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More Facts About Mangoes.
The mango controversy still goes on, neither Mr. John B. Beach nor Rev. Elbridge Gale can succeed in convincing the other. The latest is from Rev. E. Gale, written to the Palm Beach News: Mr. David Fairchild, than whom there is no better authority on the mango and mango culture in Ameri ca, in a current number for Febru ary of Country Life in America, says: “The damage done by a single fruit v/etvd in Java is so general that it is often difficult to find a sound mango in the market. Fair looking speci mens are- alive with these parasites whose burrows run in every direction through the fruit pulp. In Mexico the ravages of another fruit parasite (a maggot) often practically destroy a whole crop. The introduction of either of these parasites will ruin the mango interest in this country and for this reason private introductions cannot be too strongly discouraged. Hawaiian plantations are even now seriously threatened by the former of these parasites.” Everyone interested in mango cul ture in Florida will feel that Mr. Fair child’s warning about these parasites is especially timely since we learn that, as early as 1901, by government report, there are many localities in the Island of Jamaica where w certain varieties of the mango were even then infested with these parasites. It does not seem probable that only certain varieties are subject to attack. In on case the far famed Number Eleven was thus attacked. Judging from the reports we may infer that the people were scarcely alive at that time to the perils of the situation. Whether the perils named by Mr. Fairchild are really endangering the interests of Mango culture in the other islands cannot be determined now. But those interested will be wise to look up the matter carefully before they are any way influential in introducting these dreaded parasites into Florida. While the mango at first is some what difficult to transplant, we have leanred that when well established in the ground it will endure a great deal of rough usage. This is a very impor-. tant fact, for this insures the changing of the entire top of the tree to some valuable variety as they have been proposing in Jamaica and as I am try ing to do here. I do not simply hope that we will succeed, but we know both in Jamaica and here that we will. Our friends have no doubt observed that when they pull off a mango from its stem that' there is always a slight flow of pitchy sap which more or less disfigures the appearance of the fruit. I want to tell each of my friends who may be looking for Mulgoba mangoes to pick, just cut them off the tree with a half inch of stem and avoid the un sightly flow. Unfortunately the Mulgoba mango has been, figured with a beautiful crimson cheek. This is very attractive, but it is the symbol of incipient de cay. As far as I know, it never as sumes that attractive appearance until it has passed its best. It should be taken carefully from the tree when mature and be permitted to ripen in the shade. This fact adds much to its value as a market fruit. It re quires nothing more than careful j packing to insure its safe shipment 1 almost any distance; or it can be ice- ■ packed and kept many days ready for j serving at any hour. Thus, in India people have, for many years, been sending these choice fruit hundreds of 1 miles into the country for immediate use on their arrival. Our English peo ple in India, I am told by an old army officer, were sending these cho : ce mangoes twenty years or more ago, to their friends in the mountains on ice at a cost of $24 a hundred, while jungle mangoes couid be had at six pence a dozen in Bombay market. This is not an unreasonable disparity in price. We know for what we are working. When my personal friends, all up and down this coast, come to eat Mulgoba mangoes from their own trees you will say it was worth while to work on and wait. Air Treatment for Garget. A South Florida correspondent, of the Southern Ruralist, tells of curing garget by inflating the udder with air. We have seen the treatment recom mended in agricultural papers, but have never known before of a case of its being used. Garget is not an un common trouble and the remedy is simple and should have a trial: I have a Jersey that gives five to six gallons of milk when fresh and left her three years ago with a big calf three or four months old. I re turned after three months and found her left hind teat practically dry. In vestigation proved that the caretaker milked only what he needed and turned the calf to the cow to strip her. The teat became bruised and she refused to have it stripped in this way, hence Garget. I must interrupt the thread of my article right here to say: Let the calf only to a cow the first week, then mix wheat bran and milk and it will feed out of a bucket by putting two fingers in its mouth. Keep thickening the food with bran and a little conttonseed meal. Then a few huls and in two months it eats what the others an— and twice a week and put a lump of rock salt in stall for any old time. Now to Garget again. I noted in your paper an article from Nebras ka telling how to restore a dry teat, so wrote to Lincoln for full particu lars but nothing was added to your very full directions, so I hunted up an old bicycle pump, threaded a piece of hard, dry wood to screw on end of rubber tube of pump, and cleaned out pith and inserted milking tube. Three times a week I inflated the ud der and rubbed it with vaseline, some times I left it full over night, but us ually squeezed all the air out I could get without too much delay. I wrote agaip to Nebraska as I did not get a drop more milk and was told that a cow that had been dry practically (two tablespoonsful at a milking be ing all obtainable) for two years could not be cured easily, so after a while I abandoned the treatment ex-* cepting now and then. The cow was dried up one month before calving. When she came in the udder filled and that teat gives more milk than any other. It is my firm belief that if a heifer of one or two gallons cap acity had all four of her teats treated in this manner after her first calf that ordinary range cows would increase 25 to 33 per cent. I ask the Rural ist to interest the Georgia or Flor ida experimental station and get them to try it and give their results to the public. I have given in this article all I can tell, so friends interested can follow it, as it will save many a good cow from the butcher’s block. But please remember not to expect it on a decreasing milk supply, but stick to it just before she calves, and above all things do keep the stripping in your own hands and wean all fu THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ture f ca,lv£s after a week. . If -the cow fails to let down milk let the calf get at the teat for a minute or two on left hand side, then tie it again where it will nibble its mother’s food and it soon learns to eat and the cow lets down in a day or so, as before calving. One more idea and I close. I have no trouble breaking a heifer, as from the day it is dropped we play with its udder, pulling the teats, and when she calves she is submissive and in a week is as steady as an old cow. Braving the Neighbor’s Laugh. Do you keep cattle? If so, are you satisfied with their quality? If not would it not be wise for you to follow the example of the farmer mentioned in an item in Farm News, which is as follows:: A man who has put in the best part GO AT ONCE INVEST IN A LIVE PROPOSITION WITH CAPITAL AND LIVE MEN BEHIND IT Highway Development Cos. President— Cecil Willcox. Attorney— Fred T. Barnett. Ist Vice-President —Duncan U. Fletcher. Secretary —Charles T. Baxon. 2d Vice-President— David Warrington. Treasurer— Walter C. Warrington. Directors —Cecil Willcox, David Warrington, Duncan U. Fletcher, Fred T. Barnett, W. C. Warrington, J. Denham Bird **The Greatest Opportunity in Jacksonville Real Estate The Highway Development Cos., incorporated under the laws of Florida, capitalized at 250,000 —$125,000 common and $125,000 preferred stock, and now offers sso*ooo of the preferred stock to the public, drawing 10 per cent, per annum, or more. The Company’s plan, evolved after much careful study is “PRACTICAL CO-OPERATION,” the investor receiving his 10 per cent, or more and the borrower paying 3 per cent, less than the prevailing interest rates now being charged. EXAMPLE —The Company may loan up to 66 2-3 per cent, of the value of improved real estate, and take back $1,500 for every SI,OOO loaned on 10 years’ time, in monthly payments of $12.50 each. SI,OOO at 5 per cent, for 10 years, interest SSOO Principal • • 1,000 Total .-..51,500 One hundred and twenty monthly payments of $12.50 each. For further information apply at once to W. C. WARRINGTON & CO. FISCAL AGENTS. 108 West Forsyth Street, - - Jacksonville, Florida $15.00 IN PRIZES The Agriculturalist will pay $15.00 as follows for Articles on My Most Profitable Crop and How I Grow it. For the Best article $7.50 For the Second Best 3.00 For the Third Best 1.50 For the Fourth Best 1.00 For the Fifth Best 1.00 For the Sixth Best 1.00 All articles must be in the Agriculturist office not later than March 15th, and prizes will be paid as soon thereafter as the judges can award them. ADDRESS Florida Agriculturist, JACKSONVILLE, FLA. of 25 years at dairying say that ufr to a few years ago he thought he knew it all and needed no guide. Suddenly he discovered that his methods were wrong and that he was working away in the dark with a herd of cows that no one could make a profit with. He changed his methods first and then paid $l4O for a bull with a butter-mak ing ancestry. His neighbors laugh ed at him, but now he has a herd of 28 cows, all daughters of this bull, out of the best native cows he could find, and there is not one of the present herd but is giving more milk and richer milk than any of their dams. So much for the man who kn6ws he is wrong and rights himself. So much for a small amount expended for a good bull to improve the herd. This man says that he is making SSOO more yer pear now than when he was traveling in a rut. 3