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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, January 23, 1907, Image 8

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latcrcd at the postoffice at DeLand. Florida, as
•cond-class matter.
Published weekly by the
Walter Connelly, Manager.
W. C. Steele, Editor.
E. O. Painter, Associate Editor.
Jacksonvilfe Office: 216 West Forsyth Street.
Members of
Affiliated with the
One year, single subscription $ i oo
Six months, single subscription so
Rates for k advertising furnished on application
by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the scope
of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a guar
antee of good faith. No anonymous contributions
will be regarded.
Money should be semt by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered
Letter, otherwise the publisher will not be re
sponsible in case of loss. When personal checks
are used, exchange must be added. Only 1 and 2
cent stamps taken when change cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for this
paper, must be received by 10 o’clock Monday
morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 23, 1907.
——————— U ,
A Heart to Heart Family Talk.
Since assuming the management of
the Agriculturist, we have been so en
grossed with business details that we
have bestowed little attention on the
paper itself, but in another week or two
we hope to have these matters better
in hand.
For more than twenty years, we have
been a regular reader of the Agricultur
ist, and during all of that time we have
considered the paper well worth the
price charged for it —$2.00 per year.
Hence the subscription rate was not
reduced to SI.OO because it was not
thought to be worth more, but in the
belief that such reduction would result
in greatly increasing its circulation and
'enlarging its field oif usefulness.
Whether or not we are disappointed in
this respect will depend to some ex
tent on our subscribers.
The fundamental principles of agri
culture and horticulture are the same
almost everywhere, but the soil, cli
mate and character of many of the
crops grown in Florida are so different
from other sections of the country that
to make an agricultural paper here
what it really ought to be —one pecu
liarly adapted to the state —requires
that it should be made up largely of
original matter and selection's from
other papers published in similar lati
tudes and under like conditions.
We do not expect, at least in the near
future if ever, to reach our ideal, but
shall strive hard to do so, and ask the
co-operation of the entire Agriculturist
family in that direction. We have ar
rangements already completed for pa
pers on several important subjects,
some of which will begin with the first
issue in February, and others are under
In addition, we earnestly solicit short,
practical articles from all. If you have
been especially successful with any crop
tell others how you did it, and if any
of your efforts have resulted in failure,
someone may be able to point out the
cause, and thus by an interchange of
experiences all may be profited. Or
if you have discovered some improved
method of doing things or some sim-
ple labor-saving contrivance, send in a
description, and if necessary to make
it better understood a sketch or draw
ing of same from which a cut can be
made. Many of these things, which are
common, every day affairs to you, may
be entirely new and interesting to oth
We expect to put into the Agricultu
rist our best efforts and an experience
of over thirty years in the newspaper
business, much of it along agricultural
lines. Will you contribute something
occasionally from your experience? If
so, we will make the paper better than
it has ever been.
Good Roads.
We have said but little recently, on
the subject of good roads, not from
lack of interest, but owing to other
reasons. We expect, in the future, to
urge the matter and shall be glad to
see the time when every county in the
state has a system of good roads, over
which a team can haul a load, and by
that we mean as much as two horses
ought to pull.
There is one objection to real good
roads, which should be considered be
fore we get them. That is the fact,
that in the present condition of Flori
da roads, farmers have but little trou
ble with automobiles. It is also a fact
that in many places, at the North, they
have become such a serious nuisance
that people in the rural districts dare
not trust their wives and children to
drive over the roads alone. Even
where the law requires an automobile
to stop on signal, so as to allow horses
to pass quietly, the law is frequently
violated and serious accidents are
caused. Before we tax ourselves to
make good roads, we should see to it
that we have a law which will give the
farmers at least equal rights on the
road with the autos. It will require
careful study to draw up a bill which,
when made into a law, will do the work.
We do not mean to drive the auto
mobiles from the road, but to require
them to respect the rights of others.
It is no answer to say that most of
those who run the machines will be
careful to do this, without a special
law. It is true that most of them will
do so. It is also true that few people
will steal, yet we must have a law to
control the few who have no regard
for the rights of others. So in the
case of the autos, we must be prepared
for those who are reckless of others’
Another thing in respect to good
roads. We have no objection to the
levying of a special tax for that pur
pose, but we want it guarded by re
strictions which will prevent boards of
county commissioners from taking the
tax of a whole county and spending it
on one or two favored sections.
The expense of making such roads
might be greatly reduced by authoriz
ing each county to work its own con
victs on the roads, both in making and
repairing. Such a law would be better
fo|r all concerned, and the convicts
would be more likely to receive proper
treatment than when leased to any set
of men whose interest it was to get
all the work possible out of given num
bers of men, regardless of conditions.
We hope that such a law will be passed
iat the next session of the Florida
An Immigration Burean.
Last week we mentioned the fact
that it was proposed that this State
should establish an immigration bureau.
We certainly hope that it will be done
at the next meeting of the Legislature.
Florida had something of the kind
about twenty or twenty-five years ago,
and it no doubt was the means of bring
ing many good settlers to the State.
That work was entirely confined to our
own country, and the settlers were all
from the States north of us.
It is now proposed that the work
shall be carried across the ocean and
an effort be made to bring over foreign
laborers, to supply the great shortage
which exists. South Carolina has al
ready made a move in that direction,
and a steamer load of immigrants has
been landed at Charleston.
The Atlanta Journal of December
25th, contained a long editorial on
South Carolina’s Immigration Depart
ment. After commending it in the
strongest possible terms, it goes on to
recommend that Georgia should follow
the example already set and establish
such a department.
If it is a good thing for South Caroli
na and is expected to be as good for
Georgia, why not for Florida?
The Freeze.
Since last week’s paper was made
up, we have found notices of the cold
snap and its effect in several of our
State exchanges.
We have also a letter from the Pinel
las peninsula. From that it will be
seen that the cold was quite severe on
the west coast. We gave reports last
week that it had been as low as 25 in
Manatee county. The Punta Gorda
Herald says that the lowest at that
point was 28, and that orange trees and
shedded pineapples were uninjured.
Their escape is attributed to the pro
tection of the waters of Charlotte Har
bor on the west. The editor says that
a little north of their place it was much
colder, and some oranges are reported
frozen on the trees.
The Wauchula Advocate says that
26 was the coldest reported at that
place, but says nothing of any damage
from freezing.
The Bartow Courier-Informant says
that the coldest at Haines City was 28.
No injury oranges, and it was
thought that the trees were also safe.
At Haskell and at Fort Meade the
mercury went to 20; at Frostproof the
lowest was 26; at Bartow it was 20.
It is isaid that vegetable crops are
generally killed, or badly damaged.
The Reporter-Star says that the cold
snap has caused damage to growing
crops, aggregating many thousands of
dollars. The government self-register
ing thermometer gave a record of 22,
but farmers and truckers from, the
country reported it much colder.
We found only one record of the cold
in the Gainesville section. At Judson
the mercury went to 19 on the morn
ings of the 25th, 26th and 27th.
On the whole it seems that the cold
wave came in from the west, as is often
the case, and was as cold along the
southern part of the west coast as it
was two or three hundred miles further
ncrth. The injury has not been ser.ous
in many places, but it is sufficient to
emphasize the warning of the Tampa
Times, which we reproduce elsewhere
this week, that the farmers of Florida
would be wise to go into frost-proof
For Homeseekers.
Thie Agriculturist is receiving so
many requests for sample copies, and
so many inquiries concerning Florida
and its resources and opportunities,
from people in other States, that we
have decided to devote one or two
pages each week to matter of special
interest to this class of readers. To
make this feature of the greatest possi
ble value we ask short statements from
: all sections of the State. Of course we
j canncJt permit individual advertise
ments to be incorporated in this matter
nor criticisms or unfavorable compari
sons with other localities in the State.
What we want are plain truthful state
ments of such facts as you would want
if you were seeking information.
We are pleased to have these in
quiries from our Northern readers, and
will most cheerfully give any informa
tion we can upon request, provided
postage is inclosed.
Editorial Notes.
Who has tried to grow English wal
nuts in Florida? We should be very
glad to hear from any one who has
had any experience, whether success
ful or otherwise.
The possibilities of a small piece of
land are not yet understood in America,
not even in this State where we have
so many small farms. We have much
to learn in that line from those who
have lived in the crowded countries of
What is your idea of the best meth
od or marketing the fruits and 'vegeta
bles of Florida? This is a very im
portant question, and must be settled
soon or the size of our crops wid break
the markets and result in great loss to
growers all over the State.
Mr Neeld’s article is very readable,
and his conclusion as to the advisability
of trying something else than orange
culture is a wise one. We do not mean
that growers should abandon their
groves, but that they ought to plan so
that all their eggs will not be in one
basket. That when anything happens
to injure or destroy a crop of fruit
they will still have some resource left.
Dr. Morrell, the white fly expert,
who is in Orlando by direction of the
United States government to study
this pest and the best methods of ex
terminating it, has been joined by S.
Strong, of Los Angeles, Cal., who will
work with Dr. Morrell.
Bear in mind that our club rates are
liable to be changed or withdrawn at
any time, so if you would secure the
low rates offered, you should renew
your subscription at once.
We want immigrants, and we need
those who will come to work. Of
course, we welcome those who have
plenty of money, and do not need to
work. The special need of Florida at
th’s time is laborers to till our fields,
gather our crops, and repair the rail
roads, we add the latter clause because
some of the roads are in poor condition,
and the excuse of the management is
that they cannot get laborers to do
the needed work of repairing the track.
Why should not the farmer’s sons,
and his daughters as w r ell, be taught
the principles of agriculture in school?
It is true that we have no teachers that
are competent to teach the science or
even the first principles of scientific
agriculture. But that fact is not a
reason for neglecting it any longer.
If such knowledge was a requisite for a
position in the schools of this State,
the teachers w f ould. soon qualify them
selves, by studying the necessary text

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