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of the working class. - KARL, MARX THE ALASKA SOCIALI ST ’ i. ’ FAIRBANKS, ALASKA, SEPTEMBER 29, 1913. THE DEATH OF BEBEL Greatest Socialist Has Passed Away A press cablegram announces the death of August Bebel, foremost So cialist of Germany. He had been ill for ' Some time, but his recovery was hoped for. His death was a shock, not only to the Socialists of Germany but to the millions of Socialists in every civilized land on the face of the earth. Bebel was a pioneer in the great international Socialist movement. When he died Germany led in the race of the nations for Socialism with a vote of 4,500,000, 110 Socialist members of the Reichstag, the Ger man parliament. Bebel was born in 1840 near Colo ogne. He was trained as a turner and passeil through the usual grades of apprenticeship and journeyman ship. After his Wanderjalire, spent in south Germany he established himself in 1860 at heiptic. His first public activity was as an upholder of the Schubtze Deiitzech's co-operative movement, to which Gassalie also at first adhered, and he became prominent in political and educational work among working men. He threw all liis inflneuce agai nst Rassalle and the Universal associ ation when the latter was founded. Prior to 1866 Bebel had no sympathy whatevtr with Socialism. In fact, he was an avowed anti-Socialist. But he got to miking with Liebknecht and from that time his views rapidly chan ged. It was plain to be seen that Soc ialism had gained a powerful champion when Bebel joined its ranks. He lacked culture; he was unrefined; but what he lacked in these tilings he made up in energy and will. Of these he was ab undantly supplied. I-Ic was coarsely molded aud crude in many ways. - But ne had the necessary iuitiative and fo rce to do things. Uebel set about his work by joining the international, at that time a grow ing unci important body of workers. me became influential enough to take a prominent part in bringing to gether the followers of Marx and bass ale, thus helping to make the Social Democratic party. And it is quite dou btful that without Hebei's initiative aud energy tile party would have been formed; at least, not at that time. oe.jei iought relentlessly the reaction try tendencies iu the Internatnonal. At the time he sought to amalgamate the various workingmen’s organizauous in 1837. In that year he persuaded the un;on join with the international. dhaL was an important step in the movement toward Socialism. -- » .o liis career in the Reichstag that invo.es die greatest attention. In June, i>>33, v, itli biebknecht, he became vir tually a leader of German Social Dem ocrat, and during his membership in j the Reichstag he acted more than any | ‘ other man as spokesman of German Socialism. With little interruption he remained a member of the Reichstag until a few years before his death, when he became too old and feeble to do much active work for Socialism. His career in that body was brilliant. His speeches were widely quoted thro ughout Germany. The masters began a systematic attack on his propaganda, charging him at one time with inciting i . . ,. to assassination. , Bebel had an unusually heavy prison record. In 1869 he was detained three weeks for disseminating doctrines dang erous to the state. In December of the following year he was apprehended on a charge of high treason and was kept under arrest more than three months j . pending investigations. The trial came 1 off in 1872 and he was sentenced to two ; years imprisonment. Nine mouths was I added to the penalty for lese majeste. Finally, a trial in 1886 led to his be ing depri ved of liberty for an additional nine months on account of the complic ' itv iu a secret aud illegal — that is, Socialist—organiza tin. Repeated imprisonment gave him an opportunity tor .authorship ami a uum ber of works have left his vigorous pen. * Chief among them are: “The German Feasant 'War”, “The Mohainmedan Arabian Feriod of Civilization in the: Fast and Spain’’, “The Parliamentary'' Activity' oi the German Reichstag and the Diets’’, and “Our Aims’’, j "Woman”%and “Memoirs.” Nearly all of his writings are inter dicted in Germany. 1 G I The above, from the Appeal to Reason is a very briel description of the great,; Socialist leader, August Bebel who, together with that great trio of intell ectuals hrurxr hngcls and Liebknecht, laid the Ioundation ol the movement that is siowiy but surely boring under and through tiie imperial structure of Germany. Tile last great gathering of import ance to the world at large that Bebel ' took an active part in was the great! international peace Congress at Basle, j Switzerland, when delegates from all | the ieading civilized nations assemebled j to declare against a war which the lead- j ing diplomats ol hurope were trying to j launch in a vain attempt to attract the j minds 01 the people irom the main issue ; ---aociaisru. Athougn Bebel was bitterly opposed I to the war policy ox cermany, he said on | one occasion taat il the latherland was i j attacked ne would shoulder a gun. : * (Continued on Page 4.) NO COMPROMISE NO Pom TRADING BY WEHELM LIEBKNECHT “When I speak here of our policy, I use the word without regard to any thing immaterial or superficial, but iu the sense which, since the beginning of the party has had for us in contrast to all other parties in the sense of the policy of the class struggle, which has very often changed, in form, but in substance has remained the same our; un ique proletarian class policy whsch separa tes us frfim all other political parties in the world of bourgeois society and excludes us from intercourse with them. Ill certain circles there exists an in clination, or let us say, an effort, to desert the platform ol tne class struggle and enter into the common arena of the other parties. As all the other parties stand upon the basis of a polit ical state,, therefore their field of act ivity is necessarily confined to the sp oils of politics. The question of tactics came up then in our party for the first fime. Should we, in consideration of certain con cessions to the laborers, aid Bismarck against the Progressive party and other opponents of his policy in the expect ation of being then after that strong enough for a successful struggle against him and against the landlord, police and military state embodied in his per son? Or did prudence and party interest demand that we, taking advantage of Bismarck’s quarrel with the progres- j sive bourgeois and other opponents of his policy, contest the Bismarckian pol icy, and organize the proletariat into; an indepeudent political party for the I purpose of preparing it for the conquest of political power? . ^ . The tactics were everywhere accepted which has: ever since been ili**;force for the party ] I down to the present day. These tactics consist in: Keeping clear the class character of the Socialist party as a proletarian party ;to train it by agitation, education and organization for the victorious com pletion of the emancipation struggle; to wage a systematic war against the class state, in whose hands the political and economic power ot capitalism is concentrated, and in this war to draw advantages as far as possible out of tlie quarrels and coni licit of die different political parties witu each other. This foundation oi the class struggle is: The main point of attack in the battle which the bourgeois political economy is waging with Socialism. The political economists deny the class struggle and would make of the labor movemeuts only a part - of the bourgeois party movements, and the Social Democracy only a division oi the bourgeois democracy. The bourgeois political j economy and politics direct all their exertions against the class character of tlie modern labor movement. If it j were possible to create a breach in this bulwark in this cua iel ol the Social Democracy, the Soca.l D .uiocracy is conquered anil the proletariat is thrown . (continred on page four) mm A REASON “There’s a reason” for the Alaska Socialist. It is not a reason arising cut of a prearranged plan whereby some “inner circle” or ambitious politicans might boost themselves into office. The reason for the Alaska Socialist can easily be understood by reading the following extracts from letters received from all parts of Alaska: “We are all anxious to have a good Socialist paper in fact, and not a bogus sheet run in the interest of machine politics in Alaska. « From CHAS. H. ROGERS, Birch Creek. "You can count me in On helping a long all 1 can. I have no patience with the man who cails himseit a Socialist and is willing to make use of the old party tricks simply to get into oftice. Not that I belittle political action, for I realize that we must gain control politic ally, and trie more officials we can elect tlie better; but I want to se£ them elect ed by class-conscious votes, not by the votes of those who are merely reformers. From J, M. BROOKS, Jack Wade Creek. “I am glad to iiear there are some comrades going to stare a Socialist rrop agiiiua paper as we are very much haiid icapped by not having a' good clean cut paper in uie fourui uivision, and i can I see no reason why we cannot support one. ) From Secretary Pro. Tern. jacx Wade Focal. "Fet tne paper be a Clean cut socialist paper, liewing to incline and not a mere rciormer or compromiser, always m tlie lULercsi 01 the working ciass of Alaska wiiu cwr) member will certainly support it. As soon as you issue urst paper send us twenty sample copies lor distribution ocsiUcs wuai we nave subscribed lor. bocal lleadwood, Socialist Party, ii luc paper snows used to be a real aiu lo Uie cause ior wuicii we are work ing, Lucie win ue no just cause ior com piaiui-on uie grounu ol lack or support iiuui Lius quarter.” i ne auove list coulti be extended iu Ueinucviy with letters ol approval and endorsement; here is one Irom tlie K.oy axux:--» ■ bear koinrade: I am going Outside, but will be back • m a ie\v months. I do not intend lo go oacK to that part, but will prouauiy go lo me v ahicz uistriCL. 1 enclose .two uounrs lo ileip Lile paper, and vv isluilg joa luc Ui_sl oi iuck, i am, It. K. C. [ mere has been a great demand for a Socialist .publication among the workers i ot this part ol the territory and now that it is started we will do our best to keep it going, aiiu v\c expect those who wish to! see it aepL going,do their part by not only Continued on Page 4 ) i i UNCLE SAN'S HOTEL DESCRIBED BY BILLY EASTMAN j Killy Kastman, ex-convict, on the even j hig of Monday, the 15th of Sept, at St. | Janies Methodist Episcopal Church ad | dressed a large and interesed audience i descibing in detail the conditions at Mc | Neil’s Island. | He explained that there were no bath - tubs until just a little time before he left i when several whiskey barrels were brought to the prison ahdcut in two and ; used as bath tubs. He also explained how'they grafted the | prisoners when their time was up, claim | 'ng that the governp:ent allowed the I prisoners second-dass'fare back to where they were sentenced’from, but the war _ deu instead of giving the prisoner who was being discharged the amount allowed by the government, would provide him with a steerage ticket , aud keep the balance. I He told of one case in particular of a prisonerou refusing to work being hung : up by the hands every day for several months and when they couldyiot conquer i him, put him in solitarv confinement, where they succeeded in ; driving him ; crazv. i The reason why other convicts [never relate the inner workings of the^Federal i prisons is because, according to Kast man, they are afraid of being hounded and jobbed hack into[prison. He says that he is not afraid of them putting him back. "V on will see from the above that the same conditions'exist in McNeils Island as in all other prisons that have been ex posed up to date, Kastman expects to change this by singing hymns and pray ing. The remedy proposed by Eastman is a remedy that gives great joy to the capi talist and which the ruling classes],would like the workers to waste their time on. The Socialist knows that bibles and hymn singing, praying and preaching will never change anything. Not all the millions of bibles printed and distributed by the American Bible Society, the British and Foreign Bible Society and all other bjble societies can advance the material inter ests of the workers. Only class-con scious agitation, education and organiza tion can accomplish that. You will find that God always listens to the capitalist class where the workers are unorganized, and where the workers are organized and educated you will-find that'God without much coaxing listens pretty quick. So while we can all afford to sing hymns on-Sunday, let all the workers do-iheir praying by educating, organiz ing, amongst themselves] and their fel low workers, and you will find that you will not have to do much cc axing, but that God -tfili have his ear to the ground and listen to your wishes without any superfluous shouting. John L. White, a Socialist Comrade, of Olness, visited the office of the Alaska Socialist a few days ago. lie forgot to subscribe for the paper.