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BE TELEGRAPH AUTHORITY IS GIVEN. AI.MNV, N V. .1 an 12 — There : . . :' . i fti ; • employes ,,f j . 1». 1.. • ar• & Hudson railroad. | \ • If O: . v . « t 1 OUt I V • . ;..n «if t • trainmen s or^an :l • n» ■ !;-• , !• Ip • of t lit- refercn • • :. • to : a strike, and it is now up to t . offit • rs to obtain the desired . v -from the company or de . • r. , . in eff-ct Increased ma tided. MEXICAN QUESTION HUS* ATI. \NT.\. «;.• . .1 .m 1J I’resi d» nt \\ ;■ u j :i.i through this city V • : • ■ < .Ipital, where !• any i: n.int matters are await iu.. 111 • n s i • in on*- of the first • w Will receive the con si . '. 11 tie- executive is the a 1 * ■ x i i -' in • i ;•!!•-, and it is unh rstood ; !:.*•• • ■ 1 • • ea 1.: ie-t will he Cftll .1 ; *t»» • • iv u;>.»ri !;is arrival at i- ■ i *-■•-a I' -llowing the Mexi.-an ■p:*stt',n. the matter of re ar i • nt i--n • t .,*■ a-lminist ration MOTHER JONES ARRESTED. TI: I \ i ! h\ ! *. < Ian. 1- - Moth ,1 t • lit t h- ohi v. oman who is known t! • • country over as a . arnj -n of inN! • >. • .1 t 'fi litions for miners. i* turn *1 to thi.- city today in op. n .!• •>!' the orders to stay av ay fr-er J' ,*• strike •/ me- w ich ware l- i en *r • n - was deport •• I from ♦ ' . p in t last week Immediately sin v . - • laced tin r ' \ is now confined at • i h w lo t a guard has i • ■.i .. . . i ■ *-r to prevent her . . •: :p• - • ui .• t ’ strikers. STRAUSS-GUGGENHEIM N!;\y Y*-i:K. .Ian 1Roger • former an 1 ■ dor t . Turk* v. v is mnrri* 1 today to \] p V 11. P’ • : m. daughter of 1 •a.niel Guggenheim. REGIONAL BANK HEARING. <>I.Y.MI'I.\. W.,.-> . .Ian 1A —- The i Ho; , 1-I..1 [.; !. v ■■ :« t o- , t of s* curing a lar • and representatlve lif.it ing v. :.i is to 1"- ' . id at Seattle on .fan :ary H1 is meeting with en t h :- *•-■*,-< lot i• • n both in lliis and adjoining slat* s. and the indica t pips t 1 ti.‘- hearing will he all*nd. 1 !■> mat;y r-pn s.-ntative p.eo j.h- As soon as the date of the In a ring tad he.-n t. Governor Lis ier sent * i a muni" r of invita tions to attend* ind t; replies thus I' ro t r i i: — t . t *T on- those who i.n v* uoti'i il i e\*.. 'iii\o rtf their int*-n Strong of Ala- .. West, of Oregon an-l Haims, ..I' l.lntm. Ti.-sl.Ir-s tl.>•.->•. i ... ,r. ■ inj mil - rs and otlior m. r. of illfli:. . w!:.i I’li::I.• tin- im portance of securing one of the gov *-i nil:* nt fin.hi i.i! institutions for- Se attle. ON LEASING EASIS. \VA.<I!1Ny;Ti»N, I) <\. Jan. 13. S'-nator K* \ I ittman. of Nevada. h‘: the am or *»*' a Gill which was in trodn* • d the upper house of con gress tod,-’.-. pr**\ idi'iig for the open ing of * al lands of Alaska on a leasing basis, th** plan resembling, in some *t ••. t old Klondike man ner oi tin? pit Senator Ihmnan’s plan is to divid* c . i! lap Is b.-t w ■ en t ?.«• govern m* nt and it; ' d ial **r * ■' porations, as the case may 1"-, th*- tra.-ts to be fated un der base FIRE VISITS MONTREAL. MuXTRIiAL, Q u * !" <■. Jan. 13.— j 11 i\ *11 !'y a ah- of wind, flames de sti'oVfd a '.it .< portion of the business section of t is city at an early hour today, line t •• partial destruc tion of t! Xotr«* Darnc cathedral, om- of t e finest churches in the Dominion. T property damage is estimat* d at marly $1,000,000. The fire-:i ; :s ware greatly handicap ped by the extreme cold, as well as by the ' tie wi fell prevailed at the time All of the buildings in the fire zone are now a mass of ice anl must remain in their present damaged condition until milder weather comes NEW YORK FROZE UP. XI*: W YORK, Jan. 13. — Tin* At lantic coast is in the grip of the most sever** cold spell recorded dur ing the present winter, and reports from a number of jaunts indicate that much suffering has resulted. The situation is critical in this city, where there are thousands of people without sufficient naans to provide themselves j.roperly with fuel and clothing. The bosoitals ar* crowded with sufferers w 'in were made ill by exposure, and throughout the tenement districts t h < r'■ is much distress. One man was found frozen in the street this morning. COLD AT MONTREAL. MoXTRKAh. Quebec, Jan. 13.—The cold weather record of the winter was reached today, when the ther m on’."ter register'd 30 degrees below zero. The cold is intensified by a storm which has been raging since early last night. Several persons are report'fl to have frozen to death during the night, and there is much suffering today in the city. MARSHAL OUT. SAY FRAXCTSCO, Jan. 13.—Unit ed States Marshal Klliott. whose res ignation was demanded recently by Attorney-General McReynolds for the good of the service, retired from of fice today. He is to he succeeded by Frank Houlihan, whose nomination al ready has been sent to the senate by President Wilson. REPUBS CRY WOLF. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 13.— The Republicans and Democrats of the lower house of congress engaged in a verbal war this afternoon over the question of business conditions throughout the country. The con flict was started by the Republicans, when one of the members of that party declared that business was stag nant and that fully 1,000.000 men were out of work in the United States. The Democrats resented the state ment and endeavored to show that the country had improved in a busi ness way as the result of the change in administration. WORST or YEAR. SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 14. — A terrific gale is raging off the coast this afternoon, seafaring men pro nouncing it the worst of the win ter. The bay is rougher than it has been for years and considerable dam age has resulted along the waterfront. IP .irt^ from various points along i • t. n..iM Indicate that t e storm Is • ” I s • riotii ?' alarm Is felt for . • r.l'Vt) If) Coastwise \ e.ss»ds Which uc kii")vn to hav«- been taught In j the MOW WOR3 I* EVER. IK »N« iLrU*. II I. dan. 14.—The worst gale recorded her** in ten years is sweeping the islands today, with ' much damage to property and some j loss of life, through the wrecking . of small boats which were caught j out in the storm. The wind is caus ing havoc among the plantations. OARMS A WRECK. SF.ATTLK. I an 1 1 Wireless lid- j vires receive.1 this afterno.n tell of ti . wreck of tin- schooner Harms on ! ti . rocks off Vancouver island. Do- j tails are lacking, however, and it is • ! not known if any lives were lost, j I Several steamers have responded t * t ao call for assistance, and further j news of the wreck is awaited eagerly. AFPEAL FOR CLEMENCY. VIKTORIA. V. K. .Ian 1 '< — Sixty iwonun. the wives and mother.- of the • rincipal agitators who were impris on, d las* fill in - nmetion with th , . | f in- strike, (ailed upon Premier MrP.rid* today t-« appeal for cleni - •; \ on i>.-! alf of th. ir r* ! itives. The X • • • ’ La ivsmith an 1 \Wllin ion. presented a :;; i 1 ;i • ; • a ; n • with their vva n : faces and scanty attire, and the in terview with th.- premier was filled I wit!- stories of hardship and suffering jp.dr only means of support. The" premb-r was much moved by 'the plight of Po- fufortunat- callers, and profnls* 1 to I rmten the release --f the breadwinners, provided he was ’given sufficient assurance that the '-•rison rs would give no further trou ' if given their freedom. Ti men w - imprisoned «»n the <■ urge of rioting. GILL WANTS IN AGAIN. SF.ATTLK. .fan 1." Former May or Hi Hill, whose re. all was asso rted wit’ t: - conviction of Police <’ j.-f Wapp-nstein on th-- charge of w■! oh sale grafting-, ' as formally an ; norn---d liis intention of becoming a . o n-li da l.- to sue.- . d Mayor Hot.rill in the forthcoming municipal election , <K!1 '-as many influential friends who have promised to support him in his • i M t for a return to office. OPERATOR STAYED S 1 1ATTLH. Jan 1 •* Wired*-ss nb j v jc*-s recivid this morninu from th< tin Goliah state that t1 - • • schooner I Harms. w ,ich was reported on the vieks off Vancouver island yester day. has. been taken in tow and that I there is the possibility that the ves I el will be saved. Wliiai rescued by til o Goliah, tin schooner was practically descried, (captain Turnoff and five .if thi orev. I havinn disappeared durinn the niirht. T!.e Garins' wireless operator remain ed at bis p. * s t constantly until the j a: rival of the tuff. HEART FAILED HIM. PHI T.A PKI.T’l 1 f A. Jan. 1a Gen i • ral Louis Warn' f, banker and sol i di r. die.] at his borne in this cits today as the result of heart disease i The deceased, who was a veteran of ; e <’i\i| war, was cninmander-in-ciii-f t • Grand Army of tla- Republic ; it 1 ssn, He was i a n in Germany i in iv:s. POTOMAC APLOOD. 1' 11 ; I eMoXT, W. Va.. Jan. 1A. — A wall of water IT, feet in heiffht is ' i usiiiiiff down the North Branch of <• potomae river, carrying every ' i UK before il. as tile result of the ur.-tiim of a m'*at dam. Three towns r. in the dir*, et path of the water, | ..ni it is feared that rival loss of I 'if. and jiroperty will result, although i ■ oen send to the resi lints of th-- aopr-a.-h of the flood. WANTS THE MMONEY. SAN JOSH, Pal., Jan. If.. -- The i divorced wife of Hal Chase, first base ( man of the Chicago White Sox, has | started suit for the recovery of ali mony wliicli was allowed her by the .■ourt t th.- time s!ie secured her divorce. She claims that Chase has ic faulted iu liis payments. WANTS THE MONEY. SHATTL1C, Jan. HI. There is the i.robabilit y that the stockholders and coal land claimants associated with the Alaska Development company will he drawn into t.ie Munday trial, which is now in pr<>cress in this city. When the case was called this morn in-', Sicrctary Munday and President ,tt Calhoun wire ordered to pro luce the books of the company, show ing the cash transactions and the ■lames of the stockholders. Munday and his associates are ac custd by the government of conspira \ to defraud the United States in uiinection with the location of coal la inis in Alaska. The hearing promises soim- sensa ■ ional developments. WILE TARRY A WHILE. ! C’lixconn, X. ft., Jan 16.—The hopes of Harry Thaw for an early release from jail on bonds were shattered today by an adverse rul ing of the court, and the present indications are that the Mat tea wan escape will not regain his liberty for several weeks at the very earliest The court has decided that Thaw must stay in jail until the habeas corpus proceedings have been disposed of. DIANA REPORTED. NRW YORK. Jan. 16. — Wireless advices received today from Havana state that the Hamburgr-American steamship Diana, which was lonff ov erdue from the Azores, reached the Cuban port this morninff. The vessel reports an extremely stormy voyage. TISDALE ARRESTED. SAN FRANCISCO, Cal., Jan. 16.— charged with causing the circula tion of a circular in which Governor Johnson is called a murder, Hdward Tisdale, leader of the army of the un employed in this state, was placed under arrest today upon advices re ceived from Sacramento. The circu lars, which were scattered over the ••mire state, were signed by Tisdale. CROWN PRINCE HAS NEW TRADE BERLIN, Dec. 13.—According to the National Zeitung, a complete turner’s workshop has been erected at Villa Langfuhr for the Crown Prince, who was recently taken up his , handicraft under the instruction of a Dantzic master turner. The crown prince learned wood carving as a lad, and it is possible that he is preparing himself to teach his own eldest son his new handi craft according to a Hohenzollern tra dition which requires every son of the house to learn n trade. The kaiser’s brother. Prince Henry, is an expert mechanician, while re cently tiie sons of Prince Frederick Leopold, the kaiser’s cousin, took their apprentice examinations in the cabin et-making and locksmith’s trade. Ecuador offers no market for stoves. The native cooks declare that the heat from them causes fever. NEWS BY WIRE STORMS IN EUROPE. l’AKIS. Jnn 1 — Storms of un* us ..11 severity are reported from • ! ; .out Central I'urope The bli;: tr is and deep snow in Russia have driven the wolves and other animals : i rn t • ir usual haunts, and in sever al instances natives are reported to have been devoured by the hungry be asts. QUAKE IN JAPAN. TOKYO, Jan. 1'-’. — Reports receiv I Horn Southern .Japan today state at .’AO distinct earthquake shocks i. e been recorded on the island of -ai during i e past two days and .at the people are panic-stricken in ii. -e.|,nnee, lest a ureat calamity be lli them. Thus far the shocks have <n of insufficient violence to cause ; !: la.mnue, but it is feared that ..ore severe quakes will follow. AFRICAN STRIKE. K I MB iK i. I .\Smith Africa, Jan. 1 Numerous clashes occurred today ; out t • country between whites a! Macks, as a result of the railroad strike, which threatens to involve S.. ,th Africa in ei\il war. The most -••rio:s trouide reported today occur red in orange Free State, where the strikers were particularly active in i air determination to prevent the I'sumption of traffic on the railroads. \ n attempt was made to dynamite t • great bridge at Fourteen Streams. ■ i ere the railroad tracks cross the Vial river. The attempt was frus trated, but not until a serious en counter lmd taken place between the stri'urss and troops which were rush el to the scene. MANY LIVES LOST. TOKYO, Jan. 12. —Karthquakes and \obanio eruptions have combined to •! ice the population of the island of Kiushiu, one of the five largest is lands of the empire. Reports receiv ! i.-day from Nagasaki and other ci 1 h-s t«» the south indicate that many thousand people have lost their lives in the Kiushiu provinces during tlu *st three day*, the number bein': trioiisly estimated at from 20,^00 to in addition to which several 'a t v cities iiave been practically wip 1 out of existence. TIDAL WAVE SWEEPS COAST. NAGASAKI, Jan. 12.—Volcanic erup tions today followed by a tidal wav •»f creat volume, caused the death of many thousand people along the north • rn c-.ast of Kiushiu. One newspaper i! is city places the number of ill.-I at f.0.000 Retails of the disas ter are incomplete, owing to the great eon fusion wl i. *! i exists throughout th‘ land, hut reports which have been reecivcd from several points indicate • • ister is the worst ever re u'dc.i in Southern Japan. KAGOSHIMA DESTROYED NAGASAKI. Jan. 12.- Advices re c*■ i\ e.i ttiis afternoon from the south state that the ei.ty of Kagoshima, with a population of nearly sixty .•van 1. was practically destroyed '•y an earthquake which occurred ear ly this morning. The city is situated • n K.a osbitna bay, in the southern • •i t ion of Kiushiu island. Several -mailer places at the entrance to the '•ay were also reduced to ruins by the shock .and later completely <!<• -1 roved by a volcanic eruption from a nearby volcano. It is impossible to i lac an estimate on the number of lives lost. STEAMER ON REEF. ST JOHN'S. X. B., Jan. 13. — The lives of more than 200 persons are canning in the balance on the Royal Mail steamer Cobequid, which was driven onto a reef at Briar island this afternoon by a heavy gale. The enssengers number 150 and the crew is composed of 75 men. Wireless ad vices received here give little hope <>f escape, owing to the severity of • *■ w« other, which will prevent any • tie- rescuing ships approaching- near • nouch to be of service. There are seven liners now on the way to the wreck, all of them bav in : responded to the wireless calls for assistance. It is feared, how • < r, that the Cobequid will be brok en to pieces before help arrives, in which event it is almost certain that everyone on board will be lost. The Cobequid was enroute to Eng land when driven ashore by the gale. CALL OUT FEDERATION. C.\I‘E TOWN', South Africa, Jan in. — At a meeting of the officials -if the Federation of Trades tonight, it was decided to call all of the mem bers ofth at organization out tomorrow. The federation is represented in all of the principal towns and camps of South Africa, the members numbering many thousand. CITIES DESTROYED. .NAGASAKI, Japan, Jan. 14. — Al though there is the possibility that the reports of the earthquake and volcanic disasters which were sent out yesterday were exaggerated as to the number of lives lost, it would be impossible to exaggerate the suffering which has resulted from the terrific upheavals, especially in the region about Kagoshima bay, where j-everal cities were reduced to ruins by the arthquake, and others were buried beneath the deluge of hot rocks and ashes which fell over a wide a r* a. Terrifying stories of death and de struction are told in the telegrams received here from the stricken dis tricts. In some localities, the inhabi tants were literally baked alive by the cinders and hot ashes which were showered over the country. Thousands were killed by the fall ing' rocks, and many more lost their lives in the earthquake which pre ceded the volcanic eruptions. For miles, the country is strewn with the dead, the bodies in most cases be ing' seared frightfully. Thousands of the survivors have been without food for from two to four days, and unless assistance reached them soon, many of them will die of starvation. The destruction of crops was almost complete, and the falling ashes and rocks have dried up many of the streams. Advices received today confirm the reported destruction of the city of Kagoshima. The city was first reduc ed to ruins by t lie earthquake, and later the destruction was completed by the volcanic eruption. The loss of life in that city alone was appal ling', the number of fatalities being variously estimated at from two to five thousand ASHES BUST ISLAND. TOKYO, Jan. 14. — The island of Rakuru has been buried under a lay er of several feet of hot volcanic ash and thousands of dead bodies are ■ att* red over the Island. \ cold rain Is reported to have started falling this afternoon, add ing greatly to the distress of those • » * - aped t e earlier disasters. MANY TO THE RESCUE. YAH.MOUTH. V P. Jan 14—With the lifting of the f.»g early this morn ing. the wrecked Royal Maid steam ship Cobequid became visible to the several rescuing ships which respond ed to the wireless calls for assistance, in 1 which were compelled to wait •early all night for the sky to clear. The position of the Cobequid is per ilous. but then- is no immediate dan • r for the passengers anil crew, if any an still on board the doomed vessel MARTIAL LAW. r.\ PE TOWN’, South Africa, .lan 14 Seriously alarmed over the rap id spread of the strike, which was inrtfd by the railroad workers and w ieh now Includes both tradesmen and miners, the government has plac 'd the entire country under martial law an 1 henceforth military rule will lie enforced rigidly. In some quarters the government is charged with going to unnecessary extremes to bring about a settlement • f the labor troubles, but it is every where admitted that the situation is serious. The danger of a general up rising of Hindus and other natives of India, however, is believed to have been passed. ADMIRAL DEAD. TOKYO, Jan. 14. — Admiral Yuko Ito. commander of the Japanese naval fleet an! veteran of several wars, died at his home in this city today. 70.000 MISSINO. T«>KYO, Jan. 15. According to j winders advices received this after- j noon from the stricken provinces to ! t ! •, * * south of tliis city, there are more than 70,000 persons unaccounted for in the immediate vicinity of Sakuru volcano and in the cities which were wept by the tidal wave. It is ex peeted that weeks will elapse before an accurate estimate of the number kill* d can he made, but it is con sidered safe at this time to place , t!"• number of fatalities at more than 20,000. ERUPTIONS DELAY RESCUERS NAGASAKI, .Ian. 15. — Wireless : ■ e d t h e* c o m m a n d e r > "f the naval squadron which was s* nt t«> the rescue of the residents of Kagoshima and other cities in that 1 region state that Sakuru is again in action and that it is impossible to approach the coast. It is fear-d that ;the continued eruptions will add great ! ly to the loss of life. LEGHORN SHAKES. ROMK. Ttftly, Jan. 15. — Advices; received from Leghorn today state tat th.<‘ residents of that city have ! 1>< t-n thrown into a state of panic by '-art hfjuakes which have occurred at intervals during the past twelve hours. The reports indicate that the disturbances were general along the e.»ast of the Ligurian sea, hut most violent at Leghorn, where considerable Ian age resulted. TAKING THE USUAL STEPS. CA it: TOWN, South Africa, Jan. 15. - The surrender today of ten "f the foremost labor leaders of the country, who were charged with riot in: in connection with the strike of the 1 ail road workers and allied or ni'/ations, is believed to have brok en the backbone of the strike. The , derlaration of martial law also is] believ* d to hav e hasten* d the » nd of the trouble, which is tiecoming less i menacing hourly. Ilundc-ds of the strikers have been placed under arrest in various parts of the country since the commence- ! ment of the strike, but until the ; surrender of the ten leaders there was no apparent diminution in the dist ur buncos. After giving themselves up to the iiit" "rities, tin* moving spirits of the strike promised to use their influ • n.« to bring about an early settle ment of the trouble and already there is evident a desire on the part of many of the strikers to return to work. No clashes of consequence occurred today between the strikers and the troops, and there were no disturb ances among the blacks. FIGURES REVISED. TOKYO, Jan. 16. Dispatches re ceived today by wireless from the commander of the naval squadron which is engaged in the work of' rescue along the southern coast state that the early estimates of the num r killed were greatly exaggerated. Thousands of those who were sup posed to have lost their lives have since made their appearance in other localities, and it is now figured that not more than 9,000 fatalities occur red as the result of the volcanic er uption and tidal wave. The naval commander places the probable loss at between .8,000 and 9,000. COULDN’T STAND CRITICISM YOKOHAMA, Jan. 16.—Because he had been criticized by the press and the public generally for failure to give ample warning of the terrible .a Iconic disturbances which resulted in thousands of deaths this week, the chief of the meteorological ob servatory committed harki-kari today. SNOW IN FRANCE. PARIS, Jan. 16. — Snow has fallen to a depth of from one to three inches throughout Southern France. BOTTOM OF THE SEA. PLYMOUTH, Eng., Jan. 10.—Man ned by two officers and a crew of nine men, an English submarine is lying helpless at the bottom of Whitc send bay as the result of an acci dent to the machinery which occurred while the vessel was maneuvering this afternoon. The fate of the men it not known definitely as yet, but if they are not dead already, it is practically certain that they will be suffocated before help reaches them. Telephones which were lowered into the water by the rescuing tugs this afternoon caught the sound of tapping within the submarine. The sounds continued until 7 o’clock, but by 9 there was no further evidence of life, and it is firmly believed by the rescu ers that all have perished. Several tugs were rushed to the scene as soon as it was discovered that the submarine was in trouble, and they are still trying to reach the vessel with grappling hooks. NEWSBOY ELECTS DIRECTORS The stockholders in the Newsboy quartz mine met at the Auditorium Thursday evening and elected direc tors for the ensuing year. Superin tendent Drury handed in his statement of the results for 1913, and in an extended address laid before the owners the possibilities of future pro duction of the mine through improv ed 'working conditions about the pro perty. The mine at the present shows a surplus of $18,8(13.00 over all lia bilities. The total showing seemed to commend itself to the many stock holders. ACTION ON THE RAILROAD BILL WASHINGTON. D C. Jan 12 — The Alaska railroad bill, which is tin* principal order of business before Con less, was taken up by the senate this afternoon shortly alter the con vening of congress, hut owing to the absence of many members and to the confusion Incident to the reassembling of t ie lawmakers aft* r their holiday vacation, the m* astir** was discussed only briefly. The real debate on the lull will begin, it is expected, to morrow- atternoon, by which time it is thought the irn mlu-rs will have settled down to business. S< uatitf « '■ amlii r lain- i as tak* n charge of the bill and he is devoting his full time to it, both in the chamber and • it of it. WASHINGTON. IX C.. Jan. 12 — \ bill design-<1 to solve the coal land robl-m of Alaska was introduced in the senate this afternoon by Senator Reel Smoot of Utah, and was referred to the committee on territories for consideration. The measure provides that the cal lands of the Northern territory may be acquired, either by individuals or by corporations, in tracts of not to exceed 2,200 acres. In introducing the bill, Senator Smoot said that he had given the Alaska situation a great deal of close study, and he believed that, un der the terms of his measure, the de velopment of the coal resources would bo most effective and satisfactory both to the government and to the people of Alaska. WASHINGTON, n. c., Jan. 12. That the construction of a trunk rail road is of first importance to Alaska is the opinion of Seth Mann, per sonal representative of President Wil son of the Seattle- Chamber of Com merce excursion to Alaska last sum mer. The important nee-els of the territory, as view* *1 hy Mann, are ex pressed in a report to the chief ex ecutive, which is now at the White House aw.,it in ■ th*- inspection of the Preshlent upon his return from Pass Phri • t inn. Mann says the openirrr of the coal re-souree s to development Is secotul only in importance t•» tlie construction of railroads and wagon roads. He favors a trunk line* to the Interior v ia the Tanana valley, and another road into the Kuskokwim valley to tap the Matanuska roa) fields. SFATTLR, Jan. 12.—1That there is ilmost positive assurance that the Mask a railroad bill will lie approved hy congress during present session Is tin- heli*f of George Baldwin, the* well known Yalde/.inn, who has just returned from the capital. Baldwin declares that there is a strong senti ment in favor of the hill in Washing ton, and that it is generally conced'd among the lawmakers that tlie bill will pass without serious delay. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 1 i.— Friends of the Alaska railroad hill are juhih'iil over the* apparent prog ress which is being made hy the measure in the upper house <»f con cress an 1 the absence of serious op position in the lower house. A can vass of the senate this afternoon en tourages tlie belief that the bill will he passed bv n non-partisan vote early next we.-k, and that its approv al by the house will follow almost immediately. It is understood this afternoon that. Senator The odore I!. Burton, of Ohio, who announced early in the session that he would oppose the passage of the bill, has changed his attitude, and while it is not expected that he will spe*a! in favor <»f the measure, it is practically assured that he* will net attempt to block its passage. Senator Thomas J. Walsh, of Mon tana. opened the debate this afternoon, making a strong plea for the construc tion of railroads in tin* Northern ter ritory. Senator Chamberlain also spoke, calling the attention of th* senators to the* practicability of tlie Great Circle route of the North Paci fic. He- argued that the nation might he saved much embarrassment in case of trouble In the Orient by tlie use of the shorter route across the Pacific and the coal which awaits the build ing of railroads in Alaska to make it available for the navy. Representative Clement L. Brum baugh, of Ohio, opened the debate on the bill in the house, making a strong speech in favor of the passage of the measure. The opposition was led by Representative James S. Davenport of Oklahoma, one of the members of the house committee on territories. Davenport was one of the two mem tiers who submitted a minority report describing the proposed legislation as a “beautiful but unsound dream." Representative Ferris, another Okla homan, also spoke against the hill to day, using much the same argument as Ferris, which was, in effect., that tlie construction of railroads in Alas ka by the government was not justi fied. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. If,.—De bate on the Alaska railroad bill was resumed in the senate this afternoon, with Senator Henry L. Myers, of Mon tana, leading the discussion. He gave evidence of having studied the Al aska question closely, and made a strong argument in favor of the pas sage of the bill. There was no sign of opposition today, which fact leads the supporters of the measure to believe that the vote will be reached much sooner than was expected at the opening of the session, or even yesterday. Some members predict that the bill will be passed by the senate before the end of the present week. In discussing the Alaska bill yes terday, Delegate Wickersham warned his colleagues that the Guggenheims were watching the proceedings closely and that an attempt would be made to amend the bill in their own in terests. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 16.— Friends of the Alaska railroad bill are still hopeful of bringing the ques tion to a vote in the upper house of congress within the next few days, de spite the opposition to an early vote which developed today in the person of Senator John D. Works, of Cali fornia. An effort was made this aft moon to fix next Tuesday as the time for the final vote on the measure in the senate, but the Western sena tor objected on the ground that more time was necessary for consideration. Efforts were made to reach an un derstanding late this afternoon, and the request for unanimous consent to the Tuesday vote will be renewed tomorrow, with reasonable assurance of success. The senate committee on territories ill ’ * t tomorrow to consider the •• \« r.il am* n Imen s which have been • ff* r d since the debate on the bill tart- 1 ! romini-nt among these Is * amendment which was offered by Senator Poindexter of Washington It empowers the President to establish a i complete system of rl\«r and rail transportation In Alaska, connecting , with government steamships to oper l ite between the southern ports of • he territory and Pacific coast ports; the amendment also gives the 1 resi dent authority to develop and oper ate, in the name of the government, half of all the coal lands in the ter ritory. the remainder to he leased to ' ri ate individuals. The amendment provides for th** creation of two government bodies t '»•> known as the Alaska Transportation service and the Alaska Mining ser I vice. The offering of this amendment does . not mean that Senator Poindexter is • tryin : to defeat the measure under discus-ion. lie wants the amendment adopted, but has gone on record as favoring the Chamberlain hill as it Is. I if that is the most that can be oh tained from the senate lb* will speak "ii Monday in favor of his amend ment. Senator Joseph L. Bristow of Kan sas and Senator William K. Borah of Idaho spoke in favor of the pen 1 ii ' hill today, and further encourage ment comes from the White House in the form of a report that President Wilson will devote his entire atten ' ion to the Alaska question until it has been satisfactorily disposed of. -- WAR SITUATION IN OLD MEXICO PRESIDTO, Tex.. .Inn 14.—The care <»f the horde of Mexican refugees have placed themselves under the I protection of the United States is I pro\ ing a source of considerable ex i pense to the nation, and orders have ’ .<n received from Washington direct I ing the return of the charges to their "vn country at the earliest possible moment. Tiie cost of the food supplied to tiie refugees amounts to $1,500 daily. There are many women anti children in the refugee camps. <>JIXAG.\, Mexico, Jan. 12. — Gen i’.il laneho Villa, undefeated rebel commander, is in undisputed posses [ si.m of tills city as the result of his 1 n s y victory yesterday, and the fed • rals are so thoroughly disorganized ! 'ft it is considered doubtful if they a ill give any further trouble in North • rn Mexico. Hundreds of the govern I ment troops were massacred, many •■rossr-.l the river into American terri tory, and the remainder are scattered II over tin- surrounding country, sans lenders, sans provisions, and sans Villa is now making preparations to make a dash for the capital with tie intention of making short work •>f Huerta. He may start tonight with his entire command. PRESIDIO, Tex., Jan. 12. — Sev eral hundred federal soldiers, many of whom were driven across the Rio Grande by General Villa’s men. are now in the custody of American troops, by whom they will be held until tiie war is over. There is the probability that they will he sent to Fort Bliss. MEXICO CITY, Jan. 12. — The rep resentatives of tiie various powers are greatly concerned over the attitude of Huerta with regard to the interest on the bonded indebtedness of the Mexican government. Huerta has made tiie threat that be will make no at tempt to pay the interest, a part of which is due to Mexican investors, and the balance to outsiders. Tiie now* rs have been apprised of tiie dic tator's attitude. SANDERSON, Tex., Jan. 16.—Gen- ■ oral Salazar, commander of the Mex ican volunteers, was taken into cus tody today by American troops and he is now being held a prisoner of the United States on the charge of conspiracy in connection with the vio lation of tiie neutrality laws. Salazar was driven from Ojinaga by the rebels and crossed the American boundary to escape- capture. MEXICO CITY, Jan.. 16. — The fin ancial depression is increasing stead ily throughout Mexico. Tiie situation is especially acute in this city, where e u* • ra 1 alarm is felt by all of the large banking institutions. It is claimed on all sides that conditions if- the worst in the history or the republic, and the belief is general that iluerta will he compelled to abdicate .it an early date unless he succeeds in r« i lenishing his depleted treasury. Fearing an attack by the rebels, i he president has placed strong guards on all of the railroads lead dr- from the city, and troops are be ing brought in from the outlying' dis tricts to assist in the defense of the capital. T’liKSIDIO, Tex., Jan. 16.—Escort ed by several companies of American cavalry, the several thousand Mexi can refugees who have been en camp* d along the border during the oust ten days started for Fort Bliss today, where they will be provided ■'or by the government until it is considered safe for them to return to their own country. Included in the number are 3,300 Mexican sol diers and 1,000 women and children. A HEN’S WAGES FIXES. A unique lawsuit has been settled in Omaha, in which the court official ly placed the wages of a hen for hatching out a setting of goose eggs, and gave her owner judgment for that sum against the owner of the eggs. Soren Lund and Louis Naugle were neighbors. Lund had seventeen goose eggs. Naugle had a hen that wanted to "set.” The two men arranged that Lund's eggs should be set under Nau.gle's hen and the goslings should be divided equally between tbe two. Four of the eggs were not good and thirteen hatched out. Two days later a thief got into the chicken house and stole the goslings. Naugle thereupon filed suit against Lund for the time his hen consumed in hatching out the eggs. Two lawyers represented eacli man, and the case occupied t lie attention of Justice C. \V. Britt’s court for nearly three days. Naugle triumphed, and the court allowed him 97 cents as the wages of his hen during the time she was set ting. Lund threatens to appeal the case to the higher courts.—Chicago Inter-Ocean. A Roumanian (official) oil exchange is planned to be located probably at Ploeshti, in the center of the refining industry. OF INTEREST TO MEANS SERGEANT SUICIDES. T A NANA. Jan 12. — While suffer ing from temporary mental derange ment on Saturday night. Sergeant t^uinford <». Jarrell, of Company A, Thirtieth Infantry, committed suicide, jin the barracks, by shooting himself I in the head with a .38-caliber Colt's [revolver. The home of the deceased was in Concord, West Virginia, and his relatives have b. • n communicated with to ascertain whether or not they wish to have Oie remains embalmed and shipped l ast after the opening of nav Igat ion. Sf*rg» ant Jarrell enlisted in the Thirtieth infantry before the regiment came Nor tli in the summer of 1912, and would have gone Outside next summer, according to t!.* usual two ytar regulations for •■••pjng regiments in Alaska. As the remains can be embalmed and shipped out at government ex pense, it is probable that the body will be embalmed and sent to his old home next summer. STOCK FOR CROSSING. WASHINGTON. I* <\, .Tan. 12. ' m* of the first measures called to the attention of the senate after th« convening of congress this afternoon was a hill introduced by Senator Ra 1'ollette, which autl ioriz.es the secre tary of agriculture to purchase a heard of Asiatic yak for experimental breeding purposes in Alasa. The hill was introduced at Iho in stance of Professor G. Genrgoson, special agent in charge of the Alas in experimental stations, who wants the yak to cross with the Galloway cattle with which the Kodiak sta tion was stocked. Tt is hoped, through the medium of the yak. to produce a race of cattle which will he able to withstand the rigors of Northern win ters. GUDRUN CHOSEN. SI'ATTLK. Jan. 12. Miss Gudrun \ndersen, daughter of Mrs Mary An dersen of Fairbanks, las l».en chosen coxswain of the University of Wash ington freshmen girl's crew. Miss Nndersrn’s picture orouph-s a prom inent place in today's edition of the Times. RECORDS BROKEN. 1>AWS‘»N, Jan. 11. - All previous records are being hr. k* n throughout Yukon territory by the present mild winter. The expected cdd snap, which was predicted hv old timers for the •arly part of the y.-ar, has failed to make its appearance, and the present indications are that the winter will pass with .an almost unbrok* n record for hich temperatures. Zero weath er has been the rule throughout the winter, the single exception being a ■juick dip to 10° below zero several weeks ago. The low r* >1 temperature lasted for only one day. Th absence of e*dd is attributed, as was the case several vi-ars ago, to the deflection of the Japan* s»- c r rent The warm weather is responsible for stimulated travel throughout the district, and especially in th*- direc tion of the upper White river, whet-' there is much activity among t • •arly stnmpeders. Reports from the upper river state that between 200 and 200 nun are now scattered over the tributaries of the White, and that several I,-: are nearing bedrock. Some of the holes are down to a depth of 00 feet, aril prospects already seeur*-d ■ncourage the belief that good pay will he found at a greater depth. The trail up the White is in ex cellent condition and outfits are trav eling in oth directions with horse and dog teams. MUST PAY COSTS. SEATTLE, .Inn. 1T». The federal government has made a formal de mand upon the officials of Alaska Steamship company for sufficient money to cover the cost of making repairs to the Alaska military cable, which was broken several weeks ago by the anchor of the steamship Ala meda, while that vessel was endeav oring to make a landing at Valdez. The carelessness of the Alameda's master caused an interruption of ca ble service of many day's duration between portions of Alaska and the Oustide, and the government was put to great expense to repair the dam age, the exact amount of which has not been mad.- known. It is not known what the answer of the steamship company will be, but in the event of a refusal to pay, it is understood the ease will be tak en Into the courts by the govern ment. FIRES AT TANANA. TANANA, Jan. 1V Within the last two clays, Tanana has been visit ed by two fires, one at the Fort Gibbon bakery on Wednesday evening and the other at the Grand hotel at 3.30 this afternoon. The fire in the army post did little damages, but the one at the hotel caused a loss of ap proximately $500. The fire at the Grand hotel, which is the largest hostelry in Tanana, was started by an acetylene gas burner breaking and spreading tho blaze about the room. Although the volunteer fire department responded promptly, the fire could not ho got ten under control until three rooms had been burned badly. The fire bri gade from the army post rendered in valuable service, and much credit for the saving of the building is due thorn. Charles Chanquist, the owner of the establishment, stated last evening that he would make the necessary re pairs within as short a time as possi ble, and the hotel will not be closed at all. The Grand hotel is located about in the center of the business section of the town, ami very close to the Northern Commercial company’s plant, and there was great fear that the town would be wiped out if the fire fighters lost control of the blaze. BANBURY BAS ACCIDENT. Joe Hanbury, employed at the Newsboy quartz mine, had the mis fortune to fracture one of his ribs while working about the premises last Monday. Tn carrying an ernnty box over tlie slippery ice, he fell with his whole weight on a corner of the box. He has since been confined to a cot in St. Joseph’s hospital, but is expected to be out and around again before long. Dogs are made use of to haul light artillery in the Belgium army and are being experimented with by the Holland army.