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that visit infested trees. Mr. Hubbard has found that the ladybird has been the means of distributing'scale insects. The discovery of an enemy of this in sect is a piece of entomological glory. It required two trips across the Pacific Ocean, and years of honest devotion to find a natural enemy that could hold in check this dreaded enemy of the citrus trees. Agents were sent to New Zea land and to Australia for enemies. Quite a number of species were im ported. One of these proved to be just what was wanted. The Vedalia lady bird. Fig. I*2 represents various stages of the larva and the adult insect. The ac climatization of this insect seems almost as easy as that of the fluted scale. The finding, importing and coloniza tion of the Vedalia ladybird is certainly of great interest to all fruit growers, but as I have already drawn this out into a long story 1 will not enter the field any further. Our insects require constant watchful ness and even with the most constant vigilance they swoop down upon us “like a wolf on a fold” and before we realize a whole year’s work is destroyed. - ■ - - #• For the Florida Agriculturist. The Watermelon Aphis. I send you two small packages of grass joints, that, if you do not care to experi ment with, you can give to someone who does. One, the wild Bermuda, so called in this neighborhood. I would not plant in my yard where trees or shrubbery are,as the roots are coarse and like wire and run deep, as a consequence it is almost impossible to get it out when once started. But 1 am convinced it will solve the problem of good suburban roads. A cart or wagon wheel makes no im pression on it. It is found in abundance along the shores of Banana River. It ■will grow on any soil, however, high, low, wet or dry. For a trotting track it would be simply perfect. The roots are entirely different from those of any other grass, and make a solid and springy road bed. Any parties wishing a few pounds for trial I will send it to them for the ex pense of time used in securing it. Stock are also very fond it. The other grass is a fine grass for lawns. I secured a few joints last spring and it has spread so rapidly that I will have a beautiful green yard this winter, instead of the rusty brown of the Ber muda, or the coarse grass of (he St. Augustine variety. Ido not know the botanical name of the grass, but when given to me it was called St. Lucia grass. Will someone of your many readers tell me of the habits or peculiarities of the white and black or green aphis? A louse like insect that infects the underside of the watermelon leaves as well as many other plants. Sometimes they are found on the tender growth of the orange tree, and this spring 1 had a plum tree almost ruined by them. I will tell you of my trials and tribulations with the pest, it may save others the expense and trouble of going over the same ground that I have traveled. First of the plum tree. I was much pleased with its spring growth till one day, noticing something wrong, I exam ined it closely and found the black aphis covered every twig. With kerosene emulsion I washed them clean. In two or three days there were as many as be fore the twigs were washed. I turned the full force of the artesian well on them. Again they returned. I took boiling water and sprayed the tree. The water was so hot that some of the leaves were killed, yet again they came. I then TUB FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. used clear kerosene. While I have found that pure kerosene has never injured tender growth on orange trees, it killed all the leaves and some twigs on the plum tree. The insects had these about half dead, however. I thought I had got them this time. But no; they sat down and waited until a fine new growth came out, in about three weeks, if I re member rightly, and then went to work with renewed vigor. What little dander I have, got right up. I went after some sulphur, thinking to make a tent around the tree and burn sulphur and give them a foretaste of the country I wished they were in, but I did not commence the operation until Monday, that being Sat urday, when lo and behold, they had all disappeared. I have written the unvar nished facts relative to the plum tree. If I drew conclusions as readily as some of the fruit and vegetable growers of Florida, I could free my trees of the pest simply by getting a little riled and buy ing some sulphur. But I have no con fidence in the remedy. I have had five acres of watermelons this year complete ly destroyed by them. I commerfctat planting in January and have replanted several times. They often attack a plant as soon as it gets out of the ground and destroy it in a few days. Again the}’ do not come until vines are well spread and melons. In this case no more set, and those that have set amount to nothing. I have pulled cart loads of vines to keep them from spreading. On a few choice vines 1 have tried to mash them, poison them, etc. They will live with their backs covered with either paris green, arsenic, snuff, lime, white hellebore or all combined. I have heard of many men on the river who have lost their melon crop by these pests, and of but one who has escaped. I understand that Mr. Flagler will dis tribute to growers next season, gratis, all the melon seed they wish to plant. He had better put entomologists to work to learn of this aphis and how to destroy it. The department at Washington knows nothing about it that we do not know. Dr. Fish. Georgiana, Fla. ■ For The Florida Agriculturist. Altamonte Letter. Larger areas of field crops have been planted in this section than ever before. Corn will average much better than ever, and sweet potatoes are being planted out by acres instead of small patches as heretofore. This shows that the attention of our settlers is being turned to other things besides oranges. It is a very comfortable feeling to know that a great portion of our living can be made right here at home. Corn is a very easy crop to grow here and does not re quire much fertilizer to make a fair field. The question of fodder saving is now before us. It is whether to pull the fod der in the old fashioned Southern style, or cut up and shock in the field as is done North. I concluded one year to pull the fodder, and I think 1 pulled for about half an hour and gave it up as a bad job that I did not want to take a hand in. So 1 have cut and shocked it ever since. 1 try and not leave it out over three weeks, especially if there is much rain. This year I will open ferti lizer sacks and put around the tops so as to keep the rain from penetrating. This is a cheap source of forage, and when cured properly and cut with a feed cut ter the stock will eat nearly all of it In the lots where the Florida clo ver was allowed to seed last fall there is a fine stand of it this summer, but when the seed lies been sown it has been hard to get a lull stand. It woulj come up but as tlis showers would be succeeded by several days of hot sun a good deal of it would be killed, the seed are similar to the re 1 clover too, if it is too shallow or too deep it w ill be dor mant until the proper depth cr moist are is brought about by p'owinar, etc. I have a place in my grove that is fud of young plan ts the seed of w hich were sown two years ago. This is the best plant we have to grow in our groves to turn under in the fall after the seed have ripened ; and cannot be too highly rec ommended. The groves through this section are receiving their summer fertilizing and working. In nearly every instance the fertilizer is sown around the tree or broadcast over the whole ground on large trees and then plowed in; following the plow with the harrow as a rule there in but little hoeing of large trees done now’. The crop of oranges w ill average bet ter than last year, some groves have a good crop while others have scarcely any. In nearly every instance where the groves w’ere in fine condition the good. Some of us are trying to keep the fruit bright by spraying, I am going over for the third time and there are very few w 7 ith rust on them. The most critical time with the rust seems to be about the last week in June. I have this season sprayed oranges that were yellow with mites, but had not been on long enough to color them, audit saved them from coloring, but nothing will change them after they are colored. S. P. Shepherd. —. ■ ■ + ♦ Some Information Desired. Editor Florida Agriculturist: Tn the proceedings of the Florida Horticultural Society, published in your issue of May 3rd, Mr. Healy is reported as saying that a neighbor of his plows “liis grove three times a year to the bottom” and that his grove has “no dead wood on the trees” and produces more fruit than any grove around,three hundred boxes per acre more than Mr. Healy’s grove. It would bo interesting and instructive to know: First. What kind of land this neighbor’s grove is on? Second. Of what age and variety are the trees? Third. Is the fruit coarse or fine grained, thick or thin skinned as compared with Mr. Healy’s fruit? Fourth. What fertilizers are used in that see. tion? Fifth. Does the neighbor prune his fruit? In your issue of May 17th, Mr. Hamlin an nounced a trial of a spading harrow to be had at DeLand on May 18th, I haveseen no allusion to the result of the test in your columns since that date and would be pleased to hear about it. S. It. Platt. We would be pleased to have Mr. Healy reply to’tlic questions in reference to his neighbor’s orange grove through our columns for the benefit of Mr. Platt and others who are doubtless interested in the matter. In reference to the test of the spading harrow referred to above, would say that the test was not thought to be com plete. It was witnessed by quite a large number of orange growers, and there is a diversity of opinion as to the value of the implement. Some were of the opin ion that for a certain class of work it would be just the thing, while others thoughtnot. Mr. Hamlin, who had the test made, i3 not thoroughly satisfied himself. The Ruby Orange. Editor Florida Agriculturist: Can you or some of your readers give me cor rect information about the Ruby orange and its desirability for grove planting for profit on high pine land; its growth, habit, size of tree, quality and size of fruit, prolificness, etc. What will keep the gnats away. A Reader. Auburndale, Fla. We know nothing of the Ruby orange would like to have any of our readers who are better posted reply to* ‘A Reader' ’ Wire screens and oil of pennyroyal will keep gnats away. fill Male Bitten Cures all Female Complaints and Monthly irregularity, Leucorrhcea or Whites, Pain in Back or Sides, strengthens the feeble, builds up the whole system. It has cured thousands and will cure you. Druggists have it. Send stamp for hook. SB. J. P. PROMGOOLE A CO., Louisville, F r Frauih™ Fruit Wrappers, NO MORE CHEATING. Consumer* of Fruit Wrappers may know that they get an hon est ream of 480 sheets and not 400 or 320 sheets to ream as someunscrupulousdealere sup ply. OUR “FAIR AND SQUARE” Wrappers are put up in pack ages of 1000 each, and each Wrapper is numbered in print ing consecutively 1 from to 1000. No one can HONESTLY BEAT our prices. Send fur samples and prices to The Jersey City Printing Cos., JERSEY CITY, N. J. it of Bellev He, Kan.: W/ VjH M “When I begai your aT ’At 1 "V SL F **’ treatment 3 mm. ago I so / \ V Y-f ' 1 ' zhU!ted by ailments that I could n> | fore. After. L/- doany work. The acoompanving Cf ■ Weight MS lbs 195 lbs 50 Ins ares snow the result of 3 months’ trea- - Gust 18 in. 37 in. 11 in. ment. I now feel like im w being. 11l > Waist... 40 in. 29 in. 11 in and pains are all gone. My friends at Hips .... 57 in. 48 in. 9in surprised. Will cheerfniiv reply to i nuiries with stamp inclosed.” PATIENTS TREATED BY M ill.. CONFIDENTIAL. Harmless. No Starving. Smd6 re ,ta in stamps for particulars to 08. 0. W. F. SNYDER. rf’.CKCg v THEATER. CHICASO 111 * FAGS BANKS y r—l GALVANIZED %f|§?NntLS M and dfe TOWERS Ull is T r - T\i Are WARRANTED to b Oft jI/ Ml strictly first-class in materia II Ili l\ ar *d construction, to be the bea * regulated, and to produce mori power than any other steel mill made THE ECLIPSE WIND MILL the Original Self-regulating Wood Wheel. Pumps,Tanks, &c. Send for Catalogue and Prices FAIRBANKS, MORSE & CO., CHICAGO, ILL sg|gß NEW HIGH ARM '£ 3 Favorite Singer tLOW ARM, $20.00 Drop leaf, fancy cover, two large drawers, nickel ring:, and a full set of Attachments; equal to any Singer Machine sold from S4O to S6O by Can vassers. A trial in your home before pay ment is asked. Buy direct from the Manufac turers and save agents’ profits besides getting certificates of warrantee for five years. Sena for testimonials to Co-operative Sewing Machine Cos., 20! S. Ilth St., Phila., Pa. PAY FREIOHT.aai ED || ITEVAPORATOR I I 1 THE ZIMMERMAN The .Standard Machins Different sizes and prices. Illustrated Catalogue tree. THE BLYMYEK "SON WORKS CO., Cincinnati, O. July 12, 1893.