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The Florida agriculturist. [volume] (DeLand, Fla.) 1878-1911, September 04, 1907, Image 13

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Origin of Hull House Shops.
The beginning of the now famous
shops of Hull House, Chicago, which have
done so much for the immigrant work
men, was in a very simple little incident.
It is told in The Housekeeper for Sep
tember.
A workman living in the congested and
unattractive portion of Chicago, close to
Halstead street, and who, in his mother
country, had been a wood carver, de
termined to make the entrance to his
bare apartments more attractive, and
to devote his leisure moments to offer
ing a humble tribute to the art he loved.
Accordingly, he began carving the front
door of his dwelling, hoping to give it
a touch which should link him with the
old and more artistic associations across
the water. The work was carefully and
lovingly done and was watched with joy
and admiration by the members of his
family and neighborhood.
But the joy was short-lived. His
practical American landlord appeared up
on the scene, and was horrified at the
act of vandalism. A good, serviceable,
factory-made door had been wantonly
cut and defaced by his workingman’s
tools, and it must be paid for or the
premises vacated.
Fortunately for the stunned artisan,
Miss Jane Adams, of Hull House, learn
ed of the matter, and, as usual, arranged
terms of peace. But the little incident
set her to thinking. a Whv,” she asked
indignantly, “do we go to foreign coun
tries and admire the quaint native crafts
of those lands, and overlook or ridicule
them when the same workmen come to
our shores?” The more Miss Adams
thought of the matter, the more possi
bilities it seemed to develop. She saw
plainly that this country might distinct
ly profit bv encouraging the artisans
who come here to pursue their former
work instead of crowding into factories
or taking up the work of common la
borers upon the streets. She realized,
too, as her main incentive, that such
encouragement would be a direct uplift
to the artisans themselves.
Tt is one thing to dream of things
which might be done, it is another thing
to do them. Though Miss Adams may,
hv her own confession, have been for
long years a dreamer, she long since
gave up dreaming for doing. She went
about among the women in the neigh
borhood of the settlement, and soon
found ample proof that her theory was
correct. Among them was a Syrian who
owned, and knew how to use, one of
the old spinning wheels of her native
land. She found an Irish woman who
understood the handling of flax from
tlm field to the woven linen. Se found
potters who could turn the potters’ wheel
and form shapes in clay that were
worthy of recognition. She found metal
workers and designers. The happy re
sults of the effort are well known. The
seed that was sown by the workingman’s
chisel upon his door panels has certainly
borne remarkable fruit.
House Dresses.
A woman who does not provide her
self with neat and comfortable work
dresses makes a mistake. It is possible
that most of the day is spent in some
form of house work, and onlv a little
while in rocking chairs, so garments
suitable for the work and of the day
should be thought of. It is not enough
that pretty shirtwaists and well-fitting
skirts be provided for the times when
we go out or when company comes. And
old finery makes most unsuitable and
uncomfortable work clothes. Neither
the old-time Mother Hubbard nor the
new-fashioned kimona is suitable for
wear in the kitchen or while wielding
the broom. They were never intended
for that. They each have filled a place
in the bed-room, but it is another style
of dress which is required for work.
The best way to make a work dress is
a blouse and skirt that are joined by a
narrow belt, thus making a one-piece
garment. Made of any washable .ma
terial, slightlv open or square at the
neck, and with elbow sleeves, such a
dress is both neat in appearance and
comfortable above all others. There is
no coming apart at the waist line, and
no sleeves to roll up. Try the blouse
and skirt put together in this way and
you will adopt, the ideal work dress. Of
course, they may be made either open
in front or back.—Southern Agricultur
ist.
WARD’S RHODE ISLAND REDS
The Greatest Utility Breed of the 20th Century.
We have nearly a thousand early hatched pullets and cockerels from which to select nice Utility, Breeding or
Exhibition stock. Write us just what you want and we will make you prices that are right. All birds are farm
raised, so are naturally strong and vigorous. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Send for free circular.
LAKEMONT POULTRY FARM,
WINTER PARK, FLORIDA.
C. FRED WARD, Prop.,
The New Boy’s Motto.
We found, in a Sabbath School paper,
but credited to “Exchange,” a short
story which has such a good lesson for
both boys and girls that we copy it for
this department, hoping that some of
the children may take it to heart. It
is as follows:
After Halstead Murray and Roger
Barnes left school, they each applied
for a place in the First National Bank
in Hughestown, the small city where they
lived. Roger got the place and came
around to tell Halstead about it. “Sorry
for you, old fellow,” he said cheerfully;
“but there was only one place, you see,
and I had the pull. You know Mr.
Stevens is one of the directors, and my
uncle worked for him for years. Uncle
Sam said a good word for me, and there
I am.”
Mr. Murray was blacking his shoes
when Halstead told him of Roger’s visit.
He finished the side of the shoe he was
rubbing, and then, as he dipped his brush
in the blacking box again, he asked with
a quizzical smile: “What did you say
to that?”
“Why,” Hal laughed a little, “I said
I was glad for him. That was all. There
seemd nothing else to say.”
“That’s right,” said the father as he
fell to rubbing the other shoe. “We’ll
have to try to catch hold of some other
rope, boy.”
But no other opening appeared, and
Halstead was feeling ratner blue, when
he received a card one day asking him
to call at the bank. He went promptly,
and came back with the great news that
Roger had left and he was engaged in
Roger’s place.
A week afterwards he found his cousin
Clara at the table when he came home,
a little late, to dinner.
“How’s banking?” she began.
“I can only tell you about ice banks,”
returned Hall, cutting his beef soberly.
“I’m an ice chopper, ma’am. Been at
it all morning.”
Clara looked puzzled. “Why, your
mother said you’d gone into the First
National.”
“I’m hardly in,” he said. “I’m rather
an outside clearing house. It’s stormed
nearly all the time for a week, you
know, and my part of the banking busi
ness is to keep the bank steps and side
walk cleared.”
Clara smiled. “I see,” she said, “be
ginning at the lowest round, and all that
sort of thing. Too low down for Roger,
wasn’t it ?”
“Roger says,” replied Hal, “that he
told Mr. Peters that he could shovel
snow anywhere. He came there to learn
banking.”
“How about you?” Clara persisted.
Halstead hesitated. Then he opened his
watch at the back and passed it across
the table. Engraved on the inner cover
were the words “Obey orders.” “Father
and mother had that put on when they
gave me the watch, two years ago,” he
said.
A Medicine Cabinet.
It is possible that something of this
kind has been recommended in this de
partment before, but it is such an im
portant matter that it will bear repeat
ing. The cautions about poison should
be impressed upon every member of the
household. A correspondent of The In
diana Farmer says:
When I lived in the city, I found if
T wanted any medicine or drug, all I
had to do was to get on the car and
ride to the drug store, or telephone for
it. But when I got back in the country
I found it was quite different, when sick
ness came suddenly.
We who live in the country need some
thing for use in the case of emergency,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
and the best thing I ever saw in this
line was a beautiful old-fashioned clock,
such as our grandfather began house
keeping with, turned into a medicine
cupboard. In it were found cotton-bat
ting bandages, all cut and rolled, lini
ment, salve, a roll of flannel, and many
other essential things. Every article was
labeled, and special attention was paid
to poisons. This can not be emphasized
too much. I have in mind a young
friend who took an overdose of patent
medicine which contained a poison, and
for months she has suffered untold
agony. Another, a case of a young man
near here, who by mistake took carbolic
acid. There is a terrible loss of human
life as a result of pure carelessness in
handling poisons, especially where there
are children. It is best to have a good
supply of medicine on hand, but have
a place to keep it, and see that it is
put there, and not where someone will
get it for something else, or trouble will
follow.
To Dress and Prepare a Chicken for the
Table.
Keep in coop and feed no bread or
grain for at least twelve hours before
dressing, that there may be nothing in
the craw that would give to the meat
an offensive odor. If rainy or cold wea
ther, dress it indoors. Have water boil
ing. Wring the neck until you feel it
break, but do not pull head off. Put
one quart of boiling water and a dipper
ful of cold water into a lard pail, or
other deep vessel. Hold the chicken by
the head and press it down a moment,
then raise it and try the feathers; if
loose, remove it and insert the head.
Now remove and quickly rub off feathers,
scarf-skin and all; if scalded before it
quits kicking, rub briskly before it gets
cool; there will not remain a hair or
pin feather, and hence need no singing.
Wash, cut off wings, legs and “pully
bone,” holding the head toward the en
trails, cut along the backbone through
the ribs to the neck on each side, and
get two nice pieces of “breast.” Cut
the neck into two pieces. Unjoint the
back and take out the oil bag.
Wash all the bloody pieces, rub salt
on well.
To Fry —Have grease hot, pepper and
dip in batter made of flour and water.
Cover until brown, turn and brown, add
a spoonful of water to produce a steam.
Cover to keep steam in and to soften
the chicken.
To Make the Gravy—After removing
the chicken stir a spoontul of flour and
a pinch of salt and pepper into the hot
grease, pour into bowl. Then put a cup
of sweet milk into the frier and let come
to a boil, then pour into the bowl and
stir, and serve while hot.
Ashland, Ala.
- ■
I have heard of a village in New York
where a certain day of the week is set
apart as “cabbage day,” and upon that
day nobody is at home to anybody else.
This seems a good plan, but all villages
are not so systematic, and so, despite
the asseverations of the cooking teach
ers that there is no need for cabbage
to smell at all, the dwellers in small
city houses are often mortified at feel
ing that a caller can guess, from the
front door, what the family dinner is 1
to be. I have lately learned a great j
scheme—to set beside the cabbage pot '
a small cup of vinegar where it will
o’entlv simmer. This done, the lady at
the front door will not preserve a deli
cate reticence, but will ask, in the very
moment of greeting, “Ob, what good
things are you cooking!” For the aroma
of cabbage and boiling vinegar mingles
into a fine counterfeit of the smell of
pickles cooking.—Farm Journal.
How Man Was Made.
A man who is in position to know
tells us that, according to Eskimo tradi
tion, the first man was made, not from
the dust of the earth, but from a piece
of chewing gum. Woman was made first
and had for some time enjoyed her com
panionless existence and the right to
chew gum unmolested and unreproved.
One day the first woman was lying on
a couch of furs chewing gum. Growing
weary, she took the gum from her mouth
and idly formed it into the fashion of
a man. Then she fell asleep, and upon
awakening found that the breath of life
had been breathed into her chewing gum
man. She was pleased with him and
he was allowed to remain, and so the
world began to be peopled.—Southern
Agriculturist.
\
Fertilizer for Wheat.
In some parts of the East farmers
are giving up wheat growing. Many
of them think it useless to try and
compete with the newer and richer
soils of the West. Many argue that
wheat growing is profitable only on
new and rich soil. Mir. C. R. McKen
zie, of Wiestfield, New Brunswick,
undertook to see if by the use of
chemical fertilizers on poor soil he
could not compete with Western
grain fields.
He selected a piece of dark loam,
slightly gravelly soil which had had
no fertilizer for ten years. It had
been in grass, and farmers can readily
understand its poor condition for
grain. In order to test the soil, Mr.
McKenzie used nothing on one part
of the field. On another part he used
Thomas Phosphate to supply phos
phoric acid and nitrate of soda to sup
ply nitrogen. On another part he
used the phosphate and the nitrate
and in addition, muriate of pot
ash. The object of this was to see
which element was the key to a wheat
crop on that soil.
Potash gave the yield. The answer
was clear, as the .following figures
show:
Yield of Increase
Plot grain over no
per acre fertilizer
1 No Fertilizer 10 bu.
9 j 600 lbs. Thomas Phosphate I , Ifi .
2 i 180 lbs. Nitrate of Soda < 25bu - 15 bu
( 600 lbs. Thomas Phosphate )
3 -< 180 lbs. Nitrate of Soda >4O bu. 30 bu.
(120 lbs. Muriate of Potash \
The natural soil gave only io bush
els. The phosphate and the nitrate
brought the yield to 25 bushels, but
when the potash was added there was
an increased yield of 16 bushels per
acre. It is evident that this increase
was directly due to the potash, and
when we compare the cost of the pot
ash with the price received for 16
bushels of wheat we see that few
other farm investments could have
paid so well. Consider the price of
wheat and straw on an East
ern farm and it is plain that no
Western wheat field can compare acre
for acre with such a yield as 40 bush
els. The main reason why some
Eastern farmers say that wheat will
not pay is because they use the wrong
kind of fertilizer. They use a smell
of nitrogen,# a peck of phosphoric
acid and a pinch of potash. No won
der their yield is poor. Mr. McKen
zie’s experiment shows why. The
wheat crop demands potash. If the
soil will not supply it the fertilizer
must do so.

TEN WEEKS FOR TEN CENTS.
Until further notice we will send the Agri
culturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub
scribers only.
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