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THE ALASKA GITIZEN
VOL. VI. FAIRBANKS, ALASKA, MONDAY MORNING, JAN UARY 10, 1916. MO. 46 FIGHTING FIERCELY ON EASTERN FRONT r\--- -- Both Russians and Germans Sustain Enormous Losses In Lighting Along Lines From Riga to Bukowina. ANOTHER STEAMER SUNK BY TEUTONS Submarine Sinks An Italian Boat Bound From Ameri ca for Italy With 200 Offi cers and 100 Recruits. LONDON. Jan. 9.—in dispatches , received here from Petrograd it is that some of the fiercest; fighting of the present war Is now ! go!nv on on the eastern battle front. ; From Riga ail the way to Bukowina the Russians are attacking the Aus jri L. iim.11 positions, and. while no material gains are reported, it is latch that advances have been made bj the Slav forces. The dispatches a'so state that the gains have been . ulj at a great cost of life to the Russians. And dispatches from Berlin also admit a terrific lo of life on the part of the Ger man forces. ITALIAN STEAMER. SUNK BY SUBMARINE. LONDON, Jan. 9.—An Italian ; sleamei the name of which has not ascertained, was sunk yester i' \ . t >he entrance to the Adriatic ; -i h> a submarine carrying the Austrian flag, according to dispatch es r«- • ived here. The bout was er.route from New York to Venice, -ving as passengers 909 M nt n " 1 flicers and 100 r emits, all of whom were coming from America tc Montenegro to an swer the call to arms issued by their country. The commander of the submarine Lad evidently been apprised of the fit that Montenegrin recruits were on the boat, as no warning was is sued before the fatal torpedo was launched. Excepting a few of the •-•i triers of the crew who escaped in life boats and were thereafter net molested by the submarine, all rrt board were drowned when the steamship went to the bottom. MILLION MORE TURKS IN FIELD. BERLIN. Jan. 9.—A bulletin is sued from the German war office to r-ig't -tates that fully one million Turkish reserves are now under arms and prepared to move to any point ordered. They are splendidly equipped pi’il. after they have beer put through a course of drilling, will probably he sent to Egypt. That fact, however, has not been an nounced from the war office. RUSSIANS FAIL TC MAKE GAINS. BERLIN, Jan. 9.—Fighting is going cn all along 'he eastern battle front, according to dispatches received at the war office The Russians are making fierce attacks, their losses being something enormous. And the war office doer not hesitate to state in the bulletins issued hourly that | the losses of the German forces are also something fearful Some of the fiercest of the fight ing has been going on in the vicini ty of Czarnolisk. The Russians as saulted the German positions at that place, but were repulsed with great loss. AUSTRIANS WITHDRAW FROM MONTENEGRO. LONDON, Jan. 9.—Dispatches re ceived here today indicate that the Austrian forces have been withdrawn from the Montenegrin frontier. The reason is that the Russians have brought such pressure to bear in Bessaitibia that the Austrians have been compelled to move all of the j soldiers which can be spared to that portion of the eastern battle front. RUSSIANS ATTACK BULGARIAN COAST. GENOA, Italy, Jan. 9.—The Rus sian Black sea fleet is now engaged in the bombardment of all of the principal cities on the Black sea coast of Bulgaria. Many of the smaller towns have been reduced to ruins. WILL SUPPORT THE GOVERNMENT. LONDON, Jan. 9.—Practically all ol the labor leaders have announc ed that the trades union of Grea! Britain will support the government in whatever measures it is thought necessary to carry out in the matter of conscription. New elections are therefore very unlikely. The an nouncement of the labor leaders was made after a conference between Sir Edward Grey and Col. House, a representative of the labor leaders. GERMANY PLANS TO INCREASE COMMERCE. L i.N'DON. Jan. 9 Many people in tliis country are already speculating us to how the commerce of the world will be divided after the war ends Editorially, one of the local papers expresses itself as of the opinion that German merchants and ship owners are planning for a gigantic fight for commerce regardless of the result of the war. Censor’s Activity Very Distasteful WASHINGTON. I>. C., Jan. 9 ; enrtoi Hitchcock has introduced a resolution asking that Postmaster Genera! Burleson explain why it is necessary that such a strict censor strip of United States mails going to neutral countries in Europe Is maintained by the British censors. It is unofficially stated here that the government has already taken action in tire matter by forwarding a protest against such censorship to the British authorities. Roosevelt Not On Republican Ticket MINNEAPOLIS. Minn., Jan. 9. Theodore Roosevelt has telegraphed to prominent Republicans here re fusing to let his name be placed on the Republican primary ticket as a candidate for the presidency of the United States. He gives no reason for his decision, therefore the local Republican leaders are in ( the dark. TAKE STEPS TO PROTECT SUPS UNITED STATES TO PROTECT AMERICAN LIVES AT ALL COSTS. WASHINGTON, D. C„ Jan. 9.— It is unofficially stated that the United States government will, in tlte near future, take action with the view of preventing the further loss of American lives on ships of the allied nations of Europe, sunk by Teutonic submarines. This de cision, it is stated, has been reach ed by the government for the rea son that numerous Americans have lost their lives by being on the ships torpedoed, and for the further reason that the officials have been besieged with petitions asking that some such action be taken. It is stated that Count von liems torff, German ambassador to the United States, has assured Secre tary of State Lansing that Ger many now stands ready to pay in demnities fo-r the loss of American lives by the sinking of the Lusi tania. He also says, however, that Germany in no wise acknowledges that she does wrong in attacking allied ships carrying American pas sengers. but he further states that hereafter they will be given ample warning of the attack before it is made. ITALIAN STEAMSHIP CAUSES SENSATION Steamer From Italy Arrives in Port at New York Armed With Several Big Guns Already Mounted—Protests Entered With State Department—Secretary Lansing Says That Matter Will Be Thoroughly Probed, NEW YORK. Jan. 9—A sensation was caused here today by the en trance into New York harbor of the Italian steamship Verdi, “armed to the teeth.” so to speak. She car ried two three-inch guns mounted and ready to fire at a moment's notice, one in the fore part of the ship and the other aft. Interviewed by newspaper men, the captain ol the boat said that he had the guns mounted for protection in case his GALVESTON, Jan. 9.—All records of previous years have been broken at this port by the exports of the past year, according to the an nouncement made today by the Gal veston Chamber of Commerce Wheat leads the exports with cotton a close second. Thirty-two million bushels of wheat were shipped from this port during the year 1915. Most of it went to the allied nations of Eu rope. The Jury Is Out And So Are We NEW HAVEN, .Ian. 9.—The jury which has been out for several days is still unagreed. Determined that they shall roah a verdict before they are discharged the judge who has sat on the case has sent the jurymen back to their ehambets stating that they will be held for several days more. (That is all we know about it. If anyone can tell us the case this jury is deliberating on, he will re ceive our thanks). Says Many Deaths Are Preventable CHICAGO, Jan. 9.—General Gor gas, of Panama canal yellow fever fame, Is of the opinion that the death rate in the United States is entirely too large. That is. he is of the opinion that many deaths which would otherwise be prevent able, occur because of lack of care WILL BE PROBED. WASHINGTON, D. 0., Jan. 9 — Many protests have been received at the state department against the entrance into New York harbor to day cf the Italian steamship Verdi carrying two three-inch guns. Fol lowing the receipt of the protests j Secretary Lansing at once detailed men to make an investigation, and if the report is found to be true, will enter a protest against such action to the Italian government. to those who are ailing. In fact. General Gorgas states that he can produce statistics to prove that the list of preventable mortality in the United States is greater than the losses so far sustained during the j present war on all of the battle J fields of liurope. Will Press Case Against Prosecutor WASHINGTON, D. C„ Jan. 9.— Representative Buchanan, of Illinois, has announced that he will press the impeachment proceedings insti tuted by him against United States District Attorney Marshall in con gress tomorrow. His charges are that Marshall failed to prosecute persons who unlawfully shipped ex plosives and who violated the eight hour law. Buchanan himself stands under an indictment for conspiracy, having been indicted by a New York grand jury in connection with the inciting of laboring men working in munition factories to go on a strike. Moran Now In Line To Fight Willard NEW YORK, Jan. 9. By defeating Jim Coffey here Friday night, Frank Moran places himself in line for n fight with Jesse Willard, heavy weight champion of the world. The fight lasted for 19 rounds of what was to have been a 20-round bout. Coffey taking the count after being floored by one of Moran’s powerful rights. This is the second time that Moran has knocked Coffey out The installation of officers of the local lodge of Rebekahs, which was to have taken place last Tuesday night, was postponed on account of the storm. It is now' scheduled to be held at the next regular meet i Ing of the order. Famous Actress Passes Beyond NEW HAVEN, Conn., Jan. 9.— Ada Return, the famous actress, died here today She was stricken very suddenly, having been ill but a few j days. Her condition was not known ! to be particularly serious. Had she lived until April 22, j Miss Rehan would have been 56 years old She was born in Ireland, coming to the United States with her parents in early childhood. Her first stage appearance was made at Newark, N. J., at the age of 14. Later, under the management of ! Augustin Daly, in fact, until his death, in 1899, she attained fame by playing leadin' Shakespearean roles. Honeymoon Over Bishop Goes North SEATTLE, Jan. 9 —Bishop P. T Lowe and bride returned here sev eral days ago from their honeymoon nip through California. The bishop has already departed for Alaska. He expects to be gone fore several months. In the meantime Mrs. Rcwc will remain here with' relatives. Ford Peace Party Now In War Zone THE HAGUE, Jan 9. The mem bers of the Ford peace party art now in the fringe of the war /one. Thai Is, they have' been made to realize some of the -horrors of war by seeing the condluon of some of the refugees in the country through which they have passed. They were also able to see some of the results of the yvar on their trip through Germany. HOLD FIRST MEETING. THE HAGUE, Jan. 9.—The Ford peace party held its first meeting today. There were no appreciable results, the meeting being held for the purpose of ascertaining along what lines the peace policy could be pursued. WASHINGTON. D. C., Jan. 9.— The great Pan-American scientific congress is over and one of the •greatest meetings of representatives of American countries ever held has passed into history. And it is con fidently predicted that its results will be far reaching, as it has cer tainly been the means of cementing a friendship among the countries of the Western hemisphere which, it is probable, will never be broken. It will also have a great political effect on the future of all Anteri- ' can countries. __ Canadian Wheat Is Commandeered OTTAWA, Ontario, Jan. 9.—The Canadian government has comman deered fifteen million bushels of Canadian wheat and government agents are now busily engaged in seeing that it is shipped. The wheat is to be sent to Italy. The farmers of Western Canada will scarcely feel the commandeer ing by the government of such a ' large quantity of their staple pro duct. The wheat crop of the past season was a large one. In fact, it was so large that, because cars for shipping were not available, the warehouses, granaries and elevators of the western Canadian cities were filled to overflowing last fall. Huerta Undergoes Fourth Operation EL PASO, Texas, Jau. 9.—General Vietoriano Huerta, former provision al president of Mexico, but now held as a prisoner here by the United States military authorities, under went a fourth operation for stomach trouble at a local hospital today. He rallied nicely from the opera tion and, although his condition has been so serious several times that ! his life was despaired of, it is be lieved that he will survive. Secretary Redfield Issues a Warning NEW YORK, Jan 9.-—Secretary of Commerce William C. Redfield predicts panicky times in the Unit ed States after the great war in Europe shall have closed. That is, he states that the people of the United States are expecting a pros perity which, in bis opinion, will not mature. He therefore warns all pessimistically Inclined persons not to be surprised if the close of the war sees a panic of unimagin able proportions in this country. GIBBONS SAYS MEXICAN PEACE CARDINAL PREDICTS CONTINU ANCE OF WAR UNDER CARRANZA. BALTIMORE, Jan 9.—Cardinal J Gibbons says that absolute peace in Mexico is impossible under the rule ' of provisional President Venustiano Carranza. He predicts outbreaks [ from time to time on the part of | the people of that country, even I though for the present Carranza seems to be practically in complete control of the situation. The reason given by Cardinal | Gibbons is that Carranza will not give the country religious freedom. He says that that was the downfall of the Diaz regime, and that it is Impossible for such a condition to exist anywhere under the present standards of civilization It is a well known fact that Cath olics predominate numerically in Mexico as far as religious sects are concerned Under the Diaz rule the Catholic church was not allowed to hold property and, although Por firio Diaz ruled for many years under those conditions, his final downfall was practically due to the followers of the Catholic faith. Just so will It be with Carranza, according to the opinion of Cardi nal Gibbons. Grape Growers Plan An Anti-Dry Fight SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 9—The Grape Growers' association of this state is now planning an anti-dry campaign. A meeting of a number of prominent members of the asso ciation was recently held, at which it was stated that, unless some ac tion was taken, prohibition will cer tainly make an attempt to invade ; California. And that it will sue- j ceed almost as certainly as it sue- ! ceeded in Oregon, Washington and Idaho is undoubted by the growers, unless steps are taken to oppose the introduction here of measures j prohibitory to the manufacture of wines. It is planned that the Issue shall j be carried to the polls at the elec tions next November. By starting their plan9 at this time the growers feel that they are formulating a movement which will be hard to beat. Are Going After What They Want WASHINGTON, I). C„ Jan 9 j Undismayed by the fact that they i were defeated in practically all parts of the United States where the j issue they stand for was voted J upon, the suffrage leaders now in this I city have announced that they will i continue the fight for womans suf frage. Plans for a campaign on a large scale are now being made. ! the Intention of the suffragists being 1 to let no expenditure of money or time stand between them and an i explanation of suffrage to all of the people of the United States. Their first step will be to endea vor to hold meetings in every con gressional district in every state in the union To this end committees have been appointed and prominent speakers employed to talk to the voters. An itinerary for them will soon be prepared by the committees. Paying Millions For Our Florses ST. LOUIS, Jan. 9,-A compila tion of figures obtained from the Union Stock Yards, of this city, and the National Stock Yards, in East St. Louis, show that during the year 1915, representatives of the allied nations of Europe bought horses in the yards to the value of thirty-four million dollars. The year is declared to hold the record for sales of horses, the demand having been far In excess of that of the Boer war or of the Spanish-Ameri can war. Prosperity unprecedented pievails among the horse raisers and deal ers of the states of Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, on account of their contiguity to the local markets. The dealers of other states, however, are sharing the profits accruing from tlie expenditure of such a large sum of money for live stock. The money spent for horses in cludes the mules purchased. Horses only were purchased in most in stances. but large numbers o! mules, the money for which went to Mis souri, went to the battlefields of Europe for packing purposes. Prominent Chinese Official Is Killed PEKIN, China, Jan. 9.—Twan Chi ju. minister of war under the repub lican government, died here today at the hands of an assassin It is alleged that the murderer, who sui cided after he had killed the former minister, was working under the orders of agents of former president, nc.w emperor, Yuan. BRYAN IS READY TO ENTER ARENA Great Commoner and Peacemaker Makes Formal An nouncement of Opening of His Campaign Against President Wilson’s Policy of National Preparedness —Many Prominent Democrats Are With Him. WASHINGTON, U. C„ Jan. 9. William Jennings Bryan today made formal announcement of his anti preparedness campaign. He says that he is ready for the battle and will fight to his utmost to keep Presi dent Wilson’s national preparedness policy from becoming a national measure. He admits that his stand on the question of national pre paredness is liable to disrupt the Democratic party, but states that he has even higher ideals than those to which the leaders of that party are pledged and that he is making the fight as a man; not as a poli tician. There is considerable excitement in the ranks of the Democrats here over Bryan’3 announcement. Many of them have announced themselves as ready to stand by Bryan, while others will remain with President Wilson and support his prepared ness policy. The complete disruption of the Democratic party is predicted in local political circles as the result of Bryan's announcement. PREPAREDNESS URGED. NEW YORK, Jan. 9.—At a speech delivered at a banquet held here today, Senator Chamberlain, of Wash ington, stated that he is in favor of President Wilson’s policy of na tional preparedness. In fact, he urges it, giving as his reason his opinion that England is already al lied with Japan In an attempt to intimidate the United States. LUCKY IF WE DID. WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 9.— Speaking today on the prepared ness policy, Senator John Sharp Wil liams. of Mississippi, states that we would be fortunate if we did lose the Philippine Islands, even if Ja pan took them over. He said that there would then ba some chance of the United States and Japan un derstanding each other. Senator Wil liams is one of the strongest sup porters of William J. Bryan. Potash Shortage Serious Problem WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 9. In a report recently issued from the department of agriculture, it is stat ed that the prevailing shortage of German potash in the country will eventually prove to be a serious problem with some of the farmers of the United States. Owing to the war it cannot now be shipped to this country front Germany and the farmers therefore have to seek other means of fertilizing their ground. CLAUS ANOTHER James Staples, an old timer of this vicinity, died shortly after 6 o’clock last evening of pneumonia, at St. Joseph’s hospital. He had been an inmate of the institution but two days. He was about 60 years of age. It is stated that he was well known by many people here, but nothing concerning hi history could be ascertained last evening. H. P. Hopper, the McCarty signal corps man, who was reported lost in the storm during the week when he went out to repair the telegraph lines, has turned up safe and sound. STEEL WORKERS YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO, IS THE SCENE OF TERRIBLE REIGN OF TERROR. YOUNGSTOWN, O.. Jan 9.—This city is now under martial law as I the result of the rioting started here Friday night by the 6.000 strik ing steel workers. Three regiments of the Ohio National Guard are patrolIng the streets, and. although the populace generally expects that the rioting will break out again at any time, the city authorities have announced that they now have the situation well in hand. Four deaths resulted from the rioting and a hundred persons arc1 in the hospitals, more or less in jured. Fully one hundred more are in jail under charges of murder and arson. The damages by fire, the results of the incendiarism caused by the strike, are estimated at fully one million dollars. When rioting started the entire police force of the city was called into action. It was soon discovered, however, that all efforts of the po lice to quell the riot were of no avail, and a call for militia was sent to the governor. LAVS IT TO GERMANS. YOUNGSTOWN. Jan. 9 —The pies j ident or the Sheet Metal & Tube j Manufacturing company, of this city, j is tpioted as having said that the strike and consequent rioting at the steel works here are parts of a gi gantic German plot, other parts of which have already been unearthed Ile is reported to have said that j he is in receipt of certain informa tion which leads him to believe that representatives of Germany have been quietly working among the 9,000 workmen in his own establish ment, but that their efforts had no effect, owing to the fact that the Sheet Metal & Tube Manufac turing company increased the wages of its employees on the first of the year and are giving them a profit sharing dividend. It is understood that secret ser vice men of the government will soon be here to investigate the strike and riot. And it is thought that the reported statement of the presi den of the tube manufacturing con cern may be correct, at least in some respects, in view of the fact that conspiracies instituted by Ger mans or Austrians have been dis covered in several parts of the Unit ed States. OUT IN THE COLD. YOUNGSTOWN, Jan. 9.—Their headquarters here being surrounded by large bodies of police and mili tia, the striking steel workers are compelled to hold their meetings out of doors. Accordingly, they as semble around bonfires where they listen to speeches made by their leaders. Their meetings are not in terfered with when they are of an orderly nature, but numerous more arrests of persons trying to incite further rioting have been made. WILL NOT MAKE TERMS. YOUNGSTOWN, Jan. 9.—Several meetings of strike leaders with the president of the local steel works were held today. Mediation was pro posed by the president of the steel works, who, while he is unwilling to accede to all of the demands of the striking steel workers, is will ing to mediate with the strikers on their grievances. The strike leaders, however, have announced that they will not make terms; that the steel manufacturers must con cede them every point asked for MORE SOLDIERS. COLUMBUS, O.. Jan. 9.—Another regiment of Ohio national guards men has been dispatched to the scene of the big strike and riot at Youngstown, at the order of the governor. The governor has also requested that government secret service men be sent here to investi gate the causes of the strike. MAY GET BLUE TICKET. YOUNGSTOWN, Jan. 9.—The mu nicipal authorities here are now planning the complete expulsion from this city of a certain foreign law breaking element. It is claimed that this element is responsible in great measure for the present strike and those of the past, and for that reason those foreigners who have never shown a disposition to work but who do nothing but incite their countrymen to law breaking and riot are to be deported. MT. VESUVIUS ON A TEAR. NAPLES, Italy, Jan. 9.—The in habitants of the villages located at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius, have be come terror stricken through hear ing terrific rumblings which have heretofore prefaced an eruption of the great volcano. As a consequence, many are moving, believing that Ve suvius will shortly again belch forth death and destruction to all who remain within its reach.