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VOL XXXV No. 3. Fruits in Porto Rico, A recent American Consular and Trade Report, contains the following in regard to the growing of oranges and pineapples in Porto Rico: Until the American occupation of Porto Rico there were practically no shipments of oranges to the United States. The natives possessed no knowledge of proper packing methods, and the duty was prohibitive. Alter the American occupation, the duty was reduced, which gave the industry an impetus and led a few American pack ers to commence shipping to the United States. Previously no citrus fruits were cultivated in the island, while at the present time it is estimated that about 7,000 acre"* are under cultivation, principally on the northern coast; bi tween San Juan and Afecibo. TlS| stocks are Floridian and California! and the plantations are owned and* managed exclusively by Americans. The principal yield, however, is from the native or wild orange trees, neither cultivated nor fertilized, which grows in the mountain regions, on the west coast in the Mayaguez and Aguadilla districts, and on the south coast in the Ponce district. With few exceptions, there are no regular orange plantations in the Mayaguez or Ponce districts, the large number of trees being lound on the coffee plantations, where they were planted to give shade to the coffee trees. These so-called wild oranges, like all tropical fruits, must be handled with the utmost care in order to reach the United States in good condition. This* has been accomplished during the last two years owing to the improved methods which the packers have adopt ed in the picking, transporting, and packing of the fruit. The season be gins in September and lasts until about the middle of April. The Pqrto Rico orange is very sweet and of fine flavor, and the exportation of them has an nually increased since the opening of the industry, amounting at present to 250,000 boxes a year. Pineapple culture is increasing in the island, this fruit having been exten sively planted during the past two years. The variety most suitable for shipment in a green state, packed in crates, is the Red Spanish, which origi nated in Cuba. This is the only varie ty which can be depended upon to ar rive in the United States in good con dition. There are now several canning factories on both the northern and western coasts, which are buying up all those varieties and grades which will not bear shipment in their original condition. This industry has been a very paying one to the planters for the past year, and promises to assume larger proportions. With better transportation facilities, fruit and vegetable growing in this island will no doubt develop into a most profitable industry. MARCH IN FLORIDA. Calendar of Work for the Month of March on the Farm, in the Grove, Orchard and Garden. By W. H. HaskelL [This schedule of work is prepared more especially for the benefit of the inexperienced and those who have recently come to the state, and is intended to apply in a general way to the latitude of 27 to 28 degrees, but is adapted in some measure to like crops in the entire state of Florida.] The principle in pruning, as I see it, is this: Remove live branches only near the timj for tfie sap to flow, so be healed over in tftfc quickest as otherwise, a dry stub remains, ams may never be covered with new . -= - : 4 * (JSaw 1 '’titßwWßi tfi Hb-' K ' gSAsI * * J gift'' - Jacksonville, Fla., March,l9oß. Fig. 11. Cecropia Palmata, Four Years Old. A growth. This principle applies to dry branches also, as they should be cut off in the green wood. Now, as to the application of this to the orange. It these trees were pruned in January a * ' was made that cannot growth in the sprr ill, a ten der spot is itu iost sure tr* be injured byAT Mxo cause die back spots. * Theremre the latter (Continued on page T ~.) The Trumpet Tree. By. P. J. Wester. The genus Cecropia, containing thirty to forty species, indigenous to the tropics of the Western Hemis phere, belongs to the family Moraceae. Among the more well-known plants related to this genus are the fig, the mulberry, the Mexican rubber tree, (Castdloa elastica), the hop plant and the bread fruit. r^ CCO^r ing to ? n^ler and Prantl in Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien ” Cecropias yield ‘rubber, particularly C. palmata and C. peltata. The milky sap, leaves and pith of these two. spe cies contain medicinal astringent prop erties; the outer bark is used in tan ning and the inner bark in making cordage; the ashes from the wood are utilized in the manufacture of sugar The aborigines used the dry wood in making fire by friction, and made mu sical instruments from the hollowed out stems; from which latter custom the name “Trumpet tree” was deriv ed. Cecropia the only species of this genus that, to the knowledge of the writer, has been introduced into Florida, is a tree of rapid and luxuri ant growth, with palmately eleven-lob ed leaves, 18 to 22 inches in diameter, dark green above and silvery white be rjeath, somewhat resembling the leaves of the castor oil plant. It is dioecious, or bearing male and female flowers on separate trees; the flowers, borne in two to five catkins on a peduncle, de velop, in the pistillate trees, to long, slender fruits that on maturity are from six to ten inches long—and even longer in some instances—and about three-fourths of an inch in diameter. (Fig. 1). Botanically the fruit is an elongated and overted fig. The fruit ripens during the summer, but the trees continue to bloom throughout the autumn as late as November; the fruit set from these late flowers drops, however, after partial development, due probably to the occasional chilly nights that become more or less fre quent as the year advances. Engler and Prantl mention that the fruit of this species is edible, but writ ers of tropical horticulture consulted do not refer to the plant as being cul tivated for its fruit. It is not mention ed in “Origin of Cultivated Plants,” by A. Candolle. Seeds of Cecropia palmata were re ceived by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture, 1902, from Bue nos Ayres, Argentina, from which plants were raised in the department greenhouses. A large number of these plants were distributed in FloriJa in 1903, under the Seed and Plant Intro duction and Distribution No. 89%. Be ing of rapid and vigorous growth, plants in the soutji of Dade County attained in some instances a height of more, than seven feet during the next year. The freeze in January, 1905, kill ed back the Cecropias at the Subtrop- Established 1874.