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How a Southerner Raises Prize Corn.
This is not the time of year for corn planting. Yet, as few crops are pressing this season, it may be well to study the methods by which a good farmer in the south has won a prize for growing 182 bushels of corn on one acre. Is there any reason why as good crops of corn cannot be raised in Flor ida as in South Carolina? His method is fully described in an article in The American Agriculturist. Study them well, and see if it will not pay you to adopt some of them when you plant your corn next spring. The Agriculturist says: [ln its issue of March 23 this journal printed a list of prize winners in the corn division of the Orange Judd grain growers’ contest. It was there shown that A. J. Tindal, of Clarendon county, S. C., scored the greatest number of points of all contestants and secured the phenomenal yield of 182 bushels corn per acre. Herewith Prof. Thomas Shaw gives details as to Mr. Tindal’s methods of raising this wonderful crop.—Editor.] The acre of corn grown by Mr. Tindal produced a remarkable yield. It made him the winner of a SIOO prize. The corn was grown on land possessed of a cash value of S3O per acre. The soil, rather low and naturally wet, was hu mus in it's composition, at least, to a considerable extent, chocolate in color, and was underlaid at a depth of about two feet by mixed gravel and pipe clay of a non-receptive character. The soil was naturally enriched by washing from the surrounding soil, and had also been highly fertilized during the three previous years. It had in it one open and some branch drains that were covered. In 1903, 600 pounds of guano, with a composition of 4.8.4, gave a return of 1827 pounds of seed cotton. In 1904, 600 pounds of 4.8.4 guano and 60 pounds nitrate of soda gave 132 bush els corn and 9 bushels cowpeas. In 1905, 600 pounds guano, 100 pounds nitrate of soda and 30 pounds nitrate of potash gave a yield of 3912 pounds of seed cot ton. Planting the Corn. On April 5, 1906, the ground was plow ed to the depth of 14 inches, and the same day was cross-plowed and subsoil ed to the depth of 20 inches, using a 10-inch turning plow, and the subsoil plow run in every furrow was home made. Immediately after, the same day, a spring-tooth harrow was run over the acre to the depth of three inches, and also a smoothing harrow. On April 16 it was similarly harrowed, and the har row was at once followed by a smooth ing harrow. On May 7it was harrowed precisely in the same way as on April 16. The fertilizer applied was as follows: Six hundred pounds of complete spe cial guano containg 4 per cent, am monia, 8 per cent, phosphoric acid cottonseed meal, with a composition of 7, iy 2 and 1; 500 pounds Peruvian gu ano, with a composition of 8.8.5 and 2.; and 400 pounds nitrate of soda, with 18 per cent, of ammonia. The first three fertilizers were applied in a shovel fur row on May 7, at the time of the plant ing of the corn, and the fourth was giv en as a top-dressing on June 15. One man with mule and plow opened the furrows and three men applied the dress ing by hand. The cost of the fertilizers before application was $32.45 for the acre. The variety planted was the Marl boro Prolific, grown by the owner, who in 1900 introduced the variety into the neighborhood. The seed was planted in rows that were made with the shovel. The kernels were buried three inches deep in a well-prepared soil, and one inch apart in the line of the row. The rows were 33 inches distant, and 28 quarts of seed were used, the germina tion of which was considered perfect. The weather was dry until June 10, and was then over wet. Financial Statement. Expenditures were: Interest on land at 6 per cent. .. .$ 1.80 Cost of plowing 5.00 Cost of harrowing 1.00 Other labor in preparing land .... 1.00 Cost of fertilizers 32.45 Cost of applying fertilizers 1.00 Cost of seed 50 Cost of cultivating 2.50 Cost of other work 1.50 Cost of harvesting 9.00 Total cost $56.65 Receipts were: 182 bushels corn at $2 $364.00 3 tons stover at $6 18.00 4100 pounds of fodder at S2O per ton 41.00 Total receipts $423.00 [W! l j Net profit $366.45 The Care of the Corn. On May 16 a weeder was run over the corn to the depth of two inches. It was cultivated May 22 and June 2 with 16-inch sweeps running to the depth of about one inch. On May 30 the crop was thinned by hand to the distance of four to six inches between the plants, and weeds were removed. One day with three men was occupied in the work. Harvesting the Crop. On August 27 the tops were cut off and the fodder stripped from the ear down. On November 30 the crop was harvested by plucking the ears. The same day the stubs of the stalks were cut by hand and shredded. The yield of the corn was 182 bushels, giving an average of 86 per cent, corn to cob. Comments on the Crop. The profit of $366.45 seems large, in deed, from one acre of land, but it will be noticed that in reaching it the entire crop is valued at $2 per bushel on the assumption that it will make seed. For that purpose 48 bushels had been sold when the manual was filled out in the autumn of 1906. The fodder, which, I understand, means the tops and leaves, is valued at S2O per ton. To a northern man this seems a very large valuation. But suppose the entire crop is valued at 50 cents per bushel for feeding and the straw and the fod der together at $5 per ton. These should be worth the figures named in any part of the United States, the net profit from the acre would still be $44.45, or considerably more than the land is worth. In my judgment, the State of South Carolina should give Mr. Tindal a medal for what he has done. His achievement is simply wonderful, and the lessons from it are many. They include the following: He has brought into bold relief the wisdom of keeping land in a high state of fertilization, as in 1903, 4 and 5 he got good returns from high fertilization. He has demonsrated the great value of deep and thorough cultivation in southern soils when preparing them, and of pulverizing finely before planting. He has shown that a farmer must not be afraid to put on a little hand labor when growing crops that will be benefited by it. He has made it clear that to obtain maximum yields of corn the stand must not be thin or irregular. His crop was grown more closely than corn is usually grown, but, of course, on some soils it may be necessary to plant somewhat more distant. He has shown that in the south the farmer may apply fertilizer that costs him more than his land is worth, and yet may get a good return for His in vestment. He has demonstrated that a southern farmer may make enormous profits from growing seed corn. Finally, he has shown that in these United States we are only in the a b c of possible production of grains. To safeguard against borers, stir together one pint of crude carbolic acid and one pound of whale-oil soap, with two or two and a half gallons of warm water; then, with a paint brush, give the young trees a coating, from slightly below the surface of the ground up to the first branches. A half-pound of arsenate of lead may be added to the mixture, making it doubly sure.—Farm Journal. When good plans, pluck, industry and economy bring success to one it galls him to know that his neighbors say, “Jim always was lucky.”—Califor nia Cultivator. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. <p|)MP IRRIGBTIO*’ AN S.H.C. WILL GIVE YOU ALL THE HEAD YOU CAN TAKF FARF OF i . ‘ IF you have to depend upon the pump for irrigating your land, you must have a powerful engine. Formerly irrigation on a large scale by pumping was thought to be impracticable. But that was before the days of the I. H. C. engines. In building engines for irriga tion purposes it is necessary for the designers to take into account the fact that water must be raised in quantities, and that frequently it must be raised to a considerable height. The use of hundreds of I. H. C. engines by practical irrigators is evidence of how well these re quirements have been met, and how well the I. H. C. engines are adapted for this special work. 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(Notice the unsolicited testimonials in the catalogue Write today Address, JtIASONBR BROS., ONICO, FLA We Make a Specialty of Shrubs and Plants For the Garden MILLS, THE FLORIST, Jacksonville, Fla. Write for Prices and Mention This Paper. They run dependably with prac tically no attention. Irrigators of large tracts of land must have an engine that is eco nomical in fuel consumption. The I. H. C. engines have reduced fuel consumption to a very low mini mum. It isn’t necessary to keep an extra man to attend to the engine. Only an occasional return to the. engine is necessary, or a small boy can give it all the attention re quired. If you have a lake or stream be low your land, or ditch, just look into the matter and see how well an I. H. C. engine will solve your irrigating problem. Vertical engines made in 2 and 3-Horse Power. Horizontal (portable and sta tionary), in 4, 6,8, 10, 12, 15 and 20-Horse Power. Call on the International local agent or write home office for catalog. 3