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VOL. XXXIV No. 11.
EXPERIENCE IN RAISING SHEEP. j ‘ j I have handled sheep for fifty years, and now own a flock of pure bred Lincolns. In general what applies to one breed applies to all, except that the coarse-wooled breeds are best handled in small flocks, say not over sixty in a flock, whereas the fine wools do well in flocks of 150. I would say twenty or twenty-five are plenty to start with, or even ten if you are not fixed to handle more. Get young ewes, two or three years old, as good as you can, but don’t be discouraged if you can’t get as good as you want, for there is no stock on the farm as easily graded up. Buy the best ram you possibly can, and if your ewes are small it won’t hurt to have him a little coarse. Don’t feed your sheep much grain except about lambing time, unless your pasture is very poor, and then feed them about a pint of oats twice a day. A healthy sheep grinds his food thoroughly and there is no dan ger in feeding whole oats. Have your lambs come early. They are less liable to worms and you will have more time to look after them than later when you are busy with the spring work. Confine your sheep as little as pos sible, but let them out on the pasture and they will get the grass if there is any there. A variety of grass is best for sheep; in fact, for all kinds of stock. Sheep especially need a good range and fresh grass. I keep a log in the pasture, flattened on the top and bot tom. I bore holes in this about eigh teen inches apart and three inches deep, and cut it around the tops of the holes with a knife so that it makes a slant pretty well to the bot tom. I salt once a week, putting the salt in these holes. I take the salt and a bucket of pine tar, fill the holes with salt and smear all around the holes with the tar, thus getting a little tar on the sheep’s *noses to keep off the flies that lay the eggs of the grub worm. This tar is healthy for the sheep; in fact, for all farm ani mals. The salt will not all be eaten, but is pretty well gone by the next week.—A. Arnold in Wallace’s Far mer. \ . Six Weeks for Ten Cents. Until further notice we will send the Agriculturist six weeks for io cents to new subscribers only. FUMIGATION METHODS A. W. Morrill, Ph. D., Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Orlando, Fla, It is believed that the introduction of modern California fumigation methods into Florida for the first time marks the beginning of the ex tensive adoption of this remedy against the whitefly and scale insect enemies of citrus fruits. While even in California there is much to be learned concerning the principles of fumigation there is little chance for improvements in regard to the con struction and methods of handling of fumigating tents. Briefly, there are two types of tents at present in use — * • / I . . ' > > * ' Jr U 1 ‘ ' the “bell” or “hoop” used in cover ing trees up to fifteen feet in height and the octagonal “sheet” tent which is used for trees of all sizes. The first is bell shaped and held open at 1 the bottom by means of a hoop made of ordinary gas piping. The cover- 1 ing of a tree with this style of tent | requires but a few seconds time for two men. The sheet tent is placed in position over trees up to twenty one or twenty two feet in height means of “changing poles” and re-; quire but about two minutes time! for two or three men according to the size of the tree. Trees from twenty two to thirty two feet in height can easily be covered by sheet tents by means of derricks construct Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, March 13, 1907. No. I— Tent Raised on Derrick in Position to Cover Tree. ted as shown in the photographs. The operation of covering a tree is a simple one, the derricks being placed in an upright position, the tent raised by means of the pully attachments, the derricks then pulled forward and as they fall pulling the tent over the tree. In this manner four men can cover a tree in two minutes or less, from the time that the derricks and tent rest on the ground until the tree is covered and ready for the in troduction of the chemicals. It will be seen that with the methods briefly outlined the mechanical difficulties of fumigating orange groves are insigni ficant when compared with the labor required for spraying. Careful experiments conducted dur ing the past two months by the agents of the Department of Agricul ture, following closely along lines of modern fumigating methods in use in California have resulted in acquir ing detailed information regarding the practicability of this line of treat ment for the Whitefly. It is expected that in the course of a few months there will be available a publication dealing with the' subject of fumigation as adapted to Florida conditions and giving specific recommendations as to dosage and methods of procedure. VALUE OF PEAS TO THE SOIL. Do you grow cow peas? Or in this State velvet beans are even bet ter. The latter are not worth quite so much per bushel, but the yield is heavier both of hay and seed. The beans are worth as much or more or more for feeding purposes and quite as much for improving the soil. A correspondent of the Southern Cul tivator says: Two of our Rockdale county farm ers —W. B. Parker and W. F. Mc- Daniel —sold in Atlanta last week their crop of peas—4oo bushels for SBOO. Think of it brother farmers— s4oo each for two farmers, for a mere by-product or side crop. These men have small farms, but farms well till ed and where diversity is practiced. For 100 years we farmers have known that peas were a valuable crop, but suddenly we all awakened to their true value and importance. The pea itself is a most excellent food for man and all stock. The vines make one of the very best grades of hay that can be grown—then in addition, they leave the soil more fertile than they found it. How can you estimate the full value of the pea? So many are needed annually to be sown for hay and forage that they will never be cheap, as in former years. They have become a staple crop. Within three years men will be cutting them with a mower and threshing them from the vines like wheat and oats. They can be sowed this way now, and beat out and run through a fanning mill to clean thoroughly. We have many let ters of inquiry as to where they can get peas. We certainly advise all farmers to plant some if they can secure the seed, but farmers should not buy peas; they should sell them. Begin to raise some for seed and sell the surplus. Many farmers think their paper subscriptions a drain upon their purse. Pay all such demands out of your peas and by-products. Don’t dare to touch your cotton money for any of these incidental expenses. Peas in your corn —peas in your melon patches—peas on all poor spots that will not make a profit in cotton, will grow you an ample supply for all home purposes and some to sell. .It is no use to say we can not raise them —see what Messrs. Parker and Mc- Daniel did. We can safely venture the prediction that they made more clear money from this crop than they did from their cotton. Peas at $2.00 per bushel beats cotton at 10 cents per pound. Try it and see. Established 1874.