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THE FALL ARMY WORM.
(Laphygma Frugiperda, Smith and Abbot.) By R. Y. Winters. Editor Florida Agriculturist: This insect has been found distribut ed over the eastern portion of the United States from the Gulf States to Maine, and as far west as Colorado. Eight weeks ago the first brood of this season visited the Experiment Station Farm, and not without its usu al appetite. That it is a general feeder has been quite evident from the many plants that it has fed upon since that time. The lirst brood contented themselves with pokeweed and crab grass. The leaves of both were almost completely consumed. This destruc tive raid was almost completely check ed by a drove of black birds which did most of their work during the morn ing and afternoon. it was about two weeks ago that a second but larger brood began their destructive worn upon the sweet pota to vines, in only a few days many of the ieaves were riddled to the stems, while others were simply eaten from the under surface, leaving a net work of line dry brownish threads which were once veins of the leaf. This naturaiiy destroys the function of the leaf, thereby injuring the productive ness of the plant. Description of Insect. ihe Egg—the dull white spherical eggs are deposited on leaves or green stems in clusters of from fifty to sixty. ihe Larvae—When full grown the larvae are about one and one-half inches long. And at this stage they vary m color from a yellowish brown to a black mixed with yellow, I here are three thin stripes of pale yellow extending down its back. One ex tends down the center of the back, while the other two are parallel to it and at a short distance on each side. Fupa—ihe pupa is found in the soil to the depth of from one-quarter to one and one-quarter inches, it is in this helpless form that the last brood of the season spends the winter. Adult —The moth or parent of this caterpillar is an ashy gray colored creature with two light colored ring like markings on each wing. The hind wings are silvery white. Each female has the capacity of de positing from fifty to sixty eggs, with the fact that we sometimes have three broous each season, gives us an idea of how fast they might increase if not kept down by some means. iMatural Enemies—Besides the birds, and especially the black birds, the cat erpillar of this insect has several in sect enemies. Of these, a black wasp with an orange colored ring around its abdomen, and a Tachina fly (a parasite) are our most important important helpers. However, unfor tunately these are seldom in a sufficient number to bring about the proper check, it therefore becomes neces sary to resort to other means. Control —This pest has been success full combated in the hay field by the use of Paris green. This should be thoroughly mixed with water in the proportion of one pound of Paris green to 125 gallons of water, and thoroughly applied to the infested plants with a spray pump. Should the solution fail to stick, the addition of a small quantity of soap will be found useful. When used on very tender foliage, the addition of one pound of lime to the above solution will prevent burning. A powder of Paris green and air slacked lime thoroughly mixed at the rate of one pound of Paris green to thirty pounds of lime may also be used to advantage. This mixture may be more easily applied to most areas than the first. It will stick better and will be found more effective when ap plied early in the morning when the dew is still on the plants. If a blow pump is not at hand for distributing this poison, a very simple device may be made by placing several pounds of the mixture into a cheese cloth bag which is then attached to the end of a staff. By shaking this over the plants early in the morning, very effective work may be done. If the area is very great, a bag containing more of the mixture may be placed on each end of a staff which is balanced across the back of a mule, the powder being distributed by simply jarring the stall. After the application of either of these mixtures, the hay should not be cut until after a good rain as there is danger of poisoning. Even though a portion of the hay was lost, this prac tice would be worth while for the sake of keeping this pest in check. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville, Fla. Growing Camphor Trees. We found an item on this subject, written for The Florist’s Exchange, by Joseph Meehan, which contains a clip ping full of misinformation which he found in a daily and proceeds to correct. It is as follows: “One of our daily papers has this to say concerning camphor: “ ‘Camphor trees won’t grow profita bly anywhere but in Japan. They yield nothing, even there, till they are forty years old. Then the tree is cut down, and from the whole thing —leaves, bark, trunk, branches, even roots —the cam phor is distilled. The process is difficult. “ ‘The Japs, a far-sighted people usual ly, made a mistake in the past, and did not preserve their camphor groves as they should. Now, in consequence, there are not enough camphor trees. But the next generation will see this deficit more than corrected; for today, in Japan, for every old camphor tree cut down ten young ones must be planted.’ “The writer of the above extract is mistaken in saying the camphor tree will not grow profitably anywhere but in Japan. It will flourish in any ordi nary climate where but no more than a few degrees of frost occur. The trees flourish in Florida, and seedsmen there advertise seeds from their trees, and it could be grown in other states as well. It would thrive, no doubt, in California and in British Columbia, and it thrives even in the extreme southern part of England. There must be a good trade already in the South for young trees, as many Southern nurserymen adver tise plants in quantities, but they may be only for ornamental purposes. “At any rate, it is certain the trees could be grown profitably outside of Japan.” In addition to the above, we call at tention to an article which we cut from a State paper, but which was credited to “Exchange:” Texas Camphor Farms. Camphor farms are the latest addi tions to the resources of the Lone Star state. So far there are only two, both of which are operated by the govern ment, but Texans confidently expect their state to become one of the great camphor producing regions of the world. Practically the entire supply of cam phor now comes from Formosa. The demand has increased to such an extent that the attention of all of the leading countries of the world has been directed to opening up anew source of supply. This is made necessary by the fact that in the manufacture of the modern ex plosives which are used in big power guns camphor forms an important in gredient. Now that the Japanese government controls the world’s supply of the pro duct, it is by no means certain that it may be obtained in the desired quan tities at all times in the future. In order to provide against any such con tingency as this, the growth of the cam phor shrub is being encouraged in Texas. The camphor experimental farm at Wharton was established nearly a year ago, says The Southwest. The shrubs have thrived wonderfully well and they are now as high as a man’s head. The process in operation at Formosa for extracting the camphor is to chop the trees down and cut them into small pieces, from which the camphor is then distilled. Dr. Watkins will adopt a different method in Texas. He sows the camphor seeds like wheat or oats, and the shrub quickly sprouts. When it has attained a height of about three feet it will be cut down by a mow ing machine at a height of about one foot from the ground. The several por- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. A. R. HARPER PIANO COMPANY, Are Exclusive Factory Representatives lor the Artistic Everett and Harvard Pianos. Factory Prices, Terms to Suit Purchaser. Bridgeport Organs are the Best. Write to-day for Terms and Prices. \JO E. BAY St., JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA tions will be put through the distilling process and the camphor extracted. From the tender stubble other shoots will spring up, and the cutting process can be repeated once a year for several years. It is asserted that a better qual ity of camphor can be obtained by this method than by the ancient process that is used in Formosa. The crop requires no attention except the sowing and har vesting. It is claimed by Dr. Watkins that a large portion of southwest Texas is specially adapted to successful camphor growing. At present prices one acre of camphor would yield a profit of about $450. It is expected, however, that when its cultivation becomes general in Texas there will be a drop in prices. “A Monster Flower.” (See Ornamental Department for Aug. 7) The editor is doubtful of the truth of an item concerning a flower “as large as a carriage wheel,” said to be found in the Philippines, a species of Rafflesia. Allowing a few inches for the story to grow in the time elapsed, I see no diffi culty. The four or five species of this genus hitherto known grow in Sumatra and Java, which are not far from the Philippines. Some species have flowers only two or three inches across and all are true parasites growing on the roots or stems) of various species of Cissus. They have no stem nor leaves, the flower being the whole plant. A round knob appears on the Cissus and grows for some months, flowering at a time when the Cissus leaves have fallen. The R. Arnoldi has a flower more than a yard across. The sexes are in separate flowers and the flowers smell like carrion. E. S. Gilbert. New York. ♦+ A friend of mine living in a town where he has room for a few fruit trees, tells me he likes the Kieffer pears because they are not a tempta tion to boys, who do not care for fruit they cannot eat at once. This fruit is poor eating when first picked, but it improves with age, if kept as it should be. The trees grow rapidly, are pro lific, and are troubled less, we find, with insects and diseases, than other fruit trees. —F. M. W., in Farm Jour nal. w. D. JONES, PRESCRIPTION SPECIALIST and FAMILY DRUGGIST. 107 East Bay Street, JACKSONVILLE, : : FLORIDA. I IWCORP I 1 WltK & B Offers dupiiAajJd by no p similar in fcneNSouth. 99 jfl Every gradihuKsuccessMlly employ- m j ed. 99 best busi- |g ness men intlM city cGMid pupils. 99 y seOat- || H alogiig/reeAwrite l*mit. 99 Address, B || L. M. HAtXPresident, I B Krause Tampa, Florida fl C HEAR COLUMN Twenty words or more 1)4 cents per word. For three or more insertions 1 cent per word. No advertisements taken for less than 25 cents. ARE YOU going to plant a fall crop of vegeta bles ? If so you had better let us send you our seed price list. Kennerly’s Seed Store, Fa latka, Fla. FOR SALE—A fine orange grove in South Flor ida, bearing 35UU boxes last season of seven different varieties. Will sell cheap or trade for city property of equal value. Irrigatian plant just installed. Address W. care Agriculturist. FOR SALE—2S.UUO Redfiela Beauty Tomato plants price s2.uu per thousand, also Cabbage and Strawberry plants. L. E. Amidon, Fine Castle, Fla. WANTED—An active working foreman for a vegetable farm who can handle men. Apply to E. O. Fainter Fertilizer Company, Jackson ville, Fla. FOR SALE—A second-hand upright piano cheap and good. Reason for selling, going to leave the city, Address Box 526 Orlando, Fla., UMBER WANTED-—Tract of virgin pine, for turpentining. Must be within reasonable distance of transportation. State size of tract, location and price, and address TUR FENTINE, care Agriculturist. hOR SALE — Two-story seven-room house* in Orlando, bathroom and pantry,, hot and cold water up and down stairs, electric lights, all finely furnished. Barn 16x24; lot 84x190. Price, $3,000. Address, “H" care Florida Agriculturist. ■I'OR SALE—6,OOO new Victor Records; latest Red Seals; new phonometers tor determining speed for turn-tables, sl.uu. The wonderful Mello-ten tone, SI.OO. Catalogues free. Wholesale and retail, Victors only. Metropol itan talking machine Cos., Jacksonville. Fla. Choice Budded Citrus Trees, improved strains, best varieties, stocked with Red and Brown Fungus, Seedlings up to half inch diameter. Rough Lemon, Fomelo, Sweet and Sour Orange. A. J. Pettigrew, Manatee, Fla. FOR SALE—Fruit and vegetable farm, healthy location, Folk County, SVa miles from railroad; well improved, bearing grove, poultry and bees. Address A, care Agriculturist. NO MORE SAN JOSE SCALE— Red head fungus sure and speedy death. For In formation address F. P. HENDERSON, Arno, Fla. FOR SALE—A four acre celery farm with two-story seven room house, good barn, on Celery avenue. Sanford, for $5,000. Address C. B. H„ care Florida Agricul turist. FOR SALE —A fine piece of farm land of thirty acres, of which fifteen acres is or ange grove, two miles from Eustis. Lake Cos., for $4,000. Address C. B. H. care of Florida Agriculturist. FOR SALE— Banana Plants. The Bananas will produce more nourishing food to the acre year by year than any food grown. bearhead Farm, Orlando, Florida. FOR SALE The cheapest little place in Marion county; 20 acres, all cleared; small house and other improvements. Will take $3,600. Address OWNER, care Agricultur ist. CUT-AWAY HARROWS and repairs. E. S. HUBBARD, Agent, Federal Point, Fla.. BROTHER, I have found a root that will surely cure tnat tobacco habit and indiges tion, let me write you about it. C. H. STOKES, Mohawk, Florida. GRAFTED PECAN TREES “As good as the best —as cheap as the cheapest” our motto. Try us. BEAR’S PECAN NURSERIES, Palatka, Fla. TEN WEEKS FOR TEN CENTS. Until further notice we will send the Agri culturist ten weeks for 10 cents to new sub scribers only. FREE EXCHANGE COLUMN. Advertisements of twenty *(20) words or less will be Inserted In this column free for regular subscribers who have products or other articles they would like to exchange. Regular business announcements will not be permitted under any circumstances. I WILL EXCHANGE a trio of thoroughbred b. C. W. Leghorns for a trio of thoroughbred Barred Plymouth Rocks, A. Lamont, White City, Fla. WANTED.— Pair of half grown Angora goats; price must be reasonable. Address with particulars. M. E. Beckwith. Wimauma, Fla. TO EXCHANGE—Letters patent on heating device. Will exchange for poultry, live stock or anything of equal value. JACK SON W. FOSTER, R. F. D. No. a, Jack sonville, Fla. 9