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All letters on business should be a .'ressed to Agriculturist Publishing ?o. t and all matters connected with the Editorial Department to Editor Florida agriculturist, DeLand, Fla. TERMS x Ttvu DOLLARS a Year, in Advance. Single copies. Five cents. A copy to the getter-up of a club of ten. should be sent by draft pastoffice money order on Jacksonville, or egistered letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in Case of loss. Advertising Bates < Sates for advertisements furnished on application by letter or in person. • To Correspondents. Articled relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscripts. All communications intended for publica tion must be accompanied with real name, as a guarantee of good aitb. Names will >tbe published if objeotion be made.. No ,rnvmous contributions will be regarded. Oiur Agents. Jhe following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions for us: Thayer & Sauls, Enterprise, Florida. Mr. Stockton, Sanford, “ 1 J, H. Stockton, Volusia, “ Charles Smith, Orange City, “ Colcord & Felt, Beresford, “ Ashmead Bros.. Jacksonville, Dr. Z. H. Mason, Apopka, ‘‘ S. P. Shepherd, Altamonte, “ Capt.H. S. Williams,Rock Ledge, “ M. D. Rising, Stark, * * Lois Lewin & Cos,. Sos Angelos, Cal. Bruce Smith. Los Angelos, “ J. P.' Snow, 7 Ex’ge Place, Boston, Mass. Win. Estill. Jr.. 27 Bull st. Savannah. 6a. If this article is marked vour subscrip tion lias expired. Persons in renewing will oblige the Publishers by stating that they are old subscribers. Those wbo wish to keep a complete file must renew imme diately, as we can not furnish any more back numbers. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDY. PUBLISHED BY THE AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO. — : —— ——a—- -- DeLAND, DECEMBER 25.1878. Agricultural Societies- Florida Fruit Grower’s Association.—C. Codrington, pres.. DeLand; D.' H. Elliot, ■ec., Live Oak; D, 8. Place, cor, sec., Wal do. Orange Ridge Agricultural and Immi gration Society.—Dr. B. B. Bennett, pres.; John Canon, sec.; N. R. Scovel, cor.-sec. DeLand, Volusia Cos. Weekly meetings. The Agriculturist is late this week on a, count of the observance of Christmas. The Early Vegetable Industry. We have found that in most eases where failures have been made in growing early vegetables for the northernUiatkets that the people who lose have been most to blame by their.own carelessness or ignorance. There are many people in Colum bia and Alachua counties who make money by it every year, for they plant early, ship early, pack carefully and know when to stop,* as the market gets glutted. The novices do not prepare the land'early enough, they plant after they 6ee their neighbors’ crops growing, pack carelessly and will insist on shipping after there is no chauce, whatever, of getting re munerative prices. Much loss has arisen from the dishonesty of the agents, it is true, but there are some honest men among them, and people who ship should be careful to whom they confide their crops. They must, however see that their own road is clear before they find fault with and condemn the pathway of their neighbors. The time is now approaching for planting out stuff for market. Is your land well pre pared and fertilized? Have you pro cured your seeds and from reliable seedsmen ? One failure in this re spect will throw you back a whole season. Get your seeds early and plant out a few in boxes to see that they are good. If they are they should germinate in a few days. Colombia and Alachua oounties have about 10 days start over southern Georgia and for that time they can command the market and therein liep .their profit. But is southern Florida going to remain still and see this valuable industry monopolized by one or two counties not a whit more favorably situated than this? From whajt we have seen southern Florida has, three weeks advantage of season oyer the northern parts of the State. It is only once in abont frost has done any in jury,' while'in other parts further north the’drops are destroyed 'at least every three years. Last Win ter, in this, latitude, the Castor Beans were not even touched by the cold and now they are as green as in .the Summer. We were creditably in. formed that one man, a negro, made over SI,OOO last Spring at Drayton Island by growing early vegetables, why cannot others do so too ? Irish potatoes are not a profitable crop to* plant for shipment at this time of the year. They come in at the time when the markets are filled with Bermuda potatoes. March is the time for us to plant them, for the crop then comes in about the first of June when Bermudas are gone and the northern crop not yet in. But the people here can plant English peas, radishes, snap beans, cucum. bers, and tomatoes in January, the usual time in Columbia being Febru ary. It is seldom that there ;is any cold weather in these two first months,to do injury. About the mid dle of March we get the last cold of the season and that must be guarded against. Many products may bp gathered between now and then and be the first ip themarket. Florida 1 are now equal m> tirose from Alachua. There, is /direct steam communication to New York with only one handling on the way. We Pave, also, the jolting on the cars and the confinement tin close cars which is a serious damage to the vegetables in trantvtu. The business is lsirge enough for all y>arts of the State to participate in. We have not only the east but there is the great west with its hundreds of citieß, all glad to get Florida early fruit and vege tables. , i • ! • • : Those who have lost must not be discouraged, they have only been 'buying experience, and that is the only secret of success. Five or six years; ago, it \yas said, that Irish po tatoes would riot do here, and with good reason, for people were making them a Summer 'crop instead of a Winter onfe. ' Now we can raise as good potatoes as any other place. At the same time strawberries were condemned, and ior the same reason. One man who had been tailing with his strawberry crop, at last got dis gusted and sold his plants to another man who has been eminently success ful in their culture. Condemn noth ing because you have made a first or even second failure, consider and see if the fault does not lie in your hav ing planted at the wrong season or in the wrong way. The State Fair. .We call our readers, attention to the Jbloral department, published m this number. The premiums offered are inducements to bring out a grand display of flowers, in which the ladies are particularly interested. W c will continue to publish the premium lists of the other departments in future numbers. .Agricvi.H’hist $2 per annum. THE FLOMDA AGRICULTURIST. ine Orange. sly tasted one of the oranges, and found it e desired. Size large tin thin, flavor good, h in the pulp. We seed in the sample . We hope that spec do exhibition at the ar growers are picking and scndii away all the good oran ges. Our >st fruit have never yet been inspe ed, in oar opinion. We suggest th the State Fair commit tee of Jao onville, next season, get up a' regul exhibition of the citrus tribe; limil 1 to that alone, and pay agents to 1 ,vel through the different counties t< select such fruit as are worthy of lotice. We have seen fruit that e feel confident will beat anything ; t exhibited at any of our Fairs, but ie people who have them are too jsu ne or unambitious to take them.ther Even heavy premiums will not e ice them to do so. We want to a ive at the truth and know which are >ur best fruit aud where they are grown,, Thfe Exhibition should tali place iu December, say Christmas veek. It will pay the Fair committee to get it up and act liber ally. An range tree will not bear the same 1 nit every year. One sea son it maj be first rate and at another it may be : nferior. would like Mr. Jonei of Homassassa to have made an e chibit this year at the State Fair., ,Th: absence of his fruit will lead peojle’ to something wrong, and it will not be fair to com pare fruit "of former years with those then on exhibition. Pine-Apple Plante. We calbattention to the adver tisement of Mr. Bidwell—offering Pine:Ap i jjle plants for sale. Mr. Bid t well is a person who can be depended true to description. We samples bf! the plants and they are the Ijest we seen brought to the State. ■ m ■ i '■*' ' Books Received. I- '’ \ L _ James Vick of Rochester,*N. Y., has sent' out lhis Floral Guide for 1879. It bears out its usual excel lent reputation. . . the first number of the Poxdtty Ufottfhly anew work that has just come out at Albany N. Y. It promises to be a valuable aid to those who are embarked in this industry and is well got up. The price is only $1 per annum published by the Ferris Publishing Company. Dr. F. D. Lente has issued a pam phlet on the climatology of Florida, well worthy of perusal by those who regard their health-and wish to make this State their home. Mr. A. J. Bidwell, of Jacksonville has sent us a framed view of his home and nursery which makes a hand some picture for our studio. * The Housekeeper of Minneapolis, MinD., is a paper that should be taken by every lady who wants instruction in housekeeping, price only 75 cents per annum. The following pamphlets have been received: A. Hance & Son, Red Bank, X. J. catalogue of hardy fruit trees, and small fruit. W. P. Robinson, Downing Hill Nursery, Atlanta Ga., catalogue of fruit treesj Roses etc. Tourist Guide to Florida, by Wm. C. Cloyd. Jacksonville Fla. K D. Moulton’s address at the In | ternational Dairy Fair. Floridiana. Geographical Divisions of Florid*. ■' The Florida Immigrant divides the State into four divisions, for the purpose of venience iu locating counties and describ ing different sections. These divisons have_ been generally adopted, and are as follows: Eastern Florida—ls composed of the counties of Suwannee, Columbia. Alaehua, Levy. ■ Baker, Nassau, Duval. Bradford, Clay, St. Johns, Putnam and Marion. Wist Florida— ls composed of the coun ties of Escambia. Santa Rosa, Washington, Walton, Holfnes, Jackson and Calhoun. Middle .. Florida— ls composed, of tbe counties of Gadsden, Liberty, Franklin, Leon, Wakulla, Jefferson, Madison, Taylor, Lafayette and Hamilton. South Florida—la composed of the counties of Hernando? Sumter,: Orange . Volusia, Brevard, Polk, Hillsborough, Man atee. Monroe and Dade. • ■ Indian River is. tending-large quantities,of green turtle to the New York market. —The Grand Jury of Duval county has fouqd indictment, versus two men for the murder of Styplea. —The Fernandina Express compli ments Col. Hardee of Honey Mcon fame or his good looks. —Subscribe for the Orange county Reporter , Orlando, Orange couuty, Fla., $2 per annum and you will take a good paper. —Gainesville is wide awake. They are now trying to get the Agricultu ral College located there. Are the Jacksonville people sleeping ? —The young editor of the Sumter county Advance objects to being called* “ Master.” He is now old enough to look out for articles on “ kissing.” —There is a premium of SIOO at the State fair tor the beßt drilled Military Company. Send to D. S. Place. Gaioesville for a bulletin, and see how many interesting premiums are offered. —The question of Transportation is one mo6t vital to this State. The business of growing early vegetables has almost been ruined, after a few years’ trial, because of inferior and slow transportation facilities.— Union. —Notwithstanding the crop of oranges will not be as large this sea .r*" last, in this city and vicing lty, the frait will be large and of a better quality. The orange trees are iooking better and more promising than they have since the year 1835. — St. Augustine Eress. —-The production of the immense crops of vegetables along the line of the A., G. & W. I. T. Railroad dur ing the past season has not only fur nished a large business to the road, but has established the fact that veg etables can be'more successfully in Florida than in any other state in the Union; this has stimulated beyond all precedent the settlement of this section. There ye* remain thousands of acres of good land, not yet under cultivation, capable of profitable cul tuije.—Mirror. • • JTield ofPotatoes --Mrs. Nancy S. Wallace, a widow' lady living on the outskirts of this place, recently gathered four hundred and fifty bushels of sweet potatoes off an acre and a half of pine land. Mr Goss inform* us that he has not measured his crop of potatoes grown in town, but he realy believes that they will reach two. hundred and twenty-five bushels grown on, not more than a quarter of an acre of ground. This patch had formerly been heavily fertilised with ashes from his mill. One potato weighed even 8 pounds. He planted very thick and early in the Spring. —Ocala Banner. —There has never been a time since the war that Florida offered so many and such fair and rich induce ments to the settler. There never will be a time when these induce ments will lie less numerous, less fair or rich than now ; and’ it behobves every newspaper in tin* State, with out regard to politics or party, to cast aside,as unworthy 6f the mission ot the miserable bickerings and petty jealousies and personal dis appointments of the election, and join the the Immigrant and the Board of Immigration ih the great work in which they are taigaged.,— Immi grant. —Demary & Cos., at 85 west bar street. Jacksonville, take the lead of li shoe dealers in Honda amt-Kell the best goods for the least money.—Com. tf The Warrior Wasp. It is curious that in the Isle of France, the common bee is not to be found as a native of the woods, while in the Isle of BfrOUgbam, it is com mon, and furnishet an' abundance of wax and honey. This is explained by supposibg that the warriors about whom we are about to speak, destroy the bees, and have thus prevented their multiplying in the island in question. Truly, likte tbe banditti of whom we read in books, these wasps are splendidly. attired, although not on the spoils of those whom they have robbed. Their head, chest and body is of argsplendept lustre; now green, or, seen iu another position, blue, and glistening with all the lus tre of an exquisite varnish. Their antennte are black, their eyes of a brownish yellow, and their legs part ly bronze colored and partly of a beautiful violet. They ate strong and swift of wing, and are possessed of a terrible lanoe, the thrust of which even mbn cannot endure without far more pain and inflammation than at tends an ordinary sting. The foe with whom these magnificently dressed warriors have to contend is a kind of insect allied to tbe cock roach, which in our kitchen has ac quired the incorrect title of “ black beetle.” This insect is detested by :the inhabitants of the island, for its ravages upon almost everything of value or delicacy, and is not less hated by the sailors for its destruct veness on shipboard. It is called Kakerlac, and is much larger than cockroaches, which are the plague and terror of our cooks., Imagine that one of these great, old, odious insect is creeping along the highway. The warrior wasp has also been mak ing bis expeditions for prey abroad, when suddenly his eager eye catches sight of the kakerlac hastening to some new scene of depredation. The warrior instantly alights, and the kakerlac stops, thinking perhaps to intimidate its adversary by its size and ferocious aspect. Both insects glance at each other. The wasp is the first to attack, and darts upon the other, seizing it by the muzzle with its strong jaws, then bending its body 60 as to bring its tail under the abdomen of the kakerlac. The lance with its charge of poison, is daaply plunged into the body bf the unhap py foe, imbuing a deadly venom intp its system. Having made his thrust the warrior loosens the foe and soars in triumph a little way into the air, satisfied of a successful' issue. The kakerlac, after a few brief convulsions lies paralyzed on the ground, unable to stir a step from the spot where it encountered its adversary. Fully aware of this, the vicious wasp, after taking a few turns, as if to proclaim the downfall of the giant kakerlac to the surrounding neighborhood, re turns to tbe soene where the conflict was fought. - The kakerlac, unable to resist the victor, and being natu rally, though a great devourer, a very faint hearted creature, lies immovable while the wasp seizes the prostrate foe by the head, and in a sort of tri umphal march,drags it along the road to its nest. ■.“'Theprogrammeforthenext meeting of r*® Literary Socie tv,Monday eve,Dec. 30th, will consist of tableaux, charades, music, ‘etc. All are cordially invited to attend. K. S. DEAN, Sec. -Boots aud shoes sent by mail or river boats to any address returnable if not suitable. Give us one trial and be con vinced. Demary & Cos. 85 W. Bay st. tf -—T. B. S. S., 85 85 85 West Bay street, West Bav street Jacksonville. Fla. J SCr ®| t ’ RIVERSIDE INSTITUTE, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. A FIRST-CLASS HOME SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. ADVANTAGES. An experience, by the Principal, of more than twenty years in the care aud training of girls: a beautiful, healthy location home care and comforts. Send for cirenl lar. Mrs. LUCT E. SMITH, Principal. References: , -Solon Robinson, Esq Jacksonville, Flu.; Milo i. Jewett, LL18" jfNwaiikee, Wia.‘ Rev. J. H. DeVotie D-D.. Atlanta, Ua. ; Rev. W. J. Tucker iV 1).. Pastor Madison Av. Church N.y. Rev J. B. Brackett. D.D.. Lynn, Mass. • Rev ir G. Robinson. D.D.. President Brown Uni t„ Ji.L.