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it, tilling the tube with coarse sand, shell or gravel, ('ontinue to set out the rows of plants, and water as you pro* .coed, keep raising the tube in center, after packing inside and outside, as di rected, until within the length of the tube from the top it should be left empty, to be tilled with water daily, and about two quarts of water added for the top tier, the lower ones being watered through the tube. The tube should be three or four inches in diam eter and ten or twelve inches in length. The berries will grow on the outside of the barrel, be clean and nice and yield about half a bushel per barrel.” Fertilizer Notes. Acid phosphate is often sold under 1 1 10 following names: Superphosphate, Soluble Hone, and Dissolved Bone. The first expression is good, but the last two are trade names which are a little misleading. Probably not one acid phosphate in one hundred comes from bone, and if it did, the available phos phoric acid would have no more value than from any other source. Similar names are used for mixtures of acid phosphate and potash. Acid phosphate can be used in place of kainit to prevent loss of ammonia from stable manure. A number of linns blacken their goods-by means of some such useless material as lignite or graphite. The claim is made that the farmer wants black fertilizers. The chief objection is that the farmer must pay for this extra rich appearance. It should be stated, however, that a black phos phate is mined in Middle Tennessee. Ammonia and nitrogen, as trade ex pressions, are often used interchange ably. The latter is the more accurate term, as in reality ammonia is seldom found in fertilizers. Nitrogen is the element desired, so that an compound is valuable only for the ni trogen it contains. Nitrate of soda acts the most quickly and is the most available of all forms. The nitrogen of ammonium sulphate is nearly as ac tive, while it is less easily lost from the soil. Cotton-seed meal and dried blood come next in availability, and are still less liable to be lost by leach ing. On the whole, tankage contains the most unavailable form of nitrogen, and along with tankage should be put most of tlie bone meals. It would be to the farmer’s interest to insist on knowing the source of the nitrogen in complete fertilizers. The chemist of the Fertilizer Inspection could nearly always tell this without extra trouble. The value of a bone meal depends largely on its fineness. If we demanded finely ground bone, it would be forth coming. Do not mix acid phosphate and ashes, but apply them at different times. The lime in the ashes tends to render the available phosphoric acid insoluble and unavailable if mixed.— Tenn. Ex. Station Bulletin. - How to Grow Fine Peaches. Last spring I wrote an article ad dressed to Southern Peach Growers, .ailing their attention to what 1 con sidered, was our opportunity, as the fruit crop was gone for the year, we could put our trees in shape for anoth er year by trimming and cutting out the dead and superfluous wood, white washing to keep off tin* borers and properly fertilizing. Since that article was written I have received many in quiries as to my method of growing □caches. All of roj old trees have been cut back and have grown new tops. I have 'some Elberta trees cut back two years, 1 ihai have now as large and healthy tops as when they were first grown (all new healthy wood.) 1 have some ; that were cut back this spring that have made a growth of over five feet, tliev will be shortened in tills fall, and next year they will have grown an en tire new head, capable of bearing a line crop of peaches. These trees are fourteen years old and have borne eleven crops, the most of them full crops. The trunks and roots of these trees are perfectly sound and free from borers. There has been sold from a single tree over ten dollars’ worth of fine peaches in a season. My method is not to allow my trees to overbear. When they hold a full crop, too full for the health of the trees, they are thinned out early in the season, leaving the fruit about six inches apart. These trees receive a heavy application of muriate of potash and acid phosphate every year, crop or no crop, and is generally put on in the fall: edwpeas are planted between the rows of trees, we generally plant the unknown variety. The cowpeas fur nish Ihe nitrogen and humus to the soil, as well as a growing mulch. Dur ing the fruit season, they keep the ground cool and moist by their heavy foliage, which aids the maturing and ripening of the fruit. During dry seasons I have noticed that if it had not been for this grow ing mulch there would have been a serious loss from fallen immatured fruit. Nature furnishes a mulch in the forests by fallen leaves around the >oots of trees, and under these leaves there is always moisture and fertility brought up by the capillary attraction, and for the orchard trees there is no better mulch than the southern cow* peas planted between the rows. The planting of orchards with crops that "equire long cultivation, exposing the “mil to sunlight and heat, without any •egard to the mulch or the baking pro pensities of the soil, in my opinion is all wrong. As to the method of trimming, I cut back one-half of each year’s growth; the object is to keep the head of the tree in proper shape and to keep every year, as much new growth of wood as possible. Cultivation of orchards should cease by the last of June in the South, to lot the new wood ripen by fall. It may not be amiss for me to again give my method of fighting the borers. Tn the fall I dig around my trees and expose the roots thoroughly, examine •i 11 indications of borers, and if any, dig them out with a small wire, then in the spring I whitewash the tree from crotch to roots with a preparation of the following ingredients: To every five gallons of wash, add one quart of soft soap, one pound of sulphur, one quart of crude carbolic acid with a handful of salt. This I spread on thick, especially at the roots; after the wash gets dry, draw the soil around the roots, leaving it cone-shaped about one foot high. The preparation seems to check the ravages of the borer, as I have trees that are fourteen y r ears old and over, that are as sound as need be to grow anti mature large crops of fruit, which cannot be done if the vitality of the tree is lessened by the destructible borer. I find in fruit growing that to con tend against insects and the fungous diseases, we must follow the old rule, that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and in order to over come these we must take more pains with our orchards, and fertilize heavy THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. to have a healthy growth and to as sist the tree and the vine to overcome the effects by strong growth. Peach trees require a well drained sandy soil with a clay subsoil and should be fertilized with potash and acid phosphate or ground bone every year; in order to grow line fruit grow ers should bear in mind that the mar kets are always full of inferior fruit; but llie markets in the leading cities of the South or North have never been oversupplied with extra fine fancy fruit? Will the market ever be sup plied? We think not, for this reason, our constantly increasing population and better facilities for transportation that we have in this country of fruit eating people, there will always be a demand for the fine fruit that can be grown now with the present acreage in peaches or planted hereafter. —C. W. Morrill, in Tri-State Gardener. Adaptation of Forage Plants to Soils. With reference to the selection of forage plants adapted to different re gions, the soils of the South Atlantic and Gulf States may lie classified as follows: (1.) Yellow loam soils; (2.) alluvial and river bottom soils; (3.) black prai rie soils; (4.) pine woods soils. The forage plants most successfully grown for different purposes on these oils are enumerated below: Forage Plants for Yellow Loam Soils.—For permanent meadows on rich, land, Bermuda grass; for a hay crop to occupy rich land two years, red clover; for a single hay crop on fair soils, cowpeas; on poor soils, lespc ieza. For permanent pastures, Ber muda grass and lespedeza, to which may be added on dry soils, orchard grass, smooth brome grass, and bur ■ •lover; on wet soils the addition mould consist of red top, water grass, and alsike clover. Crimson clover, cseue grass, Terrell grass, and hairy vetch are recommended for winter >asture. Forage Plants For the Alluvial and iver Bottom Soils. For permanent endows, Bermuda grass and red clov : (tn wet spots, redtop; and on well 'mined soils, alfalfa. For a hay crop f v a single season, lespedeza or Ger nn millet. For pastures, Bermuda ass, lespedeza, redtop, alsike clover, ■ r clover, alfalfa, Japanese rye grass, large water grass, and Terrell grass. Forage Plants For the Black Prairie ■■'•oils. —For hay, Bermuda grass, red •lover, and sweet clover. For a hay op for a single season,lespedeza. For i catch crop, following oats, potatoes, fie., cowpeas or German millet. For in stores, Bermuda grass, lespedeza, veet clover, alsike clover, smooth 'nrome grass, orchard grass, redtop, bur clover, and hairy vetch. Forage Plants For the Pine Woods Soils. —For liay, Bermuda grass, crab mass, Mexican clover, alfalfa, crimson •lover, and lespedeza. For pastures, imson clover, Japanese rye grass, or •hard grass, carpet grass, and large water grass. It must be remembered that varia tions in local conditions of soil and ■innate make it necessary to exercise •reat care in the selection of forage dants for particular purposes. The core complete statements of the con litions under which different species have proved successful, given in the body of this bulletin, should be con - Mered in detail before definite con clusions are drawn regarding the ' alue of particular plants for any lo ality.—“Southern Forage Plants,” Farmers’ Bulletin No. 102. Every cough makes , your throat more raw and irritable. Every cough congests the lining membrane of your lungs. Ceasetearing your throat and lungs in this way. Put the parts at rest and give them a chance to heal, /ou will need some help to do this, and you will find it in From the first dose the quiet and rest begin: the tickling in the throat ceases; the spasm weak ens; the cough disap pears. Do not wait for pneumonia and con sumption but cut short your cold without delay. Dr. Ayer’s Cherry Pec toral Plaster should be over the lungs of every per son troubled with a cough. Write to the Doctor. Unusual opportunities and long ex perience eminently qualify us for giving you medical advice. Write freely all the particulars in your case. Tell us what your experience has been with our Cherry Pectoral. You will receive a prompt reply, without cost Address, DR. J. C. AYER, Lowell, Mass. I'lie cause of tlie general disuse of ‘•.air powder was the high price of lour. It was thought little less than inwnal that flour, which was almost yond the reach of the very poor, ould he used by the rich as a mere nshionable luxury of dress. Volun tary associations were formed, the embers whereof bound themselves ■>t to use hair powder. In a similar ay the abolitionists bound thein lves not to use any sugar whose pro iction involved the employment of u gro slaves. —Notes and Queries. -*-+• Pain-Killer as an internal remedy, lon’t fail to try it. In short, it is a Pain-Killer. Avoid substitutes, there s but one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis’. For the sick headache and toothache, bad sores, burns, scalds and sprains, has no equal. In cases of summer complaints, diarrhoea, dysentery, it ures quickly. Used as a liniment its action is like magic, when applied to Price 25c. and 50c. 13, +++ • A MAN WITH A PAST. “Edgar, tell me the truth! Is there any black spot in your life before you knew me?” “Letitia, I will reval all. When 1 was 10 years old I used to piece quilts.”—Detroit Free Press.