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POULTRY DEPARTMENT How to Start With SIOO Capital. on a small capital is a problem, the How to start in the poultry business solution of which is often eagerly sought and the answer to which varies with each writer. The following esti-. mate, from the Florida Poultry and Agricultural Journal, gives a view which has many good points: To one whose actual start in the poultry business was made with less than ten dollars, what wonderful pos sibilities the sum of SIOO to invest in getting started in poultry raising represents! If the years that I have been engaged in poultry raising were blotted out and I stood once more just ready to embark in this business the fortunate possessor of SIOO as cap ital, how could I spend it the most wisely and advantageously? Situated exactly as I was then, on seven village lots, with neighbors on every side, with no house for poultry or yards to confine fowls on their own range, I plan my new “beginning in raising poultry.” A severe attack of “hen fever,” for which I am convinced there is ho cure other tjian the constant associa tion with fowls as a breeder is re sponsible for my joining the ranks ot poultry breeders. I would commence in early fall to plan and prepare for the fowls that were to constitute my new flock, but would not purchase the birds until February or early March. My first expenditure would be 50 cents for the Florida P. &. A. Journal, and, as I read and studied its contents, I would profit by the suggestions, advice and experience of the successful breeders whose articles are found therein. From the aadvertisements in this Journal I would decide from whom to purchase my fowls when ready for them. This fall I would build a comfortable house for my an ticipated flock. This house would cost me $27. It would be 10x12, 8 feet high # in front and 6 feet in rear —shed roof; a cheap, yet comfortable house. As it is necessary to yard fowls whose home is in a village suburb, I would, as soon as house is completed, make a “double” yard 40x96 feet, with center fence, making each enclosure 40x48 feet, and the house north of the cen ter, and so arranged that the poultry could enter either yard as I desired. These yards fenced with 4 feet poultry netting (2-inch mesh) with bottom boards, 10 inches wide and posts 12 feet apart, would cost me $13.32. Everything being in readiness for the occupancy of the little flock, and having by this time decided how many I can afford to purchase and of whom to purchase, I order my fowls as follows: Ten pure blooded hens at $3 each and a male at $lO. While it would be possible to buy three times as many birds for S4O as I have said would I purchase, and perhaps pure blooded ones, I would prefer to have my first flock, each specimen of which would be of such excellent quality that I could be justly proud of them and feel that, I was building my poultry business upon a good and firm foundation. A sack each of grit and oyster shells, and one of chick grit for later use at a cost of $1 per sack (total $3) would be bought for my new flock. Allowing $1 for each bird for the purchase of food, which I am confident will be sufficient for their support, I have left $4.68 out of my SIOO. This small amount will be needed later in the season to buy chick food, and while a greater out lay than this will be required to bring my chicks to maturity my fowls in the breeding pen will more than fur nish an amount sufficient to meet all necessary expenses after the hatch ing season is over. My SIOO capital is gone, and now my pen of fowls is my capital, and, as I look into the future it is without a doubt of the profitableness of my investment. I have purchased sto-'k of good quality, provided comfortable quarters for them and it only remains for me to give my birds good care and wise management to insure a profit from them. Dry Soil as a Deodorizer. We do not use any board floors and have no need of them. With dry soil, a tight roof and good ventilation no deodorizer is needed in this cli mate. If you must have a board floor, by all means put it up from the ground so that there will not be a harbor for rats or other vermin. The following from Poultry Life in Ameri ca gives the ideas of a correspondent of that paper, and they are the same as those given in many other poultry journals. Don’t let your poultry houses get to smelling bad. If you are in a damp location a board floor is an absolute necessity and while you are making the floor you might as well raise it three feet and let the hens play under it in bad weather. Then when you clean the house, or the boards rather, sprinkle a little dry soil and there will be no bad odor. The soil mixed with the droppings makes an elegant top dressing for the melon, berry or potato patch. It is always best to keep some dry soil under cover to use in bad weather. When the weather is dry your chicks do not need protection from the rain but when it is wet it is too late to prepare it, so remember they need sheltered feeding grounds. An open shed will answer it. ' Helping Chicks Out. A writer, in Poultry Success, thinks that it pays, at times, to help the chicks out of the shell. We have tried it, with good success, many times. Of course it is much better when the hen will hatch all without help. But that is often impossible. On March 30th, I set two hens. The hens were of the same breed. They were set at the same time, and on good eggs that had been care fully kept. Long before the period of incubation was over I discovered that one of the hens was a very bad case of “loose sitter.” That is, she did not sit close to her nest, always had her feathers fluffed up and was half way standing up. I was confident she would make a poor hatch and she did. By the evenirfg of the 21st day, hen No. 1 had hatched eleven strong, healthy chicks, but it was not until the evening of the 22nd day that the “loose sitter” got out her first one. On the 23d day, by me helping three out of the shell, she got out five more. All of these I put with hen No. 1. On the morning of .the 24th day, there were no more chickens and no eggs chipped, so I took the hen from the nest and fastened her up. At noon I went to throw the remainder of the eggs out of the nest, but as I was carrying them out I heard a faint “peep.” I felt rather conscious strick en. So I carried the egg to the house, put it in a bowl of warm water for a few minutes, and as there was not a break in the shell I simply cut it out with my knife. The chick was cold to my hand and could barely move. But I wrapped it up in a flannel cloth and put it under the kitchen stove. When I returned home at 5 o’clock in the evening that chicken could stand. The next day he could run all over the kitchen, so I fed him some grit and put him with the others. Today he is five days old. .The feath ers are starting in his wings, and he appears to be as good as any one of the 19. Every chicken is strong, al though I helped four out of the shell. Conclusion: It does sometimes pay to help a chicken out of the shell. But beware of the “loose sitter.” - The Guinea Fowl As a Game Bird. We have, at various times, called the attention of our readers to the fact that owing to stringent game laws few quail get to the markets of die large cities. That young guineas are being used in their place to a great extent. Probably a few would •'ot be of much value in this state, but if several neighbors would all go at it and raise guineas they could arrange for the shipment of their stock to a market where they would bring a THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. good price. The Southern Agricul turist says: With the more stringent enforce ment of our game laws throughout the country, the guinea fowl is com ing into some prominence as an ex cellent substitute for wild game birds, such as grouse, prairie chickens, quail, etc. Indeed, it is now almost im possible to buy the larger game birds at hotels and restaurants, where a few years ago they were common and comparatively cheap. Asa matter of fact, the guinea is in reality a game bird. Probably no domesticated fowl has changed so slightly from the wild state or is so quick to return, while the gamey flavor of the meat, so rel ished by epicures, is almost wholly retained. Some idea of their availa bility as wild game substitutes may be gathered from the fact that in one fashionable New York hotel over 3,- 000 were eaten between the first of January and the middle of April. It is recommended to set guinea eggs under an ordinary hen, or in an incubator. A prominent American breeder recommends three or four hens to one cock. If the proportion of hens is too great there is a ten dency for the eggs to be unfertile, otherwise they are almost all fertile as in the case of wild birds. Breeders formerly expected only about 50 or 6c eggs a year, but the varieties have been improved to such an extent that 100 eggs a year is now considered a reasonable number. There seems no doubt that even this can be largely increased. In connection with the above, we call your attention to an item, also from the Southern Agriculturist: Young Guineas. I noticed in June 15 number an in quiry about the care of young guin eas, and the able instructions as to feeding given by Mr. Geer. I will give my experience, which may bene fit someone. If left to run with the mother, their heavy wings will get wet in the dew, and they may be lost even, if a heavy rain catches them away from home. If the guinea hen is allowed to hatch, she should be shut in a good coop. The male guinea will lead the little fellows off and see that they get a supply of grasshoppers, etc., but he will not be out of sight very long before the hen calls them in, thus preventing their going too far from home. Why Not? A late number of the Florida Poul try .and Agricultural Journal contained an editorial note to the effect that, within the past two weeks, at least 2000 cases of eggs and 2000 chickens had been brought to Tampa from DEMING Power Spraying outfify£!l A light, simple, practical gasoline engine outfit that sells at a reasonable Mg price. Experienced fruit growers pronounce it by *>ll odds the best power 9■■ sprayer made. Entirely self-contained, ready for attaching hose, and HHa easily mounted on wagon bed or tank wagon, the thing for the large operations of farmer, orchardist or park superintendent. Send For Free Catalogue I of all sprayers, Barrel, Bucket, Knapsack, Hand, Field? >)X Ete. Our line of sprayers is known everywhere for their efficiency jl fOW figjjja and nice adaptability to all uses. Be sure to investigate before you buy. THE DEMING COMPANY, 245 DEFBTST., SALEM, O. A Deming outfit solves your # h YDN * >R P * UMF * V m hhnanH v* spraying problems. s * uth * rn Agent,, Richmond, V. “Special Poultry Supplies” E. O. Painter Fertilizer Company JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. March 10, 1907 BEEF SCRAP, per pound 3 1-2 cts SNUFF TOBACCO DUST (Insect! - MEAT MEAL, per pound 3 cts cide), per 100 pounds $1.25 POULTRY BLOOD, per pound ... 3 cts ’ y y u CHLORO - NAPTHOLEUM, for all COARSE CRACKED BONE, extra 1A 4 quality, per pound 2 1-2 cts poultry diseases; plnt ’ 50c; quart ’ MICA GRIT (Crushed Granite), per 65c; gallon $1.50 P° und 1 ct SPANISH PINK, for lice, per pound 25 cts CRUSHED OYSTER SHELL, fine quantity, no dirt, per 100 pounds 75 cts GAS LIME, for fleas, per 100 pounds SI.OO All pricis f. o. b. Jacksonville, Fla. Net cash. On orders amounting to over $4, accompanied by cash, we allow 5 pei cent, discount. Send for our booklet, “How We Carae to Make Fertilizers,” and our new price list of eFrtilizer Matreials and Insecticides. Get a Gould booklet, containing all the latest formulae for both liquid and dry spraying. Alabama and Tennessee. He then asked why it is that Florida poultry men cannot supply this demand. We repeat the question, why is it? Per sonally, we do not have a sufficient supply of eggs to engage to furnish regular customers in the city. So we sell at home, simply delivered to the steamboat wharf on the river. We are now getting 20 cents per dozen. Within the past two years there has been more of the time that we have received more than 20 cents per dozen than there has been that they were less. There is little danger of overstock ing the egg and chicken market. At the price quoted the business is profit able, when you buy all the feed, but if you are so situated that you can raise all or even a part of the supply it will be much more profitable. Try it. TEN WEEKS FOR TEN CENTS. Until further notice we will send the Agri culturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub scribers only. 10 Post Cards Free! Ten beautiful post cards FREE —Comics, Silhouettes, or New York City views. Ten (10) provokingly funny post cards printed on excellent stock —or ten (10) beautifully outlined silhouettes in black —or ten (10) strikingly characteristic views of New York City (your choice) will be sent to you AB SOLUTELY FREE if you will send only a dime for a big trial subscription to the great monthly, HEARST’S MAGAZINE. This big, new, 32-page periodical has drawn upon all the almost unlimited resources of the great Hearst organization for its endless variety of startling features. You will find in Hearst’s new magazine the provokingly fun ny color cartoons, the screamingly odd Hap py Hooligan, Buster Brown. And Her Name Was Maud, and the dozen and one other marvellous creations of those master minds of mirth and fun —Opper, Dirks, Bunny, Out caul t, and all the rest. Of the magazine’s great editorial writers only a few of the dozens upon dozens can be here mentioned. Among these are: ELLA WHEELER WIL COX, the most brilliant woman in contem porary American life; DINKELSPIEL, the inimitable —the man who has set all the world a-laughing; MAURICE MAETER LINCK, Belgium’s foremost living philoso pher and litterateur: CLARA MORRIS, the noted actress, who will write of life on the stage and of the busy world; PROFESSOR GARRETT P. SERVISS, who has magicvally transformed the mysteries of science into tales of marvelous romance, and BEATRICE FAIRFAX, the most brilliant, cleverest wo man who has ever written on love, romance and the things of the heart. These are but A FEW of the master minds that will con tribute to the monthly. For the strange, the bizarre, the unlike, the fascinating, read the brilliantly interesting new HEARST’S MAGAZINE. Now, to secure the above big collection of ten beautiful post cards AB SOLUTELY FREE, send us at once only a dime —10 cents —for a big trial subscription, and we will send you in addition, FREE, your choice of any of the above three big colections of ten post cards. But before this offer is withdrawn, send us your dime today —NOW—stating YOUR CHOICE and ad dressing: HEARST’S MAGAZINE,, 1745 Eighth Ave., New York City.