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FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST latcrcd at the postoffice at DeLand. Florida, as •cond-class matter. Published weekly by the AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO., Walter Connelly, Manager. W. C. Steele, Editor. E. O. Painter, Associate Editor. Jacksonvilfe Office: 216 West Forsyth Street. Members of THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION. Affiliated with the NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION. TERMS. One year, single subscription $ i oo Six months, single subscription so ADVERTISING RATES. Rates for k advertising furnished on application by letter or in person. TO CORRESPONDENTS. Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manu script unless stamps are enclosed. All communications for intended publication must be accompanied with real name, as a guar antee of good faith. No anonymous contributions will be regarded. Money should be semt by Draft, Postoffice Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered Letter, otherwise the publisher will not be re sponsible in case of loss. When personal checks are used, exchange must be added. Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change cannot be had. To insure insertion, all advertisements for this paper, must be received by 10 o’clock Monday morning of each week. Subscribers when writing to have the address of their paper changed MUST give the old as well as the new address. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 23, 1907. ——————— U , A Heart to Heart Family Talk. Since assuming the management of the Agriculturist, we have been so en grossed with business details that we have bestowed little attention on the paper itself, but in another week or two we hope to have these matters better in hand. For more than twenty years, we have been a regular reader of the Agricultur ist, and during all of that time we have considered the paper well worth the price charged for it —$2.00 per year. Hence the subscription rate was not reduced to SI.OO because it was not thought to be worth more, but in the belief that such reduction would result in greatly increasing its circulation and 'enlarging its field oif usefulness. Whether or not we are disappointed in this respect will depend to some ex tent on our subscribers. The fundamental principles of agri culture and horticulture are the same almost everywhere, but the soil, cli mate and character of many of the crops grown in Florida are so different from other sections of the country that to make an agricultural paper here what it really ought to be —one pecu liarly adapted to the state —requires that it should be made up largely of original matter and selection's from other papers published in similar lati tudes and under like conditions. We do not expect, at least in the near future if ever, to reach our ideal, but shall strive hard to do so, and ask the co-operation of the entire Agriculturist family in that direction. We have ar rangements already completed for pa pers on several important subjects, some of which will begin with the first issue in February, and others are under consideration. In addition, we earnestly solicit short, practical articles from all. If you have been especially successful with any crop tell others how you did it, and if any of your efforts have resulted in failure, someone may be able to point out the cause, and thus by an interchange of experiences all may be profited. Or if you have discovered some improved method of doing things or some sim- ple labor-saving contrivance, send in a description, and if necessary to make it better understood a sketch or draw ing of same from which a cut can be made. Many of these things, which are common, every day affairs to you, may be entirely new and interesting to oth ers. We expect to put into the Agricultu rist our best efforts and an experience of over thirty years in the newspaper business, much of it along agricultural lines. Will you contribute something occasionally from your experience? If so, we will make the paper better than it has ever been. Good Roads. We have said but little recently, on the subject of good roads, not from lack of interest, but owing to other reasons. We expect, in the future, to urge the matter and shall be glad to see the time when every county in the state has a system of good roads, over which a team can haul a load, and by that we mean as much as two horses ought to pull. There is one objection to real good roads, which should be considered be fore we get them. That is the fact, that in the present condition of Flori da roads, farmers have but little trou ble with automobiles. It is also a fact that in many places, at the North, they have become such a serious nuisance that people in the rural districts dare not trust their wives and children to drive over the roads alone. Even where the law requires an automobile to stop on signal, so as to allow horses to pass quietly, the law is frequently violated and serious accidents are caused. Before we tax ourselves to make good roads, we should see to it that we have a law which will give the farmers at least equal rights on the road with the autos. It will require careful study to draw up a bill which, when made into a law, will do the work. We do not mean to drive the auto mobiles from the road, but to require them to respect the rights of others. It is no answer to say that most of those who run the machines will be careful to do this, without a special law. It is true that most of them will do so. It is also true that few people will steal, yet we must have a law to control the few who have no regard for the rights of others. So in the case of the autos, we must be prepared for those who are reckless of others’ rights. Another thing in respect to good roads. We have no objection to the levying of a special tax for that pur pose, but we want it guarded by re strictions which will prevent boards of county commissioners from taking the tax of a whole county and spending it on one or two favored sections. The expense of making such roads might be greatly reduced by authoriz ing each county to work its own con victs on the roads, both in making and repairing. Such a law would be better fo|r all concerned, and the convicts would be more likely to receive proper treatment than when leased to any set of men whose interest it was to get all the work possible out of given num bers of men, regardless of conditions. We hope that such a law will be passed iat the next session of the Florida Legislature. An Immigration Burean. Last week we mentioned the fact that it was proposed that this State should establish an immigration bureau. We certainly hope that it will be done THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. at the next meeting of the Legislature. Florida had something of the kind about twenty or twenty-five years ago, and it no doubt was the means of bring ing many good settlers to the State. That work was entirely confined to our own country, and the settlers were all from the States north of us. It is now proposed that the work shall be carried across the ocean and an effort be made to bring over foreign laborers, to supply the great shortage which exists. South Carolina has al ready made a move in that direction, and a steamer load of immigrants has been landed at Charleston. The Atlanta Journal of December 25th, contained a long editorial on South Carolina’s Immigration Depart ment. After commending it in the strongest possible terms, it goes on to recommend that Georgia should follow the example already set and establish such a department. If it is a good thing for South Caroli na and is expected to be as good for Georgia, why not for Florida? The Freeze. Since last week’s paper was made up, we have found notices of the cold snap and its effect in several of our State exchanges. We have also a letter from the Pinel las peninsula. From that it will be seen that the cold was quite severe on the west coast. We gave reports last week that it had been as low as 25 in Manatee county. The Punta Gorda Herald says that the lowest at that point was 28, and that orange trees and shedded pineapples were uninjured. Their escape is attributed to the pro tection of the waters of Charlotte Har bor on the west. The editor says that a little north of their place it was much colder, and some oranges are reported frozen on the trees. The Wauchula Advocate says that 26 was the coldest reported at that place, but says nothing of any damage from freezing. The Bartow Courier-Informant says that the coldest at Haines City was 28. No injury oranges, and it was thought that the trees were also safe. At Haskell and at Fort Meade the mercury went to 20; at Frostproof the lowest was 26; at Bartow it was 20. It is isaid that vegetable crops are generally killed, or badly damaged. The Reporter-Star says that the cold snap has caused damage to growing crops, aggregating many thousands of dollars. The government self-register ing thermometer gave a record of 22, but farmers and truckers from, the country reported it much colder. We found only one record of the cold in the Gainesville section. At Judson the mercury went to 19 on the morn ings of the 25th, 26th and 27th. On the whole it seems that the cold wave came in from the west, as is often the case, and was as cold along the southern part of the west coast as it was two or three hundred miles further ncrth. The injury has not been ser.ous in many places, but it is sufficient to emphasize the warning of the Tampa Times, which we reproduce elsewhere this week, that the farmers of Florida would be wise to go into frost-proof crops. For Homeseekers. Thie Agriculturist is receiving so many requests for sample copies, and so many inquiries concerning Florida and its resources and opportunities, from people in other States, that we have decided to devote one or two pages each week to matter of special interest to this class of readers. To make this feature of the greatest possi ble value we ask short statements from : all sections of the State. Of course we j canncJt permit individual advertise ments to be incorporated in this matter nor criticisms or unfavorable compari sons with other localities in the State. What we want are plain truthful state ments of such facts as you would want if you were seeking information. We are pleased to have these in quiries from our Northern readers, and will most cheerfully give any informa tion we can upon request, provided postage is inclosed. Editorial Notes. Who has tried to grow English wal nuts in Florida? We should be very glad to hear from any one who has had any experience, whether success ful or otherwise. The possibilities of a small piece of land are not yet understood in America, not even in this State where we have so many small farms. We have much to learn in that line from those who have lived in the crowded countries of Europe. What is your idea of the best meth od or marketing the fruits and 'vegeta bles of Florida? This is a very im portant question, and must be settled soon or the size of our crops wid break the markets and result in great loss to growers all over the State. Mr Neeld’s article is very readable, and his conclusion as to the advisability of trying something else than orange culture is a wise one. We do not mean that growers should abandon their groves, but that they ought to plan so that all their eggs will not be in one basket. That when anything happens to injure or destroy a crop of fruit they will still have some resource left. Dr. Morrell, the white fly expert, who is in Orlando by direction of the United States government to study this pest and the best methods of ex terminating it, has been joined by S. Strong, of Los Angeles, Cal., who will work with Dr. Morrell. Bear in mind that our club rates are liable to be changed or withdrawn at any time, so if you would secure the low rates offered, you should renew your subscription at once. We want immigrants, and we need those who will come to work. Of course, we welcome those who have plenty of money, and do not need to work. The special need of Florida at th’s time is laborers to till our fields, gather our crops, and repair the rail roads, we add the latter clause because some of the roads are in poor condition, and the excuse of the management is that they cannot get laborers to do the needed work of repairing the track. Why should not the farmer’s sons, and his daughters as w r ell, be taught the principles of agriculture in school? It is true that we have no teachers that are competent to teach the science or even the first principles of scientific agriculture. But that fact is not a reason for neglecting it any longer. If such knowledge was a requisite for a position in the schools of this State, the teachers w f ould. soon qualify them selves, by studying the necessary text books.