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The Immigration Problem.
Most of the people of this state want its lands settled up as rapidly as pos sible. Many would be glad to see an immigration of laborers to do the work which is needed. How to ac complish the desired end is a problem which is very difficult of solution. Va rious plans have been proposed, but none have yet accomplished the de sired result. The editor of the Tampa Times shows that it is to much to ex pect, and that we are not likely to get such immigrants as we would like and must put up with what we can get or do without. We think it would be well to draw lines closer and shut out the undesirable classes, even if we do not get as many laborers as we desire. The Times says: A wire from London conveys some rather optimistic statements from Senator Lamar, of South Carolina, who has been abroad looking into the immigration problem. He finds the authorities of foreign countries taking effective steps to weed out from among intending emigrants all such as may be objectionable and bt sent back upon arrival in America. There is, however, nothing striking in the statements attributed to him. Italy is encouraging emigration, while all other European countries are more or less averse to it. The people wt\o are coming this way from the old world naturally follow the same line* of latitude on which they have pre viously lived, in order that they may find natural conditions similar to those to which they have become accustomed. The real solution of the problem, so far as it affects this country, must be found on this side. The general consensus of view is that we want more and better people from Europe than we are getting. The countries from which they must come want them to be fewer and jinferior. How we are to get more people and at the same time better people seems an insolvable proposition, and it would appear that we must take one horn or the other of the dilemma. We must perforce take more people at the sacrifice of quality, or we can take better at the loss of numbers. Our home sentiment is divided. The employers of labor want numbers, with the only requisite that they can work in the lines of hardest toil. The public generally wants only the best quality, preferably those who are not compelled to work for a living but who are the possessors of enough means and training to qualify them for the higher walks of life and a high grade of citizenship. As has always heretofore been the case, we will get neither the one nor the other exclusively. Those whom the general public would best like to have are mostly satisfied at home, while those who are dissatisved are chiefly the laboring classes who will have to undergo an apprenticeship of two or three generations before they are adapted to our institutions, and many will never become so, sim ply adding to the bulk of our undesir able element. We may be able to improve conditions, but never to make them even approximately conform to our ideal. - -4 Stump Pulling an Easy Thing—The Work is Done Quickly. We published an article, lately, in which the writer made the claim that stumps with a large tap root, like our yellow pines, could not be economical ly pulled with a machine, but that dynamite was the quickest, cheapest and best way to get rid of them. A road contractor in Alachua county is using a stump puller to great ad vantage, according to the Gainesville Sun, which says: The Sun representative, together with County Commissioner C. C. Ped rick and Photographer James F. Smith, visited the scene of road-build ing east of the city, on the Prairie Creek road, Wednesday morning, when Contractor Thomas L. Hodgson demonstrated how easily and quickly a right-of-way could be cleared of stumps and trees by the aid of his stump-puller, which has been working on the right-of-way for the past few days. * Mr. Hodgson, who is using a Mon arch puller, declares he can pull any stump or tree in Florida, and, judging from what was seen on the occasion of this visit, we believe he is right. Asa demonstration of how easy the problem was, Mr. Hodgson hooked his cable around an oak tree about twen ty-two inches in diameter, and, with the aid of two mules, which furnished the power, he uprooted the tree and pulled it out of the way in less than five minutes. Mr. Hodgson is working a few hun dred yards ahead of the road gang, clearing the right-of-way of all stumps and trees. He is making a broad, clean opening, and the road, when com pleted, will be entirely clear of any ob stacles. The road gang, under the supervis ion of J. R. Emerson, is also doing some fine work. The gang is now within a short distance of Prairie Creek bridge, and, under fair condi tions, should reach that point in a few days. The material employed on this road is clay and pebble, which makes a very hard and durable surface. Asa whole, Mr. Emerson is demon strating the fact that he knows a thing or two about road-building, and with Hodgson to clear the way and Emerson to follow, the county has a team from which it secures good ser vice. ■ ■ ' Molasses and Timber Preservation. It is a serious problem in Louisiana, what to do with the molasses which accumulates from the large amounts of sugar made in that state. The last number of the Louisiana Planter, tells of some experiments in the use of mo lasses as a timber preservative, instead of creosote. In view of the probability of a large increase in the sugar production of Florida, it is likely to be also a matter of interest here. The Planter says. Quite an interest was excited some months back in a method of timber preservation by utilizing sugar or mo lasses instead of the ordinary creosote for this work. We have the analogy in pork products that are preserved by wood smoke, which is a creosote pro cess and sugar cured ham, in which the curing, or preservation by sugar is more effective than by the wood smoke, or creosote process. It would seem very possible that all of the low grade molasses of Louisiana that was not used at home as stock food could readily be used as a wood preserva tive if efforts were made to develop the business. The Railway Engineer ing Review of January 14th, referring to the Powell process, which was being experimented with in England, said that it consisted in boiling the wood in a combined saccharine solution whereby the latent air is driven out and the albumen and sap of the wood coagulated. The wood is then allowed to cool in the solution until it is suffi ciently impregnated and finally it is dried at a high temperature. For rough wood, such as railroad ties, pav ing blocks, etc., beet syrup, is used for the solution, but for light-colored or for fine woods, the best beet sugar is used. The plan, as described in the Rail way Engineering Review, is simple. The wood is packed on trucks, which are run into the cylinders lined inside with pipes, which serve the double pur pose of heating and cooling the solu tion, and all so arranged that the so lution can circulate all around each piece of wood. The cylinder is closed as in creosoting and the solution is run into it and afterwards pumped back to a tank. We are not at present familiar with the prices of creosote per barrel, but in our purchases of it in the past its value has been higher than that of common molasses, and yet the belief in England in connection with these experiments has been that the molas ses or sugar was a better preservative than the creosote. <# * •' In no plac do asparagu-s, green peas, green corn, berries and similar delicacies taste so good as in the well ordered home around which they are grown.—California Cultivator. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. P?otasm g§F Flavored Fruit I I A large yield can be counted on if the I orchard or vineyard has been properly fertilized. I One thousand pounds per acre of a fertilizer I containing io per cent, of Potash is standard. I Our practical books on successful fertilizing I are sent on request, free of any cost or obliga- I tion, to any farmer who will write for them. I GERMAN KALI WORKS J DONT IRRIGATE UNTIL YOU HAVE SEEN THE IMMENSE STOCK OF POWER PUMPS, PIPE, FITTINGS, AND GASOLINE ENGINES ALWAYS ON HAND FOR IMMEDIATE DELIVERY Machines Unsurpassed in Quality and PRICES RIGHT The Celebrated “CHARTER" Engines can be Operated on Kerosene at ONE HALF the Cost of Gasoline. WRITE FOR CATALOGUE AND FULL PARTICULARS TO FLA GAS ENGINE & SUPPLY CO. TAMPA “Bread is the staff of Life” and Bread and BUTTER is a gold headed cane. Make Your BUTTER with the Lightning BOW AND STRING CHURN. Write for information and prices to B. H. DUTTON, Tavares, Fla., Agent Lake Cos. Also sells the celebrated Asbestos Lamp Wicks, all sizes, ■ THE T. G. WILSON FRUIT AND VEGETABLE GANNER. lUli/7 Patented April 25, 1899. II .MM M Saves time, fuel and labor. Needs neither cook stove or II !H R Bfl furnace. Can be used within doors or out under trees. A El 1 I H postal card will bring you circular and price-list. Address i i Ij fl THE WILSON CANNER COMPANY, Cochran, fla. T 13 rinD AT n SEWING MACHINES, J* O* PIANOS and organs 204 ZACK STREET, TAMPA,FLORIDA Cut Prices. Easy Payments. Write for Prices. Mention This Paper. Dr. E. H. POUND, DENTIST. Suite 3 and 4 L’Engle Building, Bay and Main Streets, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. Special Attention Given to Ladies and Children Mango Trees East Indian Varieties ALL POT GROWN. Also Citrus Stock. Send for catalogue to JOHN B. BEACH. West Palm Beach, Florida. 5