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Another Tree For Florida.
What Floridian or lover of Florida with the necessary brains and money, says the Times-Union and Citizen, will give a practical illustration of the adaptability of our soil and climate to tiie culture of the rubber tree? Down our Southern coast the family has members growing wild luxuriantly, rioting in health and strength. Will the rubber tree of commerce do the same? First, we must have the fullest infor mation procurable, as to the soil re quired; this Washington could fur nish. Next, the trees, which could also be furnished by the Agricultural De partment: Then the right man should begin and make a practical demonstra tion of methods, for which this paper will eagerly watch. The Philadelphia Times has long proved itself a friend to Florida, and the following editorial is but another instance in point, which we cordially commend to our trained arboricultur ists, asking that they use our columns to give the public the detailed know ledge required for the inception of an other great industry for this State: The recent trip of the gunboat Wil mington up the Amazon has directed attention to the ruthless destruction of the rubber forests and to the possibili ty of growing rubber trees in the Southern tier of our States. Com mander Todd of the United States Navy declares that if the methods now employed in gathering the sap from tht' trees be continued the Ama zon valley will soon cease to boa source of adequate supply. So many new uses have been found for rubber within the last decade that .the demand has increased three hun dred fold. Pneumatic tires for bicy cles and carriages are two instances that will occur at once. Arboriculturists in Southern Califor nia are already engaged in a sturdy ef fort to grow the rubber tree. It is to feared that their climate is too dry and the soil in many places too alkaline. The experiment is watched with great interest, however, by many large cap italists, who prefer to let other people undergo the trials of the pioneering stages. The present price of raw rub ber at Para, at the mouth of the Ama zon, is .$1 in gold per pound. This fact is enough to turn the heads of every adventurer of speculative bent in South America. Hence the presence of several hundred small steamers on the upper Amazon and the ruthless de struction of the gold-bearing trees. In all probability, the best place in liiis country for the successful intro duction of the rubber tree is in the lower cotton belt, near the tropical wa ters of the Gulf. Possibly Florida may do, but its soil is hardly strong enough in clay or vegetable mold. Louisiana, it is to be hoped, can furnish the soil and the climate. In the Bona venture region, every condition would appear to be supplied. If the Gulf coast can grow rubber, cotton Avill cease to be its king in fifty years. No gold mine that can be uncovered will make the region so permanently rich and prosperous. Men of the New South should awak en to their opportunities. Large capi tal is not required. Rubber is to-day a staple, like cotton and corn. The world may get tired of eating oranges some day; but more and more rubber gum will be wanted every year. ■ - The Cabbage in Florida. The large kinds should have three feet between the rows and four feet from plant to plant. Two by four for the smaller kinds is sufficient room. The ground should be prepared in dry weather, but the transplanting should be done in moist weather. It is well worth while to wait until afternoon be fore beginning to set; also to wet the roots. It is an excellent plan to have the land prepared a week or two be forehand, and packed by a rain; then ‘make a hole, and leave the moist packed earth unbroken on one side to retain moisture for the roots pressed up against it. Put root and stock un iler the ground, leaving only the leaves above. Press down the earth around the plant, hard, if a man should tramp them, throwing his whole weight close to the plant, so much the better. As soon as they are established, they may be lightly raked by hand. When they become strong the ground should be deeply and repeatedly stirred either with the hoe or the bull-tongue and cultivator, keeping out beyond the reach of the roots. Do this while the dew is on and retain its ammonia in the soil. The cabbage delights in moisture, and if well and frequently cultivated, when you go out in the morning you will find the leaves glis tening with large round drops of wa ter, while the uncultivated ground elsewhere is dry. The two great se crets in raising cabbage are to culti vate often and keep the ground rich. These are both food and medicine; they keep the plant strong and ren der it less liable to insect attacks. On poor soil —and on rich, if half tended— they will degenerate into collards. Stir the soil and less manure will be required. There is great efficacy in tobacco dust which lias not been adulterated, lame and Paris green are of extremely little value because they are so easily washed off; so with ashes and land plaster. Often it is of much help to the plants to make a second or third application of some quick-acting fertil izer, if they show by the color of their caves that they are losing vitality. If a rain follows soon after the applica tion, the plants will show a freshen ing up in forty-eight hours. It is im perative to hold the plant up to a strong vitality if it is hoped to enable it to escape the miserable aphides or plant lice. Whether these are cause or effect they are a sure accompani ment of poverty; a coefficient of sap lessness; and they are just as certain a token of the inefficient farmer as is the lousy calf standing doubled up. and finally lying down and dying in riie fence corner. For cutworms, we never found any remedy of much avail except liand pseking. Against the green worm, wnich is so destructive to the brassica family, an infusion of tobacco or Cli uia berries sprinkled on with a water ing-pot is recommended by some. Paris green is effectual, and it is safe to use it on cabbages any time within three weeks of harvest. Break off a leaf and lay it across the top of the head. In the morning many of the worms will be found collected on the under side of it. Brush them off into a strong soap suds. An application of soapsuds Is also good medicine for the aphides. Whale-oil soap dissolved in water in the proportions of one pound of soap to three gallons of water with sufficient camphor or turpentine added to impart considerable odor, will generally scat ter both the aphides and the green worms. Simple hot water, about 130 degrees, will kill about all that it touches and not injure the plants. If the plants were set too early and are likely to mature before the win tered crop in the North is used up, the heads may be kept to a later date; picking may be staved off a month or THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. thereabout. The process of maturation may be retarded by striking down with a prong-hoe and slightly lifting on one side, breaking part of the roots. If this is not done, and the plants still remain in the ground, there is danger that the heads will burst. —Times- Union and Citizen. Spinach ia Winter. The New Orleans market gardeners produce fine spinach the better part of the year. September and October are the months to sow seeds of the kinds that stand the winters. Spinach seeds require continued moisture, or they will not sprout. La ter the ground, which should be rich (tin* richer the better), and drill the seed in rows fifteen inches apart. Cover them one inch aim keep the soil moist, if there is no rain. Damp weather and cold nights are best suit ed to the germination of spinach seeds. If the fall is dry and Hot, un less the earth is kept watered the seeds will make no appearance. Hot, dry ground seems to burn them up. When the plants are up, thin them out to six or ten inches apart, according to the variety. The Prickly spinach is the standard sort to plant for winter. It need not stand more than six inches from plant to plant, as it does not make as broad leaves as the Broad- Leaved Flanders, Henderson's Norfolk Savoy, or the New Zealand sorts. For an unfailing crop to endure the winter the Prickly spinach should be planted. It tastes as well, winter and summer, as any kind, and may be planted spring and fall, thus supplying the market the year round. It makes compact, round-leaved plants, rich dark green and succulent in substance. Prickly spinach is cut off, the entire bunch, close to the root, to ship. For home use the leaves are cut, from time to time, the plant sending out new growth for months. The Broad-Leaved Flanders is the popular New Orleans variety; the mild winters here foster its growth and the size of the leaves exceed the largest cabbages. Seeds are sown from Sep tember to the end of March for suc cessive crops. The Large-Leaved Savoy is also very popular. It differs from other kinds in the wrinkled or crumpled leaf, like the Savoy cabbage. New Zealand spinach is the largest of all kinds. Its recommendation is that it stands the heat of summer bet ter than any other kind. The plants on rich ground require throe feet of space each way. It is not recommend ed for the winter garden. Spinach derives its importance from being an early vegetable, ready for the table before the garden is well-plant ed to other crops. For the same rea son it is a very popular winter green. The tender, succulent green leaves make a boiled salad that, dressed with butter and served with poached eggs, black pepper, and salt, is delicate in flavor and wholesome, and supplies the table in winter when vegetable food, fresh from the garden, is scarce. For such winter use, depend only on one kind and let that be the Prickly v spinach. Sorrel ought to be iuanted to use with spinach. Sow the seeds at the <a me time with spinach, in drills a foot apart and thin the plants to about four inches apart. The acidity of the Broad-Leaved sorrel adds very much to the taste of spinach. Boil the two together, about one-third of sorrel to spinach. Sorrel is rich in oxalic acid, which concentrated is poisonous, but Putting food into a diseased stomach tis like putting money into a pocket witn holes. The money is lost. All its value goes for nothing. When the stomach is with the allied organs of digestion and nutri tion, the food which is put into it is largely lost. The nutriment iot extracted from it. body is weakened and blood impoverished, lie pocket can be ded. The stomach can cured. That sterling icine for the stomach blood, Doctor Pierce’s en Medical Discovery, with peculiar prompt and power on the or of digestion and nutri tion. It is a positive cure for almost all disorders of these organs, and cures also such diseases of the heart, blood, liver and other organs, as have their cause in a weak or diseased condition of the stomach. There is no alcohol or other intoxi cant contained in “ Golden Medical Discovery.” Substitutions are imitations. Imita tion money is worthless. So are imita tions of Dr. Pierce’s “ Discovery.” Get the genuine. Mr. John L. Coughenour, of Glensavage, Somerset Cos., Pa., writes: “I had been doctor ing for about a year and a half, being unable to work most of the time. The doctor said I had heart disease and indigestion. My appetite was unusually poor, I was weak and nervous, and my heart kept throbbing continually, and I was short of breath. Finally I wrote to you for advice. I did not think your diagnosis was right, but I ordered six bottles of ‘Golden Medical Discovery ’ and began its use. After using three bottles I began to improve slowly and soon went to work, and I have been working ever since.” Free. Doctor Pierce’*s Common Sense Medical Adviser, 1008 pages, 700 illustra tions, is sent free on receipt of stamps to pay expense of mailing only. Send 21 one-cent stamps for the paper-bound edition, or 31 stamps for the cloth. Ad dress Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. (ike many of the toxic properties of plants, loses all virility when dissemi nated and mixed with constituents of other kinds. The amount of oxalic acid in sorrel renders it highly benefi cial in purifying the blood. It is recog nized by the scientists as a wonderful anti-scorbutic. A bed of sorrel and one of spinach may he relied upon to counteract the effects of the salt meat diet of the win ter time, if from the beds the tender green leaves are cut, boiled and served at dinner. —G. T. 1)., in Southern Cul tivator. ♦♦♦ The Tomato as a Tonic. The tomato has a high dietetic value and has been especially recommended for use in cases of blood impoverish ment —a suggestion which, perhaps, rests upon the fact that it contains a considerable amount of iron. The presence of iron may easily he detect ed by applying to the cut surface of a tomato the ordinary re-agent. Asa food for supplying iron the tomato is far superior to any of the combina tions of iron as commonly used as a means of enriching the blood. It lias long been known that these inorganic compounds cannot enter into the com position of the blood. It is possible, however, that they may sometimes he useful, for, as lias recently been sug gested, while they do not enter into the composition of the blood, they serve to neutralize acid substances winch form insoluble salts with the iron of food, and tints prevent its absorption and assimilation. In other words, they pet as protectives of the nutritive iron compounds of food. The tomato may serve a similar purpose, and not only by supplying the sour of iron, but the introduction of a larger amount than is needed, providing for the conserva tion of the amount actually required.— Good Health. 7 2 3