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Tol nn. 6. Whole 1.832.
For the Florida Agriculturist. What the Freeze Left- I thought it about time to crawl out of my shell as the days are now somewhat more balmy than those I wot of. Oh, me! it does make me feel tired and feeble, too, when I come to look around and see how much a northern bli/./.ard could accomplish in one night and undo all the work I have done in two long years, and then to have a man with good eyes say, why, didn’t the freeze leave you anything? When a blind man could see it left me the rheu matism, and plenty of it. As the last few days have been more spring-like, I thought I would venture out and see what else was left me. 1 found after careful observation that out of nearly 25,000 pines on my place there is not a single one dead from the cold The leaves on top are cut on most of them,but the lower leaves are all green and of the old plants numbers of young fruit buds are showing out al ready, and from actual count I found but about two per cent of the hearts of the old plants injured. Thence I went to a plantation of nearly 20,000 young pines I planted last fall These I feared for the most, for I had kept them grow ing up to the day the cold struck them; but I was surprised to find hem looking decidedly of a green color, and upon ex amination failed to find a single plant that showed any signs of giving up the ghost from the effects of the cold. True, a few had the hearts injur* and, about five per cent, but then the lower leaves were all green and by next June or July no one will know that any of the surplus energy of the far north had been to see them at all. From here I went to my vineyard to see how things looked and soon found everything all o. k. not a vine hurt in the least. Thence I examined my orange buds and trees. But here I did not find things as I could have wished them. I had a small nursery of King orange, Hart’s tardilf, seedless grape fruit, and seed less limes, ail on rough lemon stock. Many of them I found dead to the ground; the buds were as tender as snap beans and only a few inches high,others again escaped without a leaf touched. I have 160 orange trees set out, mostly fancy tangerines. They are what is known as the Rowell Patent Bud. Some have shed their leaves and are now putting on anew growth (those that had hard ened up their wood), others I find that had just cleverly got started and only a few inches high (all having been set the past season) their wood, if I may call it such, was soft as a bean, I found killed to the ground. Now comes a point that may be of interest to many that are in- DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, February 6, 1895. terested in citrus culture, a good many have been watching the outcome of my venture in the Rowell Bud. Little did I think it would be put to the test so soon and in my own grove. Now this bud is some two inches under the ground alive and sound. Will it send up anew top? I believe it will, but time alone can tell. If it does, by next tall the top will be of nice size, and wood firm, and in no danger hereafter. But had this bud been above the ground the trees would have been dead beyond question. My figs are injured but little and quite a number of choice mangoes left intact, as well as a number of small guavas and melon papaw pi ants, and, strange to say, a few tomato plants were untouched. I also investigated one hill of the Ot ahiti yam (this is something more should have growing) and found the potatoes unharmed in the least, and as I was longing for some good Irish potatoes or what was just as good I took this potato to the house and. 10, it weighed just twenty-five pounds. It would take a chapter to tell of the good things to be said of this vegetable, so I desist for this time, but in the future may have some thing to say. The above is about as things are at this point. So after all I had something left me by the cold besides the rheumatism. And now the Avon Park tram road is to be built, and that soon, by this place and on to Haines City. The excellence of our pines, tomatoes and other tender fruits and vegetables and our immunity from injurious frosts as a general thing will soon become known as it has never been before and appreciated, too. B. M. Hampton. Froßt Proof, Fla. Fob The Florida Agriculturist. Eclipses for 1895. BY BERLIN H. WRIGHT, LAKE HELEN, FLA. There will be five eclipses this year, two of the moon and three of the sun, as follows: I. A total eclipse of the moon March 10, visible throughout ..iTi-Florida and the JL mlGr United States gener ally. The following is the central standard time of the different phases. The figures of ihis and eclipse IV show the path of the moon through a section of the earth’s shadow, at first contact, six digits (half) eclipsed at beginning and close. Middle of eclipse and last contact. Partial eclipse begins March 10 7:54pm Total eclipse begins March 10 B:s2pm M iddle of eclipse March 10 9:39pm Partial eclipse ends .March 1010:27pm Total eclipse ends March 1011:25pm II A partial eclipse of the sun March 26 invisible in United States. 111. A partial eclipse of the sun Au gust 20, invisible in America. IV. A total eclipse of the moon Sep —- tember 3-4, visible . SHADOW \ throughout Florida and the United States generally. The following is the cen tral standard time of the different phases. See eclipse I for explanation of figure. Partial eclipse begins September 3 10:00pm Total eclipse begins September 3 11:06pm Middle ofeclipsb. September 3 11:57pm Total eclipse ends September 4 12:48am Partial eclipse ends September 4 I:s4am V. A partial eclipse of the sun Sep tember 18,invisible in the United States. For the Florida Agriculturist. Weevil in Oow Peas and Com. Concerning this subject, I beg you to permit me to say a few words to your readers. I read very often in the Agri culturist and other papers inquiries as to how to destroy weevils in cow peas and in coin. That is an impossibility. Let me ask first at what time the in sect takes possession of the grain, what are its habits and how it passes the winter. If I examine the roots of cow peas. I find nodules on them which, when opened, contain a little white grub. So the gi ub hibernates in the ro >ts in the ground. If I open a green pea, I find the same grub in each pea. Gathering the crop, the roots remain in the soil and the peas are put in barrels or bags. Now, after a time, the white grub in the pea tranforms itself into a weevil, a perfect form of the insect, and then it perforates t: e skin of the pea and flies out to procreate and perpetuate its kind, and lay its eggs, probably in some rub bish or in some roots, where you will find it in the ground. If I use any substance strong enough to produce the asphyxy of the grub or the weevil, the result is that instead of its escaping it dies there, and in cooking the pea I eat the dead weevil! Thanks! I do not like that. If I eat dry cow pe •s, I prefer them when the insect is gone. True, I eat it in the green pea, but it does not then seem so disgusting. Now, how to destroy the weevil, or the curculio of the plums and, perhaps, the insect which forms the nodules in the roots of the peach trees (anguilula), but this last is only a supposition. For the rest, weevil and curculio, it is a certain remedy, the only obstacle being that the insect can come from the neighbors. Here is the recipe: 4 bushels air slacked lime 4 bushels hardwood ashes 600 grammes orpiment. The mixture being harrowed into the soil, the white grub at the roots is killed $2 jer Antral, in advance. when it comes out, in coming in contact with the orpiment and then it does not puncture the green pea to lay its egg and they are clean. It is the only way to destroy them,as it is impossible to reach them in the young pea or in the kernel of the corn. A. Pichakd. Paola, Fla. Fok the Florida agriculturist. Why Send Abroad ? I made a note of Mr. Baldwin's timely suggestion of warning against our ama teur nurserymen sending abroad for buds to make up for our loss at home from the recent great cold. The facts are, there is no other country that pro duces better varieties of oranges than we do. We have oranges that we gather from the trees every month in the year, and is that not enough ? Why should we look to Other sections for something strange or new ? There has been too much already done in importing trees from those old,insect infested lands, and I wish it might stop. There is plenty of such wood left, only hunt for it as diligently as we have heretofore hunted for something new to import. I don’t want any other varieties than those I had in and I hope I am cleaned out as nicely as anyone else in Florida, but I can follow up the many trees I haye sold and find plenty not killed for all the buds 1 will want, and likely some to spare. I have already found enough and en gaged them. I would hope the insect pests that we have been so eager to import for the past decade could be frozen to death, but I am afraid they will die hard, and that a few years will see the same old lot on us again; but,with Mr. Baldwin,l say let us not import any more. James Mott. Prices of Broom Com. Facts sufficient to base a fair estimate of this year’s broom corn crop are now obtainable. The yield of the Central Illinois district, comprising the counties of Coles, Douglas, Edgar and Moultrie, will reach 10,000 tons. This is. perhaps, half of the entire crop of the country. It is thought that seven-eighths of this year’s crop is already sold. The quality is not up to an average, the growth hav ing been retarded by drouth and the brush damaged by rain and insects. The yield fell fully 20 per cent short of the estimate by the growers. The price this year has run from S7O to $l2O, and the average has been about S9O per ton. Last year’s crop was one of the best ever raised in point of quality, and yet sold for S4O to SOS. Whenever the price falls below SOO the farmer loses money, for the expense of harvesting and putting it on the market is very great.—Prairie Farmer.