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awarded by good crops of fine fruit. This has encouraged others, and year by year more fig trees have been planted. From experiments made in growing peaches in the homestead country it is believed that the growing of this fruit will be a great success there. The soil in the homestead country differs greatly from the soils in other portions of the county, if not in the entire State. It reminds one of the “red clay hills of Georgia”, minus the hills. The soil is red, a mixture of clay sand and humus. As fine peaches as has ever been grown, have come from that section during the past two years. A Georgia peach grower, who visited the homestead section in March and saw the trees loaded with luscious fruit, said to the writer “T am simply wild over the peach industry in the homestead country. T have just re turned from there and T have visited every place on which peaches are growing. T never saw healthier trees, and T never saw finer peaches in the State of Georgia. It is my ambition now to own a peach orchard in those red, rocky lands. I am satisfied that there is more money in a peach or chard than in a grapefruit grove, al though I never have seen in any por tion of of the State better grapefruit trees than I saw there, and I certainly never tasted better fruit.” We saw fully matured peaches in the month of March and it is probable that the growers in that section will plant the earliest varieties, and will be able to place them in the market in the months of March, April and the first of May. Miami, Fla., July 29, T 907. < ♦ Florida’s Potato Yield. The editor of the Homeseeker has been collecting some statistics of the potato crop. The figures, as given in the opening paragraph, show an aver age yield, for the country, of a little over 93 bushels per acre. The yield for this state is a fraction less than 80 bushels per acre. Of course, Florida growers average much higher prices per bushel and conseciuently make a bletter profit. The item from the Homeseeker is as follows: Statistics have just been prepared showing potato acreage and produc tion in the United States for the year tqo6. -There were 3,301,150 acres planted producing 308,038,382 bushels as against 260,741,249 bushels raised in *905. There were 3,964 acres planted in Florida producing 335,410 bushels as against 308.250 bushels in 1905. This shows 'that Florida plaints a fraction over one-tinth of one per cent, of the potato acreage in the United States, and produces a little over one tenth of one per cent, of the crop. The prolific yield of the Florida po tato fields as compared with other early growing potato States is shown in the following table: Acres Yield 1906 Florida 3,946 335,410 bushels Georgia 8,627 664,279 South Carolina.... 9,065 743,330 North Carolina... .23,812 1,785,900 Virginia 55,656 4,174,200 Alabama 9,258 694,350 Mississippi 5,628 478,380 Louisiana 12,000 744,000 It is safe to say that the average returns to the Florida grower is dou ble per acre what the other growers in the States mentioned receive. ■■■ - Some Pumpkins. Mr. Rube Gause, who lives in the northern part of town, brought in a pumpkin grown in his garden which beats the record in these parts in the pumpkin line. It was of the variety known as the Georgia pumpkin and weighed forty eight pounds. M. Z. Turner & Cos. bought the “fruit,” and several fam ilies have been eating pumpkin pie this week. —Tarpon Springs News. Manatee county claims that she has only about one-fifth of a crop this year. Her near neighbor, DeSoto, reports about one-half crop. Those orange growers who have crops of fruit in this state the present year are going to get good prices for the same, probably the best prices ever had for a crop of oranges shipped out of the State of Florida.—Volusia County Record. Fertilizer Questions From Florida Fertilizer Questions from Florida. .. A correspondent, of the Rural New Yorker, writing from South Florida, asks some important questions about the use of fertilizers. The editor’s an swers are good, very similar directions have been given in our columns at dif ferent times, but as there are always beginners who have not had experi ence, we will give the reply for their benefit: i. In applying commercial fertil izers around fruit trees, should it be applied from a few inches of trunk out to a diameter a few inches beyond where end of longest limbs reach, or a diameter equal one-half height of tree? I have read both and do not know best directions to follow. 2. When commercial fertilizers are ap plied around fruit trees (on this san dy soil-—without any clay subsoil), and it is there and remains for three months with out rain to wet soil deep er than two inches, will this fertil izer application be of any benefit when a good rain does fall three months after? What becomes of this fertilizer during this drought if heavy winds frequently blow? 3. Which is correct in figures and. application, or applica tion of figures to fertilizers, to say 8— 4 —3, meaning phosphate 8, potash 4, ammonia 3; or should it be 338,4 —8, meaning ammonia 3, potash 4, phos phate 8? Ans.—l. For young trees we scat ter the fertilizer evenly over the ground in a circle about a foot be yond the reach of the branches. As the trees grow and reach bearing age we broadcast evenly over the entire field. Bearing trees planted the right distance apart will get fertil izer which is scattered anywhere in the orchard. Very young trees need fertilizer close to them—as they grow larger we put no fertilizer within a foot of the trunk. 2. It will depend upon the materials used in making the fertilizer. If nitrate of soda, muri ate of potash or acid phosphate were put on the surface, light rains would dissolve them and carry the plant food into the soil. These substances are soluble in water, like sugar or salt. On the other hand, dried blood or cot ton seed meal are not entirely soluble in water, and would not be washed in to the soil in this way. Before their plant food could become available they must decay. While doing this, on the surface, part of the ammonia would escape as a gas and be lost. In very dry weather some of the finer parts of the fertilizer would be blown away. We think it a mistake to put cotton seed meal or blood on the surface of Ithe These organic forms should be plowed or harrowed into the soil. Then when they decay the ammonia will be held by the soil. We have used nitrate of soda on top of the ground in a very severe drought, and had it slowly disappear—melted by the dew. 3. Asa rule we think fer tilizers are best harrowed into the soil at once. In quoting a fertilizer analy sis the following order is given: Am monia, phosphoric acid, potash. ' The Corn Shredder Does the Work. Very few farmers in this State, cut up their corn, and as more than half the value of the crop is in the stover, there' is an enormous waste. Many of them do pull off the leaves for fod der, but careful experiments have shown that to be a great waste of time, that is, the loss of weight of grain from pulling the leaves off is fully equal to the value of the fodder, so that the labor of pulling and curing the fodder is entirely wasted. We believe in silos and feel sure that all who grow corn to feed stock would gnd it more profitable to put it into a silo. But if that cannot be done, the next best thing is to cut it up at the ground and shock it, when cured shred it and thus get almost the full value of the whole stalk. The fol lowing from the Progressive Farmer shows how it can be done. T tried the plan of having my corn shredded last fall and find it all right. The farmers around here said that THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. “shredding wouldn’t do,” but I thought it would; so I cut our corn and shock ed it in the field, letting it stand until about November 6th, as that was the time that the shredder came to shred. We hauled direct from field to the shredder. The machine blew the sto ver back in the “hay mow” of the barn and put the corn in the crib. It cer tainly worked fine. You just ought to have seen the good old farmers around here flock ing in to see it work. As they left they always said, “That is the way to do it,” and “I wish my barn was fixed so I could have my corn shredded that way too.” I believe this is the best way to put our corn away, excepting the silo, which I regard as the best way of all for taking care of and getting the most out of our corn crop. The stover makes fine cattle feed. Had it not been for our shredding last fall we could not have carried as many cattle through the winter as we did. We fed the peavine hay to the mules and horses and the stover to the cat tle. I am glad to say that farmers in this section are beginning to see the main thing—that is, more and better cattle. They are breeding their cows to thor oughbred sires, and are raising more cattle than in the past, which is a long step toward improved farming. 4 Small Canneries upon the Farms. Although a little late for this sea son, we wish to keep you reminded that a small home canner would, prob ably, be a good investment. The fol lowing, from the Southern Cultivator, gives the ideas of a farmer: Have not seen anything in your pa per this season on the subject of can ning fruits and vegetables on the farm, and as this is a subject of so much in terest to me, I want to give your read ers a little of my experience. 1 honestly believe that there is no work that a farmer can do that will bring him larger wages for the time required than raising fruits and vege tables and canning them for market. In the first place, if he has the right kind of outfit and instructions he can beat the world in quality of his goods. This insures him the highest prices, and the largest profits. Of course it would not -be advisable to quit raising all other products and go into the canning business exclu sively, but plant a few acres in toma toes, a good patch of string beans, and some beets, and all the peaches, pears, berries, etc., possible, so as to employ him and his entire family during the summer months, when the children are out of school, and when other crops are not pushing. Have a brand, and use nice labels, and let each member of the family feel that they must do their best to keep up the reputation of the company. Rightly managed he can average from *52.00 to $3.00 a day for every man, woman and child he works dur ing the season. It is almost useless to mention the good living he would get out of it for his home in the win ter months. I started out to give some of my own experience, but have taken up all the space I could expect with pre liminaries, and will have to leave that for another article. In connection with the above, we give a letter, from a correspondent of the Inland Farmer, on the same sub ject: I note several inquiries in your valued paper in regard to home canners. I am just beginning a second year’s use of one, and will give you my experi ence for what it is worth. I commenced the business with the idea of saving what fruit would other wise go to waste as unfit to ship— peaches especially. They were the first fruit canned. I felt I was need ed most at the packing tables, and hired a man and a woman to operate the canner. The result was 50 cans to be opened, emptied and cleaned to save the cans, and a total loss of the fruit and their time. I then took up the work myself and made it move. I had a SIO.OO canning outfit. This has given good satisfaction to me and to my customers. For home use I would not advise the use of a canner, for I can put up just as good an article in glass—even to beans —and though the initial cost of cans is greater, ’tis less in the long run. Last year I canned peaches, toma toes, pumpkin and pears. Hardly had a “swell” in 900 odd cans, and sold it all at my price, which I placed too low; still I made a profit. Peaches will make about 20 No. 3 cans per bushel; tomatoes 34 cans per 100 lbs.; cost 35c; pumpkins vary in size. Mine, home raised, netted 10c each, large and small; 3 bushel pears 'filled 85 cans. I bought one bushel good pears for 40c and was given two bushels good culls. Mly cans cost 2 i-2c each, and in the spare time from caring for a family of five, in two days, unaided, I canned them, selling them at $1.25 per dozen. I ate the contents of the extra can, and pocketed $6.23 for my labor, etc. No cost for labels or boxes on these. Am canning beans this year; one bushel will fill 30 No. 2 cans. Your in struction book will tell you how to do it all—only cook your stuff a little longer than their table gives, say add one-third to the time. Most of my stuff was sold to consu mer direct, and labeled with waste paper donated by the local printer, .with name of canner and contents of can stamped with rubber type, cost, merely a little time^ Do not fill the cans too full. Wipe carefully, use good soldering fluid. Don’t try to solder with a cold or dirty iron. Best make your fluid by buying commercial muriatic acid and giving it all the zinc clippings it will eat. Perfect cleanliness, little hired help, a large fund of patience and perseverance, and there is no reason why one should fail. Probably the lo cal grocers will use all your stuff, and the market in surrounding towns will take the rest. 4 An Alternative. Years ago, we frequently heard the expression, “It is well to have two strings to your bow,” this was doubt a relic of old archery days. The idea of being prepared for an emer gency is a good one. The following item, from the Southern Cultivator, outs the thought in another form and illustrates the need of some such pro vision for the future: We are sorry for the farmer whose sole dependence is centered in. any one crop; for often in “the uncertain course of human events” this one crop must suffer disaster in some wav or other. Last week we met Mr. S. of Valdosta. While down at Valdosta last summer, attending the Farmers’ Institute we met Mr. S. and found him shipping pears by the car load. He told us that he sold 84,000 worth of~ pears last year, but this vear the crop was a complete failure. We asked him —“What will you do for some money this year?” He replied—“T have 300 hogs that T will fatten and sell. They will bring in a very neat sum if I get them fat all right.” I told him T hard ly knew a man in Georgia who had 300 hogs. We began at once to reflect up on the information of having ‘ ‘two strings to your bow” and we thought that every farmer should have an al ternative —something to fall back upon when his mainstay failed him. Corn and Forage Crops. From all parts of the county come reports of record corn crops and big fields of hav. Not many years ago nearly all. of the grain and hay were imported into this county from North ern markets. Now the tide has turn ed, and St. John county farmers are shipping hay and grain. It is but a step to add clhttle and poultry to the exports. Land is plentiful and cheap. One acre will accommodate several hundred fowl, while cattle may be fattened by the score on the pro duct of a few acres of velvet beans. St. Johns county has barely scratch ed the surface of its resources yet. Every product shipped from the coun ty is worth its value as an advertise ment. —St. Augustine Record.