abrams & Summerlin solicit ors for complainant, it is ordered that a hearing on the facts cliargedin said bill be had, at Enterprise, Volusia county, on the first Monday in January, 1870. And that said defendant do appear, plead, answer or demure to said bill on or before the day appointed for said hearing and that in de fault thereof the said bill will be taken “pro coufesso,” provided that a copy oj this order be published iu some official newspaper in this circuit for the space ot three mouths, at least, before the day ap pointed for snch hearing. Witness my hand and seal of office this 35th day of September, 1878. John W. Dickins. Clerk Circuit Court. Volusia Cos. Fla. St. Clair, Abrams & Summerlin, Complainant’s Solicitors. NOTICE. United States Land Office. ) Gainesville, Florida, i- Juue 25,1878. ) pOMPLAINT having been entered U at this office by Charles C. Fuller against Luther S. Caldwell for abandoning his homestead entry, No. 1,935. made Au gust 25,1875—up0n the s e j of the n e l of section 36, township 18, range 30 east and lot No. 4, section 31. township 18, s, range 31 east—iu Volusia county, Horida. with a view to the cancellation of said entry. The parties are hereby summoned to appear on the 80th day of July 1878 at 10 o’clock a M., to respond and furnish tes timony concerning said alleged abandon ment beforeCharlesß. Bucknor, U. s. Com missioner at Enterprise, Florida. J. A. LEE, Register, JOHN VAKNUM, Receiver. The hearing of the above is adjourned to October 17,1878. at ten, a. M. C. 15. BUCKNOR, U. s. Commissioner. IN THE CIRCUIT COURT 7th Judicial Circuit, Volusia County, State of Florida. George Sauls ) Attachment. vs. ;• Sum sworn to $141.19. Henry Peters ) The defendant, Henry Peters, and all other persons interested are hereby notified of the commencement of this suit by attachment and are required to appear and plead to the declaration tiled in this cause on or before the first Momlav of March a. and., 1879. E. K. FOSTER, Plaintiff's Att’y. Enterprise, Oct. 16. 1878. 24 42 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT 7th Judicial Circuit, Volusia County, State of Florida. William S. Thayer and! John Sauls, partners, | By Attachment, doing business under }• Sum sworn to the name of Thayer & | $1,094.87. Sauls, I vs. Henry Peters. The defendant, Henry Peters, and all other persons interested, are notified of the commencement, by attachment, of this suit and are hereby required to appear and plead to the declaration filed in this action on or before the first Monday in March a. and., 1879. E. K. FOSTER. Plaintiff’s Att’y. Enterprise, Oct. 16, 1878. 24 42 ~ EXECUTOR’S NOTICE. MOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN d* to all persons indebted to the estate of the late J. J. Jones, late of Volusia county, deceased, to make immediate payment of their debts to us, and all persons having claims and demands against said estate are notified to present the same duly authen ticated, within two years from this date. Otherwise the same will be barred. Dated Btb Oct., a. and, 1878. Address, ROBERT JONES ) Kverlllftl . 3 or WILLIAM JONES j Lxecut °i 3 - 23 30 TN CIRCUIT COURT of the Sev -*- enth Judicial Circuit of Florida, Volusia County. In Chancery. Nathaniel Hasty audElizabeth P. Hasty Ins wife vs. W. Howell Robinson. It appearing from affidavit made before me that the defendant above named resides beyond the limits of this State, to-wit. iu the State of Illinois, so that ordinary pro cess cannot beserved upon him. On motion of C. B. Buckuor solicitor for complain ant : It is ordered that the defendant do appear, plead, answer, or demur to the bill of complaint filled in this cause, on or before the first Monday in December next, other wise the same will be taken pro confesso Provided that a copy of this order be pub lished weekly for four consecutive mouths, in an official newspaper published in this Circuit. Witness my hand and seal, this 24th day of July, A. D. 1878. JOHN W. DICKINS. 12 80 Clerk Volusia Circuit Court. C. B. BUCKNOR, CompTts obetor MOTICE—In the County Court and -*■’ of Probate. Volusia County, Florida. Notice is hereby given that after six months publication of this notice, I shall apply to the County Judge of Volusia County, for a discharge from my adminis tration as administratorof the estate of the late James M. Elwood, deceased. Notice is also hereby given that all ac counts against said estate, not exhibited to me within two years after the date of my lettersof administration of said eetate, to wit., the 3rd day of July a. and. 1877 will be forver barred. Of which all creditors and persons entitled to distribution will ake notice. A. R. ELWOOD, administrator &c.