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SATURDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1919.
THE MOHAVE COUNT MINER AND OUR MINERAL WEALTH, fACK A CARLESSNESS IN CROSSING RAILROAD TRACKS CAUSED MANY ACCIDENTS LAST YEAR tracks by occupants of automobiles is tracks by occupaits of automobiles is slowly but surely yielding to the cam paign of education against grade crossing accidents by the press, schools, churches and railroads," said R. J. Clancy, Assistant to General Manager of the Southern Pacific. For the year ending September 30th, 1919," said Clancy "there were 44 grade fatalities and 165 injuries, compared with 51 fatalities and 205 injuries for the year ending Septem ber 30th, 1918, a decrease in 1919 of nearly 16 per cent in the number of killed and 24.2 per cent in the num ber injured. This is encouraging showing, parti cularly considering the increased num ber of automobiles in use. "Nevertheless, during the year 1919, 452 automobiles were damaged or des troyed. Of these, 222 attempted to cross almost immediately in front of an approaching train; 116 ran into trains; 62 stalled on the track and were hit by trains; 6 skidded into trains or cars; 27 ran into and broke down crossing gates lowered to pro tect them from passing trains; 4 ran down and injured flagman trying to warn and protect them from ap proaching trains; 15 ran into cross ing signals,, cattleguards, or were not sufficiently in the clear. 'In practically every instance oc cupants of automobiles had unob structed view of track in both direc tions sufficient to enable them to ob serve approach of train before reach ing crossing. "As in the past, most of these ac cidents involved passenger trains dis proportionately to the number of trains of this class which continues to emphasize the belief that misjudg ment of sped of passenger trains by cocupants of automobiles is a primary contributing cause of such accidents. An analysis by months discloses no distinguishing relationship between conditions and crossing accidents, as .accidents occurred in like proportion during the summer and winter months, so that whether curtains are up or down does not appear to matter much. "In other words, the causes of these accidents appear to narrow down to misjudgment of speed of trains; the minds of occupants distracted by con versation; shifting gears and stalling on tracks; noise of machine interfer ing with hearing locomotive whistle, bell and noise of train; inexperience of driver; not looking until about on track and inablity to stop on account of speed; and in practically all instanc es, attempting to cross without first making sure that it could be done "In view of the number of accidents still occurring and progressive in crease in the number of automobiles in use there is every reason for main taining an active campaign i of educa tion and it is to be hoped that the Dress, pulpit and schools, which have Sred valuable service in' this res pect will continue and be spurred on to rnore intensive effort by the exigencies of the situation. The one essential i, the occupants of automobiles before crossing railway tracks to make sure that it may be done safely. GAS BOMSHlELDS CONTENTS OF SAFES AND VAULTb Poison gas foils would-be robbers who blow open safes or vaults equip ped with a new protective device des " cribed in the January Popular Me chanics Magazine. A thin glass bot tle, filled with chemicals, is placed in a metal holder inside the doors. When an. explosive is used to brea.c them open, the concussion shatters the flask, and releases its contents, ex posed to the air, the chemicals form a gas which suffocates and causes temporary blindness. WRITING DESK IS FIXTURE IN LUXURIOUS TOWN CAR As motor cars become more and .. l.in'miQ their owners, display a tendency to add to their equipment some of the normal appurtenances of living room and boudoir. A big town car, includes a folding writing desk, arranged against the back of the dnv in gseat, and containing all the usual provisions for writing materials. Should the occupant prefer eating to writing, the desk becomes a table. PRIZE COW IS HONORED GUEST IN HOTEL DINING ROOM Acomely black-and-white cow was an invited and well-behaved guest at a business men's luncheon in the "cry stal room" of a Portland, Ore., hotel recently. The purpose of the occasion was to honor the bovine, known as "Tilly Alcartra," for extraordinary in dustry and productiveness. She is seven years old, and in six years has produced 156,776.1 lb .of milk, yield ing 6,146.36 lb .of butter. Why the Cop Smiled Traffic Cop: When I signal you to stop, I want you to stop. The next time it will cost you a five! Autoist: Say, brother, if you can show me how to stop this sheet-iron Lizzard any quicker than I did, I'll give you tert Cartoons Magazine. ; They Couldn't Find Any More "Hello, Brown! Wjasn't it a fine day yesterday?" "It seemed so. They fined me once for speeding, and once because my lights were out." Cartoons Magazine. Mr. Plumb's Struggle With Facts Reports of the recent tour b Mr. Plumb show that during his trip in the Mississippi Valley he made state ments singularly in conflict .vith pievious declarations. The originator of the railioad em- nlnvps' rnntrnl ulnn. hnpkpH hv sev eral of the railroad brotherhood-;, had Kithci-to laid great stress on tlvj fact that the railroad securities in the hands of the owners were to be pur chased by the issuance of Government bonds "on which the Government would pay only 4 per cent interest." It has declared that this would mean a considerable saving in the' interests charges. At St. Joseph, Missouri, however, Mr. Plumb said that the bonds should bear "such rates of interest as will procure their acceptance at par." II. S. Government bonds paying four and one-fourth per cent are now selling in the neighborhood of 93. French Municipal bonds, regarded as among the safest of investments, are offered at a price which, returns 6.8 per cent on every dollar invested. It, there fore, becomes apparent that the Gov ernment would have to pay far moie than 4 per cent, and eliminate the sav ing which the Plumb orators have been promising. Current return on all rail rad securities is only 5.22 per cent, of which a considerable part is promptly turned back into property, not distributed as dividends or interest In speaking at the St. Louis Club a little later, Mr. Plumb mentioned injury to railway securities which had "left a trail of weepjng widows and orphans from one end of the country to the other." The special interest is not so much in the causes he attributes as in the fact that he had always pre viously denied the existence of any considerable number of widows and ENGLISH POUND STILL FALLING The majesty of the pound sterling is being terribly shattered, its lowest ex change price in all history being reached when it fell in New York to $3.67 1-4, making its decline below par nearly $1.2 Oand representing a loss of nearly one fourth' of its normal value. A London report states that, accord ing tn nn announcement bv Bonar ..t, -w Law, former' Chancellor of the Ex chequer, the British Government does tint, nronnsp to take anv special meas ures in connection with this fall in American exchange except that of con tinuing its nnlirv of withholding arti ficial support by borrowing abroad and doing everything possible to stim ulate British export trade. O FRANCE TO STORE EXPLOSIVES IN GLACIER-FED LAKES The glacier-fed lakes of the Pyren ess are to be the storehouses for France's vast accumulation of military explosives, according to a recent dec laration in the chamber of deputies. The speaker explained that the stuff will deteriorate quickly if kept in the usual way. If destroyed outright, on thi other hand, the government will suffer a loss of almost a billion francs. So instead of "keeping her powder dry," as enjoined by the old saw, it seems that France will keep it damp, and incidentally, at a low and even temperature, in the strange storehouse mentioned. . . DETACHABLE LEATHER SHIELDS FOR AUTOMOBILE FENDERS Leather covers to protect the front fenders of a motor car while repairs are being made to the mechanism un der the hood are new devices intended to be used in garages. The shields can be quickly attached or removed, and are lined with a soft material which prevents scratches on the highly polished surface. WEIGHTS-ON CATTLE HORNS TO CHANGE THEIR SHAPE An English inventor undertakes to change the shape of the horns of cat tle by hanging veights on them while they are growing. The weights are pear-shaped, with a tapering hole lengthwise to fit the horn, and are held in place by setscrews. . Never confide your secrets to a woman even though you call her dove she may turn out to be a carrier pigeon. Cartoons Magazine. Contractors and Builders Small jobs or large ones receive the same prompt and careful attention. GRUNINGER & SON Phone Blue 175 Kingman, Arizona LOOK HERE CALL AT J. N. Cohenour & Co. FOR CHRISTMAS TOYS orphans at all concerned about rail way securities, despite published fig ures that in one railroad alone there are over 5,000 women stockholders. The most extraordinary of his state ments was probably made in the St. Louis address, in which he declared that $8,000,000,000 of the $20,000,000,- 000 valuation which he said the rail roads were claiming (capitalization s only about $18,000,000,000) could be wiped off the list as land value, and in addition to this, 6 billion dollars more. This leaves 6 billion dollars as Mr. Plumb's estimate of the proper capitalization of the railroads of the country. Since 1907 all railroad cap italization has been under, the super vision of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and has amounted to ap proximately 5 billion dollars. So Mr. Plumb's extraordinary figures mean that he believes that 230,000 miles of track which were built prior to 1907, together with all the bridges, terminals ,telegraph lines, locomotiv es, cars and materials are worth only 1 billion dollars. This is a capitali zation of about $4,300 a mile. As Canada's roads cost $60,000 a mile, it is apparent that Mr. Plumb is talking plain nonsense. Three St. Louis pap ers take sharp issue with Mr. Plumb's speech in that city in which he de clared that the Frisco Railroad was capitalized for $800,000,000, although its real valuation was $150,000,000. The valuation of the road is more than twice Mr. Plumb's wild estimate, be ing $358,000,000, and the total of cap ital stock and bonds is $328,000,000, or considerably less than half of Mr. Plumb's guess. The capitalization al so is thus well under the book valu ation. Facts do not seem to handicap Mr. Plumb and his friends. IRRIGATION WATER FOR APACHE INDIANS In recent years the Apache Indian farmers in the valleys of Gila and San Carlos rivers, in the San Carlos In dian Reservation, Ariz., have been seriously handicapped by an inade quate supply of water for irrigating their crops. A shortage of water at times when it is most needed has tend ed to discourage the Indians who are making an earnest effort to farm and has done much toward neutralizing the efforts of the reservation officials tJ interest others in agriculture. The water shortage has been due to lack of water in the streams at certain tim es of the year and difficulties in keep ing diversion dams and ditches in op eration; on account of washouts caused by sudden floods in the rivers and by torrents in the tributary arroyos dur ing heavy rains. In the river valleys many tracts of good land now lying idle could be made productive if suf ficient water were obtainable. At the request of the Office of In dian Affairs, Department of the In terior, the United States Geological Survey recently made an investigation to determine the feasibility of develop ing additional irrigation supplies on this reservation by drilling wells. As a result of this investigation a report by A. T. Schwennesen entitled "Geo logy and Water Resources of the Gila and San Carlos Valleys, in fhe San aCrlos Indian Reservation, Arizona," has just been published. This report describes a series of recent geologic events in these valleys and shows how these geologic changes have produced conditions .that are favorable for ob taining artesian water. It also con tains a geologic map and structure sections and detailed maps showing the classification of the land. A copy of the report, which is pub lished as Water-Supply Paper 450-A, en be" obtained by writing to the Di rector, U. S. Geological Survey, Whsh ington, D. C. C USE HEAT RAYS FOR SIGNALS WITH SECRET WAR DEVICE That signals can be transmitted and received with invisable heat rays, as successfully as with a beam of light, is demonstrated by the disclosure of a European signaling system used in the war. The transmitter is an elec tric arc, screened by a special black glass coated with peroxide of mangan ese, shutting off all visible rays but permitting the infrared rays to pass. The received is a parabolic mirror with a thermopile at its focal point, connected to a galvanometer. ALIEN DEPORTATION BILL INTRODUCED IN HOUSE Representative Johnson of Wash ington yesterday introduced a bill pro viding for the extension of the Amer ican deportation and exclusion laws to aliens affiliated with "any organiza tion which writes, prints or distribut es" matter advocating the overthrow of the Government by violence, sabo tage, or assassination of public offi cials. The provisions of this bill are, it is I said, broad enough to reach all alien members of the Industrial Workers of the World and like organizations, while membership in such organiza tion does not it appears, constitute ground for deportation under the pres ent law. Under this bill it would not be nec essary to prove the commission of any overt act, since ,according to the au thor of the bill, all of the organiza tions against which it is aimed print and circulate anarchistic literature. DANGERS OF SEA DECREASED BY REGISTERING SOUNDER Tests that have been made with a new instrument for measuring depths and distances at sea, indicate that this apparatus in its improved form should prove of wonderful service as a safe ty device on sea-going vessels, The installation consists of four transmitters, or electric hammers, on-j being located in the bottom, on both sides of the vessel ,and in the bow, re spectively, all below the mean water line of the ship. On either side of the transmitters are placed two mic rophones in parallel, which act as re ceivers for both the sound pioduced and the return echo. The hammers are operated by means of push but tons on the indicator, which is located either on the bridge or in the pilot house. The sound produced by the blow travels through the water and strikes the bottom of the sea, or if any of the other hammers has been operated,' the shore, or any submerg ed object, such as a rock, iceberg, or another vessel, and returns in the form of an echo. Striking the receiv ers the returning sound waves at onco stop the indicator ,and according to the time it takes the sound to travel forth and back, the indicator has mov ed a corresponding distance on ihe dial. -u : . AIR PHOTOGRAPHS HAVE POW ER TO FIND LOST CITIES The remarkable discovery .through the medium of lines on an aerial photograph, of a lost city buried near Samaria, in the vallev of the Tigris River, suggests a vast field of ex ploration for the airplane camera. Archaeologists know the advantage of o-i7on a slicht elevation in tracincr the faint indices of an obliterated civili zation, whollv concealed at their own level by the overgrowth of vegetation. These phantoms of the past, however, readily record their outlines on the photographic emulsion. . The Money Route The love of money makes us all root for evil. Cartoons Magazine. rflookforprtnroi.H ?-(.. l . ' "oons. m ?$CA jSS? --ir-?Vis,V7R b enaeu :- r- -the wDS ,. vsiKcbro- lU?eoHhem -J 1 For Your Boy or Girl A Savings Bank Book is the best Xmas Gift. Not only because it is a perpetual re minder but because it teaches the great lesson of thrift. I One Dollar is enough to open a Sav ings Account. Five per cent, interest compounded every six months. Arizona Central Bank OATMAN KINGMAN CHLORIDE Capital & Surplus $350,000 Assets Over $3,000,000 . 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