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THE ALASKA CITIZEN
VOL. VII. FAIRBANKS, ALASKA, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 22, 1916. NO. 13 BILL, BENEFIT ALASKA WILL BENEFIT GREAT LY IF BILL IS PASSED BY CONGRESS WASHINGTON. 1) C„ May 21 I, the sundry civil bill, as reported in congress is passed by the legis lative body, the territory of Alaska will be greatly benefitted. For a great deal of the money named In the appropriations is to be spent In the territory and for keeping up its industry, together with the main taining of representatives of the government there The chief item pertaining to Alas ka is the matter of the appropna (Ion of $6,247,270 for the Alaska government railroad This appro priation contains a provision permit ting the Alaskan Englneerlg com mission to buy supplies for its em ployees and contractors, reimburs ing the fund from the proceeds of the sales o' the supplies to said employees and contractors, thUB keeping the amount appropriated available for expenditure on actual construction work. The bill also carries an appro priation of $225,000 for a survey of Pacific waters. including Alaska Other amounts mentioned pertain ing to Alaska are: Care of insane, $70,000; native education, $200,000: medical relief for natives, $25,000, reindeer service, $5,000; game pro tection. $20,000; supresslon of il legal liquor traffic, $15,000; general fur service, $75,000' Pribilof Islands, $48,600: Afognak and Yes bay fish culture stations, $8,220 each; mining! industry. $4,500. In the bill it is provided that tlie amounts included in the appropria tions asked become available on July 1 Birds of Feather Flock Together: SEATTLE. May 21.—L. T. Erwin, j 1’nited States marshal at Fairbanks, Alaska, left here yesterday, bound for home. He will stop off at Ju neau to attend the Democratic ter ritorial conventlon Loeal politicians are of the opini on that the election of Hugh Wal lace of Tacoma, to a membership on the Democratic National commit tee assures Erwin of considerable strength at Washington, through his friendship for Wallace. DANISH KING SICK. COPENHAGEN, May 21 —King Christian underwent a serious ope ration here yesterday for internal troubles He is resting as easily as could be expected, according to the report of the physlclams in charge of htB case, and as he has a strong constitution, Is expected to pull through. CETTjNC BUSY DETROIT. Mich.. May 21— In de livering a speech in this city on Fri day, Col. Theodore Roosevelt lit orally attacked Henry Ford, the peace lion, in his own lair, for be denounced Ford and his follow paci fists in strong terms He said that the peace lovers of the nation were willing that the whole country shou'd be turned over to any invader who happened to come along, and that no opposition should be given said invader, on account of their inter est in keeping peace throughout the world. In closing his speech he reiterated his opposition to any kind of a hyphenated American, stat ing that those who do not believe in preparing the country against the coming of an invader are not true sons of liberty. THE TWO STRONGEST. CHICAGO, May 21.—In the opini on of local politicians who claim to be familiar with politics at large, there will be just two planks In the platform of the Republican party which will be adopted at the national convention to be held here next month That Is, there will be only two planks of any consequence, all other matters being diminutive in the shadow which they will throw when the great body of dele gates Is gathered together. The plank which, it Is believed, will meet with the greatest favor from the delegates, is American military preparedness. And it la acknowledged that this plank has been stolen from the present Demo cratic administration, but that the Republican party, nevertheleo, ess neius-m'mer ----rri “ALL THINGS UNTO ALL MEN,” PROVIDED THEY COME THROUGH. adopt it as its own. The other important plank is tariff for protection of American indus try. The tariff question is an old one, and. since the opening of the Democratic administration, has been tried both ways. The leaders of the party are therefore of the opini on that the voters are tired of a tariffless country and are willing to return to the good old days of Re publicanism with the tariff plank in the platform HUGHES WINS IN OREGON. PORTLAND, Ore, May 21.—After all of the returns had been received from the various precincts through out the state, it was announced from Republican state headquarters here last night that the Republican primary election hRd resulted .n the endorsement of Charles K. Hughes for the Republican nomina tion for the presidency of the Cnited States Senator Cummins came sec ond. the vote being close, although not so close as to necessitate a re count. The vote for Roosevelt and the other prospective nominees of the party at the national convention In Chicago, amounted to but very little. The endorsement of Hughes was particularly gratifying to a num ber of local politicians, for the rea son that Senator Cummins had stumped the state soliciting votes for himself or for Theodore Roose veil, and denouncing Hughes. The newspaper reports received here from other places In the state show that the women's vote was a large factor in the endorsement of Hughes. In fact, it is thought that when all returns are in and the voting lists gone over officially. It will be found that Hughes would not have been endorsed hut for the women's vote. PORTLAND, May 21.—A recount of the primary vote here shows that the vote for Hughes exceeds that of Cummins and Burton com bined. Halibut Trade May Be Captured Again WASHINGTON, D. C„ May 21. - The bill which is backed by the de partment of commerce, under which head the fisheries bureau comes, regarding the halibut industry on the Alaska coast, has been adopted by Floor Leader Kltchln and there fore becomes an administration mea sure. If it is passed It makes pos sible the recapturing of the halibut trade which Prince Rupert now gets. The bill is the result of a Htrong protest sent to the depart ment of commerce by the citizens of Ketchikan. ENGLISH GOLD COME6. NEW YORK, May 21.—Two mil lions in English gold arrived here today from Liverpool. it is con signed to J. P. Morgan & Co., and is part of the money involved in the deal put througli by the allies in the Cnlted States last year, when American bankers mado an enor mous loan to France aud England. POLITICAL B08S DIES. CINCINNATI. May 21—George 3 Cox, for many years a resident of this city, died today at his home here. He was very prominent In state and city politics, having been the predominating spirit in munici pal affairs for a long time. He was also widely known as a politician of note. ROMANIA MAY YET BE FORCEDJNTO THE WAR Little Country in War Zone Incenses Allies by Selling Supplies to Germany—French Minister Ordered Home—Germans Plan Another Offensive—Fighting Everywhere Now. ROME, May 21-—It now looks like Roumania will be forced to take sides in the great European war The reason is that she has been found guilty of selling supplies to the Germans, representatives of the allies making statements to the ef feet that a treaty regarding sup plies now exists between the Teu tonic allies and Roumania. By some it is even asserted that Roumania has been furnishing supplies to the Teutonic armies for some time past, thus enabling them to continue the struggle. France has already ordered bet minister to Bucharest to return home, and it is believed that Great Britain and Italy will shortly do likewise. Russia asBerts that she will sever diplomatic relations with the little country in the war zone which has so far managed to keep from becoming embroiled in the European war, unless an explana tion of the treaty between Roumania and Germany is forthcoming immedi ntplv 18 BIG VICTORY FOR DIPLOMACY. BERLIN. May 21.—What is re garded in even military circles as a great diplomatic victory is the announcement made by officials of the diplomatic corpB today to the effect that Roumania has decided to sign a treaty with Germany pep mining the exportation ol foodstuffs and other supplies from that coun try. The only payment to be made by Germany and Austria is money, of which there is a plentiful sup plies in both countries, while food is short. It is understood, however, that German diplomats also agreed to protect Roumania in rase the Entente allies objected to her ac tion. On the other hand, it is us serted in military circles that devas tatlon sure and certain will follow Roumania if she attempts to repudi ate the treaty. GERMANS PREPARING GIANT OFFENSIVE. LONDON, May 21.—Reports re ceived here from the battlefront in dicate that the Germans are prepar ing for a giant offensive move in Belgium. Troops are being moved in the territory from which it is expected that the movement will be launched, the most activity will Ing reported from the Ypres. It is therefore supposed in official circles here that the predicted offensive on the part of the Germans is about to mature. The objective point of the Ger mans is believed to be either Calais or Dunkirk. There has been con siderable aerial activity in the vi elnlty of both cities lately, whleh i leads the strategists of the allies to believe that the Germans will attempt to push through to the French coast, coming out at one or the other of the cities The last attack of the Gentians on Dunkirk was made yesterday, but the air craft were driven away after one German Taube had fallen a victim to the French marksmen handling the anti-aircraft guns FIGHTING GOING ON EVERYWHERE. LONDON, May 21.—Reports re ceived here from the various battle fronts indicate that fighting has been resumed everywhere since the opening of spring. The chief ac tivity is reported from tho Austro Italian battlefront, where the Itali ans are stated to have been de leated in several successive attacks of the Austrians. The fighting at Verdun is likewise very heavy, t ut that along that portion of the bat tlefront defended by British soldiers seems to now be only a matter of skirmishes. The eastern battlefront is the quietest of all, no engage ments of Importance being reported AUSTRIANS ON OFFENSIVE. BERLIN, May 21.—Reports re ceived here Indicate that the Aus trians have taken the offensive on the Austro-Italfan battlefront and are slowly but surely driving the invading Italians out of their coun try. The principal activity has been south and southeast of Roverdo, the Italians being driven back at all points. At one place they have been forced to retreat five miles, tile Austrians making correspond ing gains The success of the Aus Li mils is cun iuuicu iu liic Dui»fir orlty of their heavy artillery. It is stated in the report received here that fully 15.000 Italians have been taken prisoners since the Aus trian offensive commenced. One exploit recounted in the dispatches is the capture of 31 cannon and 35 machine guns by a force of 800 Austrian cavalry. One important victory credited to the Austrians is the capture of the city of Costabella. The defenses of the place were first reduced by the heavy artillery, the bombardment being followed by a general advance across the Lun valley. ITALIANS ADMIT DEFEAT. ROME May 21.—It is admitted in official circles that the Italian forces in Austria have met with de feat. The military, however, con soles itself by stating that the re treat from the positions held by the Italians during the entire winter i would never have been necessary but for the overwhelming superi ority of the Austrian artillery. Even at that the Italians withstood the : artillery fire of the Austrians for several days before retreating from their positions. The city ot Signatora has been ; evacuated by the Italians. They have also been forced to fall bark from the battle line which they for- i merly held between Montemaggio | and Sagliodas AUSTRIANS PLAN NEW OFFENSIVE, PARIS, May 21.—It is reported i here that the Austrian forces -ire J now planning another gigantic move- | ment against the Italians. This \ time it will be in Albania, the plan J beng to make a concerted land and \ naval attack on Avalona. the prin- j cipal seaport of Albania, now held by the forces of Italy. The Austrians have kept a con- | siderable land force in Serbia and part of Albania since the end of the Serbian campaign It is this army which will be used against the Italians at Avalona together with the Austrian Adriatic sea fleet of war vessels. BRITISH ACTIVE IN ASIA MINOR. LONDON', May 21. An otiicial rr port received here is to the effect that the British forces have reduced the important Turkish town of Elar ish, on the coast of Asia Minor. The attack was conducted by sea j and by air. the aeroplanes sent tip from the decks of the British bat- ; tie ships doing good work. A large fore, the only defense of the place, was completely destroyed. WILL NOT MODIFY ITS BLOCKADE. LONDON, May 21.—The British | government has given formal notice to the neutral powers of the world to the effect that Great Britain will In no wise modify the blockade on German ports which has existed practically since the commence ment of the war. The only conces sion which will be granted is to the American Red Cross society, which will bo allowed to send hos pital supplies to Germany, provid ing it is ascertained that the sup ! plies are not used otherwise than | in attending to absolutely incapici tated soldiers of Germany or help | less widows and orphans. Lord Cecil Roberts declares that there is not the slightest chance of a modification of the blockade as far as the Germans generally are concerned. Such action, he says, would be suicidal to Great Britain, for the reason that the best policy which can be pursued by this country tending toward a slow but sure end of the war, is ! to starve the Germans out. FIGHTING RESUMED ON VERDUN FRONT. I’AKIS May 21. Fighhtlng on a larger scale than has ever before taken place, if such a thing could he possible, has been resumed along Hie Verdun battlefront, according to reports received here and pub lished in bulletins by the war of lioe. And it is freely admitted in official circles that the Germans made some gains, 120 men and nine offi cers having been captured in ihe lighting which look place along the Haucourt-Esnes road, although the Germans were able to get but a small portion of the trenches In the same vicinity. The fighting was chiefly in the Avacourt woods and in Fill 304. ad joining. Two fresh German divi sions advanced to the attack after tiie woods had been shelled by their artillery, driving the French from their foremost trenches. The vic torious Teutons were halted, how ever, in their effort to take the second line of defenses, being re pulsed with heavy losses by the French, who had had time to reor ganize. RUSSIAN L08SE8 ARE SIX MILLION. VIENNA, May 21.—Figures com piled at the Austrian war otlice ind issued in bulletin form show :hat the losses or Russia since die opening of the war aggregate six million men. One Item, as stated, s that the loss of the Russians has been 600.000 since January. GERMAN PLANES RAID GREAT BRITAIN. LONDON, May 21.—The English mast was again raided last night py German aircraft one soldier and wo civilians being killed. But very ittle was accomplished by the Ger nans, as they were driven away before they could no much damage, seaplanes were used in the attack, me of them being brought to earth py fire from the British defenses. 1FROPI ANFR ARE ACTIVE. LONDON, May 21.—One woman ,vas killed and 2? people were hurt n the German aeroplane attack on Dunkirk yesterday The town of lergues, near Dunkirk, was also lombarded by German aeroplanes, ive persons being killed and eleven vounded. In retaliation for these attacks Crunch and Belgian aeroplanes drop ted numerous bombs on German Military camps in Belgium today. Die amount of damage done is not mown. A report received here ia to the ■ fleet that there has been consid erable activity in Serbia, several amps of Bulgarian soldiers having teen attacked by French aeroplanes sent out from Saloniki. SHIPPING BILL PASBE8. WASHINGTON, D. C., May 21 — rhe ship purchase bill. Introduced n the house of representatives by congressman Joshua W. Alexander, tf Mississippi, passed the house yesterday. The bill waa Introduced o supplant the administration ship purchasing bill. It provide* fcr he use of $50,000,000 government noney for the constructing of gor 'rnment-owned merchant vessel*. SECOND FORCE TO REMAIN ON SIBLEY'S COLUMN NOT WITH DRAWN—TWO FORCES IN MEXICO NOW MARATHON. Texas. May 21. - Orders have been received by the commanding oillcer here from Wash ington. through General Funston. countermanding the order of with drawal of the America force under Col. Sibley from Mexico This Is taken to mean that the United States government Is preparing to push the second force further into the southern republic In an endeavor to capture the bandlLs who Wave lately been raiding the border of this state. The order has been dispatched to Col. Sibley both by courier and by telegraph, In order that he may be sure to get it. For it is thought that, were the bandits aware that such an order had been issued, they would attempt to intercept it, thus permitting the Sibley column to re turn to camp here without knowl edge of the plans of the war de partment With the Sibley column is the forco of Major Laughorne. which fought a pitched battle with a gaug of Mexican bandits last week TROUBLE FEARED WASHINGTON. II C„ May 21.— American anny officers familiar with the tactics of Mexicans gener ally express themselves as fearful of the attitude of General Carranza and his supporters. In fart, they predict that a treacherous move of some kind is on foot being of the opinion that the Carranza forces will eventually, either openly or In secret, give their aid to the force which is now said to be gathering around Villa in his mountain strong hold General Kunston and all oth er officers now on the border have been ordered to watch developments closely. VILLA PLANS ATTACK. EL PASO, May 21. That Villa is now planning an attack on Persh ing's force is the statement of a number of prominent Mexicans who reached here yesterday from the interior of Mexico. The report bs to the effect that the bandit chief is now organizing a force for the purpose of attacking the Americans, having gathered at the least cal culation 3,000 men All are stated to be well armed, although the source from which they procures! their weapons is a mystery Amy officers here make no secret Df their opinions in connection with Carranza and his attitude toward the United States They say that when Villa has gathered a sufficient force together to enable him to attack General Pershing the United States troops will find that they have to face a United Mexico represented by the combined armies of Car ranza and Villa, RAIDER8 EXECUTED. DEMING, N. M , May 21—Seven yf the raiders who took part in the tttack on Columbus were executed here Friday They all professed [heir innocence, making statements :o the effect that they were work ing under orders and knew nothing whatever about when the raid was perpetrated. Six of the men went to death calmly, but the seventh Stroke down and cried for mercy when he was being led to the scaf fold. No Train Today; Track Washed Out Although it had been expected bat traffic would be resumed through o Chatanika today on the Tauanu /alley railroad, it was announced last light that there will be no train oday, on account of the fact that the track along Coldstream has leen washed out by the high water. Whether or not there will be a .rain tomorrow is a matter of con ecture, depending on whether the vater on Goldstroam goes down or lot. The engines of the railroad are low at Fox, having been compelled 0 remain there last night. The ncomlng passengers came to town in the gasoline auto car of the rail ■oad, having made a poling boat nit of the car when crossing the por :ion of the track on Goldstream vhich is flooded and in practically 1 floating condition. MAIL SERVICE ABANDONED. SEATTLE, May 19 (Delayed)— Laical mall authorities have an lounced that the proposed sunimov lutomobile mail service between Fairbanks and Chitina and Valder. las been abandoned.