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J. F. WALLACE. PUBLISHER - AND - PROPRIETOR Published at Winslow, Arizona. That nail trust will lx? driven to the wall If only the disgruntled parties to It keep hammering at it. The New York women who have shortened their skirts have done well, hnt they have started at the wrong end. They should first retrench their hats. There is nothing you can do that will finally afford you more satisfaction than keeping your troubles to your self. The trouble people have is an awful chestnut. “Why is it that the inactivity of the hen occurs just at the time when eggs become dear?” asks the Minneapolis Journal. For the same reason that we have most of our cold weather in the winter season. Li Hung Chang has come near losing his yellow jacket again on account of a disregard of official etiquette while call ing on the Empress. That's what comes of skylarking around the world and for getting his manners. Venezuela now linds a friend in Ger many. The bond of amity between nations is often the more enduring when it is cemented by tire ties of a common bate of another nation. There is a great deal of human nature in gov ernments. According to the London Times cor respondent at Constantinople, tile Sul tan has issued an irade extending re form to the whole empire. What this amounts to will presently be seen. We shall doubtless soon hear of a celebra tion of the irade by the massacre of a few thousand more Armenians. It was said not loug ago that the Uni ted States Government was asked to ap propriate $1,000,000 for the suppression of the Russian thistle in the Northwest. Now a South Dakota mill owner lias offered $1.50 a ton for all the thistles which may be delivered at his factory. He says it is nearly as good as coal for fuel. Europe hates England because the latter lias done so much laud-grabbing In recent years. Y’et since the great Scramble for laud began in 1884 Eng land has increased her holdings only about oue aud oue-third times, while Frauee has increased hers three and four-fifths. Italy five and one-half, and Germany six times. What was it Low ell called “Kettelopototnaehia?” The servant question has many as pects and suggests varied possibilities. An English religious paper has this advertisement: “To Christians. Will any lady take a tiresome village girl of seventeen years as an under servant, »nd try to train her into steadier ways?” The very frank and rather amusing proposal, considering the difficulty and uncertainty of the task, was perhaps consistently addressed to Christians. Sultan Abdul Hamid's cleverness is extraordinary. There is only one per son by whom the Sultan can l>e legally deposed—namely, the Sheik-ul-Islam, who is the secular head of the Moham medan hierarchy—and the far-seeing Abdul Hamid holds the Sheik a prisou er in Yildiz Kiosk. Let the Ambassa dors rave. With the Slieik-ul-Islam under lock and key the Sultan can defy his would-be deposers. What avails Western sagacity against Oriental wiles? “Just as a big wave came curling to ward the lost vessel, Gunner Kaehn re quested the men to join in singing the national anthem. They grasped one another’s hands, and with their voices mingling with the howling of the storm, they went down to death iu the sea.” So reads the closing paragraph in the account of the recent loss of the Ger man gunboat litis, in the Orient. Brav ery born of patriotism does not need the stimulus of an enemy of flesh and blood. These German sailors died for their country as bravely aud as truly as though they had met death in battle. The report of the Third Assistant Postmaster General for the year ending June 30, 1890, shows a total of postal expenditures for the year amounting in round numbers to ninety million dol lars. The receipts fell a little more than eight million dollars short of meeting the expenditures. This de ficiency is less by sixteen hundred thousand dollars than that for the pre ceding year. As the volume of mail matter constitutes a kind of barometer of business conditions, it is interesting to notice that there was an increase of about seven per cent, in the receipts for postage over the current fiscal year. The first quarter of the current fiscal year showed a falling off in receipts. The commercial community of Chi cago is made up largely of young and forceful men. From all parts of the country have come vigorous recruits to her business community. The fact of their going away from comfortable surroundings and familiar scenes at tests the aggressive spirit of the young men who have swarmed to Chicago from every section of the country. Meeting together upon a common ground, where from the outset they were at no disadvantage as compared with the natives, the latter being iu a hopeless minority, it lias been easy for these men to fuse their energies aud aspirations, and to create that tine pub lic spirit which has been the chief fac tor iu the upbuilding of the city. The overbearing and often brutal conduct of the officers of the German army toward inoffensive civilians has of late been the subject of much com ment. The German army, as a fighting machine taken from the people, has come to be naturally looked upon as something distinct from the rest of the nation. The Emperor himself has told his recruits that when he gives the order they shoot down the ene mies of the Government, even if they should be their own fathers and broth ers; anti so down to the privates they £ave been surrounded with an atmos- phere of fancied superiority. Through out southern Germany the towns are now organizing meetings to protest against military ruffianism, and the Government has begun to realize the necessity of reforming the code of mili tary procedure. Tlie reigu of Queen Victoria, which now lias been longer than that of any other sovereign of Great Britain and its dependencies, spans by far the most in teresting period of the same duration in i lie history of humanity. Its striking events include most of those which have substantially revolutionized the business and social life of the civilized world. It should lie a matter of pride to those concerned that by far the greater number of discoveries and ad- j vanees that have contributed toward this result have been the work of rep resentatives of the two great English speaking nations —Great Britain and tlie United States. While claiming cred it for showing the world the way to greatness under a republican form of government, we of tlie model republic may rightfully regard Victoria as the model constitutional monarch. August Schrader, who had a pictur esque career in tlie West, in which the “laying on” of his hands and the “hold ing up” of the hands of his visitors were the chief features until the authorities also went into the “laying on of hands” business, has reappeared in a suburb of Jersey City and seems to be doing a thriving trade. He sticks to his previ ous assumption of humility, but has added to a former simple equipment of a tent and a quantity of 25-cent photo graphs of himself, the appurtenance of a metropolitan entertainment, includ ing the running of extra trolley cars to accommodate the crowds. Mr. Schra der is to lie congratulated on finding in tlie “effete East” a field for liis labor which the people in the West were un able to appreciate or appreciated too well. It is to be hoped, moreover, that lie will stay where lie is and not try to make capital “in the provinces” out of a metropolitan success. A bicycle scorcher in Denver got iu the path of a fairly well developed hur ricane aud succeeded in riding a mile in fifty-eight seconds. Perhaps the feat would have been more remarkable if he had succeeded in riding the mile ! in any less time when the character of the stimulus is considered. But this is not the chief cause for wonder. The report adds that in this brief and flying trip he gathered in his eyes so much sand and gravel that he spent ten min utes in restoring his sight. It is pre- ’ sumed that he practiced the same j celerity in digging as he did in pedaling, and it is evident therefore that who- I ever attempts to rival his performance j must make a similar sand and gravel j record. The episode opens up an on- j tirely new field of cycling endeavor aud should particularly encourage oculists j to try for these fresh laurels. It seems : to sound the knell also of the bicycle . face and to pave the way for a glorious future for the bicycle eye. It will probably be a long time before I electricity is used as a motive power by railroads generally, if steam is ever j entirely displaced for such service; but : a Buffalo inventor has patented an elec- ' trie device that seems to point the way | to an application of electricity as an auxiliary of the locomotive for the drawing of trains on heavy grades. The idea upon which the inventor worked is that moving trains could lie made to automatically generate sufficient elec tricity while running down grades to help the locomotives to overcome the resistance encountered on steep grades. He has made some experiments, and is satisfied that a dynamo operated auto matically by a car can send enough energy into a storage battery to over come the resistance at an adverse grade equal iu length to the down grade upon which the electricity is generated. In operating this contrivance, the train hands would have to use the dynamo as a generator whenever the trains are on down grades, and switch the current back through the dynamo and use the latter as a motor when there is any climbing of'grades to be done. If this contrivance will do all that its inventor claims for it, the electrical apparatus will probably be used by railroads that have heavy grades on their lines. The supplemental force would reduce the wear aud tear on the engine and also cause a reductioun in the amount of fuel consumed. These items of cost are important, and if any economy could he wrought in regard to them the rail roads would gladly avail themselves of it. It would seem as though the move ment of a train could be utilized to the J extent at least of providing a safe light, by the means of storage batteries. .Natural AVadding. A Penobscot County man tells an amusing boyish experience in the Lew iston Journal. He and a young friend went gunning one tine fall day. They had old-fashioned, muzzle-loading guns, and wadding was a necessary part of the outfit. We came across a big hornets’ nest in a tree, says the narrator, and boy like climbed up and pulled it down for wadding. We talked about the merits of different kinds of wadding, and de cided that hornets’ nests, a material provided by nature, was the best. We concluded to lay iu a good stock of it, 1 and began to break it up. From the inside of the nest we shook out a quantity of tlie biggest hornets 1 ever saw. tlie ferocious kind that have black bands around a long brown body; i but they were stiff, as if frozen, ami we didn’t mind them at all. We turn ed them all out, and sat down to rest j and make our new wadding into nice little rolls. We sat talkiug iu merry good humor for a while, when all of a sudden Fred screamed like a wild Indian and jump ed as much as three feet from the ground. He gave another yell and, striking to right aud left on his thighs, started on a wild run for home. It was the hornets. He had chanced to sit down where a number of them fell, and they warmed up from contact with his bod}*, and he, it seems, warm ed up from contact with theirs. Wad ding was a fc-ore subject with him for a long time. “Yes,” said one of the tramps to the farmer, “Dusty an’ me just came in on our wheels.” “What kind of wheels d* you use?” “Car tvhwls.”—Judge. THE FARM AND HOME MATTERS OF INTEREST TO FARM ER AND HOUSEWIFE. Best Way to Care for Sweet Corn- Cooking Grain for Stock —Hedges Are Soil Robbers —The Farm Work shop a Valuable Building. Caring for Seed Corn. 1 like to shuck my seed corn in the field to judge the stalk, says a corre respondent of the “Indiana Farmer.” This year I gathered it about fair time, and spread it out on a hay loft. It will keep well in a house loft which a pipe goes through, or fairly well In grain sacks, not shelled in a shop. The sack is some protection. But lam going to try this winter a plan given, by a pro gressive farmer at Winchester Insti tute. After corn is quite dry he puts it in cracker barrels mixed well with dry threshed oats, the corn still on the cob, and places them in a dry place. This protects the grain much as nature does from sudden changes of moisture and temperature. Lie says liis corn always shows great vitality. It is not enough that corn may “grow,” it should grow with vigor. The loft of a workshop is a typical place. 1 once bought seed that had been corded under the ceiling of a dry cellar. It was swelled tight on the cob, but was good seed. I never like to shell seed that shows a crumpled or blistered face. You all know what that is. It should be glossy and bright, clean and smooth. I used to keep a knife handy and examine the germ of most every ear, liut have now become so accustomed to the “feel” of the grain that I seldom need a knife. If it shells off the cob a little tough and leaves lit tle white points broken off of the grain and left sticking in the cob, I reject that ear at once. If any mold shows anywhere on the ear, it is cast aside. If it is a good ear and shells rattling dry and the grains are bright, glossy and flat and broad and deep, so as to drill one at a time and avoid thinniflg, it passes. Very much extra thinning is caused by planting slim grains, “rat tooth,” so that two are often dropped at once. Boltins: Grain for Stock. While we believe every farrue." who keeps stock in any quantity should have a steam boiler and mill to grind the grain lie feeds, still those who lack this can find the next best substitute by boiling the grain until swellefl and feeding it in this shape. More of the grain must be fed to produce the same result as whole unboiled grail,i, be cause the cooking increases bulk with out increasing its nutrition. But the boiled grain is partly digested in the cooking process, so that it is less likely | to injure when stock is fed on it large ly. It Is better to boil grain, cheap as : it now In, than to draw a grist eight j or ten miles, as we have often done, and wail a whole day for a 25-bushel grist to be ground, besides paying in money the cost of grinding. Hedges as Soil Robbers. Land in this country is not so valtt | able as it is in England, so the waste I of ground occupied by hedges and i their roots extending either side has | never been regarded as of much im portance. But as the hedge grows older it extends its roots in every direc tion, until as in the osage orange each hedge plant becomes a large tree. In England hedges are kept closely trimmed, and this restricts the exten sion of roots on either side. We can not get the labor to do this in this country without making the hedge fence more expensive than a more per manent fence made wholly of iron or of woven wire. If the hedge is al lowed to grow, the waste of land it will cause will make its cost greater still. Most owners of hedges on farms would be glad to be rid of them if they could do so at little cost. A Farm Workshop. No more useful building, or one that will save more money to the farmer. ?au be found than a workshop, in which should be kept a complete set of tools for working in wood. Such a set will not he very expensive, and having a house where they can be kept it will encourage habits of neatness, which al ways pay in every business. We would have the tool house large enough to be used as a general receptacle for all farm implements, wagons, sleighs, drills aud carts when not in use. One room should be partitioned off and have a small stove, so that it can be kept warm for working in it in winter. Make All the Land Pay. It is one of the advantages or dis advantages. as the case may be, of renting land that the man who rents has fully impressed upon him the need of getting full returns from every acre that he pays rent for. If the farm is owned this point is not often thought of. If the farmer gets a living, and if lie can still lay by a few dollars in the bank at the end of the year, he thinks he. is doing all that can be expected. Quite likely this is true in times of low prices, when it is most difficult to make farming pay. But it is not the result : at which a farmer should aim. Ilis attempt should be even if not realized j j to get some profit front every acre, aud i to make his best land produce as large ! profit as it is capable of doing. When | ever farmers aim at these purposes they will lie able to withstand competition ; unless it comes from those whose nat ural facilities for cheap production are I superior to their own. Crops that Fatten the Soil. Some of the recent investigations in vegetable physiology are of extreme im portance to agriculture. I have before referred to the growing knowledge of plants that do not rob the soil. It is a ; fact that some growths actually enrich ; the soil. Corn and wheat and tobacco j deplete it of such constituents as are j not easy to lie had, but, on the other 1 hand, leguminous plants and clovers ; make it more fertile. Prof. Paul Wag- j ner, at one of the German research sta tions. puts plants iu two classes. In the : first are wheat, rye, oats, barley, pota toes, turnips, tobacco, vines, chicory, : buckwheat, mustard, cabbage—all of which use up nitrogenous material aud cannot help themselves to more from the air. On the other hand, he shows that there is a class that does not de- j ueud on the nitrogen in th# soil, but} helps Itself from the air freely. In this class he places peas, vetches, beans, lentils, clovers. These assimilate uitvo gen from tlie air, and the more the roots and stubble become incorporated j with the soil tlie richer it is in nitrogen for other plants. As nitrogen is an ex pensive manure to purchase, this dis- I covery is of vast importance. If you wish to restore wheat and corn land sow peas or clover or plant beans for a few years.—The Independent. Disease in the Foil. j In a valuable paper on (lie relation of ! soil ferments to agriculture, Prof. Wiley, of the Department of Agricul ' ture, draws attention to the dangerous possible results of "burying animals that have died of some forms of con tagious disease. Our veterinarians have for years past insisted on the propriety of burning immediately after death of j all animals that have died of anthrax, ! and Dr. Wiley, in his essay on ferments 1 on the soil, says: “There are forms of i ferments in (lie soil of a dangerous oa | ture, as well as those which contribute j to vegetable life. It hits been observed ! in France that in localities where anl j mals that had died of cliarbon (anthrax or splenic apoplexy) had been interred the germs of this infectious malady have persisted in the soil for many years, and that especially when cereal crops are cultivated on such soils there is great danger of healthy cattle get ting contaminated with the same dis ease. In one case where an animal died of charbon, sheep fed two years on the land where it was buried were infected with the same disease and died.” The same thing is quite likely to happen with hog cholera. Every effort should he made by farmers to avoid infecting the soil by burying the carcasses of any animals that have died of any zymotic disease. Burning is the only safe way to dispose of carcasses. Science has fully established that several diseases of this nature may have their germs kept alive In the soil for several years, and for all such cases fire is the only safeguard. Dehorning. An expert will dehorn an animal very quickly either with a saw or clippers. Sharp clippers with a shear cut will take horns off very nicely and quickly. A good operator will take off both horns in ten seconds, either with a saw or clippers. Oalves can be dehorned when one or two weeks old liy touching the embryo horn with a stick of lunar caus tic or a hot Iron. By the exercise of proper care and applying some healing mixture afterwards the calves suffer but little. Dehorning can be done at any time, except during hot weather, when the wound is apt to be fly blown, unless pine tar is applied daily to prevent It. Young cattle are best dehorned when about a year old. If dehorned when much younger the horn is more liable to grow again. They suffer but little, and only for an Instant during the op eration. They almost invariably begin eating as soon as liberated, which they certainly would not do if the pain con tinued. As a rule they do not bleed so much as to make it necessary to apply anything to stop it. The older the ani mal the less they bleed usually. They should always be kept stabled until the bleeding ceases. The quieter they are kept the less will be the danger. Methods of Tillase. Tlie method of plowing is not so im portant as the act of plowing or turn ing the sward, yet the method should differ with tlie soil. Sandy soils de ficient In organic matter and already open should receive a different furrow from a compact clay. The former should have a close and closed furrow or fiat furrow, while the latter requires n lap furrow. Such a furrow loses 1 nothing in breaking longitudinally an.l 1 crosswise in the act of turning. As such furrows plow harder, their ad vocacy is of doubtful propriety, for we are in the age of effective after-tillage tools in t.lie cutaway types to harrows. No harrow witn a tendency to pack the soil, like the old spike-tooth class, i whose teeth act as wedges, should bo j used. As before stated, no harrow S should be used for the purpose of pul -1 veriziug and of soil decomposition that : does not open the soil more freely to the air than before its use. After a I moderate use no harrow continues to j make the soil more porous so far as in ; dividual investigations throw light on the subject.—Country Gentleman. Golden Wax Beans. The Golden Wax beaus, from tlie tenderness of their pods and absence of strings, are much the most popular beau for use when green. But not many know that next to the Lima beau 1 the Golden Wax is also best for use in its dry state. It has a richer flavor, re calling the Lima when it is cooked dry. There is, however, such a demand for wax beans for seed in spring that not many of them can be afforded for eat ing purposes. Probably if the superior ity of the wax bean was understood more would be grown and used dry. The only drawback on growing the wax bean largely is the difficulty of shel ling it. Tlie waxy condition of tlie pods keeps tlie beans from drying out, as most other beans will do, aud un less shelled by hand some beans will ln> left <n the pod. Poultry Yard. Fatten the fowls just as quickly as possible. When the fattening process is begun, stuff them. Are t’Aose broken window lights re placed by whole ones to keep out the wet and cold? When the wings are cut, the feathers do not renew until the bird molts, but where the feathers are pulled new feathers will appear in a short time. Secure a quantity of leaves for the hens to scratch in this winter. Place i them in the hen house and scatter the | grain therein. The fowls will got need j ed exert-ise in hunting for it. i It is well to make an occasional I change in the ingredients of mixed i foods. Oats which have lieen boiled for I two or three hours are excellent for an j occasional breakfast for the fowls in ! winter, or for an evening meal in suin ! liier. Buckwheat boiled is a great egg- I making food. Select and make a purchase from some reliable breeder of such variety as may be desired, and then prepare good, warm, airy aud comfortable quarters, and reap your reward in the ; well-filled egg baskets when eggs are ! high. ; - -———— i Mrs. Humphry Ward’s “Sir George r Tressaday” exhausted the first edition 1u London within a month. Edward S. Ellis, producer of juvenile l> stories, has condensed “Plutarch’s Lives" into a single small volume. Rudyard Kipling is enjoying himself ? at Torquay and announces his inten i tion of remaining at that snug Devon - shire seaport until the early spring. 1 William Allen White, editor of the ' Emporia (Kan.) Gazette, is the author f of a book of Kansas stories entitled * “The Real Issue.” ) Anthony Hope’s next novel will be called “Simon Dale,” and will be is sued serially in McClure’s, begining in June, 1897. It is partly historical, the scenes being laid in the time of Nell ’ Gwynu. The same author’s VPhroso,” i which has awakened wide interest, will appear in book form in January. Mr. Barrie has been visiting Boston I and has also made a pilgrimage to the , home of Miss Wilkins. Apropos of the rejection of the Macmonnies Bac chante by the trustees of the Boston 1 Public Library some wag has suggest . ed that Boston will not lack for art, since the notary will always have , ! plenty of Barrie-leaves. i The Sawny Bean legend on which l Crockett’s “The Gray Man” is founded - comes from the oldest extant “chap • book,” of which Mr. Crockett has a ! copy dated 1080. But the most reliable ' source of this historical romance is ; “The Histone of the Kennedys.” The i author declares he has stuck close to j facts. . The new edition of the works and letters of Lord Byron, edited by W. E. Henley, is now on the point of appear ance. It will consist of twelve vol umes. The letters, diaries, and speech es are to be contained in four volumes L and the verse in eight. The edition de luxe, at six guineas net, is for sale in , England only. A Dreadful Father. The young man had called on the father of the loved one to ask his con ’ sent. “I came to see you on a matter of bus iness,” said the young man. “What business?” inquired the fath er. ’ I “I love your daughter, sir,” banged away the young man, though he wasn’t half ready. ' ' “Ah!” smiled the father. | “Yes, sir,” said the young man. “Indeed?” continued the father. “Y'es, sir,” repeated the young man. ’ “Is that so, really?” went on the father. “Yes, sir,” still insisted the young I I man. The father remained silent so long that the young chap thought he w r ould explode if the old one didn’t say some ’ thing pretty soon. “Um—er.” began the old gent, “did I understand you to say you love my daughter?” “-Y'es, sir.” blurted out the young man, emphatically. “Ah!” “Yes, sir.” 1 “Indeed?” “Yes, sir.” ’ “Is that so, reany r* r “Yes, sir.” ’ The young man wondered how long this kind of thing would continue. < “Uli—er,” hesitated the old gentle i man, “so you love my daughter?” I “Yes ” began the young man, and i stopped. “I beg your pardon, sir,*but I ■ have told you that before.” > “Told me what?” said the father, as ■ sw'eetly as an angel might talk. “Told you that I loved your daugh : ter.” . “Ah!” exclaimed the old gentleman, ! softly. ’ “Yes, sir.” “Indeed?” The young man saw what was com* 1 lng, and got hot in the gills. 1 “No, sir,” he said, sharply. 1 The old gentleman looked at him in pained surprise. “I thought you said you did,” he 6aid. “Did what?” asked the young man, not exactly knowing what he w r as say | iug. “Loved my daughter.” “I do, sir,” quickly put in the youth. “Ali!” smiled the father. “Yes, sir.” “Indeed?” followed the father, as be* i fore. It avus too much for the poor young j man. “I beg your pardon, sir,” he said, “but I think you are cruel, sir,” and he back- ’ ed out and left, while the old gentleman | ! settled back in his easy chair and snort ed a loud and emotional snort of tri umph. short-lived though It may be.— Washington Star. Poor Squirrel. An anti-squirrel convention has been held in the State of Washington, and resolutions have been adopted serious ly calling upon the law-makers of the State to take action for the “eradica tion of the squirrel pest.” Yet the subject of this agitation is the cheerful little creature that was a welcome denizen of the woods through out most of the world long before the old-time humorous and tolerant poet gang: The squirrel is a pretty bird; He wears a bushy tail; He steals Old Grimes’ Indian corn And eats it on a rail. Flies’ Ocean Journeys. Among the things that furnish occu pation for the eyes and minds of trans atlantic voyagers are the house flies which accompany the great steamships from one side of the ocean to the other. In fine, sunshiny weather the flies buzz cheerfully about the sheltered places on the decks, and when the wind blows high they take refuge in the cabins and j salons. The flies often remain with the ship while in port, and return with her on her next trip, thus crossing the ocean several times in succession, and perhaps spending the entire season at sea. Don’t put too much confidence in a dog because it wags its tail; that Is ; not the end it bites with. I * A T\fOVn tllO nn V ineGfnflAllO rtf nl . i 1 . 1 O f AllOl Aiuu.nij tne early institutions ol Plumas County was the migra- ! tory court of his Honor, Squire ! Bonner. In the summer of 1852 an apprecia ! j five public elected Thomas Bonner ■ justice of the peace iu Quartz town ship. ! He was not the only early-day jus- j ; tice in the county, for the records of l Butte show that Edwin Fitch in 1851, | J. B. McGee in 1852, and William Rob ! ertson in 1853, all qualified as magis ; trates in Quartz township, while S. S. ! I-lortou, Samuel Carpenter, D. F. H. Low, Lewis Stark and H. M. Gazley did the same in Mineral township dur ing the corresponding period. Squire Bonner, however, seems to have been the only one of the lot who made any special effort to discharge j the duties of his office. Justice, as he impersonated her, was not merely a blind goddess, standing with balances and sword, by her altar, ready to hear the plaiuts of tlie afflict ed. Far from it. She was rather a lynx-eyed detective; or, more properly speaking, a knlght -1 errant, going from place to place seek ing for an opportunity to apply the balances and use the sword. Realizing that but little business would come to him at Holmes’ Hole, on Rush Creek, where he resided, Squire Bonner put his “justice shop” on wheels, metaphorically speaking, and traveled from camp to camp in search of controversies upon which to adjudicate and collect the fees. Many are the tales that the old-tim ers love 1o recount of this worthy jus tice and his pioneer methods of dis pensing “gilt-e 1 ed” law to the guile less miner. [ On one occasion, fully (equipped, he | made his appearance at Nelson Point, and announced himself as prepared to deal out justice with a liberal hand to all who felt themselves iu need of the commodity. Before his Honor promptly appeared one Ramsliire, who wished to sue for a writ of restitution and the recovery of SSOO damages, the defendant being an individual who held adverse pos session of a mining claim to which the plaintiff felt himself entitled. The arrival of the wandering “J. P." at the particular time in question serv ed to prevent a personal encounter be tween the rival claimants, for they were on the point of setting the ques tion of ownership on the field of honor when Bonner made his appearance on the scene. The two men then wisely decided to let the law take its course and the suit was duly commenced, to the great dis- ON THE WAY TO 1118 HIGHER COURT. satisfaction, however, of many of the miners, who had been accustomed to see all difficulties settled among them i selves, and therefore looked upon the : invasion of the migratory justice with rather unfriendly eyes. ’ Just here it should be stated that it j was one of the inflexible rules of Bon ner's court that the fees must be paid. That was what he held court for, he said, and unless the costs of court were promptly liquidated there could lie no joy in life for the worthy justice. To make it absolutely certain that he should not work in vain, it was his custom to decide against the party whom he judged was best able to pay the costs. Taking his somewhat pecu fiar view of things, good business prin ciples would not permit him to do oth erwise. It so happened that as the Ramsliire case progressed his Honor began to feel uneasy about the costs. He had understood at the beginning that the plaintiff had nothing, and he early determined, therefore, to decide in his favor, and thus throw the costs upon the defendant. But something caused him to fear that even from the latter lie would be unable to collect his fees. He therefore made an order tiiat the defendant give bonds for costs of suit and SSOO damages, thinking thus to insure himself against the possibility of disappointment. But this made the defendant sus picious, and as he was not overanxious, anyhow, to have the trial proceed, he refused to furnish the required sure ties. In the meantime the miners compos ing the large crowd which had assem bled to witness the trial had early be come indignant at Bonner’s methods, and when the mandate in regard to the bonds were issued their anger in creased. It was decided to appeal to the peo ' pie at large, and a meeting was at once ! called that this might be done. After considerable debate a committee was appointed to wait upon the dignified justice and request him to adjourn his court sine die. The members of the committee, which consisted of J. 11. Whitlock, chairman, Dr. Vaughan. John Bass, Dr. Lewis and Hiram Walker, walked into the court and the chairman thus address ed the worthy magistrate: “May it please your Honor, I ha ye been instructed by the people of this camp to say to you that we can find no precedent in law by which the de fendant iu a civil suit can be com pelled to give security either for costs or damages in advance of judgment.” “Have you finished, sir?” demanded Bonner, adding, in a towering rage: “This court would like to know whom you represent in this case, sir?” “I represent the people,” coolly re sponded the spokesman of the miners. “The people have nothing to do with the case,” shouted Bonner. “My rul ing must be complied with or the par* ties will be bound over in contempt of court.” “If this court chooses to place itself in contempt of the people,” answered the miners’ champion, “it must take the consequences. Iu the name of the people I now command you to adjourn I this court and not to convene it again.” The uproar which followed was ter rific and long continued. In fact, it was nearly supper time before some thing like order was restored. Then the justice’s voice was heard above the roar of the crowd ordering an adjourn ment until 10 o'clock the following morning. During the night, however, Bonner evidently came to the conclusion that discretion was the better part of valor, I for long before the hour fixed for the j resumption of the trial the careful I judge was seen ascending the moun tain, his legs dangling on either side of a patient pack mule. He had a seat of justice in Onion Valley, many feet higher In the air than the river, and this ho called his “higher court,” where he sat to hear appeals from his oavu decisions in the lower tribunals. Here he continued the case without the presence of the defendant, and gave judgment, but was unable to en force it or to collect the desired costs. At another time Bonner undertook to hold court at Rock Bar, but he there so infuriated the miners that ne was obliged to even more hastily adjourn proceedings to his higher court in On ion Vall*?y. Bonner sent his constable, Tom Schooley, to Rich Bar in 1852, to serve ' a summons and attachment on a miner ) living there. After considerable difficulty Schooley ■ found his man, and, having made i known his business, proceeded to read his papers. The defendant was surrounded at • the time by a number of fellow min ers, who, one and all, laid down their ■ implements and listened to the read * ing. When it was finished they told ' the constable, in the expressive lan guage of the miners, to “git.” After some hesitation he accepted ; the advice, but, as lie started away, ■ was foolish enough to drop some of fensive remark. Instantly the miners ; started for him with sticks and stones, and, it is asserted, even to the present j day, that the very best record of a trip up Rich Bar hill was that there and ■ then made by Tom Schooley. The trials and tribulations attend ant upon his services iu Squire Bon ner’s behalf proved too great for the i valiant constable and he soon resigned. Soon after he made his way to Vic toria, where he became involved in a difficulty with an English sailor, whom , he killed, being in due time hanged i for the crime. Squire Bonner’s oavu official career Avas brought to an abrupt end upon the formal organization of Plumas i County. Then he took to literature, and in 1850 Avrote a history of the life of James Beckworth, the noted mountaineer and trapper of early days, the volume abounding with stories of mountain life and adventure. Soon after pub lishing this book Bonner left for the southern portion of the State, and in that congenial clime passed the rest of his eventful life in peace and quiet. if we had to AA-ait until a woman lifted her veil in order to kiss her, we Avould lose all appetite, and wouldn’t hiss her at all.