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The Florida agriculturist. (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, November 01, 1905, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96027724/1905-11-01/ed-1/seq-3/

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0 oil =
jt V 7 h c o i L J JWhale
Whale = Oil Soap and other Insecticides F FEe °
Handle With Care CareItlius CareHlms CareIthus
Itlius toxicodendron commonly cal called calICII called ¬
led poison poi < on ivy y is quite abundant abundantin
in many man parts of the state Rhus Runsvonenata Rhusycnenata Rhusvenenata
vonenata usually u < lmll known as poison poisonsumac polsonsumac poisonsumac
sumac or poison dogwood Is said saidto sa saidto ill illto
to grow in Florida though we have havenever havenever havenever
never seen it As the latter is only onlyfound onlyf01l1111 onlyfound
found in swamps it is not so danger dangerous dangerons dangerous ¬
ous as the poison loio5on ivy y which climbs climhsover cIimbsoer climbsover
over fences and trees on dry land landBesides landBesides landBesides
Besides the remedies mentioned be below below below ¬
low you on will find that common baking bakingsoda bakingI bakingsoda
soda I > oda found in clmost every eve kitchen kitchenIs
Is about as good as anything an thlng and has hasthe hasclue I Ithe
the advantage of being always nha s at hand handwhen handwhen i iwhen
when needed The last is important importantfor
for the sooner the remedy is applied appliedafter nJIJIiedafter appliedafter
after touching the vine the th better betterthe betterthc betterthe
the effect effectThe effectTIle effectThe
The Indiana Farmer says So long longas
as the present fad for nature study studyholds studyholds i
holds its interest it is well to remem remember remember ¬
I Iber
ber that all is not gold that glitters glittersand glittersand I
and that among the luxuriant under tindergrowths undergrowths i
growths of our favorite pathway may maylurk lIIayIlIrl maylurk
lurk plant enemies that it is not safe safeto safeto afe afeto
to ignore 1 IIOIe Principally these that take takethe takethe takethe
the form of invidious ivy and subtle subtlesumac subtlcsumnc subtlesumac
sumac which we must give due rec recognition recognition recognition ¬
ognition lest we suffer the conse consequence consequence consequence ¬
quence quenceAfter quenceAfter quenceAfter
After a long warm walk it is very veryrefreshing veryrefreshing veryrefreshing
refreshing to drop down on some mass masscovered mo8coerell masscovered
covered log overhung with luxuriant luxuriantvines luxurinntyines luxuriantvines
vines that will ill aflord us welcome welcomeshelter welcomeshelter welcomeshelter
shelter from the hot sun but when whenas
as a result of such a performance performanceIn
In the course of a few fm days our hands handsand handsmill handsand
and faces become masses of inflamed inflamedflesh inflamcflesh inflamedflesh
flesh and our eyelids are so swollen swollenthat swollenthat swollenthat
that they will not admit the light of ofday ofIlar ofday
day we begin to wish that our ourknowledge ourImowledge ourknowledge
knowledge of plant life was a bit ex extensive extensive ¬
tensive and that we had in the days daysof daJsof daysof
of our youth read up on the nature natureand natureanll natureand
and appearance of our poisonous poisonousneighlors polfonoulnel poisonousneighbors
neighbors nel hhors and learned to discriminate discriminatebetween dlfCrlmlnatehetween discriminatebetween
between the just and the unjust unjustIt
It has ha l been > oen said Ral 1 that the poison pol Ron ivy ivyis ivyis y yIs
is more touchy in the spring and andearly amIearly andearly
early summer < when it is full of fresh freshyoung freshyoung freshyoung
young blood However this may be beI
I have seen severe cases of poisoning poisoningJate polfonlngIate poisoninglate
late in the summer and fall and even eventhe eventhe
the dry fl winter branches can get in insome Insome insonic
some very elJ effective effect e work upon oc occasion oceasion occasion ¬ I
casion hence it is not safe to assume assumethat aRsumethat assumethat
that any nn season is immune immuneNotwithstanding Immunelotwithstanlling immuneNotwithstanding
Notwithstanding the fact that the thepoison thepolson thepoison
poison ivy y is s a common growth and andmany anllmany andmany
many persons suffer from its It contact contactit
it is an enemy that one can easily easilyavoid easilyavoid easilyavoid
avoid for it openly flaunts its dis distinguishing dlstinguiRhlng distlhgnishing ¬
tinguishing hall marks by which we wecan wecan wecan
can identify it It has been mistaken mistakenby
by careless observers for the luxuriant luxuriantVirginia luxuriantVirginia uxurlantirglnla
Virginia creeper or woodbine so com common common common ¬
mon in all sections an error for which whichneither whichneither whichneither
neither the woodbine nor ivy is re responsible responsible responsible ¬
sponsible for they the are quite unlike unlikein
in their appearance though thon h fond of ofa ofa ofa
a similar habitat both loving to climb climbto
to the top of any tall tree that will willpermit willpennlt willpermit
permit the familiarity The wood woodbine W00t1blne woodbine ¬
bine however hangs han s on by means of ofnumerous ofnumerous ofnumerous
numerous greenish tendrils while the theIvy thehy theIvy
Ivy clings tightly and secures a firmer firmerhold firmerhold firmertold
hold by throwing out aerial rootlets rootletswhich rootletswhich rootletswhich
which burrow deep into the rough roughbark ronghbark roughbark
bark barkThe barkThe barkThe
The most noticeable difference lies liesin liesin liesin
in the arrangement of the leaflets
on the woodbine the leaf consists of offive ofhe
five divisions or leaflets while the thepoison thepolson thepoison
poison ivy T has but three hence it Is Issafer issafer Issafer
safer to avoid contact with any three threefingered threefingerell threeIfingered
fingered vine that is clinging confi confidingly ¬
dingly about the trunk of a friendly friendlytree friendlytree
tree or lazily overrunning an old oldfence oldfence oldfence
fence The leaflets of the ivy are aresmooth
smooth and anI shining light green tooth toothless toothless toothless ¬
less and usually ovate pointed with without without without ¬
out lobes or at least only slightly slightlynotched slightIyJlotchCll slightlynotched
notched while the woodbine is dull dullcolored dullcolorl dullcolored
colored and its leaflets are deeply deeplytoothed deeplytoothed deeplytoothed
toothed toothedTater
Later in the year the graywhite graywhiteberries graywhitebeITles graywhiteberries
berries distinguish the poison growth growthfrom Jrowthfrom growthfrom
from other climbing plants which whichbear whichhear whichbear
bear purple crimson or blue fruits fruitsIt
It has been said that one may eat eatboth cathoth eatboth
both leaves and fruit of the ivy and andlive amIlive andlive
live to tell the tale but it is an ex experiment experiment experiment ¬
periment best left to the pilcated pilcatedwoodpeckers pileat pileatodwoodpeckers d dwoollpecliCrs
woodpeckers of powerful beak who whoare whoare whoire
are remarkably fond of these berries berriesand bernMlI1d berriesanti
and gobble them down as though thou h they theyfound theyfound theyfound
found in them some savory flavor to totheir totheir totheir
their taste Those who ought to toknow tokno toknow
know kno affirm that it has been dem demonstrated demonstmtClI demonstrated ¬
onstrated that the plants poisonous poisonoussecretions poisonoussccretions poisonoussecretions
secretions act only through contact contactbut con contactbut bl ct ctbut
but many lI1an persons insist that they theyare theyare theyare
are affected by b merely looking at the thevine thevlnc thevine
vine in passing passingOne passingOne passingOne
One of the mast effective antidotes antidotesfor
for ivy y poisoning is to bathe the theafflicted thenmicted theafflicted
afflicted parts with a lotion made of ofone ofone ofone
one part tincture of grindelia and four fourparts fourImrt fourparts
parts water used freely and frequent frequently frCluentI ¬
ly I ly If not applied soon enough to tostop tostop tostop
stop the irritation a thorough and andpersistant andIJellstlIlt andpersistent
persistent use will prevent its spread spreading spreading < 6preadIng ¬
ing ingA
A somewhat less common plant plantfoe pbntfoc plantfoe
foe is the poison sumac Rhus venen venenata venenata venenata
ata which is even more dangerous dangerousthan danJerousthan dangerousthan
than ivy as its bite is more severe severeand seereaIlll severeand
and lasting This reprehensible mem member memher memher ¬
her of an otherwise harmless and well wellbehaved
behaved family is frequently to be befound befounl1 befound
found growing groi in swampy or low lowground lowgr01l1ld lowground
ground so ono is not quite as liable liableto
to come in contact with its poisonous poisonousbranches poisonoushrmches poisonousbranches
branches as a though it grew in more morefavorable moretaomhlc morefavorable
favorable situations It is a hand handsome handoOme handsonie ¬
some shrub and attracts the artistic artisticeye artisticeJe artisticeye
eye but beware of its deceptive deceptivecharms deceptivehanus deceptivecharms
charms for they conceal a multitude multitudeof
of sins slnfrom from the human standpoint standpointTo
To detect the true from the false It Itshould itshoulll Itshould
should be noted that the common commonsumac commonsumac ommonsumac
sumac has from 0 to 31 toothed leaf leaflets leaflet carlet7 ¬
lets let wliich are green above and gray grayish grayiHh grayish ¬
ish on the under side while the thepoisonous the110lsono11S thepoisonous
poisonous has from 7 to 13 leaflets leafletsgreen leafletTeen leafletsgreen <
green on both sides and like liI e those of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the ivy are without teeth The leaf leafscarof leafscar leafcar
scarof scar of the harmless < variety is heart heartshaped healshaped heartshaped
shaped and on the poison takes tal es the theform theform theform
form of a spade but this mark can be bediscovered beIliscoered bediscovered
discovered only by h stripping off the theleaves theleaves theleaves
leaves a dangerous performance at atall atall
all times timesThe timesThe
The fruit of the poison poL < on sumac is isgreenish i igreenlsh isgreenish
greenish white and springs from the theaxils tJlIaxils theaxils
axils of the leaves while the harmless harmlessshrub Imrmlesshntb liarmle s sshrub
shrub bears clusters of crimson ber berries herTies berries ¬
ries on the terminals of the twigs twigsThese twisThesc twigsThese
These are very vcr conspicuous on account accountof
of their vivid coloring The he autumnal autumnalfoliage autumnalfolia autumnalfoliage
foliage folia e of both poison plants is mark markedly markIlly markedly ¬
edly Illy brilliant taking on all the golden goldentints goldentints o1dln o1dlntints
tints of a rich sunset as though eagor eagorto ea eag r rto rto
to celebrate the closing days of an aneventful nnmentf111 aneventful
eventful season and a life IIf rom a aplants Itplants aplants
plants possible standpoint But this thisconspicuous Ihisconsplcuol1 thisconspicuuous
conspicuous gilding renders them par particularly particularly particularly ¬
ticularly seductive luctie to lovers of deco decorative decorative decorative ¬
rative foliage who are eager to bring
home Ionic the leafladen branches but Ilt one oneexperience olleeXlcrlencc oneexperience
experience usually usuall discourages s all de desire deslrc desire ¬
sire for further intimacy Intimac The myrtle myrtlewarblers myrtlewarhlers myrtlewarblers
warblers congregate con regate in flocks to feast feastoff feastoff feastoff
off the livid sumac fruit and rest in insafety InsafetJ insafety
safety on its baneful branches 1er 1erhaps rmhaps er erhaps
haps the plant realizes that only by bythe bythe bythe
the aid of some winged in d guest h 1 can m the thesmall tllesman thesmall
small seeds be transported to new newcountries newcountries newcountries
countries and so regulates its It venom venomaccording venomaccording venomaccording
according to its guests guestsIvy guestsIv guestsIvy
Ivy Iv poisoning is so distressing and andmost andmost andmost
most people are so easily easil affected that thatwe thatwe I Iwe
we willingly give space to these ac accounts accounts accounts ¬
counts of the plants and to the reme remedies remedies remedies ¬
dies The following from the Country CountryGentleman CountryGentleman CountryGentleman
Gentleman gives some additional additional in information information Information ¬
formation on the subject subjectRemedies subjectRemedies subjectRemedies
Remedies for Ivy Poisoning PoisoningMake PoisoaingMake Poisoningfake
Make a strong solution of sugar sugarof SUblrof sugarof
of lead by b covering it with hot waterwhcn waterwhen water waterwhen
when cool with soft linen dipped in inthe inthe inthe
the solution bathe the affected sur surface sllrface surface ¬
face several times a day and at night nightapply nightapply I Iappl
apply bandages saturated with the thesolution thesolution I Isolution
solution which if convenient need neednot neCl neClnot neednot
not be removed if kept wet wetWhen wetIhen wettWhen
When there is no abrasion of the theskin theskill theskin
skin a paste of gunpowder and andwhisky andwhlslQ andwhisk
whisky whisk may be effective Pour water waterover wateroer waterover
over unslaked lime stir and let stand standan standIIn standan
an hour Continued applications will willsometimes willometimcs willsometimes
sometimes > greatly relieve relieveWhat relievehat relieveWhat
What hat is efficacious for one person personcannot personcannot personcannot
cannot always ahva s be relied on for foranother foranoUlCr foranother
another The following remedies have haveproved haveIJIoed haveproved
proved efficacious efficaciousThe efficaciousThe i iThe
The inner bark of the common elder eldersteeped elderstecped eldersteeped
steeped in buttermilk milkweed mill weClI juice juicepoultices juiceIlOultlces juicepoultices
poultices of bruised bean or plantain plantainleaves plantainleaves plantainleaves
leaves applcations of raw sliced slicedonion sllcetlonion slicedonion
onion borax water etc etcDiluted etcDiluted I IDiluted
Diluted bromochloralmn cured a avery avery I Ive
very ve bad case < fiSC A slice of bread sat saturated saturated ¬ I Inmt1
urated with hot water and sprinkled sprinkledwith slJrinklClWiUI sprinkledwith
with soda another A farm lad who whowas whowas whowas
was in our employ was very badly badlypoisoned htlllypolsonl badlypoisoned
poisoned on his lower extremities and andwas nndwas andwas
was cured by applications of soft softsoap softonp softSoap
soap soapAs SoapAs < onp onpAs
As soon as the poison manifests manifestsitself manifestsItself manifestsitself
itself painting around the spot with witha I Ia
a feather dipped in iodine may mll arrest arrestthe arrestthe arrestthe
the spread Why 1 suffer the pain painintolerable painIntolernble painintolerable
intolerable itching and nmllmartlng smarting whensuch whensuch when whensuch
such an array arra of tested remedies are areaccessible areaccessible areaccessible
accessible accessiblePeriod accessiblePeriod accessiblePeriod
Period of Heat in Stock and andBreeding andBreeding andBreeding
Breeding BreedingThe
The information contained in the thefollowing thefollowing thefollowing
following from Wallaces a lIa ccs Farmer Farmerwill Farmerwill Farmerwill
will be found founllvahmble valuable to stock breed breeders breClIers breeders ¬
ers of all kinds kindsA
A correspondent asks how long the thedomestic thedomestic thedomestic
domestic animals remain in heat and andhow anlllIow andhow
how often the period of heat occurs occursThis occursThis occursThis
This varies with different animals animalsThe anlmlllsThe animalsThe
The period of heat in the mare m mare 1rc occurs occursat UCCUlat occursat
at intervals of eighteen to twentyone twentyonedays twentyonedaJs twentyonelays
days and the average duration is two twoto twoto I Ito
to three days da s in cattle the period oc occurs occurs ¬ I Icurs
curs about every ever twentyone days and andcontinues antIcontinues andcontinues
continues from twelve to thirty hours hoursin hoursIn hoursin
in ewes every sixteen to seventeen seventeendays seenteenlIays seventeendays
days and continues continues two or three days daysin da daysin s sIn
in sowsfifteen sows fifteen to twentyone days and andthe andthe andthe
the average duration duration of f heat is 1 one oneto oneto oneto
to three days In some cases the theperiod theperlolI theperiod
period of heat will pass unnoticed un uness un1C unless
1C less ess < S the male is present and for this thisreason thisreason thisreason
reason animals that are difficult to tocatch tocatch tocatch
catch should be permitted to run
with the male where practicable But Butas Butas
as 1 a rule Iue the male should not be al allowed uIIOWct allowed ¬
lowed to run with the females as the thesingle tileln thesingle
single < > ln le service will h i the great major majority majorit majority ¬
ity it of cases be found to produce bet better better better ¬
ter results and more vigorous off offspring offRIring offspring ¬
spring Occasionally Ocenslonall an animal will willhe willhe willhe
he found that is continually continuall in heat heatsuch heatRuch heatsuch
such a cow is known as a btiller btillerThis ImllerThis bullerThis
This is generally the result of adis adiseased a llis lliseasetl diseased ¬
eased condition of the ovaries and andunless anllunl andunless
unless unl 3s the animal is especially valu valuable valuahlc valuable ¬
able and treatment seems justified it itwill itwill itwill
will be better to dispose of such ani animals anlmas an anDials ¬
Dials on the market Treatment in insuch Insnch insnclh
such cases is not very satisfactory satlsfacto and andthe andthe andthe
the chances are against recovery recoveryThe rccoYe rccoYeThe recoveryThe
The secret of success in mating is isthe Isthe isthe
the vitality tlit and age of the animals animalsrsed animalsI animalsused
used I sed Perhaps more breeders go gowrong goWIOng gowrong
wrong by using usln immature stocK for forbreeding forbreeding forbreeding
breeding purposes and by b using them themtoo themtoo themtoo
too hard than in any other way wa No Nootherwise Xoothelwie Nootherwise
otherwise sane man should expect an anoverworked anoerworlel anoverworked
overworked stallion bull or boar to toset toet toget
set et vigorous well developed offspring offspringthat offspringthat offspringthat
that will have a fair start in life and andan andan
an even chance to reach useful matur maturity maturitJ ¬
ity and leave the farm at marketable marketableage marl etable etableage
age at a snug profit to the breeder breederSixty bnCderSixt breederSixty
Sixty Sixt to eighty ei ht mares for a matured maturedstallion mahlredstallion maturedstallion
stallion twentyfive twellt 1iC to thirtyfive thirty five cows cowsfor cowsfor cowsfor
for a bull twenty twent to forty fort ewes to a aram aralll alain
ram and alII twenty to fifty fift sows to toa toahoar a aboar aboar
boar is the limit under the best hand handling handling handliug ¬
ling and care Better buy llU an extra extrasire extrasire extrasire
sire or two or rent one onent at a t good price pricethan pricethan pricethan
than overtax this half of the herd herdIt heroe heroIt hereIt
It takes a brave man to acknow acknowledge aelmowCllge acknowledge ¬
ledge his hi errors errorsFOR etrorsFO errorsFOR
Six hundred and thirty acres of ofland ofland ofland
land near Cotton Plant part of ofwhich ofwhich ofwhich
which is rich hammock part partcleared partcleared partcleared
cleared and fenced and has been beencultivated beenI
I cultivated in truck crops during duringthe duringthe duringthe
the past year This land will be besold besold besold
sold at a bargain if sale can be bemade bemade bemade
made before January I IPrice IPrice IPrice
Price and particulars on appli application application application ¬
cation cationE cationE cationE
E O Painter PainterDELAND
Stump and Tree Pullers PullersSelfanchoring
Selfanchoring and Stamp Stampanchored Stumpanchored
rffme gSt r
anchored b Something ncur ncurPull ne Powerful PowerfulHandy PowerfulI
Pull I an ordinary T ry5tumplnlJ stump in IJi IJiminutes 1 Handy HandyLow Hand
minutes ItoS ItoSacres Y Yacres
I acres a res at a set eetllnr Low LowPriced Lowtin Logytang
tang tin Different DillcrcntElzea Differentrhea
rhea zea to suit suitall au1tall Priced PricedMilne Pricedall
all kinds of otclearings ofclearings ofcieartngsn
clearings clearingsForlllustmted cieartngsn cieartngsnentalo
entalo Forlllustmted Forlllustmtedcatalog orlllustratedeatLlog nsedd nseddtres tres trese e
catalog g gMilne address adtlrcs3Milne sr
Milne Mfg Co 978 Ninth St Monmouth MonmouthlIII III

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