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Vol. XXVI, No 45. Whote-No. 1546.
ORANGE GROVE PROTECTION. Different Plans That Are Being Tried by Our Growers. When the two great freezes of ’94 and ’95 killed to the ground 95 per cent, of the lx‘a ring orange trees of the State, one of the greatest indus tries of the South received a check that set it back for a good many years and settled the over production cry. These two freezes, however, only acted as a check for the then prevailing idea that these blizzards were only known at long intervals and that it would be safe to again build a grove. The three winters following helped to bear put this idea and grove culture was again assuming consider ab 1 e proportions when the most ter rible of all blizzards swept down on our State on February 13 and 14, 1809, a date at which ev ery one had sup posed all danger was passed, and again killed to the ground nearly all of the orange trees in the middle and northern portion of the orange belt and seriously damaged those in the south ern part. These re peated disasters have naturally turned the atten tion of the growers to devising some method of protec tion which will in sure the orange tree against being killed by cold. The high price of or anges lias greatly increased the desire to have the trees protected and at tlie present rate of progress it is very cer tain that it will not be long before this will be accomplished. The Agricultur ist has been hard at work on this sub ject for over a year, and originally in tended to get out an edition devoted to protection, early in the season, but it seemed impossible to get any infor mation as to cost and efficiency, as only two or three small coverings had been made, and in most cases these were not completed, so that what might have been said would have been largely in the way of guess work. We hope that the information gathered for this issue will help all those who contemplate protection, to start on right lines so that the expense they go to will not be wasted. *s< .'Wrz**-. JPni *¥** *>* mP ■*.• ;srf .r 'k W. ; ■ i L. V yfcjfcjPr .-jfcr-jFI. iMA jmr*“ '. SIIEDDEI) GROVES. The writer has visited nearly all of the sliedded groves in the State and our various illustrations, together with our descriptions, will enable the grow er to understand about how they are built. * THE STETSON SHEDS. The largest orange shed in the State, by all means, is that of Mr. J. B. Stet son of DeLand, where he has thirty seven acres covered. This work was begun two years ago, and last year the sheds were built with the east and south sides open, as it was thought that protection from the north, west and overhead was all that would be required. Last winter’s cold, however. OFT NO. I.—.T. B. STETSON’S PET GROVE. 5 ACRES. showed that it was necessary to have all sides closed in so that all heat that was generated by fires could be held where wanted. Profiting by last year’s experience Mr. Stetson now has all sides of his sheds closed up. Mr. Stetson is trying different meth ods of covering so that in the course of a few years he will be able to fur nish considerable data as to the best method of overhead covering. Our cut No. 1 gives a view of Mr. Stet son’s Pet grove, consisting of five acres. This is now enclosed by four outside walls and covered with cy press veneering. This covering is made by the Pierpont Manufacturing Com pany at Crescent City. Strips of cy press veneer four inches wide are wov en together with wire. The dark streaks show here the strips are woven close together and the light streaks DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, November 22, 1899. where the strips are four inches apart. This covering is to remain on the year around. This shed was not entirely "completed when the cold waves came down so that many of the trees were badly cut back. Those that were close to the north and west walls, however, fared a great deal better and to-day are handsome trees, as can be seen by the illustration, and it is hoped will bear considerable fruit next year. Cut No. 2 shows another form of cov ering, known as the Steven’s patent. This consists of large panels hung be tween supports, so that when closed the covering is complete. On the ap proach of cold, men with poles walk through the grove and push up these panels, which are caught and held in place by a simple latch of wood. In this cut can be seen the cast iron sala manders that will be used for heating the shed. These salamanders hold sufficient coke to last from twelve to thirty-six hours, according to how hot a fire is wanted. From experiments made it is estimated that six of these salamanders will heat an acre. The cost of these heaters is about sll each. They consist of a series of interlap ping rings and a*base piece in which there is a grate. The first ring has three ventilator holes in the sides, but all the other rings are solid. The size of the salamander is regulated by the number of rings used. They can be two feet tall or just as high as the user wishes to stack up the rings. Cut No. 3 shows another of Mr. Stetson’s groves called the “Horae $2 per Annum, in Advance Grove.” The cut shows how the frame work is put up. The covering is to be the veneered cypress without any openings. This will be rolled out on the approach of cold weather and left on during the dangerous period. The frame work is made strong enough so that men can walk on top in safety. The interests of Mr. Stetson are look ed after by Mr. H. B. Stevens, former ly of Citra, who has made orange cul ture in all its phases a careful study. It is believed that the same success that has crowned his work elsewhere will show itself here. SHEDS AT WALDO. The writer had often heard of the success of the she'd at Waldo, owned pretty sights in Mr. Shooter’s shed was a clump of bamfna plants. Tlit shed had protected the leaves so that they had not been whipped to pieces as is the case when in the open, and the leaves hung gracefully with thou unshattered breadth drinking in the sunshine as it came to them through the cracks above. They were the pret tiest banana plants the writer has ever seen. Mr, Shooter seemed san guine over the results and prospects of his sheds. Cut No. 5 gives another view in Mr. Shooter’s shed, the tree in the fore ground being an orange tree and those on each side peach trees. PROTECTION AT CI'l'RA. Citra, at one time, was the banner shipping point for Florida oranges, and her fame was known far and near. To go there to-day one could by Mr. H. Shooter, but it seemed al incredulous that with a temperature at 6 above outside that the orange and banana trees could be unharmed on the inside We visited Mr. Shoot er’s place a short time ago and found that the trees were in all their vigor and the bananas fruiting. Cut No. 4 gives some idea of the size of the orange and peach trees as we saw them. A few oranges were found on the tree, and looked very tempt in g. Mr. Shooter’s plan of a shed and method of covering is describ ed in his letter else where in tliis issue. One of the vcy