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Florida Agriculturist Entered at the poatofflce at Jacksonville, Florida, as second-class matter. Published weekly by the AGRICULTURIST PUBLISHING CO., * Walter Connelly, Manager. W. C. Steele, Editor. E. O. Painter, Associate Editor. Jacksonville Office: 216 West Forsyth Street. Members of THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION. Affiliated with the NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION. TERMS. One year, single subscription $ 1.00 Six months, single subscription 50 ADVERTISING RATES. Rates for advertising furnished on applica tion by letter or in person. TO CORRESPONDENTS. Articles relating to any topic within the scope of this paper are solicited. We cannot promise to return rejected manuscript unless stamps are enclosed. All communications for intended publica tion must be accompanied with real name, as a guarantee of good faith. No anony mous contributions will be regarded. Money should be sent by Draft, Postofflce Money Order on Jacksonville, or Registered Letter, otherwise the publishers will not be responsible in case of loss. When per sonal checks are used, exchange must be added. Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change cannot be had. Subscribers when writing to have the address of their paper changed MUST give the old as well as the new address. SPECIAL NOTICE —Subscribers who find a cross mark opposite their name will please take notice that their subscription expires with this number, and that unless renewal is sent in promptly the paper will be dis continued. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1907. White Fly in Kern County, California. The California Cultivator reports that a center of infecton for white fly has been found in Kern county. Again the infection is charged to trees imported into that state, from Florida. We are sorry that they are finding that the insect has already been in troduced into two distinct sections of the state. While it is true that the white fly injures the trees and lessens the quantity and quality of the fruit, it is not so dangerous as has been re presented. We believe that this is a case where fumigation is to be preferred to spray ing. Spraying has enabled growers to keep it in subjection but not to ex terminate it. We see no reason why thorough fumigation should not kill it out entirely, if followed up as fast as found. i Camphor. We wish to call your attention to an article on Growing Camphor Trees, which will be found elsewhere this week. You will see that the plan which we have mentioned, of cutting down the tops each year is to be tried in Texas. We doubt if it will be found practicable as given in the article. That is to cut with a mowing machine a foot from the ground, we think that it will be found very difficult to gather up the tops from among the standing trees. As the trees sprout readily if killed to the ground by frost, we see no reason why they might not be cut to within three or four inches of the earth and then the tops could be easily raked up with a common horse hay rake. There, is going to be money in cam phor trees in the near future. If you have fruiting trees, we advise you to save all the seed which ripens. If you do not care to plant it yourself, it will find a ready sale. Road Making Material. You will find, on another page, an interesting article on the subject of road making and anew material which is being used in some parts of the state. The exact description is not given plainly, but as near as can be told, it is pine chips mixed with rosin. We should think that it might prove to be a good road-making material, but its durability has not yet been tested sufficiently to judge of its real value. If it proves to be lasting, and does not cost too much, there need be no farther trouble about good roads in Florida, we have abundance of old light-wood which could be worked up into road making material. In his estimate of the cost of a plant for producing this new material, the writer forgot to give the cost of the machine which would be needed to work up the stumps, etc., into chips. Do any of our readers know any thing about roads which have been made with this new material, how much they cost per mile, how long they have been in use, etc.? Getting Down to Business. Some time ago we printed a notice of the organization of an Association of the Orange Growers of the West Coast. The St. Petersburg Times, last week, contained an article under the above heading. The association is to be a stock company, with a capital of sio,- 000. It is now fully organized and has elected officers. The board of direct tors consists of members of the or ganization from Hillsborough, Polk, Manatee and DeSoto counties. Other directors are to be added from other counties which furnish stockholders, being*, limited, finally, to two from each county. The objects of the society are to promote the interests of the citrus fruit growers in every possible way. If the citrus fruit growers will all join forces in this organization and see that its affairs are conducted hon estly, it can be a wonderful power for good. We wish it all possible success, so long as it deserves to succeed. State Aid in Road Making. We have received a circular from the Highway Department of the state of Ohio. The statements made in the circular, show that Ohio has taken a step toward good roads which might be followed by this state to good ad vantage. It seems that the legislature of Ohio appropriated $300,000 to be given to the different counties for road work, upon certain conditions. From this circular it appears that sixty seven counties applied for their pro rata of this fund, of these fifty-three were granted and six were rejected be cause they did not comply with the necessary conditions. Would it not be well for our legis lature to do something of this kind? Farmers are most interested in good roads, they affect his ability to move his crops to market. Therefore he should be persistent in urging that the legislature do something to improve our roads. ■■■♦ Mulgoba Mangoes in New York. The Miami Metropolis tells how this fruit is regarded in New York City: Mr. E. A. Waddell, who returned THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. Saturday night from New York City, states that while in New York, he pas sed the fruit store of Hicks, on 28th street and Broadway, and there saw a beautiful display of Mulgoba Mangoes. Surprised and wondering what place was going to outdo Miami in the pro duction of this fruit, Mr. Weddell went into the store and discovered that the mangoes in the show window were from Miami. In conversation with Mr. Hicks, Mr. Waddell states that he is ready to take all he can get of that particular fruit, and has sent samples of those he received from Miami to all of his customers, doctors, lawyers, clergy men, and the wealthiest people of the city. The Hicks fruit store has the rep utation of being the best fruit store in the United States, catering to the wealthiest class, who alone are finan cially able to consume the higher grade fruits from the Hicks store. Besides the mangoes, there were the avocado pears in the window, from Miami, and Mr. Hicks told Mr. Wad dell that he received 50 and 75 cents a piece for them and the same for the mangoes. When leaving, Mr. Hicks told Mr. Waddell to have all the Mul gobas in this section sent to him, that he would take them all. There must be a great difference between these mangoes and those offered on the street stalls. Before we came to Florida we bought one at a street stand, but could only eat a little of it, afterwards when we read P. W. Reasofter’s description of a seedling mango, “A ball of candle wicking soaked in turpentine,” we thought that it was certainly an apt comparison. Lately we have seen, in some of our state exchanges, a squib professing to give a comparison, which is still worse. We did not see the item in the Ocala Banner, but it must have originated there, as two editors take it up and proceed to set him straight. The items have no practical value, so that those who do not enjoy a little nonsense may skip the balance of this. The two items are as follows: Editor Frank Harris gives in the Ocala Banner this recipe for an arti ficial mango: “A man doesn’t have to live on the East Coast to get the bene fit of the mango. Just get a ball of cotton yarn, soak it in kerosene and then dip it in castor oil and suck the strings and you have a most excellent immitation of the genuine mango. Go to any fruit stand and see if the by standers can detect the original from the counterfeit.” We pass him over to the tender mercies of some of those lower East Coast editors. Don’t all jump on him at once.—Ex. Sure, we’ll be easy on him. He cannot justly be censured for his utter lack of taste and discrimination. Was it Bro. Harris who condemned the watermelon because some guy pre sented him with a pumpkin?—St. Lucie County Tribune. Speaking of Editor Harris of the Banner of Ocala, we are reminded to say that we have been keeping his picture in the “over seven” album but things now look as if we might be obliged to change it to that of the “easy marks” for evidently some wag has been striking him to a finish on the mango question. It hurts to think that so good a man should be roped, thrown, and tied by any such an idea as the following which recently ap peared in the Banner. Read it ye epicures. Read it and weep: “A man doesn’t have to live on the East Coast to get the benefit of the mango. Just get a ball of cotton yarn, soak it in kerosene and then dip it in castor oil and suck the strings and you have a most excellent imitation of the genuine mango. Go to any fruit stand and see if any bystander can detect the original from the coun terfeit.” If this is a case of “‘stung” on the part of Brother Harris, we will for give him; but if he is playing pos sum, and put this cotton yarn, keros ene, Harris mango out just as a bait to draw express packages of the real thing sent to prove how false are his ideas, then is he a crafty villian.— Tropical Sun. Answer To Correspondent!. Editor Florida Agriculturist: Can you tell me where I can obtain the Encyclopedia of Agriculture, or The Farmer’s Encyclopedia of Agri culture, which being the right one I fail to remember, having seen it at a friend’s house some time ago. 2. I also wish to obtain a copy of The New Onion Culture, both au thor and publisher are unknown to me, and the friends where I saw them are at present in some unknown place. Very truly, J. E. S. (1. The Farmer’s Cyclopedia of Agriculture is published by the Or ange Judd Cos., New York, N. Y. The price in cloth binding is $3.50, in half morocco, $4-s°, postpaid. This book was reviewed in this paper a few months ago, it is a valuable book, containing a vast amount of informa tion for agriculturists. 2. We have not seen the New Onion Culture, and do not even know the publisher, if any of our readers can tell us, we shall be glad to hear from them. —Ed.) ♦ ■ Books Received. The day of sneering at book farm ing has almost entirely passed away. We have just received, from the Or ange Judd Cos., New York, N. Y., some books which will be very useful and valuable to our readers, if they will send for them and study them carefully. Tomato Culture, by Prof. W. W. Tracy, of Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Department of Agriculture, is a small book of only 150 pages, but they are filled with useful information about tomatoes. It contains 43 illus trations, a dozen or more of them be ing full page. It opens with the botany of the tomato, describing the various origin al species from which our garden va rieties came. The second chapter takes up the history of the plant under cultivation, within the memory of peo ple now living it was seldom used for food, being grown for ornament and by many considered poisonous. Its common name was “Loveapple.” The book covers the whole business of soils, fertilizers, growing the plants, transplanting, cultivating, prun ing, staking, etc., etc. The diseases of the tomato receive proper attention and remedies are given, so far as any have been discovered. In fact, we consider the book in dispensable to every tomato grower. Even old experts will find in it enough that is new to make the cost of the book, fifty cents by mail, postpaid, a good investment. Try it. We also received at the same time, from the same publishers, a copy of Celery Culture, by Prof. W. R. Beat tie, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Department of Agriculture. This is also a small book, only 143 pages, but containing 59 illustrations. Every possible tool that can be used, the methods of taking up and setting out the plants, cultivating, blanching, digging and packing, are all illus trated. In fact, if it is possible for a beginner to learn the business from a book, this is certainly the one. It is especially adapted to Florida, as it contains full accounts of the methods in vogue in this state. There is room for a great enlargement of the celery business of Florida, and we recom mend all who have suitable land to look into the matter. And if you de cide to try this crop, we advise you to send fifty cents to the Orange Judd Cos., for this book. ■ ♦♦ ♦ Subscribe for Agriculturist— ten weeks for ten cents.