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VOL. XXXIV No 33.
A Valuable Formual for Ver min on Stock. Editor Agriculturist:— Texas crude oil has the approval of the United States government for dipping cattle to cure mange and kill ticks and lice. It will do the work, but badly injures the hair and the skin in this climate. We now use the ar senical solution given by N. S. Mayo, V. S., in the Breeders’ Gazette of Chicago, issue of March 14th, 1906. It is cheap, entirely effective and does not hurt the cattle in either cold or hot weather: For Killing Cattle Ticks. White arsenic lb Sodium carbonate (crystals) ... Laundry soap Pine tar 1 quart Water 100 gallons Dissolve arsenic by boiling in water, using five gallons or more, boil half hour. When dissolved add it to 20 gallons of water. Shave the soap, mix it with the soda and dissolve in five gallons of water. When dissolved pour in* the tar, pouring slowly in a fine stream, stirring as you go to get in solution. Then mix with the ar senic solution and add water to make 100 gallons. To be used as a dip, a spray or a wash. The solution loses but little by age. We apply it with a force pump, the same as used in spraying orange trees. Three men can spray 100 cattle in 200 minutes after they are penned. A small pen or chute, just large enough for one cow, connected with the big pen, is needed. Yours truly, Z. C. Chambliss & Cos. Ocala, Fla. New Wrinkles in Hogs. Mr. W. L. VanDuzor, of Kissim mee, is nothing if not original, and while a guest of Mayor Beechman last night, spun the following tale which for original ideas and methods has the whole bunch headed. Mr. VanDuzor raises fine stock and re cently added some fine Berkshire hogs to his farm. Naturally one would suppose that after this addition of fine stock he would dispose of his rkzor backs, but not Mr. VanDuzor. He has planted a large acreage to chufas, a dainty morsel for the por cine palate, and he allows the razor back to act as a plow in unearthing the chufas while the Berkshires fol low along behind and eat the chufas. Mr. VanDuzor says the razor backs are getting thinner and the Berkshires fatter, and the greatest sight in the world is to see the long, lean razor back plowing up furrow after furrow while the Berkshires come leisurely along and gobble up the succulent chufas. —Orlando Reporter-Star. • A few drops of tincture of iron in drinking water is a tonic. Have the mixture in granite or wood, not tin ware. - Irrigation at Isleworth. A Description of One of the Most Successful Irrigating Plants in Florida. By J. W. HOARD. The question, does it pay to irrigate, has always been one of great interest to the fruit and vegetable growers of Florida, and has often been under dis cussion in the agricultural press of the State, at the meetings of the State Horticultural Society, and by neigh boring farmers and fruit growers at their little Saturday afternoon gather ings at the country store and post office, and I dare say the subject has even been brought up on Sundays after “preaching” was over, but all of this argument and discussion has done very little toward bringing the grow ers together. If the season was one the majority would be against irrigation, but if dry nearly everone would agree that an irrigation plant would be a good investment; but, I think, this year sympathetically and permanently decid ed in the affirmative. I do not believe there is a fair-mind ed fruit grower or trucker in Florida who has not had object lessons enough this year to thoroughly con vince him that irrigation not only pays, and pays well, but is getting to be an almost abolute necessity. We will admit that there are a good many seasons in which the rainfall is suf ficient to enable us to worry along without it, but nearly every Spring is a period of one to three months of dry weather when all growing crops suffer more or less, and when an irri gation plant could be used to great advantage and profit. It is in seasons like the present one, however, which will always come along every few years, that an irrigation plant proves its true value by paying for itself two or three times over in a few months, as I have known to be done in at least one instance. In a former article which appeared in the Agriculturist, and also before the Horticultural Society in St. Peters burg, I made the assertion that the irrigation plant of Chase & Cos., at the question has been unanimously, “Isleworth,” twelve miles west of Or lando, would more than pay for itself this year. I will here and now repeat that statement and give you my rea sons for doing so. Chase & Cos. own here at Isleworth about seventy-five acres of grove, and some to acres in nursery. 50 acres of the grove are situated on an island, surrounded by lakes and under irri gation this year. This land is high hammock and very thirsty. Trees suffered for moisture nearly every Spring, and nearly always dropped a great deal of the young fruit. This part of the grove bore the year be fore last less than 9,000 boxes, last year a little less than 7,000. The pres Jacksonville, Fla., Wednesday, August 14, 1907. ent crop has been estimated by prac tical fruit growers and buyers at 12,000 to 15,000 boxes, an increase of 5000 to 8000 boxes over last year, and in all probability three times as many as we would have had this year without irrigation. The trees have not had a leaf curled this year, either from cold or drouth. Trees in other part of the grove not under irrigation, nearly same size and age as those on the island, lost nearly every leaf during the severe drouth, and will not average one-half box of fruit per tree. We commenced watering about the Ist efft every>ttoy for over two months. Now, consider ing this sufficient evidence as to the value of irrigation in an orange grove, I will have something to say about ways and means of applying the water. There are two systems of irrigation now in general use in Florida. The under-ground system, as used by the truck farmers of Winter Garden, Oak land and Sanford, is without doubt the most perfect and best suited to the needs of the truck grower, and especially where the supply of water is limited, as there is absolutely no loss of water by evaporation; but as this system is used exclusively by gardeners, I will not enter into a de tailed description of it, but will leave that to someone who has had more experience along that line. Will say, however, that this under-ground sys- 1 tern has dot been satisfactory in or ange groves on account of the orange roots penetrating and obstructing the pourous tiling. Surfaced irrigation is the cheapest and best for the orange grove, and as our plant belongs to this system, I will give a description of it. Our pump is of very simple construction, consisting of a wooden box two feet in diameter inside and 18 feet high, with a steel shaft running through the center of the box from top to bottom, the bottom end of the shaft resting on the bottom of the box, and the top end extending above the top of the box. Upon the top end of the shaft is a pulley which is connected with the engine by an eight inch belt. This box stands one end in the edge of the lake, where the water is two to three feet deep. The water enters the bottom of the box through open ings made for that purpose, and is raised by means of a water wheel on the bottom of the shaft to a height of seven or eight feet where another wheel of the same kind catches it and carries it out at the top of the box. From the top of the pump the water (Continued on Second Page.) Our Crops, The results of this season, around Palm Beach, are told by the Palm Beach News as follows: The pineapple crop in the vicinity of West Palm Beach was below the average in both size and quality this season; but the returns were fair. The growers shipped from 200 to 400 crates an acre and the net returns averaged from $1.35 to nearly, .if not quite $2.00 per crate. The Hypoluxo vegetable growers took in about $30,000.00 this year, mostly on tomatoes; though John Brown of Scotia Farm shipped a great many peppers His share of the re turns was from $12,000 to $15,000.00. The Boynton vegetable growers re ceived nearly, if not quite, $125,000.00 this year, and enough more on pine apples to make their returns $150,- 000.00 or more. Delray fell a little be hind Boynton in vegetable returns, but gained on pineapple shipments to make the tota#fc crop receipts there equal to those of Boynton. The Jupi ter and Gomez vegetable growers all made good shipments, and received proportionate returns. Prices were good on vegetables, and fair on pines. The growers nearly to a man are satis fied, or should be, with the profits that they have made on this year’s crops. If any did not make money, it was their own fault. Arrangements are under way for a large increase in pineapple acreage this year; so large, in fact, that owing to the dry weather causing but few slips on pines, the planters will have to send to the Bahamas and else where for a supply. The prospects now are that a large acreage will be planted in vegetables next winter; though the tomato acre age may be less, as the planters have found out that there is money in other vegetables—beans, peas, okra, melons, etc. Some few will also attempt to raise sweet potatoes during the sum mer months. This vegetable will do well on almost any land in this sec tion and needs less work and fertilizer than most other crops. The greatest objection to raising them before has been that they have to be raised dur ing the summer, and that is the time of year that the planters wanted for visiting and recreation. Many have concluded, however, that they can make from SSO to S2OO an acre on the sweet potatoes; so have decided to try it. They will undoubtedly make a success of it and thus secure a sum mer as well as a winter income. - The way to get out of the danger ous ruts of farming in which your res pected father farmed before you and the way his father before him is to read what other men are doing in the farming line. Nothing is so good as practical experience in a way, to be sure, but a man can’t afford to spend his life in making experiments that other men have made before him and the results of which he should know.— Farmer’s Home Journal. Established 1874.